North Down (UK Parliament Constituency)
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North Down UK Parliament Constituency

North Down
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of North Down in Northern Ireland
Current constituency
Member of ParliamentStephen Farry (Alliance)
Replaced byDown
Created fromDown
European Parliament constituencyNorthern Ireland

North Down is a parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom House of Commons. The current MP is Stephen Farry of the Alliance Party. Farry was elected to the position in the 2019 General Election, replacing the incumbent Sylvia Hermon, who had held the position since being elected to it in the 2001 general election, but chose not to contest in the 2019 election.


1885-1918: The baronies of Castlereagh Lower, Lower Ards, and Upper Ards, that part of the barony of Castlereagh Upper in the parishes of Comber and Knockbreda, and that part of the parliamentary borough of Belfast lying in County Down.

1950-1974: The Boroughs of Bangor and Newtownards, the Urban Districts of Donaghadee and Holywood, and the Rural Districts of Castlereagh, Hillsborough, and Newtownards.

1974-1983: The Boroughs of Bangor and Newtownards, the Urban Districts of Donaghadee and Holywood, the Rural District of North Down, in the Rural District of Castlereagh the district electoral divisions of Ballycultra, Craigavad, and Holywood Rural, and in the Rural District of Hillsborough the district electoral divisions of Annahilt, Ballykeel, Ballymacbrennan, Ballyskeagh, Ballyworfy, Blaris, Carryduff, Dromara, Drumbo, Glassdrumman, Hillsborough, Maze, Ouley, and Saintfield.

1983-1997: The District of North Down, and the District of Castlereagh wards of Ballyhanwood, Carrowreagh, Dundonald, Enler, Gilnahirk, and Tullycarnet.

1997-present: The District of North Down, and the District of Ards wards of Donaghadee North, Donaghadee South, and Millisle.

The county constituency was first created in 1885 from the northern part of Down. From the dissolution of Parliament in 1922, it was merged back into that constituency.

The seat was re-created in 1950 when the old two MP Down constituency was abolished as part of the move to single member seats. Originally the seat consisted of most of the northern parts of County Down, with the south included in South Down. In January 1980, the Boundary Commission's original proposals suggested significantly reducing the size of the constituency and renaming it 'Loughside' on the grounds that this would avoid confusion in the event of borough council elections being held on the same day. As a result, in 1983 the seat was radically cut down as part of an expansion of Northern Ireland's constituencies from 12 to 17, although the name remained unaltered. Significant parts of the constituency were transferred to the new Strangford constituency. In boundary changes proposed by a review in 1995, the seat exchanged territory with Strangford, losing the Dundonald area from Castlereagh and gaining a part of Ards.

The seat now contains the entirety of North Down district as well as Donaghadee and Millisle in Ards.

In 2005, the Boundary Commission published provisional recommendations for modifying the boundaries of constituencies in Northern Ireland. No changes were proposed for North Down. This proved acceptable at the public enquiries and the Assistant Commissioner also recommended no change to the constituency meaning that the constituency is to remain unchanged.


1885 to 1922

The constituency was a strongly unionist area being held by the Irish Unionist Party. Neither the Nationalist Party or Sinn Féin contested the seat in 1918.

The First Dáil

Sinn Féin contested the general election of 1918 on the platform that instead of taking up any seats they won in the Imperial Parliament, they would establish a revolutionary assembly in Dublin. In republican theory, every MP elected in Ireland was a potential Deputy to this assembly. In practice, only the Sinn Féin members accepted the offer.

The revolutionary First Dáil assembled on 21 January 1919 and last met on 10 May 1921. The First Dáil, according to a resolution passed on 10 May 1921, was formally dissolved on the assembling of the Second Dáil. This took place on 16 August 1921.

In 1921 Sinn Féin decided to use the UK authorised elections for the Northern Ireland House of Commons and the House of Commons of Southern Ireland as a poll for the Irish Republic's Second Dáil. The constituency was incorporated into the eight-member constituency of Down, and saw the President of Dáil Éireann, Éamon de Valera, elected there. The constituency also elected the first Prime Minister of Northern Ireland, Sir James Craig, to the Parliament of Northern Ireland.

1950 to present

North Down is one of the most overwhelmingly unionist parts of Northern Ireland, with nationalist parties routinely getting no more than 5% of the vote, if that. In the 1955 election George Currie, the Ulster Unionist candidate, gained 96.8% of the popular vote, which he "bettered" in 1959 with some 98%. These shares of the popular votes are the highest ever achieved in a United Kingdom general election (post 1832 Reform). However it has arguably the most volatile and unpredictable politics of the entire province. Whereas elsewhere there are effectively three fundamental battles fought in elections - between the Ulster Unionist Party and the Democratic Unionist Party to be the leading unionist party, between the Social Democratic and Labour Party and Sinn Féin to be the leading nationalist party, and between unionism and nationalism as a whole, North Down is different. The lack of any substantial nationalist vote renders the last two battles immaterial. Of Northern Ireland's five main parties, only the Ulster Unionist Party and the Alliance Party of Northern Ireland have historically had a significant organisation and support in the constituency, though the Democratic Unionist Party has recently started to gain a foothold where previously it was nearly non-existent.

In addition the constituency has seen many substantial votes for smaller party groupings and individuals. The Ulster Popular Unionist Party, the Conservative Party, the UK Unionist Party and the Northern Ireland Women's Coalition have all polled substantially in the last fifteen years, whilst in local council elections many independent candidates gain sufficient votes to be elected. The area is the heartland of numerous "one-man parties", of which the Ulster Popular Unionist Party and the UK Unionist Party are the best known but far from the only ones. There have been many examples of elected individuals changing party allegiance and often successfully defending their seats for the new party.

