New Jersey's 11th Congressional District
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New Jersey's 11th Congressional District
New Jersey's 11th congressional district
New Jersey's 11th congressional district (2013).svg
District map as of 2013
Representative
Distribution
  • 96.21% urban
  • 3.79% rural
Population (2017)729,569[1]
Median income$112,348[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+3[2]

New Jersey's 11th congressional district is a suburban district in northern New Jersey.[3] The district includes portions of Essex, Morris, Passaic, and Sussex Counties;[4] it is centered in Morris County.[5] The district is one of the 10 most affluent congressional districts in the United States.[6] Since January 2019, the typically Republican-leaning[5] district is represented by Democrat Mikie Sherrill.[7]

Counties and municipalities in the district

For the 113th and successive Congresses (based on redistricting following the 2010 Census), the district contains all or portions of four counties and 54 municipalities.[8][4]

Essex County:

Bloomfield (part; also 10th), Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Fairfield, Livingston, Montclair (part; also 10th), North Caldwell, Nutley, Roseland, Verona, West Caldwell, West Orange (part; also 10th).

Morris County:

Boonton Town, Boonton Township, Butler, Chatham Borough, Chatham Township, Denville, East Hanover, Florham Park, Hanover, Harding, Jefferson Township, Kinnelon, Lincoln Park, Madison, Mendham Borough, Mendham Township, Montville, Morris Plains, Morris Township, Morristown Town, Mountain Lakes, Parsippany-Troy Hills, Pequannock, Randolph Township, Riverdale, Rockaway Borough, Rockaway Township and Victory Gardens.

Passaic County:

Bloomingdale, Little Falls, North Haledon, Pompton Lakes, Totowa, Wanaque, Wayne and Woodland Park.

Sussex County:

Byram Township, Hopatcong, Ogdensburg, Sparta Township and Stanhope.

History

The 11th congressional district (together with the 12th) was created in 1913 based on the results of the 1910 United States Census.[]

Prior to a redistricting in the early 1980s, the 11th congressional district was centered in Essex County.[] The congressional seat was held by Democrats for almost 36 years.[] The early 1980s redistricting, conducted under a Republican-dominated legislature, shifted the focus of the district to the Republican-dominated Morris County.[] In 1984, Republican Dean Gallo defeated 22-year incumbent Democrat Joseph Minish.[] The district became one of the most reliably Republican districts in the Northeast.[]

2018 election

In January 2018, 12-term incumbent Republican Rodney Frelinghuysen announced that he would not seek re-election; earlier, leading political observers had rated the district as a "toss-up" in the November 2018 election.[9][10] Mikie Sherrill, a former Navy helicopter pilot and federal prosecutor, was the Democratic nominee in 2018. Assemblymember Jay Webber of New Jersey's 26th Assembly District was the Republican nominee. Attorney Ryan Martinez was the Libertarian Party nominee.[11] On November 6th, 2018, Sherrill prevailed by an unexpectedly large margin,[12] defeating Webber 56.8%-42.1%. The district shifted 33% towards the Democrats; this was the largest partisan swing of any congressional district in the nation in 2018.[12]

Recent national election results

Year Office Results
2000 President Bush 54 - 43%
2004 President Bush 58 - 42%
2008 President McCain 54 - 45%
2012 President Romney 52 - 47%
2016 President Trump 48.8 - 47.9%

