New Jersey's At-large Congressional District
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New Jersey's At-large Congressional District

Beginning from its inception into statehood, New Jersey elected its representatives at-large instead of from individual districts. This continued for most years until 1843, with the exception of the years 1799-1801, and 1813-1815 when they were elected in districts. After 1843, New Jersey returned to district representation. Four at-large representatives were elected in 1789 until 1793 when a 5th representative was added. 6 seats were allocated beginning in 1803, continuing until at-large representation ceased in 1843.

List of members representing the district

Cong
ress
Years Seat A Seat B Seat C Seat D Seat E Seat F
Rep. Party Electoral history Rep. Party Electoral history Rep. Party Electoral history Rep. Party Electoral history Rep. Party Electoral history Rep. Party Electoral history
1st March 4, 1789 -
March 3, 1791
Elias Boudinot.jpg
Elias Boudinot
Pro-Admin. Elected in 1789.
Re-elected in 1791.
Re-elected in 1792.
Retired.
Thomas Sinnickson Pro-Admin. Elected in 1789.
Lost re-election.
James schureman.jpg
James Schureman
Pro-Admin. Elected in 1789.
Lost re-election.
Colonel Lambert Cadwalader (1743-1823), by Charles Willson Peale (1741 - 1827).jpg
Lambert Cadwalader
Pro-Admin. Elected in 1789.
Lost re-election.
Seat created in 1793 Seat created in 1803
2nd March 4, 1791 -
March 3, 1793
Abraham Clark.jpg
Abraham Clark
Pro-Admin. Elected in 1791.
Re-elected in 1792.
Died.
JDayton.jpg
Jonathan Dayton
Pro-Admin. Elected in 1791.
Re-elected in 1792.
Re-elected in 1794.
Re-elected in 1797.
Redistricted to the 3rd district and retired to run for U.S. Senator.
Aaron Kitchell Pro-Admin. Elected in 1791.
Lost re-election.
3rd March 4, 1793 -
September 15, 1794
Colonel Lambert Cadwalader (1743-1823), by Charles Willson Peale (1741 - 1827).jpg
Lambert Cadwalader
Pro-Admin. Elected in 1792.
Lost re-election.
John Beatty, M.D., member of the Continental Congress (NYPL b12349195-420168).tif
John Beatty
Pro-Admin. Elected in 1792.
Lost re-election.
September 15, 1794 -
January 29, 1795
Vacant
January 29, 1795 -
March 3, 1795
Aaron Kitchell Pro-Admin. Elected in 1794 and elected to finish Clark's term.
Lost re-election.
4th March 4, 1795 -
March 3, 1797
Thomas Henderson Fed. Elected in 1794.
Lost re-election.
Fed. Fed. Isaac Smith Fed. Elected in 1794.
Retired.
Mark Thomson Fed. Elected in 1794.
Re-elected in 1797.
Redistricted to the 2nd district and lost re-election.
5th March 4, 1797 -
March 3, 1799
James schureman.jpg
James Schureman
Fed. Elected in 1797.
Redistricted to the 5th district and lost re-election.
James H. Imlay Fed. Elected in 1797.
Redistricted to the 4th district and re-elected.
Thomas Sinnickson Fed. Elected in 1797.
Redistricted to the 5th district.
but unknown if then retired or lost.
6th March 4, 1799-
March 3, 1801
District representation only District representation only District representation only District representation only District representation only
7th March 4, 1801 -
March 3, 1803
Johncondit.jpg
John Condit
Dem.-Rep. Redistricted from the 1st district and re-elected in 1800.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Ebenezer Elmer Dem.-Rep. Elected in 1800.
Re-elected in 1803.
Re-elected in 1804.
Lost re-election.
William Helms Dem.-Rep. Elected in 1800.
Re-elected in 1803.
Re-elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Retired.
James Mott Dem.-Rep. Elected in 1800.
Re-elected in 1803.
Retired.
Henry Southard Dem.-Rep. Elected in 1800.
Re-elected in 1803.
Re-elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Retired.
