Nisha Ayub
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Nisha Ayub

Nisha Ayub
Nisha Ayub of Malaysia (26050451621).jpg
Nisha Ayub receiving the 2016 International Women of Courage Award in Washington D.C.
Born (1979-04-05) April 5, 1979 (age 40)
NationalityMalaysian
OccupationActivist
Known forTransgender rights advocacy

Nisha Ayub (born April 5, 1979) is a Malaysian transgender rights activist. Ayub is the co-founder of the community-run SEED Foundation and transgender grassroots campaign Justice for Sisters[1] and she was awarded the prestigious International Women of Courage Award in 2016.[2]

Early life

Nisha Ayub was born in Malacca, Malaysia, on April 5, 1979. She is of mixed maternal Indian, Ceylonese and paternal Malay descent.[3] Nisha has memories of when she was a child and used to wear a "selendang" (shawl) while dancing to Bollywood songs. Nisha was raised by her mother Christian family after her father's death when she was six years old. Her mother is a Muslim convert. At nine years old, Nisha participated in a fancy dress competition, as a ballerina wearing a black dress and a wig. At the time, she realized that was the real Nisha.[3]

Biography

As a man who has transformed into a woman, Nisha has faced law enforcement where Islamic sharia laws are enforced. Under a provision of Sharia (Islamic law) a male person is prohibited from dressing or behaving like a woman and appearing in public that way. Violation of this is punishable by a fine of 1,000 ringgit (approximately US$257) and a jail term for period of six months to a year. Sharia law is enforced by the state Islamic religious departments. Under this law, Ayub was imprisoned for three months in 2000.[4][5][6][7] While Nisha was imprisoned in a male prison, the warden and other prisoners sexually assaulted her.[5] Ayub said of her time in the prison: "They asked me to strip naked in front of everyone. They made fun of me, because my body doesn't conform to what men and women are supposed to be."[8]

Ayub, through non-governmental organizations, counsels people, provides training to develop professional careers, addresses their health and welfare issues and provides them legal support.

Legacy

Nisha Ayub was honored with Human Rights Watch's Alison Des Forges Award for Extraordinary Activism in 2015 for her bold action opposing the Malaysian laws that were detrimental to the interest of people to live in peace without being harmed and oppressed.[5] She also received the International Women of Courage Award in 2016, becoming the first openly woman to receive that award.[2]

In 2016, San Diego declared April 5 to be Nisha Ayub Day in the US city. In the proclamation, San Diego mayor Kevin L. Faulconer said: "Nisha Ayub continues to fight for the equality and protection of all people in her country and beyond its borders."[9]

In 2018, a senior lecturer in the Faculty of Agriculture of University Putra Malaysia, Leena Wong alongside lead study author Patrick Krug from California State University, Los Angeles, discovered a new species of sea slug that camouflages itself as seaweed, and upon confirmation that it was indeed a new species, named it Sacoproteus nishae after Nisha.[10] The sea slug was named so due to its ability to camouflage itself after seaweed[11] calling "it the best example of an animal masquerading as a plant".

Awards and accolades

Year Organization Award Reference
2015
Human Rights Watch Alison Des Forges Award for Extraordinary Activism [5]
2016 United States Department of State International Women of Courage Award [2]

References

  1. ^ "Nisha Ayub's tough fight for transgender rights is ongoing". The Star Online.
  2. ^ a b c "Malaysian activist Nisha Ayub is first man to win US Women of Courage award". Asian Correspondent. April 22, 2016.
  3. ^ a b "10 things about: Nisha Ayub, transgender activist". Malay Mail Online. April 24, 2016. Archived from the original on April 24, 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
  4. ^ "Malaysian court overturns law that banned cross-dressing". The Guardian. November 7, 2014. Retrieved 2016.
  5. ^ a b c d "Nisha Ayub, Malaysia". Human Rights Watch. August 10, 2015. Retrieved 2016.
  6. ^ "Nisha Ayub from Justice for Sisters". ABC News. May 15, 2015. Retrieved 2016.
  7. ^ "Malaysian transgender women take their fight to court" (pdf). Gender Identitywatch. May 2015. Retrieved 2016.
  8. ^ Stewart, Colin (January 29, 2015). "Video: Malaysian prison turned her into a trans activist". 76 Crimes. Retrieved 2016.
  9. ^ "April 5 is 'Nisha Ayub Day' in San Diego". The Malay Mail. April 6, 2016.
  10. ^ "Malaysian discovers sea slug species, names it after Nisha Ayub (VIDEO) | Malay Mail". Retrieved 2018.
  11. ^ "Stunning new sea slug species look just like seaweed". October 16, 2018. Retrieved 2018.

External links



  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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