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Nihon Bussan Co., Ltd.
Industryvideo games
FateIntellectual property sold to Hamster Corporation
Key people
Sueharu Torii (President and CEO)
Kazuo Torii (Executive director)
ProductsCrazy Climber series
F1 Circus series
Moon Cresta series
Number of employees
DivisionsNichibutsu U.S.A. Co., Ltd.
Nichibutsu U.K. Ltd.
Nichibutsu Europe GmbH
Tokyo Nihon Bussan Co., Ltd.
Nichibutsu Sapporo Co., Ltd.
Nichibutsu Sendai Co., Ltd.
Nichibutsu Hiroshima Co., Ltd.
Nichibutsu Kyushu Co., Ltd. Edit this on Wikidata

Nihon Bussan Co., Ltd. ( Nihon Bussan Kabushikigaisha) was a Japanese video game manufacturer. The company had its headquarters in Kita-ku, Osaka.[1] In the past they had also manufactured and sold yachts.[2]

The main video game brand of the company was Nichibutsu (?), with adult video games coming under the Sphinx () brand.[3] The company uses a horned owl for its official logo.[4]

The company slogan was Frontier Spirit of Amusement or Frontier Spirit in the Amusement.[5]

In March 2014, Nihon Bussan sold its videogame library to Hamster Corporation due to the decision of original founder Sueharu Torii to retire.


Company's logo is drawn Lotus 102D

The company's founder Sueharu Torii ( ) (1947 -) established Nihon Bussan in October 1970 in Kita-ku, Osaka. They begin their activities by mainly selling amusement machine. In 1972, the company was incorporated as Nihon Bussan Co., Ltd with a concluded capital of 3 million yen.[6]

In 1976, Nihon Bussan made its debut as a manufacturer to the Amusement Machine Show and opened a Tokyo office in 1978.[6] 1978 also saw Nihon Bussan entering the arcade game market, when they debuted with a copy of the game Breakout called Table Attacker.[7] The same year, Nihon Bussan settled with Taito by paying a license fee to launch a copy of Space Invaders titled Moon Base.[8] Also in 1979, a business alliance was formed with Namco for a clone of Galaxian by the name of Moon Alien. However, Nihon Bussan violated the manufacturing agreement by exceeding production of Moon Alien and ended up paying Namco the excess of the license fee.[9] Nihon Bussan continued to release successful titles such as the 1980 original works Moon Cresta and Crazy Climber.[10] The same year, the company issued brochures that listed both Moon Base and Moon Alien as original works of Nihon Bussan.[11]

In 1983, the company developed Jangou Night which features the industry's first undressing elements and established the genre of strip mahjong games.[12] In 1984, Nihon Bussan developed Tube Panic, the industry's first board game equipped with a rotation feature.[13] From the mid-1980s, Nihon Bussan released Terra Cresta and Cosmo Police Galivan that made use of Yamaha YM3812 FM sound.[14]

Nihon Bussan entered the home video game market in 1983 by developing in-house the game machine My Vision, and moved in 1986 to the NES market of Nintendo with the release of MagMax. Sales and production of software for the MSX would follow in 1988. At first, porting work from arcade games was the center of the lineup. But later in 1990, Nihon Bussan released original works for the PC Engine such as F1 Circus and F1 which became hits. During the height of the F1 Circus series, Nihon Bussan sponsored Team Lotus over a period from 1992 to 1993. The front wing end plate of Lotus 107 and Lotus 107B of the year of the machine had the company's logo sticker of Nihon Bussan.

Nihon Bussan started the production & sales of products for the Mega Drive in 1991, SNES in 1992, Sony PlayStation in 1995 and for the Sega Saturn in 1996.

As with the arcades, several of Nihon Bussan's titles and themes released for the household were Mahjong games. Nihon Bussan's PC Engine game Sexy Idol Mahjong incorporated undressing elements and used the first "18 years of age or older recommended" software in the home market.

In March 2009, the company partnered with D4 Enterprise to reprint and distributed Nihon Bussan retro games for its Project EGG service.[15]

In March 2014, Nihon Bussan sold the rights of all video games to Hamster Corporation.[16] Hamster had approached founder Sueharu Torii for a licensing agreement of Nihon Bussan's games. Torii opted instead to sell outright the company's video game library and to retire.


  • 1979 - The company's headquarters is relocated to Tenjinbashi, Kita-ku, Osaka. Their capital increases to 24 million yen. Nichibutsu U.S.A. Co., Ltd. is established in Torrance, California, USA.
  • 1980 - Nichibutsu U.K. Ltd. is established in West Midlands, England, United Kingdom. Nichibutsu Kyushu Co., Ltd. is established in Hakataekiminami, Hakata-ku, Fukuoka, Fukuoka.
  • 1981 - Nichibutsu Europe GmbH is established in Rödermark, Offenbach, Hesse, Germany. The Nihon Bussan Co., Ltd. Factory opens in Sayama, Kumiyama, Kuse, Kyoto.
  • 1983 - Tokyo office is moved to Nihonbashihoridome, Chuo-ku, Tokyo. Nichibutsu Sapporo Co., Ltd. is established in Nakanoshima, Toyohira-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido. Nichibutsu Sendai Co., Ltd. is established in Uesugi, Sendai, Miyagi. Nichibutsu Hiroshima Co., Ltd. is established in Higashikasumichou, Minami-ku, Hiroshima, Hiroshima. The home video game console "My Vision" is released, and software begins to be supplied for it.
  • 1984 - Capital increases to 36 million yen.
  • 1985 - Capital increases to 50 million yen.
  • 1991 - Tokyo office is moved to Roppongi, Minato-ku, Tokyo.
  • 1992 - Company withdraws from the Japan Amusement Machinery Manufacturers Association.
  • 2001 - Final home video game, "Virtual Kyoutei 21," is released.
  • 2005 - Final arcade game, "Cosplay Akihabara In Love," is released.
  • 2007 - The company withdraws from the game development business.[17] They then become an intellectual property rights management business[18]
  • 2009 - Entered D4 Enterprise's Project EGG, a retro game republishing/distribution service. Business is suspended.
  • 2014 - Company's copyright is transferred to Hamster Corporation.

