|o Governor||Oleksandr Stadnik|
|o Oblast council||64 seats|
|o Chairperson||Victoria Moskalenko (Petro Poroshenko Bloc)|
|o Total||24,598 km2 (9,497 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 14th|
|o Rank||Ranked 18th|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||UA-48|
|o Regional cities||5|
Mykolaiv Oblast (Ukrainian: ?, Mykolajiv?ka oblas?; also referred to as Mykolaivshchyna, Ukrainian: ), also known as Nikolaev or Nikolayev Oblast (Russian: ?, Nikoláyevskaya óblas?), is an oblast (province) of Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Mykolaiv. Population: 
The Mykolaiv Oblast is located in the southern half of Ukraine. Its area (24,600 km²), comprises about 4.07% of the total area of Ukraine.
In regards to relief, Mykolaiv Oblast is a plain that gently slops in southern direction. Bigger portion of the territory lays within Black Sea Lowland. To the north there are spurs of Podolian and Dnieper uplands. Among major valuable deposits and minerals there are nickel, uranium ores, granite, gneiss, quartzites.
The climate is moderately continental with a mild winter of small snow amount and hot arid summer.
The current estimated population is 1.2 million people (as of 2005). The greater part of the oblast's population resides in urban type settlements (66%), with the remainder residing in agricultural areas. Also, almost 60% of the urban population resides in Mykolayiv, the industrial, cultural and administrative center of Mykolayiv Oblast.
The oblast's population density is one of the lowest in Ukraine - 52 people per 1 km². The oblast' is ranked 18 by the percentage of the population of Ukraine, that the Mykolaiv Oblast contain, which is 2.6%.
The oblast has a multi-ethnic composition; people of more than 100 ethnicities (national groups) live in the oblast. The most common language in the oblast is Ukrainian; the second most common language is Russian. In the city of Mykolaiv the most common language is Russian.
At the time of the 2001 census, the oblast had 1,269,900 permanent residents. Of these:
|Permanent residents 2001||Language at home 2001 ||Permanent residents 1989||Language at home 1989 |
|Number ||% ||Ukrainian||Russian||% ||Ukrainian||Russian|
|All ethnicities ||1,269,900||100.0%||69.2%||29.3%||100.0%||64.2%||33.8%|
|Admin.center||Urban Population Only|
|Yuzhnoukrainsk||? ()||24||40,353||Yuzhnoukrainsk (city)||40,353|
|Kazanka Raion||? ()||1,349||19,745||Kazanka||7,207|
|Kryve Ozero Raion||()||814||24,905||Kryve Ozero||7,823|
|Mykolaiv Raion||? ()||1,430||30,448||Mykolaiv (city)||N/A *|
|Novyi Buh Raion||()||1,243||31,199||Novyi Buh||15,566|
|Nova Odesa Raion||()||1,428||33,602||Nova Odesa||12,108|
|Pervomaisk Raion||? ()||1,319||30,275||Pervomaisk (city)||N/A *|
|Snihurivka Raion||? ()||1,350||40,420||Snihurivka||12,870|
|Vitovka Raion||? ()||1,460||50,565||Mykolaiv (city)||N/A *|
|Voznesensk Raion||? ()||1,392||30,562||Voznesensk (city)||N/A *|
|Yelanets Raion||? ()||1,018||15,530||Yelanets||4,912|
Note: Asterisks (*) Though the administrative center of the rayon is housed in the city/town that it is named after, cities do not answer to the rayon authorities only towns do; instead they are directly subordinated to the oblast government and therefore are not counted as part of rayon statistics.
At a lower level of administration, these district-level administrations are subdivided into:
The local administration of the oblast is controlled by the Mykolaiv Oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast is the Mykolaiv Oblast Rada speaker, appointed by the President of Ukraine.
During the 1991 referendum, 89.45% of votes in Mykolaiv Oblast were in favor of the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine. A survey conducted in December 2014 by the Kiev International Institute of Sociology found 2.1% of the oblast's population supported their region joining Russia, 95.5% did not support the idea, and the rest were undecided or did not respond.