Map of Thailand highlighting Nonthaburi Province
|Incorporated into Bangkok||1943|
|Separated from Bangkok||1946|
|o Governor||Suchin Chaichumsak|
(since October 2019)
|o Total||622 km2 (240 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 75th|
|o Rank||Ranked 16th|
|o Density||2,003.7/km2 (5,190/sq mi)|
|o Density rank||Ranked 2nd|
|Human Achievement Index|
|o HAI (2017)||0.6788 "high"|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (ICT)|
|ISO 3166 code||TH-12|
Nonthaburi (Thai: ?, pronounced [n?n.t?á?.b?.r?:]) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand, established by the Act Establishing Changwat Samut Prakan, Changwat Nonthaburi, Changwat Samut Sakhon and Changwat Nakhon Nayok, Buddhist Era 2489 (1946), which came into force on 9 May 1946.
Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Pathum Thani, Bangkok, and Nakhon Pathom. Nonthaburi is the most densely populated province after Bangkok. The Bang Kwang Central Prison is in the province.
Nonthaburi is directly northwest of Bangkok on the Chao Phraya River. The province is part of the greater Bangkok Metropolitan Area. In most parts it is as urbanized as the capital, and the boundary between the two provinces is nearly unrecognizable.
Nonthaburi was declared a city in the middle of the 16th century. It was previously a village named Talat Khwan. During the reign of King Prasat Thong, a canal was dug to create a shortcut for the flow of the Chao Phraya. The river changed its flow into the new canal, which is still the riverbed today. In 1665 King Narai built a fortress, as the shorter river course was giving enemies an easier route to the capital, Ayutthaya. The town was then moved near the fortress.
From 1943 to 1946 the province was incorporated into Bangkok.
The provincial slogan translates to "Grand royal mansion, renowned Suan Somdet, Ko Kret's pottery, famous ancient temples, tasty durians, and the beautiful government office". The royal mansion refers to Phra Tamnak Nonthaburi in Mueang Nonthaburi District, the former residence of Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn. Princess Mother Srinagarindra Garden (Suan Somdet) is a water garden with a statue of princess Srinagarindra in the Pak Kret District. The provincial administration building once received an award as the most beautiful such building by the Ministry of Interior.
Nonthaburi Province is renowned for growing the best durians in the country. Durian has been a well-known fruit in this province for 400 years. The fruit is known as "Durian Non" which means durian from Nonthaburi Province. It is also known as the most expensive durian in the world. There are six groups of Nonthaburi durian which are Kop, Luang, Kan Yao, Kampan, Thong Yoi, and miscellaneous. Most durian orchards are near rivers such as the Chao Phraya. This is because the soil next to the river is good for planting which is also good for durian trees. Many durian orchards have disappeared due to flooding and pollution. The price of durian Non depends on its group. Kan Yao is the most expensive, starting from around 10,000 baht up to 20,000 baht (or about US$600) for one durian. The Kan Yao itself is not easy to find in normal markets. The main reason for the high price is because it is rare. The recent flood in 2011 cleared out almost all of the durian trees in Nonthaburi, and only a few trees have been newly planted. Also, residential areas are expanding into agricultural areas.
As of 26 November 2019 there are: one Nonthaburi Provincial Administrative Organization - PAO (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and nineteen municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. The capital Nonthaburi and Pak Kret have city (thesaban nakhon) status. Further six have town (thesaban mueang) status and eleven subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon).
|1||Bang Si Mueang||4||Bang Rak Pattana|
|3||Bang Bua Thong||6||Bang Ku Rat|
|#||Subdistrict mun.||6||Sao Thong Hin|
|1||Sai Ma||7||Ban Bang Muang|
|2||Bang Len||8||Ban Yai|
|3||Bang Si Thong||9||Bang Muang|
|4||Plai Bang||10||Sai Noi|
|5||Sala Klang||11||Bang Plub|
The non-municipal areas are administered by 27 Subdistrict Administrative Organizations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).
Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.
|Province Nonthaburi, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.6788 is "high", occupies place 4 in the ranking.|
Reports (data) from Thai government are "not copyrightable" (Public Domain), Copyright Act 2537 (1994), section 7.
23 Nonthaburi: 1 PAO, 2 City mun., 6 Town mun., 11 Subdistrict mun., 27 SAO.