North Carolina's 4th Congressional District
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North Carolina's 4th Congressional District

North Carolina's 4th congressional district
North Carolina's 4th congressional district (since 2021).png
North Carolina's 4th congressional district - since January 3, 2021.
Representative
Population (2019)873,270[1]
Median household
income
$75,687[2]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+16[4]

The 4th congressional district of North Carolina is located in the central region of the state. The district includes all of Durham County, Orange County, Granville County, and Franklin County, as well as portions of Chatham County, northern Wake County, and southern Vance County.

The district is currently represented by 11-term Congressman David Price, a former political science professor at Duke who was first elected in 1986, ousting one-term Republican incumbent Bill Cobey.[5] Price was reelected in 1988, 1990, and 1992, but he was defeated in his bid for a fifth term in 1994 by Republican Fred Heineman, the Raleigh Police Chief, in a generally bad year for Democrats in North Carolina. Price came back to defeat Heineman in a rematch in 1996, and has been reelected each time since then by large margins, usually with more than 60% of the vote. In 2020, Price received 67% of the votes (332,421 votes) to defeat Republican challenger Robert Thomas, who received 33% (161,298 votes).[6]

Before court mandated redistricting in 2016, according to research by Christopher Ingraham of the Washington Post, the district was the third most gerrymandered Congressional district in North Carolina and seventh most gerrymandered district in the United States.[7] In contrast, its predecessor was the most regularly drawn of the state's 13 districts.

History

From 2003 to 2013 it contained most of the area commonly known as The Triangle. It included all of Durham and Orange counties, part of Wake County and a small section of Chatham County. The 4th district picked up the most Republican areas of Wake County, such as Apex, Cary, and much of North Raleigh in order to help make the neighboring 13th and 2nd districts more Democratic. For instance, Barack Obama defeated John McCain in the Wake County portion of the district in 2008 by 51-48%, a difference of less than 8,000 votes in between the two candidates.[8] In contrast, Obama won Wake County overall by a much greater margin of 56-43%, and Obama swept the 4th district as a whole by 63-36%. The Republican influence in the district's Wake County portion was more than canceled out by the two Democratic strongholds of Orange and Durham counties, where Obama received 72% and 76%, respectively, his two best counties in the entire state. The 4th district had a Cook PVI of D+8, which made it the most Democratic white-majority district in the entire South outside of South Florida and Northern Virginia.

The district became even more heavily Democratic as a result of 2012 redistricting, in which the more Republican areas of western and southern Wake County were removed, along with northern Orange County and most of its share of Durham County. They were replaced by heavily Democratic portions of Alamance, Cumberland, Harnett and Lee counties. Additionally, the district was pushed further into Raleigh. Like its predecessor, the district is one of the few Southern districts with a significant concentration of progressive-minded white voters--similar to areas around Atlanta, Houston, Charlotte, Nashville, Memphis and Austin. The presence of the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill and Duke University, as well as large African-American populations in Durham and Raleigh help contribute to the liberal nature of the 4th district.

Before court mandated redistricting in 2016, the district was just barely contiguous; the northern and southern portions were connected by a barely-discernible strip of land along the Lee/Harnett line. Court-mandated redistricting in 2019 again reconfigured the district, returning large portions of Durham County and removing large portions of Raleigh and Cary, North Carolina.[9]

Recent election results from presidential races

Year Office Results
2000 President Gore 52-47%
2004 President Kerry 61-38%
2008 President Obama 72-27%
2012 President Obama 71-28%
2016 President Clinton 68-27%
2020 President Biden 66-32%

Recent House elections

2002

2002 US House election: North Carolina District 4[10]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic David Price (incumbent) 132,185 61.18
Republican Tuan A. Nguyen 78,095 36.15
Libertarian Ken Nelson 5,766 2.67
Total votes 216,046 100
Democratic hold

2004

2004 US House election: North Carolina District 4[11]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic David Price (incumbent) 217,441 64.1
Republican Todd A. Batchelor 121,717 35.88
N/A Maximilian Longley 76 0.02
Total votes 339,234 100
Democratic hold

2006

2006 US House election: North Carolina District 4[12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic David Price (incumbent) 127,340 64.99
Republican Steve Acuff 68,599 35.01
Total votes 195,939 100
Democratic hold

2008

2008 US House election: North Carolina District 4[13]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic David Price (incumbent) 265,751 63.32
Republican William (B.J.) Lawson 153,947 36.68
Total votes 419,698 100
Democratic hold