List of Nihon Bussan games

Paddle game

  • 1978 Table Attacker (copy of Breakout)
  • 1978 Table Attacker Guard (copy of Breakout)
  • 1978 Table Attacker Special (copy of Breakout)
  • 1978 Table Attacker Black (copy of Breakout)
  • 1978 Table Bonpa (copy of Circus)
  • 1979 Attacker Ace (copy of Breakout)
  • 1979 Bonpa (copy of Circus)


  • 1978 Moon Base (copy of Space Invaders)
  • 1978 Moon Base Spector (copy of Space Invaders Color version)
  • 1978 Moon Base Zeta (copy of Space Invaders Part2)
  • 1979 Super Moon Base (copy of Space Invaders Part3)
  • 1980 Moon Alien (copy of Galaxian)
  • 1980 Moon Alien 2 (copy of Galaxian Part2)
  • 1980 Moon Cresta (hack of Galaxian)
  • 1980 Moon Alpha
  • 1980 Moon Raker
  • 1980 Moon Quasar
  • 1981 Moon Shuttle
  • 1983 Space Fighter X (SF-X)
  • 1984 Seicross
  • 1984 Tube Panic
  • 1985 MagMax
  • 1985 Terra Cresta
  • 1986 UFO Robo Dangar
  • 1986 Soldier Girl Amazon (a.k.a. Sei Senshi Amatelass)
  • 1986 Ninja Emaki (a.k.a. Youma Ninpou Cho)
  • 1987 Sky Fox (a.k.a. Exerizer)
  • 1987 Terra Force
  • 1987 Legion
  • 1988 Formation Armed F
  • 1989 Sky Robo (a.k.a. Tatakae! Big Fighter)
  • 1992 Terra Cresta 2
  • 1997 Terra Cresta 3D


  • 1980 Crazy Climber
  • 1981 Frisky Tom
  • 1982 Wiping (Also known as "Rug Rats")
  • 1984 Roller Jammer
  • 1984 Dynamic Ski
  • 1985 Cop01
  • 1985 Galivan (Also known as "Cosmo Police Galivan")
  • 1986 Mighty Guy
  • 1987 Booby Kids (a.k.a. Kid no HORE HORE Dai Sakusen)
  • 1987 Samurai Assassin (a.k.a. Kozure ?kami)
  • 1988 Crazy Climber 2
  • 1990 Die Hard (PC Engine Version developed for Pack-In-Video Co. Ltd.)
  • 1993 Galivan 2 (Also known as "Cosmo Police Galivan 2: Arrow of Justice")
  • 1996 Expert (PlayStation 1. Japanese Title: )


  • Hihoo! (1987)
  • Hihoo!2 (1987)
  • Quiz DE Date (1991)
  • Miracle Q (1991)
  • Kotaemon kachi (1991)
  • TECHNO?DOOL (1991)


  • Oh! Pyepee (1988)
  • Tougenkyou (1988)
  • Pairs (1989)


Action role-playing


Mahjong (only the most notable games)

  • 1983 Jang? Lady
  • 1986 Second Love
  • 1990 Mahjong Triple Wars
  • 1991 Mahjong Vanilla Syndrome
  • 1994 Sailor Wars


  1. ^ "Nichibutsu Fact Book Archived 2010-02-21 at the Wayback Machine." Nihon Bussan. Retrieved on February 19, 2010.
  2. ^ Yacht impressions page
  3. ^ Sphinx also released the game in the name of Nihon Bussan and it is listed on the home page. Mahjong Hanafuda product list Archived 2013-07-04 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ At Famitsu released in 1990, Nichibutsu mark is described as designed the owl, which is called the God of happiness motif.
  5. ^ At that time of the ad I was properly using both catch copy of.
  6. ^ a b
  7. ^ shooter side vol.11 page31 - micro magazine issued February 7, 2015
  8. ^ game machine March 1, 2001 issue twenty years ago - amusement news agency
  9. ^ game machine 2001 the main news of the year June 15 issue twenty years ago - amusement news agency
  10. ^ Business Japan - Volume 29, Page 125 Nihon K?gy? Shinbunsha - 1984 "The wider this trend expands, the deeper these game machines lead the people into the world of dreams and fantasy. Nichibutsu, Japan's unique game machine manufacturer which started earlier than other similar makers the full utilization of the most advanced technology, is determined to come out with products which the people want to play with."
  11. ^ 1980 issue of corporate brochure Frontier Spirit of Amusement Nichibutsu
  12. ^ goodbye to Famitsu than Nichibutsu interview with the President November 6, 1992 issue, and testimony by Torii swaged President
  13. ^ shooter side vol.10 recording interview Archived 2014-10-20 at the Wayback Machine - micro magazine issued September 26, 2014
  14. ^ retro game comprehensive distribution site project EGG - - participating companies
  15. ^ D4 enterprise project EGG- ValuePress press release distribution site
  17. ^ game machine in April 2014 No. 15 - amusement news agency
  18. ^ Moon Cresta, Crazy Climber, the last update of the trademark rights of the family Mahjong has become in 2007. Industrial Property Digital Library - trademark search

External links

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