|Office of the Sheriff of the City of New York|
Patch of the New York City Sheriff's Office
Flag of the City of New York City Sheriff's Office
|Common name||New York City Sheriff's Office|
|Motto||New York's First|
|Operations jurisdiction||New York City, New York, U.S.|
|Map of Office of the Sheriff of the City of New York's jurisdiction.|
|Size||468.484 square miles (1,213.37 km2)|
|Legal jurisdiction||New York City|
|Deputy sheriffs and criminal investigators||150|
|Parent agency||New York City Department of Finance|
|County field offices||5|
|Official website NYC SHERIFF Twitter|
The New York City Sheriff's Office (NYSO), officially the Office of the Sheriff of the City of New York, is the primary civil enforcement agency for New York City. The Sheriff's Office is a division of the New York City Department of Finance, operating as the civil enforcement arm. The Sheriff's Office is headed by a sheriff, who is appointed to the position by the mayor, unlike most sheriffs in New York State who are elected officials.
The sheriff is the chief civil enforcement officer for the City of New York, and automatically (ex officio) holds the position of deputy commissioner in the Department of Finance. The sheriff holds jurisdiction over all five county-boroughs within the city, with a subordinate undersheriff in charge of each one. Deputy sheriffs and criminal investigators of various ranks carry out the daily law enforcement duties of the Sheriff's Office. New York City Marshals perform similar civil enforcement duties.
The New York City Sheriff's Office originated in 1626 under the Dutch. Under later English rule, the position became known as the New York County Sheriff's Office. Originally each of the city's five county-boroughs had their own sheriff, each of which held the widest law enforcement jurisdiction in their respective county-boroughs. Like most sheriffs in the United States, these office holders were elected to their positions. Once the city was consolidated in 1898, the New York City Police Department took over responsibility for criminal investigations throughout the entire city, while the Sheriff's Office continued to focus on civil law enforcement and administering the county prison systems. Sheriffs were compensated by charging fees for enforcing civil orders in addition to keeping a monetary percentage (known as poundage) of what their office would seize. By 1915, plans were made by the Commissioner of Accounts to alter the way sheriffs were compensated to include a determined salary instead of having the office holder personally retain fees and poundage. Although fees and poundage would still be charged by sheriffs, the monies would be retained for their respective county's use only. In 1938, the first female deputy sheriff was appointed.
On January 1, 1942, each of the city's five county sheriff's offices were merged to become the Office of the Sheriff of the City of New York. The city's five county sheriffs were abolished and replaced with borough "chief deputies" (later undersheriffs) reporting to the now mayorally-appointed citywide sheriff. A contemporary report of the changes emphasized professionalization of the office, which had become notorious for employing political patronage beneficiaries. The new top five commanders were "all college graduates" and "lawyers like their chief, who promises to keep out politics". At the same time, the sheriff's former responsibility for running prison systems was transferred to the newly established New York City Department of Correction.
In 2012, the New York City Sheriff's Office changed its emblems, uniforms and logos to more closely resemble those of the New York Police Department, and to avoid confusion with fire department or emergency services. Finance Department spokesman Owen Stone said "We had red and white. We changed it to blue and yellow, because it's more in line with other law enforcement."
|Title||Insignia||Badge Design||Uniform Shirt Color|
|Sheriff||Medallion with eagle and Four stars|
|First Deputy Sheriff||Medallion with eagle and Three stars|
|Chief of Staff||Medallion with eagle and Three stars|
|Undersheriff||Medallion with eagle and two stars|
|Deputy Sheriff - Lieutenant||Medallion with Rank|
|Deputy Sheriff - Sergeant||Shield with eagle|
In order to be appointed as deputies, candidates must first pass a civil service entrance examination and meet strong educational/experiential requirements. Candidates must also pass medical and psychological examinations, physical ability tests, and a full background investigation. In addition to deputy sheriffs, the Sheriff's Office employs sworn criminal investigators and an assortment of civilian support personnel.
As of June 2014, Joseph Fucito was appointed the 121st Sheriff of the City of New York. Sheriff Fucito has over 25 years of experience in the New York City Sheriff's Office, and came up through the ranks of deputy sheriff. He has commanded a wide variety of units and county offices, and also served as acting sheriff two separate times before his official appointment to sheriff.
Uniform of the Sheriff's Office is a typical NYC law enforcement agent's uniform, with a dark blue shirt with metal badge and collar pins, dark blue trousers, tie, jacket and peaked cap. The Field Support Unit wears a less formal version without metal badges and pins, and with writing on their shirts and jackets. A variety of vests, gloves and other appropriate gear for the season/duty can be worn.