2010

2010 US House election: North Carolina District 4[14]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic David Price (incumbent) 155,384 57.16
Republican William (B.J.) Lawson 116,448 42.84
Total votes 271,832 100
Democratic hold

2012

2012 US House election: North Carolina District 4[15]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic David Price (incumbent) 259,534 74.47
Republican Tim D'Annunzio 88,951 25.53
Total votes 348,485 100
Democratic hold

2014

2014 US House election: North Carolina District 4[16]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic David Price (incumbent) 169,946 74.75
Republican Paul Wright 57,416 25.25
Total votes 227,362 100
Democratic hold

2016

2016 US House election: North Carolina District 4[17]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic David Price (incumbent) 279,380 68.22
Republican Sue Googe 130,161 31.78
Total votes 409,541 100
Democratic hold

2018

2018 US House election: North Carolina District 4[18]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic David Price (incumbent) 247,067 72.4
Republican Steve Loor 82,052 24.0
Libertarian Barbara Howe 12,284 3.6
Total votes 341,403 100
Democratic hold

2020

2020 US House election: North Carolina District 4[19]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic David Price (incumbent) 332,421 67.3
Republican Robert Thomas 161,298 32.7
Total votes 493,719 100
Democratic hold

List of members representing the district

Member Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history District location
Portrait of John Steele by James Peale, 1797.jpg
John Steele
Pro-Administration April 19, 1790 -
March 3, 1791
1st Elected in 1790.
Redistricted to the 1st district.
1790-1791
"Yadkin division"
Hugh Williamson-1-.jpg
Hugh Williamson
Anti-Administration March 4, 1791 -
March 3, 1793
2nd Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 1791.
[data unknown/missing]
1791-1793
"Albemarle division"
Alexander Mebane Anti-Administration March 4, 1793 -
July 5, 1795
3rd
4th
Elected in 1793.
Re-elected in 1795.
Died.
1793-1803
[data unknown/missing]
Vacant July 5, 1795 -
December 7, 1795
4th
Absalom Tatom Democratic-Republican December 7, 1795 -
June 1, 1796
Elected to finish Mebane's term and seated December 7, 1795.
Resigned.
Vacant June 1, 1796 -
December 13, 1796
William F. Strudwick Federalist December 13, 1796 -
March 3, 1797
Elected November 23, 1796 to finish Tatom's term and seated December 13, 1796.
Retired.
Richard Stanford Democratic-Republican March 4, 1797 -
March 3, 1803
5th
6th
7th
Re-elected in 1796.
Re-elected in 1798.
Re-elected in 1800.
Redistricted to the 8th district.
William Blackledge Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 -
March 3, 1809
8th
9th
10th
Elected in 1803.
Re-elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Lost re-election.
1803-1813
"North Carolina Congressional District Map (1803-13)".[20]
JohnStanly.jpg
John Stanly
Federalist March 4, 1809 -
March 3, 1811
11th Elected in 1808.
Retired.
William Blackledge Democratic-Republican March 4, 1811 -
March 3, 1813
12th Re-elected in 1810.
Lost re-election.
WilliamGaston.jpg
William Gaston
Federalist March 4, 1813 -
March 3, 1817
13th
14th
Re-elected in 1813.
Re-elected in 1815.
Retired.
1813-1823
"North Carolina Congressional District Map (1813-43)".[21]
Jesse Slocumb Federalist March 4, 1817 -
December 20, 1820
15th
16th
Re-elected in 1817.
Re-elected in 1819.
Died.
Vacant December 20, 1820 -
February 7, 1821
16th
William S. Blackledge Democratic-Republican February 7, 1821 -
March 3, 1823
16th
17th
Elected in January 1821 to finish Slocumb's term and seated February 7, 1821.
Re-elected later in 1821.
Retired.
RDSpaightJr-NC.jpg
Richard D. Spaight Jr.
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 -
March 3, 1825
18th Elected in 1823.
Lost re-election.
1823-1833
"North Carolina Congressional District Map (1813-43)".[22]
John Heritage Bryan Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1825 -
March 3, 1829
19th
20th
Elected in 1825.
Re-elected in 1827.
Retired.
JSpeight2.jpg
Jesse Speight
Jacksonian March 4, 1829 -
March 3, 1837
21st
22nd
23rd
24th
Elected in 1829.
Re-elected in 1831.
Re-elected in 1833.
Re-elected in 1835.
[data unknown/missing]
1833-1843
"North Carolina Congressional District Map (1813-43)".[23]
Charles B. Shepard Whig March 4, 1837 -
March 3, 1839
25th
26th
Elected in 1837.
Re-elected in 1839.
[data unknown/missing]
Democratic March 4, 1839 -
March 3, 1841
William H. Washington Whig March 4, 1841 -
March 3, 1843
27th Elected in 1841.
[data unknown/missing]
Edmund Deberry Whig March 4, 1843 -
March 3, 1845
28th Redistricted from the 7th district and re-elected in 1843.
[data unknown/missing]
1843-1853
[data unknown/missing]
Alfred Dockery Whig March 4, 1845 -
March 3, 1847
29th Elected in 1845.
[data unknown/missing]
Augustine H. Shepperd Whig March 4, 1847 -
