Nicobariodendron
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Nicobariodendron

Nicobariodendron
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Celastrales
Family: Celastraceae
Genus: Nicobariodendron
Vasudeva Rao & Chakrabarty
Species:
N. sleumeri
Binomial name
Nicobariodendron sleumeri
Vasudeva Rao & Chakrabarty

Nicobariodendron sleumeri is a tree with simple, alternately set, entire leaves, small flowers and single seed fleshy fruits, that is only known from the Nicobar Islands of India, and the only species assigned to the genus Nicobariodendron.

Description

Nicobariodendron sleumeri is a dioecious evergreen tree of 8-35 m high, with simple, alternately set leaves without stipules. A leaf consists of a leaf stalk of 3-8 mm long, and an oblong oval to oblong inverted egg-shaped, leathery, hairless and shiny green leaf blade of 5½-10 × 2-4 cm, with a foot that gradually narrows into the leaf stalk, an entire margin, and a blunt end that abruptly changes in a pointed tip of ½-1¼ cm. The leaf is pinnately veined with five to nine pairs of secondary veins. Male flowers sit in spikes in the axils of the leaves. These flowers are said to be fragrant, white, small, about 2 mm in diameter, and tetra- or pentamerous, the petals are yellowish. They contain only two free stamens, lying side-by-side, consisting of a filament of 1½-2½ mm long topped with an orbicular anther of ½-¾ mm, borne outside the disc and a short sterile pistil in the middle. Female flowers are mostly in cymes at the end of the branches. The conical fruit is a light red drupe of about 2 cm, with the calyx still present at its base, and it contains a single basal seed.[1][2][3]

Taxonomy

Nicobariodendron sleumeri was only described in 1985 based on two herbarium specimens collected in 1974 and 1979 respectively, and the notes of the collectors. The describing authors assigned it to the Celastraceae, but the species is aberrant and other scholars have been hesitant to group it with other taxa, particularly because it had not been included in genetic analysis.[2] In the APG IV system, it is placed in Celastraceae.[4]

Etymology

The genus name is a combination of "Nicobar", a reference to the Nicobar Islands where the plants were found and "dendron", which is Latin for tree. The species name honors Hermann Otto Sleumer, a twentieth century Dutch botanist of German birth.[1]

Distribution

Nicobariodendron sleumeri is an endemic of Great Nicobar Island and Katchal Island. Only the two type specimen are known, a flowering male tree from Great Nicobal and a fruiting female tree from Katchal. Female inflorescences are described but were no part of the herbarium specimen.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c Vasudeva Rao, M.K.; Chakrabarty, Tapas (1985). "Nicobariodendron Vasud. & T. Chakrab. (Celastraceae) - a new genus from the Nicobar Islands, India". Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany. 7 (3): 513-516.
  2. ^ a b Simmons, M.P. (2004), "Celastraceae", in Klaus Kubitski (ed.), Flowering PlantsoDicotyledonsoCelastrales, Oxalidales, Rosales, Cornales, Ericales, The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants, 6
  3. ^ "Celastrales". Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Retrieved .
  4. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2016). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 181 (1): 1-20. doi:10.1111/boj.12385.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Nicobariodendron
 



 



 
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