Nonthaburi Province
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Nonthaburi Province
Nonthaburi

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Wat Poramaiyikawas Worawihan.jpg
Wat Chaloem Phrakiat.jpg
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Nonthaburi1.jpg
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Flag of Nonthaburi
Flag
Official seal of Nonthaburi
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting   Nonthaburi Province
Map of Thailand highlighting   Nonthaburi Province
Coordinates: 13°51?45?N 100°30?52?E / 13.86250°N 100.51444°E / 13.86250; 100.51444Coordinates: 13°51?45?N 100°30?52?E / 13.86250°N 100.51444°E / 13.86250; 100.51444
Founded1561
Incorporated into Bangkok1943
Separated from Bangkok1946
CapitalNonthaburi
Government
 o GovernorSuchin Chaichumsak
(since October 2019)[1]
Area
 o Total622 km2 (240 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 75th
Population
(2018)[3]
 o Total1,246,295
 o RankRanked 16th
 o Density2,003.7/km2 (5,190/sq mi)
 o Density rankRanked 2nd
Human Achievement Index
 o HAI (2017)0.6788 "high"
Ranked 4th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
11xxx
Calling code02
ISO 3166 codeTH-12
Vehicle registration?
Websitewww.nonthaburi.go.th

Nonthaburi (Thai: ?, pronounced [n?n.t?á?.b?.r?:]) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand, established by the Act Establishing Changwat Samut Prakan, Changwat Nonthaburi, Changwat Samut Sakhon and Changwat Nakhon Nayok, Buddhist Era 2489 (1946), which came into force on 9 May 1946.[5]

Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Pathum Thani, Bangkok, and Nakhon Pathom. Nonthaburi is the most densely populated province after Bangkok. The Bang Kwang Central Prison is in the province.

Geography

Nonthaburi is directly northwest of Bangkok on the Chao Phraya River. The province is part of the greater Bangkok Metropolitan Area. In most parts it is as urbanized as the capital[6], and the boundary between the two provinces is nearly unrecognizable.

History

Nonthaburi was declared a city in the middle of the 16th century. It was previously a village named Talat Khwan. During the reign of King Prasat Thong, a canal was dug to create a shortcut for the flow of the Chao Phraya. The river changed its flow into the new canal, which is still the riverbed today. In 1665 King Narai built a fortress, as the shorter river course was giving enemies an easier route to the capital, Ayutthaya. The town was then moved near the fortress.

From 1943 to 1946 the province was incorporated into Bangkok.

Symbols

The provincial seal shows earthenware, a traditional product of Nonthaburi. The provincial flower and tree is the yellow flame tree (Peltophorum pterocarpum).

The provincial slogan translates to "Grand royal mansion, renowned Suan Somdet, Ko Kret's pottery, famous ancient temples, tasty durians, and the beautiful government office". The royal mansion refers to Phra Tamnak Nonthaburi in Mueang Nonthaburi District, the former residence of Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn. Princess Mother Srinagarindra Garden (Suan Somdet) is a water garden with a statue of princess Srinagarindra in the Pak Kret District. The provincial administration building once received an award as the most beautiful such building by the Ministry of Interior.

Agriculture

Nonthaburi Province is renowned for growing the best durians in the country. Durian has been a well-known fruit in this province for 400 years.[7] The fruit is known as "Durian Non" which means durian from Nonthaburi Province.[8] It is also known as the most expensive durian in the world.[7] There are six groups of Nonthaburi durian which are Kop, Luang, Kan Yao, Kampan, Thong Yoi, and miscellaneous.[8] Most durian orchards are near rivers such as the Chao Phraya. This is because the soil next to the river is good for planting which is also good for durian trees.[7] Many durian orchards have disappeared due to flooding and pollution.[8] The price of durian Non depends on its group. Kan Yao is the most expensive, starting from around 10,000 baht up to 20,000 baht (or about US$600) for one durian. The Kan Yao itself is not easy to find in normal markets. The main reason for the high price is because it is rare. The recent flood in 2011 cleared out almost all of the durian trees in Nonthaburi, and only a few trees have been newly planted.[7] Also, residential areas are expanding into agricultural areas.[8]

Administrative divisions

Map of Nonthaburi with the 6 districts numbered
  City municipalities (thesaban nakhon)
  Town municipalities (thesaban mueang)
  Subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon)

Provincial government

The province is divided into six districts (amphoes).[3]The districts are further subdivided into 52 subdistricts (tambons) and 433 villages (mubans).