March 3, 1851
30th
31st
Elected in 1847.
Re-elected in 1849.
[data unknown/missing]
James T. Morehead Whig March 4, 1851 -
March 3, 1853
32nd Elected in 1851.
[data unknown/missing]
Sion H. Rogers Whig March 4, 1853 -
March 3, 1855
33rd Elected in 1853.
[data unknown/missing]
1853-1861
[data unknown/missing]
Lawrence branch.gif
Lawrence O'Bryan Branch
Democratic March 4, 1855 -
March 3, 1861
34th
35th
36th
Elected in 1855.
Re-elected in 1857.
Re-elected in 1859.
[data unknown/missing]
Vacant March 3, 1861 -
July 6, 1868
37th
38th
39th
40th
Civil War and Reconstruction
John T. Deweese - Brady-Handy.jpg
John T. Deweese
Republican July 6, 1868 -
February 28, 1870
40th
41st
Elected to finish the short term.
Re-elected in 1868.
Resigned.
1868-1873
[data unknown/missing]
Vacant February 28, 1870 -
December 7, 1870
41st
John Manning Jr.png
John Manning Jr.
Democratic December 7, 1870 -
March 3, 1871
Elected to finish Deweese's term.
[data unknown/missing]
Sion H. Rogers Democratic March 4, 1871 -
March 3, 1873
42nd Elected in 1870.
[data unknown/missing]
William Alexander Smith - Brady-Handy.jpg
William A. Smith
Republican March 4, 1873 -
March 3, 1875
43rd Elected in 1872.
[data unknown/missing]
1873-1883
[data unknown/missing]
Joseph Jonathan Davis.jpg
Joseph J. Davis
Democratic March 4, 1875 -
March 3, 1881
44th
45th
46th
Elected in 1874.
Re-elected in 1876.
Re-elected in 1878.
[data unknown/missing]
WRCox.jpg
William R. Cox
Democratic March 4, 1881 -
March 3, 1887
47th
48th
49th
Elected in 1880.
Re-elected in 1882.
Re-elected in 1884.
[data unknown/missing]
1883-1893
[data unknown/missing]
John Nichols Independent March 4, 1887 -
March 3, 1889
50th Elected in 1886.
[data unknown/missing]
BenjaminHBunn.jpg
Benjamin H. Bunn
Democratic March 4, 1889 -
March 3, 1895
51st
52nd
53rd
Elected in 1888.
Re-elected in 1890.
Re-elected in 1892.
[data unknown/missing]
1893-1903
[data unknown/missing]
William F. Strowd Populist March 4, 1895 -
March 3, 1899
54th
55th
Elected in 1894.
Re-elected in 1896.
[data unknown/missing]
John W. Atwater Independent Populist March 4, 1899 -
March 3, 1901
56th Elected in 1898.
[data unknown/missing]
Edward Pou.jpg
Edward W. Pou
Democratic March 4, 1901 -
April 1, 1934
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
Elected in 1900.
Re-elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
Re-elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.
Re-elected in 1912.
Re-elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.
Re-elected in 1918.
Re-elected in 1920.
Re-elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Re-elected in 1932.
Died.
1903-1913
[data unknown/missing]
1913-1923
[data unknown/missing]
1923-1933
[data unknown/missing]
1933-1943
[data unknown/missing]
Harold D. Cooley.jpg
Harold D. Cooley
Democratic July 7, 1934 -
December 30, 1966
73rd
74th
75th
76th
77th
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
Elected to finish Pou's term.
Re-elected in 1934.
Re-elected in 1936.
Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Re-elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Re-elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Resigned.
1943-1953
[data unknown/missing]
1953-1963
[data unknown/missing]
1963-1973
[data unknown/missing]
Vacant December 30, 1966 -
January 3, 1967
89th
Jim Gardner.png
James C. Gardner
Republican January 3, 1967 -
January 3, 1969
90th Elected in 1966.
Redistricted to the 2nd district and retired to run for Governor of North Carolina.
Nick Galifianakis.jpg
Nick Galifianakis
Democratic January 3, 1969 -
January 3, 1973
91st
92nd
Redistricted from the 5th district and re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Retired to run for U.S Senator.
Ike Andrews.jpg
Ike F. Andrews
Democratic January 3, 1973 -
January 3, 1985
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
Elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Lost re-election.
1973-1983
[data unknown/missing]
1983-1993
[data unknown/missing]
Bill Cobey.png
Bill Cobey
Republican January 3, 1985 -
January 3, 1987
99th Elected in 1984.
Lost re-election.
David Price official photo.jpg
David Price
Democratic January 3, 1987 -
January 3, 1995
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
Elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Re-elected in 1992.
Lost re-election.
1993-2003
[data unknown/missing]
FreddyHeineman.jpg
Fred Heineman
Republican January 3, 1995 -
January 3, 1997
104th Elected in 1994.
Lost re-election.
David Price, 115th Congress official photo (cropped).jpg
David Price
Democratic January 3, 1997 -
Present
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
117th
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
Re-elected in 2020.
2003-2013
NC 4thCongressional District.gif
2013-2017
North Carolina US Congressional District 4 (since 2013).tif
2017-2019
North Carolina US Congressional District 4 (since 2017).tif