List of members representing the district

Member District Home Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history Counties/Towns
District created March 4, 1913
John J. Eagan (New Jersey Congressman).jpg
John J. Eagan
Weehawken Democratic March 4, 1913 -
March 3, 1921
63rd
64th
65th
66th
[data unknown/missing] 1913-1933:
Parts of Hudson (Guttenberg, Hoboken, North Bergen, Secaucus, Union City, Weehawken, West New York)
ArchibaldEOlpp.jpg
Archibald E. Olpp
Secaucus Republican March 4, 1921 -
March 3, 1923
67th [data unknown/missing]
John J. Eagan (New Jersey Congressman).jpg
John J. Eagan
Weehawken Democratic March 4, 1923 -
March 3, 1925
68th [data unknown/missing]
Oscar L. Auf der Heide (New Jersey Congressman).jpg
Oscar L. Auf der Heide
West New York Democratic March 4, 1925 -
March 3, 1933
69th
70th
71st
72nd
[data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the 14th district.
Peter A. Cavicchia (New Jersey Congressman).png
Peter Angelo Cavicchia
Newark Republican March 4, 1933 -
January 3, 1937
73rd
74th
Redistricted from the 9th district.
[data unknown/missing]
1933-1965:
Parts of Essex (the Oranges and parts of Newark)
EdwardLONeill.jpg
Edward L. O'Neill
Newark Democratic January 3, 1937 -
January 3, 1939
75th [data unknown/missing]
Albert L. Vreeland East Orange Republican January 3, 1939 -
January 3, 1943
76th
77th
[data unknown/missing]
Frank L. Sundstrom (New Jersey Congressman).jpg
Frank Sundstrom
East Orange Republican January 3, 1943 -
January 3, 1949
78th
79th
80th
[data unknown/missing]
Hugh Addonizio.jpg
Hugh Joseph Addonizio
Newark Democratic January 3, 1949 -
June 30, 1962
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
[data unknown/missing]
Resigned to become Mayor of Newark.
Vacant June 30, 1962 -
January 3, 1963
87th
Joseph Minishs.jpg
Joseph Minish
West Orange Democratic January 3, 1963 -
January 3, 1985
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
[data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election after redistricting.
1963-1967:
Parts of Essex (Maplewood, the Oranges, Verona, and parts of Newark)
1967-1973:
Parts of Essex (Maplewood, the Oranges, and parts of Newark)
1973-1983:
Parts of Essex, Passaic (Little Falls and West Paterson), and Union (Hillside)
1983-1985:
Parts of Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Morris, and Passaic
Dean Gallo.jpg
Dean Gallo
Parsippany-Troy Hills Republican January 3, 1985 -
November 6, 1994
99th
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
[data unknown/missing]
Retired due to illness and then died.
1985-1993:
Parts of Essex, Morris, Sussex, and Warren
1993-2003:
Morris and parts of Essex, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex
Vacant November 6, 1994 -
January 3, 1995
103rd
Rodney Frelinghuysen official photo, 114th Congress.jpg
Rodney Frelinghuysen
Harding Republican January 3, 1995 -
January 3, 2019
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
Elected in 1994.
Retired.
2003-2013:
NJ11congressdistrict
Morris and parts of Essex, Passaic, Somerset, and Sussex
2013-present:
Parts of Essex, Morris, Passaic, and Sussex
Mikie Sherrill, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg
Mikie Sherrill
Montclair Democratic January 3, 2019 -
present
116th Elected in 2018.

References

  1. ^ a b Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census Bureau. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov.
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index - Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  3. ^ "11th District Leans Red but Democrats Think Sherrill Can Flip It to Blue". NJ Spotlight. October 2, 2018.
  4. ^ a b [1][dead link]
  5. ^ a b Obernauer, Eric. "Democrats take 11th District as Sherrill wins". New Jersey Herald.
  6. ^ "After the Midterms, One Party Controls All the Wealthiest Congressional Districts". finance.yahoo.com.
  7. ^ NJ.com, Jonathan D. Salant | NJ Advance Media for (January 29, 2018). "Top NJ Republican Frelinghuysen retiring from Congress". nj.
  8. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed November 6, 2016.
  9. ^ "2018 House Race Ratings". The Cook Political Report. March 8, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  10. ^ "Roll Call's 2018 Election Guide". The Economist Group. March 12, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  11. ^ Almukhtar, Sarah; Bloch, Matthew; Lee, Jasmine C. (June 5, 2018). "New Jersey Primary Election Results" – via NYTimes.com.
  12. ^ a b "New Jersey Election Results 2018: Live Midterm Map by County & Analysis". www.politico.com.

Sources

Coordinates: 40°54?N 74°36?W / 40.90°N 74.60°W / 40.90; -74.60


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