Local government

As of 26 November 2019 there are[9]: one Nonthaburi Provincial Administrative Organization - PAO (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and nineteen municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. The capital Nonthaburi and Pak Kret have city (thesaban nakhon) status. Further six have town (thesaban mueang) status and eleven subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon).[3]

# City municipalities
1 Nonthaburi[10] 2 Pak Kret[11]
# Town municipalities
1 Bang Si Mueang[12] 4 Bang Rak Pattana[13]
2 Bang Kruai[14] 5 Phimonrat[15]
3 Bang Bua Thong[16] 6 Bang Ku Rat[17]
# Subdistrict mun. 6 Sao Thong Hin
1 Sai Ma 7 Ban Bang Muang
2 Bang Len 8 Ban Yai
3 Bang Si Thong 9 Bang Muang
4 Plai Bang 10 Sai Noi
5 Sala Klang 11 Bang Plub

The non-municipal areas are administered by 27 Subdistrict Administrative Organizations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).

Human achievement index 2017

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.[4]

Health Education Employment Income
Health icon Thai.png Round Landmark School Icon - Transparent.svg Employment icon.png Numismatics and Notaphily icon.png
10 3 34 3
Housing Family Transport Participation
586-house-with-garden.svg
Parents, enfants, famille.png
Groundtransport inv.svg Icon Sociopolítica y relaciones internacionales (wikiproyect, es.wp).png
61 30 1 73
Province Nonthaburi, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.6788 is "high", occupies place 4 in the ranking.

See also

Notes

Reports (data) from Thai government are "not copyrightable" (Public Domain), Copyright Act 2537 (1994), section 7.

References

  1. ^ " " [Announcement of the Prime Minister's Office regarding the appointment of civil servants] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 136 (Special 242 Ngor). 11. 28 September 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community, Thailand Human Development Report 2014, table 0:Basic Data (PDF) (Report). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Thailand. pp. 134-135. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 2016, Data has been supplied by Land Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, at Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ a b c "? ?.?.2561" [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2018]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior (in Thai). 31 December 2018. Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ a b ? 2560 [Human Achievement Index - HAI year 2017] (PDF). social.nesdb.go.th (Report) (in Thai). National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB). 2017. pp. 52-53. ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1. Retrieved 2019, Maps 1-9
  5. ^ ? ? ? [Act Establishing Changwat Samut Prakan, Changwat Nonthaburi, Changwat Samut Sakhon and Changwat Nakhon Nayok, Buddhist Era 2489 (1946)] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 63 (29 Kor): 315-317. 9 May 1946. Retrieved 2019.
  6. ^ "? ".
  7. ^ a b c d Gasik, Lindsay. "The Most Expensive Durian In The World; Nonthaburi, Thailand". Year of the Durian. Retrieved 2015.
  8. ^ a b c d [1] . ? ? (Accessed on 9 September 2015)
  9. ^ "Number of local government organizations by province". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 26 November 2019. Retrieved 2019. 23 Nonthaburi: 1 PAO, 2 City mun., 6 Town mun., 11 Subdistrict mun., 27 SAO.
  10. ^ "? ?.?.?" [Royal Decree Establish of Thesaban Nakhon Nonthaburi, Changwat Nonthaburi, B.E.2538 (1995)] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 112 (40 Kor): 29-32. 24 September 1995. Retrieved 2019.
  11. ^ "? ?.?.?" [Royal Decree Establish of Thesaban Nakhon Pak Kret, Changwat Nonthaburi, B.E.2543 (2000)] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 117 (10 Kor): 25-28. 10 February 2000. Retrieved 2019.
  12. ^ " " [Notification of the Ministry of Interior Re: Change status of Thesaban Tambon Bang Si Mueang, Amphoe Mueang Nonthaburi, Changwat Nonthaburi to Thesaban Mueang Bang Si Mueang] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 123 (Special Section 29 Ngor): 5. 23 February 2006. Retrieved 2019.
  13. ^ " " [Notification of the Ministry of Interior Re: Establishment of ?Bang Rak Pattana Subdistrict Administrative Organization District Bang Bua Thong Province Nonthaburi Is Thesaban Mueang Bang Rak Pattana] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 136 (Special 265 Ngor): 5. 25 October 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  14. ^ " ?.?.?" [Royal Decree Thesaban Mueang Bang Kruai B.E.2545] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 119 (122 Kor): 5-8. 16 December 2002. Retrieved 2019.
  15. ^ " " [Notification of the Ministry of Interior Re: Establishment of Phimonrat Subdistrict Administrative Organization District Bang Bua Thong Province Nonthaburi Is Thesaban Mueang Phimonrat] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 131 (Special 41 Ngor): 5. 4 March 2014. Retrieved 2019.
  16. ^ "? ?.?.0" [Royal Decree Establish of Thesaban Mueang Bang Bua Thong, Changwat Nonthaburi, B.E.2480 (1937)] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 54: 1859-1862. 14 March 1937. Retrieved 2019.
  17. ^ " " [Notification of the Ministry of Interior Re: Establishment of ?Bang Ku Rat Subdistrict Administrative Organization District Bang Bua Thong Province Nonthaburi Is Thesaban Mueang Bang Ku Rat] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 136 (Special 33 Ngor): 15. 6 February 2019. Retrieved 2019.

External links


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