See also

References

  1. ^ "Preference for Racial or Ethnic Terminology". Infoplease. Retrieved 2006.
  2. ^ Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census Bureau. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov. Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ United States Census Bureau. "My Congressional District". Retrieved 2016.
  4. ^ "Introducing the 2021 Cook Political Report Partisan Voter Index". The Cook Political Report. April 15, 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  5. ^ "Our Campaigns - Candidate - David E. Price". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  6. ^ "11/03/2020 UNOFFICIAL LOCAL ELECTION RESULTS - STATEWIDE". NCSBE.
  7. ^ Ingraham, Christopher. "America's most gerrymandered congressional districts". Retrieved 2019.
  8. ^ "north carolina hard totals". Google Docs. Retrieved 2019.
  9. ^ "Legislative and Congressional Redistricting". North Carolina General Assembly. Retrieved 2021.
  10. ^ "11/05/2002 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 15, 2002. Retrieved 2017.
  11. ^ "11/02/2004 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 12, 2004. Retrieved 2017.
  12. ^ "11/07/2006 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 17, 2006. Retrieved 2017.
  13. ^ "11/04/2008 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 14, 2008. Retrieved 2017.
  14. ^ "11/02/2010 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 12, 2010. Retrieved 2017.
  15. ^ "11/06/2012 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 16, 2012. Retrieved 2017.
  16. ^ "11/04/2014 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 25, 2014. Retrieved 2017.
  17. ^ "11/08/2016 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. December 13, 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  18. ^ "District 4, North Carolina State Board of Elections & Ethics Enforcement". North Carolina State Board of Elections & Ethics Enforcement. Retrieved 2018.
  19. ^ "District 4, North Carolina State Board of Elections & Ethics Enforcement". North Carolina State Board of Elections & Ethics Enforcement. Retrieved 2020.
  20. ^ "Data Courtesy of Jeffrey B. Lewis, Brandon DeVine, and Lincoln Pritcher with Kenneth C. Martis". United States Congressional District Shapefiles.
  21. ^ "Data Courtesy of Jeffrey B. Lewis, Brandon DeVine, and Lincoln Pritcher with Kenneth C. Martis". United States Congressional District Shapefiles.
  22. ^ "Data Courtesy of Jeffrey B. Lewis, Brandon DeVine, and Lincoln Pritcher with Kenneth C. Martis". United States Congressional District Shapefiles.
  23. ^ "Data Courtesy of Jeffrey B. Lewis, Brandon DeVine, and Lincoln Pritcher with Kenneth C. Martis". United States Congressional District Shapefiles.

External links

Coordinates: 35°37?28?N 78°59?43?W / 35.62444°N 78.99528°W / 35.62444; -78.99528


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