8th March 4, 1803 -
March 3, 1805
Adam Boyd Dem.-Rep. Elected in 1803.
Retired.
James Sloan Dem.-Rep. Elected in 1803.
Re-elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Retired.
9th March 4, 1805 -
March 3, 1807
Ezra Darby Dem.-Rep. Elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Died.
Johnlambert.jpg
John Lambert
Dem.-Rep. Elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Retired.
10th March 4, 1807 -
January 27, 1808
Thomas Newbold Dem.-Rep. Elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
Retired.
January 27, 1808 -
March 8, 1808
Vacant
March 8, 1808 -
March 3, 1809
Adam Boyd Dem.-Rep. Elected to finish Darby's term.
Re-elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
Redistricted to the 1st district and lost re-election.
11th March 4, 1809 -
September 12, 1810
James Cox Dem.-Rep. Elected in 1808.
Died.
Jacob Hufty Dem.-Rep. Elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
Redistricted to the 2nd district and re-elected in 1813.
Died May 20, 1814.
September 12, 1810 -
October 31, 1810
Vacant
October 31, 1810 -
March 3, 1811
John A. Scudder Dem.-Rep. Elected to finish Cox's term.
Retired.
12th March 4, 1811 -
March 3, 1813
Lewis Condict Dem.-Rep. Elected in 1810.
Redistricted to the 1st district and re-elected in 1813.
Re-elected in 1814.
Retired.
George C. Maxwell Dem.-Rep. Elected in 1810.
Retired.
James Morgan Dem.-Rep. Elected in 1810.
Redistricted to the 2nd district and lost re-election.
13th March 4, 1813-
March 3, 1815
District representation only District representation only District representation only District representation only District representation only District representation only
14th March 4, 1815 -
March 3, 1817
Ezra Baker Dem.-Rep. Elected in 1814.
Retired.
Ephraimbateman.jpg
Ephraim Bateman
Dem.-Rep. Elected in 1814.
Re-elected in 1816.
Re-elected in 1818.
Re-elected in 1820.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Thomas Ward Dem.-Rep. Redistricted from the 1st district and re-elected in 1814.
Retired.
Benjamin Bennet Dem.-Rep. Elected in 1814.
Re-elected in 1816.
Lost re-election.
Henry Southard Dem.-Rep. Elected in 1814.
Re-elected in 1816.
Re-elected in 1818.
Retired.
Lewis Condict Dem.-Rep. Redistricted from the 1st district and re-elected in 1814.
Retired.
15th March 4, 1817 -
March 3, 1819
Portrait of Joseph Bloomfield.jpg
Joseph Bloomfield
Dem.-Rep. Elected in 1816.
Re-elected in 1818.
Retired.
Charles Kinsey Dem.-Rep. Elected in 1816.
Lost re-election.
John Linn Dem.-Rep. Elected in 1816.
Re-elected in 1818.
Re-elected in 1820.
Died.
16th March 4, 1819 -
November 4, 1819
Johncondit.jpg
John Condit
Dem.-Rep. Elected in 1818.
Resigned to become assistant collector of the Port of New York.
Bernard Smith Dem.-Rep. Elected in 1818.
Retired.
November 4, 1819 -
February 2, 1820
Vacant
February 2, 1820 -
January 5, 1821
Charles Kinsey Dem.-Rep. Elected to finish Condit's term and seated February 16, 1820.
Retired.
January 5, 1821 -
March 3, 1821
Vacant
17th March 4, 1821 -
December 3, 1821
George Cassedy Dem.-Rep. Elected in 1820.
Re-elected in 1822.
Re-elected in 1824.
Lost re-election.
George Holcombe Dem.-Rep. Elected in 1820.
Re-elected in 1822.
Re-elected in 1824.
Re-elected in 1826.
Died.
James Matlack Dem.-Rep. Elected in 1820.
Re-elected in 1822.
Retired.
Samuel Swan Dem.-Rep. Elected in 1820.
Re-elected in 1822.
Re-elected in 1824.
Re-elected in 1826.
Re-elected in 1828.
[Data unknown/missing.]
December 3, 1821 -
March 3, 1823
Lewis Condict Dem.-Rep. Elected October 8, 1821 to finish Linn's term and seated December 3, 1821.
Re-elected in 1822.
Re-elected in 1824.
Re-elected in 1826.
