National Pan-Hellenic Council
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National Pan-Hellenic Council
National Pan-Hellenic Council
NHPC D9 Logo.jpg
NicknameDivine Nine
FoundedMay 10, 1930; 90 years ago (1930-05-10)
Founded atHoward University
TypeCoalition of members
HeadquartersDecatur, Georgia

The National Pan-Hellenic Council (NPHC) is a collaborative umbrella organization composed of historically African American Greek-lettered fraternities and sororities. The nine NPHC organizations are sometimes collectively referred to as the "Divine Nine (D9)". The member/partner organizations have not formally adopted nor recommended the use of this term to describe their collaborative grouping. The NPHC was formed as a permanent organization on May 10, 1930 on the campus of Howard University, in Washington, D.C. with Matthew W. Bullock as the active Chairman and B. Beatrix Scott as Vice-Chairman. NPHC was incorporated under the laws of the State of Illinois in 1937 and is headquartered in Decatur, Georgia.

The council promotes interaction through forums, meetings, and other media for the exchange of information and engages in cooperative programming and initiatives through various activities and functions.

Each constituent member organization determines its own strategic direction and program agenda. Today, the primary purpose and focus of member organizations remains camaraderie and academic excellence for its members and service to the communities they serve. Each promotes community awareness and action through educational, economic, and cultural service activities.


The National Pan-Hellenic Council was established in an era when Greek letter organizations founded by African Americans were banned from being affiliated with Greek letter organizations founded by white Americans.[1]

The organization's stated purpose and mission in 1930:

Unanimity of thought and action as far as possible in the conduct of Greek letter collegiate fraternities and sororities, and to consider problems of mutual interest to its member organizations.[2]

The founding members of the NPHC were Kappa Alpha Psi, Omega Psi Phi, Alpha Kappa Alpha, Delta Sigma Theta, and Zeta Phi Beta. The council's membership expanded as Alpha Phi Alpha (1931), Phi Beta Sigma (1931), Sigma Gamma Rho (1937), and Iota Phi Theta (1996) joined this coalition of Black Greek letter organizations (BGLOs). In his book on BGLOs, The Divine Nine: The History of African-American Fraternities and Sororities in America (2001), Lawrence Ross coined the phrase "The Divine Nine" when referring to the coalition.[3]

Marcia Fudge speaking at the 2017 National Pan-Hellenic Council Forum.

As required by various campus recognition policies, neither the NPHC, nor its member national or chapter organizations discriminate on the basis of race or religion.

In 1992, the first permanent national office for NPHC was established in Bloomington, Indiana on the campus of Indiana University through the joint cooperation of Indiana University and the National Board of Directors of NPHC. Prior to its establishment, for over a 62-year period, the national office would sojourn from one officer to the next.[2]


The members of the National Pan-Hellenic Council are shown below in order of founding:[2]

Member Founded Incorporated Colors Headquarters Chapters Members NPHC Notes
Alpha Phi Alpha (1906-12-04) December 4, 1906 (age 114)
Cornell University
April 3rd, 1912   Black
  Old gold
Baltimore, Maryland 706[4] 200,000[4] 1931 *First intercollegiate African American fraternity.
*First of all NPHC organizations.
Alpha Kappa Alpha (1908-01-15) January 15, 1908 (age 112)
Howard University
January 29, 1913   Pink
Chicago, Illinois 1,005[5] 290,000[5] 1930 *First intercollegiate African American sorority.
*First sorority of the NPHC.
Kappa Alpha Psi (1911-01-05) January 5, 1911 (age 110)
Indiana University
as Kappa Alpha Nu
May 15, 1911   Crimson
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 720 160,000 1930 First NPHC organization to be legally incorporated.
Omega Psi Phi (1911-11-17) November 17, 1911 (age 109)
Howard University
October 28, 1914   Royal purple
  Old gold
Decatur, Georgia 750 1930 *First NPHC fraternity to be founded at an HBCU.
Delta Sigma Theta (1913-01-13) January 13, 1913 (age 108)
Howard University
January 20, 1930   Crimson
Washington, D.C. over 940[6]
(including alumnae chapters)
1930 Largest African American sorority to date.
Phi Beta Sigma (1914-01-09) January 9, 1914 (age 107)
Howard University
January 30, 1920   Royal blue
Washington, D.C. 740 185,000 1931 Only NPHC fraternity constitutionally bound with a sorority (Zeta Phi Beta).
Zeta Phi Beta (1920-01-16) January 16, 1920 (age 100)
Howard University
March 30, 1923   Royal blue
Washington, D.C. 800 1930 Only NPHC sorority constitutionally bound with a fraternity (Phi Beta Sigma).
Sigma Gamma Rho (1922-11-12) November 12, 1922 (age 98)
Butler University
December 30, 1929   Royal blue
Cary, North Carolina 700 85,000+ 1937 *Only NPHC sorority founded at a predominately White institution.
Iota Phi Theta (1963-09-19) September 19, 1963 (age 57)
Morgan State University
November 1, 1968   Charcoal brown
  Gilded gold
Baltimore, Maryland 300 30,000[7] 1996 *Last NPHC organization to be founded;the only one founded outside the first three decades of the 1900s.

Traditional Greek housing

Traditional Greek housing amongst NPHC organizations is rare. Unlike most National Panhellenic Conference (NPC) and North American Interfraternity Conference (NIC) organizations that have many traditional Greek houses primarily for undergraduate members on or near their college campuses, NPHC organizations have a small few. Most of the few existing NPHC organization houses are untraditional and unaffiliated with a college. In recent years, a growing number of undergraduate chapters of NPHC organizations have advocated for convenient traditional Greek housing. In substitute of it, some undergraduate chapters have small outdoor Greek plots to help substantiate their presence on campus.[8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16]

See also


  1. ^ Gillon, Kathleen E.; Beatty, Cameron C.; Salinas, Cristobal (2019). "Race and Racism in Fraternity and Sorority Life: A Historical Overview". New Directions for Student Services. 2019 (165): 9-16. doi:10.1002/ss.20289.
  2. ^ a b c "About the National Pan-Hellenic Council". Archived from the original on 2009-12-22. Retrieved .
  3. ^ *Ross, Jr, Lawrence (2001). The Divine Nine: The History of African-American Fraternities and Sororities in America. New York: Kensington. pp. 37-38. ISBN 0-7582-0325-X.
  4. ^ a b "Home". Alpha Phi Alpha. Retrieved .
  5. ^ a b "Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc". Retrieved .
  6. ^ Delta Sigma Theta website Archived 2016-04-12 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved April 4, 2016.
  7. ^ "Iota Phi Theta® Fraternity Inc. | Founded 1963 - Chapter Locator". Retrieved .
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^

Further reading

  • Brown, Tamara L., Gregory S. Parks, and Clarenda M. Phillips. (2005). African American Fraternities and Sororities: The Legacy and the Vision. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 978-0-8131-2344-8.
  • Parks, Gregory Scott. (2008). Black Greek-Letter Organizations in the 21st Century: Our Fight Has Just Begun. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 978-0-8131-2491-9.
  • Skocpol, Theda, Ariane Liazos, and Marshall Ganz. (2006). What a Mighty Power We Can Be: African American Fraternal Groups and the Struggle for Racial Equality . Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-12299-1.

External links

Official website

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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