|National Cultural Heritage Act|
|Congress of the Philippines|
|Citation||Republic Act No. 10066|
|Enacted by||House of Representatives of the Philippines|
|Enacted||December 14, 2009|
|Enacted by||Senate of the Philippines|
|Signed||March 26, 2010|
|Signed by||Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo|
|Commenced||April 10, 2010|
|Bill introduced in the House of Representatives of the Philippines||House Bill 6733|
|Bill citation||An Act Providing for the Protection and Conservation of the National Cultural Heritage, Strengthening the National Cultural Agencies, and for other purposes|
|Bill published on||August 25, 2009|
|Introduced by||Sonny Angara (Aurora)|
|First reading||August 26, 2009|
|Second reading||August 15, 2009|
|Third reading||October 5, 2009|
|Bill introduced in the Senate of the Philippines||An Act Providing for the Protection and Conservation of the National Cultural Heritage, Strengthening the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA) and its affiliated cultural agencies, and for other purposes.|
|Bill citation||Senate Bill 3014|
|Bill published on||January 26, 2009|
|Introduced by||Edgardo Angara|
|First reading||January 26, 2009|
|Second reading||February 2, 2009|
|Third reading||February 9, 2009|
|Conference committee bill passed||December 11, 2009|
|Date passed by conference committee||November 10, 2009|
|Philippine Registry of Cultural Property, cultural preservation|
|Status: In force|
The National Cultural Heritage Act (with the designation of Republic Act No. 10066) is a law, or Republic Act, of the Republic of the Philippines. It created the Philippine Registry of Cultural Property and took other steps to preserve historic buildings that are over 50 years old. It was signed into law on March 25, 2009.
The Philippine Registry of Cultural Property registers all cultural properties of the country, which the National Commission for Culture and the Arts is mandated to establish and maintain through the appropriate cultural agencies and local governments.
A house that has significant importance to the Filipino culture is declared to be a "Heritage House" by the National Historical Commission of the Philippines (NHCP), previously known as the National Historical Institute. Historical markers are placed on the houses by the commission to indicate their significance, Ancestral homes that have figured in an historic event, house such as the Bonifacio Trial House in Maragondon, Cavite, or houses of national heroes of the Philippines like the Juan Luna Shrine in Badoc, Ilocos Norte are included among the categories "National Shrines" or "National Historical Landmarks".
The act also requires:
The act defines "cultural property" as "all products of human creativity by which a people and a nation reveal their identity, including churches, mosques and other places of religious worship, schools and natural history specimens and sites, whether public or privately-owned, movable or immovable, and tangible or intangible." It deems all heritage structures, which are at least 50 years old, as presumed important cultural properties despite non-declaration by cultural agencies. Nonetheless, the government mandates all local government units to register these presumed important cultural properties to the database of the National Commission for Culture and the Arts for cultural documentation and conservation.
The citizen retains the ownership of the house; the government is only declaring the heritage value of the structure and providing funding for its protection and preservation.