The New York City Sheriff's Office is composed of three sections: Operations, Intelligence, and Support.
The Operations Section is composed of the five county field offices and certain units working citywide. Within the county field offices, deputy sheriffs assigned to civil enforcement duties are referenced as Enforcement Bureau (EB) personnel. EB deputies perform a wide array of tasks such as evictions, warrants of arrest, orders to commit, and the seizure and sale of property pursuant to judicial mandates. Businesses and individuals that owe the city money pursuant to unpaid city tax warrants, environmental control board summons, and fire and health code violation fines, are targeted for enforcement action. EB deputies also serve a wide variety of legal process, with orders of protection considered a priority. Each county field office is complemented by civilian support staff to assist in daily administrative functions and customer service. These field offices are accessible to the public, giving citizens of the county/borough a local place to file court process in need of enforcement. Deputies of the Operations Section may be assigned to duties separate from the EB, either within a county field office or citywide. These duties include arrests and apprehensions on behalf of other none law enforcement city agencies such as the Human Resources Administration, the Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, and the Administration for Children's Services. Deputies may be assigned to scofflaw enforcement or security duties at the city treasury. The Operations Section will also provide deputies for any other assignment as deemed necessary by the agency.
The Intelligence Section is composed of the Bureau of Criminal Investigation (BCI) and the Intelligence Unit. The BCI investigates city tax violation, real property larceny/deed fraud, synthetic narcotic enforcement (such as spice/K2 and bath salts) and other offenses against the Department of Finance. The Intelligence Unit collects, analyzes, and disseminates information from various sources to be readily available for agency use. Intelligence Section personnel include criminal investigators, deputy sheriffs, and civilian support personnel.
The Support Section handles communications, property disposition, evidence destruction and field support services for the entire agency. Support Section personnel include deputy sheriffs and criminal investigators.
In addition to these organizational sections, the Sheriff's Office is served by a Chaplain Support Unit and a Medical Support Unit.
The Sheriff's Office uses a Twitter account frequently to interact with the public.
Deputy sheriffs and criminal investigators are New York State peace officers with authority to make warrantless arrests, issue summonses, carry and use a firearm, batons, pepper spray, handcuffs, and use physical and deadly force. Deputy sheriffs receive their peace officer status pursuant to the New York State Criminal Procedure Law (CPL) §2.10 subdivision 2, while criminal investigators receive their peace officer status from CPL §2.10 subdivision 5.
Deputy sheriffs are also civil enforcement officers with authority to enforce the New York State Civil Practice Law and Rules (CPLR) concerning civil procedure.
The NYC Sheriff's Office focuses on civil violations, such as property seizure and cigarette tax enforcement.
Deputies will also keep the peace and assist the police department in arresting criminals.
Since the establishment of the sheriff's offices throughout the five counties of New York City, seven sworn officers have died in the line of duty.
|Officer||Department||Date of Death||Details|
|Deputy Sheriff Isaac Smith||Bronx County Sheriff's Office, NY||Gunfire|
|Deputy Sheriff Henry Wendelstorf||Queens County Sheriff's Department, NY||Assault|
|Sheriff Paul Stier||Queens County Sheriff's Department, NY||Gunfire|
|Keeper Morris Broderson||Bronx County Sheriff's Office, NY||Gunfire|
|Keeper Daniel D. Horgan||Bronx County Sheriff's Office, NY||Gunfire|
|Deputy Sheriff John T. Miller||Queens County Sheriff's Department, NY||Automobile accident|
|Deputy Sheriff Fred D'Amore||Queens County Sheriff's Department, NY||Automobile accident|
Effective January 1, 1942, one citywide sheriff began serving all five counties within the City of New York. The following is a list of the citywide sheriffs since the original five county positions were merged. The position is appointed by the Mayor of New York City.