Re-elected in 1828.
[Data unknown/missing.]
18th March 4, 1823 -
March 3, 1825
Jack.
Dem.-Rep.
Daniel Garrison Jack.
Dem.-Rep.
Elected in 1822.
Re-elected in 1824.
Lost re-election.
Jack.
Dem.-Rep.
Adams-Clay
Dem.-Rep.
Jack.
Dem.-Rep.
Jack.
Dem.-Rep.
19th March 4, 1825 -
March 3, 1827
Jack. Jack. Jack. Ebenezer Tucker Anti-Jack. Elected in 1824.
Re-elected in 1826.
Retired.
Anti-Jack. Anti-Jack.
20th March 4, 1827 -
January 14, 1828
Isaac Pierson Anti-Jack. Elected in 1826.
Re-elected in 1828.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Hedge Thompson Anti-Jack. Elected in 1826.
Died.
January 14, 1828 -
July 23, 1828
Vacant
July 23, 1828 -
December 1, 1828
Vacant
December 1, 1828 -
March 3, 1829
Thomas Sinnickson Anti-Jack. Elected November 4, 1828 only to finish Thompson's term and seated December 1, 1828.
Was not a candidate to the next term.
James F. Randolph Anti-Jack. Elected November 4, 1828 to finish Holcombe's term and seated December 1, 1828.
Also elected the same day to the next term.
[Data unknown/missing.]
21st March 4, 1829 -
March 3, 1831
Richard M. Cooper Anti-Jack. Elected in 1828.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Thomas H. Hughes Anti-Jack. Elected in 1828.
[Data unknown/missing.]
22nd March 4, 1831 -
March 3, 1833
Silas Condit Anti-Jack. [Data unknown/missing.] Isaac Southard Anti-Jack. [Data unknown/missing.]
23rd March 4, 1833 -
March 3, 1835
Philemon Dickerson (New Jersey governor and judge).jpg
Philemon Dickerson
Jack. Elected in 1832.
Re-elected in 1834.
Resigned to become Governor of New Jersey.
SamuelFowler.jpg
Samuel Fowler
Jack. [Data unknown/missing.] Thomas Lee Jack. [Data unknown/missing.] James Parker Jack. [Data unknown/missing.] Ferdinand S. Schenck Jack. [Data unknown/missing.] William N. Shinn Jack. [Data unknown/missing.]
24th March 4, 1835 -
November 3, 1836
November 3, 1836 -
December 5, 1836
Vacant
December 5, 1836 -
March 3, 1837
William Chetwood Jack. Elected November 15-16, 1836 to finish Dickerson's term and seated December 5, 1836.
Did not run for the next term.
25th March 4, 1837 -
March 3, 1839
John B. Aycrigg Whig Elected in 1836.
Re-elected, but not permitted to qualify.[1]
William Halstead Whig Elected in 1836.
Re-elected, but the House declined to seat him.[1]
John P.B. Maxwell Whig Elected in 1836.
Re-elected, but the House declined to seat him.[1]
Joseph F. Randolph Whig Elected in 1836.
Re-elected in 1838.
Re-elected in 1840.
Retired.
Charles C. Stratton.png
Charles C. Stratton
Whig Elected in 1836.
Re-elected, but the House declined to seat him.[1]
Thomas J. Yorke Whig Elected in 1836.
Re-elected, but the House declined to seat him.[1]
26th March 4, 1839 -
March 3, 1841
Philemon Dickerson (New Jersey governor and judge).jpg
Philemon Dickerson
Dem. Elected in 1838.
Lost re-election.
William R. Cooper Dem. Elected in 1838.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Joseph Kille Dem. Elected in 1838.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Daniel B. Ryall Dem. Elected in 1838.
[Data unknown/missing.]
PeterDumontVroom.jpg
Peter D. Vroom
Dem. Elected in 1838.
[Data unknown/missing.]
27th March 4, 1841 -
March 3, 1843
John B. Aycrigg Whig Elected in 1840.
Retired.
William Halstead Whig Elected in 1840.
[Data unknown/missing.]
John P.B. Maxwell Whig Elected in 1840.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Charles C. Stratton.png
Charles C. Stratton
Whig Elected in 1840.
Retired.
Thomas J. Yorke Whig [Data unknown/missing.]

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774-present

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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