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Muslim Roma are Romani people who adopted Sunni Islam of Hanafi madhab. Roma have usually adopted the predominant religion of the host country. Islam among Roma is historically associated with life of Roma within the Ottoman Empire. Correspondingly, significant cultural minorities of Muslim Roma are found in Turkey (majority live in East Thrace), Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Montenegro, Kosovo, Republic of North Macedonia, Bulgaria, (by mid-1990s estimates, Muslim Roma in Northern Thrace constituted about 40% of Roma in Bulgaria.), Romania (a very small group of Muslim Roma exists in the Dobruja region of Romania, comprising 1% of the country's Romani population)), Croatia (45% of the country's Romani population), Southern Russia, Greece (a small part of Muslim Roma concentrated in Western Thrace), and Crimea. Because of the relative ease of migration in modern times, Muslim Roma may be found in other parts of the world as well.
After the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in the parts where Islam is no longer a dominant religion Muslim Roma have found themselves under double discrimination, both due to Antiziganism and Islamophobia.
Muslim Roma throughout Southern Europe are called by Non Romani and Christian Romani People as Horahane Roma (also spelled as Khorakhane, Xoraxane, Kharokane, Xoraxai, etc.) and are colloquially referred to as Turkish Roma or Turkish Gypsies in the host countries.