|Order||Name||Term||Notes and references|
|106||John J. McCloskey||1942–1971||He was the first to serve all five counties.|
|107||H. William Kehl||1971–1973|
|108||Joseph P. Brennan||1973–1974|
|109||Frederick Weinberger||1974–1975||Acting sheriff|
|110||Edward A. Pichler||1975–1987|
|111||Vincent M. Pharao||1987–1989|
|112||Harry Weisberg||1989–1990||Acting sheriff|
|113||Philip A. Crimaldi||1990–1994|
|116||Teresa Mason||1996–2000||First female to serve as sheriff of New York City|
|117||Henry Coira||2001–2001||Acting sheriff|
|118||Caliph T. Mathis||2001–2002|
|120||Joseph Fucito||2010–2011||Acting sheriff|
|121||Edgar A. Domenech||2011–2014||He was the 121st Sheriff of New York City including acting sheriffs in the count. "Mr. Domenech will become the city's 117th sheriff [excluding acting sheriffs] and will oversee a staff of 174 employees, including 118 deputy sheriffs, and an annual budget of $16 million."|
|Name||Term||Notes and references|
|Sheriff Stillwell||1683-1685||Term began in October|
|Roeloff Martense||1685-1686||Term began in October|
|Gerrit Strycker||1686-1690||Term began in October|
|Myndert Coerten||1690-1691||Term began on December 13, 1690|
|Gerrit Strycker||1691-1694||Term began on March 21, 1691|
|Jacobus Kiersted||1694-1698||Term began in May 24, 1694|
|Englebert Lott||1698-1699||Term began in October|
|John Elbertson||1699-1700||Term began in October|
|Benjamin Vandewater||1715-1717||October. This was his second non-consecutive term.|
|Dominicus Vanderveer||1730-1736||October. This was his second non-consecutive term.|
|Dominicus Vanderveer||1738-1740||Term started on February 24, 1738|
|Nicholas Couwenhoven||1766||Term began in October|
|Alexander Forbush||1766-1767||Term started on November 24, 1766|
|Rutger Van Brunt||1767-1784||Term began in October|
|William Boerum||1784-1785||Term began on February 4|
|Peter Vandervoort||1785-1788||Term began on September 28|
|Charles Turnbull (sheriff)||1788-1791||Term began on December 29|
|John Vanderveer||1791-1793||Term began on March 8|
|Cornelius Bergen||1793-1797||Term began on February 18, 1793|
|Peter S. Cortelyou||1797-1800||Term began on February 7, 1797|
|Cornelius Bergen||1800-1804||Term began on February 17, 1800|
|John Schoonmaker||1804-1807||Term began on February 16|
|Benjamin Birdsall (sheriff)||1807-1810||Term began on March 9|
|John Dean (sheriff)||1810-1811||Term began on February 26, 1810.|
|Abiel Titus||1811||Term began on February 5|
|William D. Creed||1811-1813||Term began on June 5|
|John Dean (sheriff)||1813-1815||Term began on March 23|
|Lawrence Brower||1815-1817||Term began on March 28|
|Jacob Garrison||1817||Term began on March 19|
|John Wyckoff (sheriff)||1817-1821||Term began on August 29|
|John Teunis Bergen (1786-1855)||1821-1822||Term began on February 12, 1821.|
|John Teunis Bergen (1786-1855)||1822-1825||Term began in November 1822.|
|John Teunis Bergen||1828-1831||Term began in November 1828. He resigned from office. This was his second non-consecutive term.|
|John Lawrence (sheriff)||1831-1834||He was appointed vice sheriff (acting sheriff) on March 15, 1831 to replace John Teunis Bergen, who had resigned.|
|John Van Dyne||1834-1837||November|
|William M. Udall||1837-1841||November|
|Francis B. Strycker||1841-1843||November|
|William Jenkins (sheriff)||1843-1846||November|
|Daniel Van Voorhies||1846-1849||November|
|Andrew B. Hodges||1849-1852||November|
|Jerome Ryerson||1855-1857||November. He died in office.|
|George Remson||1857||Appointed vice sheriff (acting sheriff) on April 3, 1857 to complete the term of Jerome Ryerson.|
|Anthony F. Campbell||1860-1863||November|
|John McNamee (sheriff)||1863-1866||November|
|Patrick Campbell (sheriff)||1866-1869||November|
|Anthony Walter (sheriff)||1869-1872||November|
|Aras G. Williams||1872-1875||November|
|Thomas M. Riley||1878-1881||November|
|Lewis R. Stegman||1881-1884||Term began in November.|
|Charles B. Farley||1884-1887||November|
|Clark D. Rhinehart||1887-1890||November|
|John Courtney (sheriff)||1890-1893|
|William J. Buttling||1893-1898||November|
|Frank D. Creamer (1859-1913)||1898-1900|||
|Charles S. Guden||1902||He was removed from office by Governor Benjamin Odell in 1902.|
|Norman Staunton Dike, Sr. (1862-1953)||1902-1904||He was born in 1862. He was appointed as vice sheriff (acting sheriff) by Governor Benjamin Odell in 1902 to complete the term of Sheriff Guden. He died on April 15, 1953.|
|Alfred T. Hobley||1908-1910||He was elected on November 5, 1907 and took office on January 1, 1908.|
|J. S. Shea||1910-1912||Crowley Wentworth (1869-1928) was the deputy sheriff.|
|Charles Blakeslee Law (1872-1929)||1913-1914||Term expired on December 31, 1913.|
|Lewis M. Swasey||1914-1915||Term expired on December 31, 1915|
|Edward J. Riegelmann (1870-1941)||1916-1917|||
|Daniel Joseph Griffin (1880-1926)||1918-1919||He was born in 1880. His term expired on December 31, 1919. He died in 1926.|
|John Drescher||1920-1921||Term expired on December 31, 1921|
|P. B. Seery||1922-1923||Term expired on December 31, 1923|
|John N. Harman||1924-1925||> He was the Park Commissioner prior to sheriff. Term expired on December 31, 1925|
|Frank J. Taylor||1927-1928||Term expired on December 31, 1928|
|Herman M. Hessberg||1929-1930||Term expired on December 31, 1930|
|Name||Term||Notes and references|
|Sheriff Thomas M. Quinn||1910|
|Paul Stier||? to 1916||He died on October 13, 1916 while trying to arrest Frank Taff at Whitestone Landing.|
The first Sheriff of New York County, Jan Lampo, was in office in 1626, although his title was Schout. Prior to 1942 the Sheriff of New York County was an elected position.
|Name||Term||Notes and references|
|Marinus Willett (1740-1830)||1784-1787|
|Marinus Willett (1740-1830)||1791-1795|
|Jacob John Lansing||1795-1798|
|James Morris (1764-1827)||1798-1801|
|Peter Hercules Wendover (1768-1834)||1822-1825|||
|Jacob Westervelt (1794-1881)||1831-1834|
|John Jacob V.B. Westervelt (1805-1866)||1846-1849|
|Aaron B. Rollins (1818-1878)||1853 to 1859||Deputy sheriff.|
|James O'Brien (1841-1907)||1867|||
|William C. Conner||1874|
|Bernard Reilly||? to 1880|||
|Peter Bowe (1833-1903)||1880 to ?||He was born in 1833 in Ireland. He was elected sheriff in November 1879 on the Irving Hall ticket, and took office on January 1, 1880. Joel O. Stevens was his Under-Sheriff and Daniel E. Finn, Sr. (1845-1910) was his Deputy Sheriff. He died on March 2, 1903.|
|Bernard F. Martin, (1845-1914)||circa 1885||Deputy sheriff.|
|Hugh J. Grant (1858-1910)||1887 to 1888||He later served as the 88th Mayor of New York City|
|Daniel Edgar Sickles (1819-1914)||1890|
|Edward J.H. Tamsen, Sr. (1849-1907)||1895 to 1896||He was born in Hamburg, Germany in 1849. He was elected sheriff of New York County in November 1894. Governor Levi Parsons Morton removed him from office in 1896. He died on July 24, 1907.|
|Nicholas J. Hayes (1856-1928)||? to 1907|||
|Thomas F. Foley||1908 to 1910||He was elected in November 1907 and took office on January 1, 1908.|
|Julius Harburger (1850-1914)||1911 to 1913|||
|Max Samuel Grifenhagen (1861-1932)||1914-1915||Max Samuel Grifenhagen (May 12, 1861 - October 28, 1932) was a Jewish American entrepreneur, businessman, manufacturer, and notable Republican politician in New York in the early 1900s. He was the noted sheriff of New York County (present day Manhattan), an alderman, and a city registrar.|
|Al Smith (1873-1944)||1916-1917||"As a reward for faithful service, Tammany's leaders named Mr. Smith as their candidate for Sheriff of New York while the convention was still in session. At that time the office of Sheriff was still on the fee system and was worth at least $50,000 (approximately $1,238,000 today) a year to the incumbent." Note: This number appears too large to be accurate.|
|David H. Knott (1879-1954)||1917-1921|
|Peter Joseph Dooling (1857-1931)||1924|||
|James George Donovan (1898-1987)||1934 to 1941||Undersheriff. After 1941 one sheriff served all five counties.|
|Name||Term||Notes and references|
|Harman Barkaloo Cropsey, Jr. (circa 1775-?)||1829 to 1831|
|William J. Dempsey||? to 1941||He was the last Sheriff of Richmond County, New York before the office became the New York City Sheriff's Office.|
|Name||Term||Notes and references|
|James F. O'Brien (1868 - 1929)||1920 to 1922||First Sheriff of the County of The Bronx|
|James F. Donnelly||1918 to 1920|
|Thomas H. O'Neill||1920 to 1922|
|Edward Joseph Flynn (1891-1953)||1922 to 1925|
|Lester W. Patterson (1893-1947)|
|Robert L. Moran (1884-1954)||1930 to 1933|
|John J. Hanley|