The constituency is the most prosperous in Northern Ireland and is widely considered to be the most similar to an English constituency. In part because of this the seat was the heartland of the Equal Citizenship campaign in the late 1980s which argued that political parties in Britain should organise and contest elections in Northern Ireland, in the hope that this would "normalise" the politics of the province. The Conservative Party established itself (having in earlier years been in alliance with the Ulster Unionist Party until a breakdown in relations in the 1970s) and to date has been relatively strongest in North Down though in recent years its vote has declined heavily from the brief surge in the elections held between 1989 and 1992.

Traditionally levels of turnout in elections are very low by Northern Ireland standards, possibly because the lack of a serious threat of a nationalist victory removes the impetus to vote common among unionists elsewhere in the province. The one significant exception to the levels of turnout was the 1998 referendum on the Good Friday Agreement where turnout reached 80%, a total not come close to since 1921.

The parliamentary constituency was original held by the Ulster Unionist Party with no serious opposition. In 1970 James Kilfedder was first elected and he proceeded to accumulate a high level of personal popularity in the constituency. In 1977 he left the Ulster Unionists in protest over their increasing support for Enoch Powell's proposed policy of integration for Northern Ireland, rather than the restoration of devolved government. Standing as an independent Unionist, Kilfedder successfully defended his seat against a UUP challenge in the 1979 general election. The following year he formed the Ulster Popular Unionist Party, with a few local councillors being elected on the label.

Kilfedder continued to hold his seat. Then in the 1987 general election he agreed an electoral pact with the Ulster Unionists and the Democratic Unionist Party to form a united opposition to the Anglo-Irish Agreement. However the local UUP candidate, Robert McCartney, was opposed to this pact and refused to withdraw. He was expelled from the UUP and so stood as a "Real Unionist" on a platform of complete integration for the province. Kilfedder retained the seat but with a reduced majority. As part of his platform for integration, McCartney had called for the major UK parties to organise and stand in the province and his result gave impetus to this campaign.

The Conservative Party did very well in the 1989 local elections for North Down Borough Council when they became the largest party. They stood candidates in several Northern Ireland constituencies in the 1992 general election, but their strongest prospect was expected to be North Down. Kilfedder by this stage was taking the Conservative whip at Westminster and so was aggrieved by this (and subsequently given a knighthood). In the event the result was similar to 1987, with the Conservatives getting a similar vote to McCartney.

Kilfedder died in 1995 and his loose Ulster Popular Unionist Party faded away even before the resulting by-election. By this time the Northern Ireland Conservatives had collapsed heavily and so there was much speculation about how the by-election would go. The Ulster Unionist Party were hopeful that they could retake the seat, but McCartney also stood, this time as a "UK Unionist" with the support of the Democratic Unionist Party. No candidate stood for the Popular Unionists or any nationalist party. There was a poor turnout in which McCartney won, with the Conservative vote collapsing from 32% to 2.1%.

McCartney further established his UK Unionist Party and sought to challenge the existing unionist parties by offering a less sectarian alternative. He held his seat in the 1997 election and was also elected to both the Northern Ireland Peace Forum in 1996 and the Northern Ireland Assembly in 1998, though on each occasion he was the only UK Unionist elected from North Down. In the 1998 election the Ulster Unionists had their strongest result in the province and there was much speculation that they could unseat McCartney at the next general election.

A rather public row erupted over the selection of the UUP's candidate. Initially the local assembly member Peter Weir was selected, but his opposition to the Good Friday Agreement and David Trimble's leadership became very prominent and a running source of embarrassment to the party. Then Weir was deselected and the new candidate selected, Sylvia Hermon, was supportive of both Trimble and the Agreement.

Weir remained as an Assembly member but subsequently defected to the Democratic Unionist Party. In the 2003 Assembly election Weir successfully defended his seat for the DUP, who also gained another MLA from the Northern Ireland Women's Coalition. In the 2005 general election the party battle was altered somewhat by the DUP running Weir, the Alliance putting up a candidate and McCartney, after some speculation, deciding not to stand but to instead endorse Weir. In a strong contest Hermon retained the seat, to become the only Ulster Unionist MP at the time, though she later left that party.

Members of Parliament

The Member of Parliament since the 2001 general election is Sylvia Hermon, initially of the Ulster Unionist Party; she defeated Robert McCartney of the UK Unionist Party who had represented the seat since a by-election in 1995. She was the only UUP MP elected in 2005. She became an independent in March 2010, objecting to the Ulster Conservatives and Unionists electoral alliance.


North Down election results

Elections in the 2010s

General election 2019: North Down[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Alliance Stephen Farry 18,358 45.2 +35.9
DUP Alex Easton 15,390 37.9 -0.1
UUP Alan Chambers 4,936 12.1 N/A
NI Conservatives Matthew Robinson 1,959 4.8 +2.4
Majority 2,968 7.3 +4.2
Turnout 40,643 60.6 -0.4
Registered electors 67,099
Alliance gain from Independent
General election 2017: North Down[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Sylvia Hermon 16,148 41.1 -8.1
DUP Alex Easton 14,940 38.0 +14.4
Alliance Andrew Muir 3,639 9.3 +0.7
Green (NI) Steven Agnew 2,549 6.5 +1.1
NI Conservatives Frank Shivers 941 2.4 -2.0
Sinn Féin Thérèse McCartney 531 1.4 +0.6
SDLP Caoímhe McNeill 400 1.0 +0.0
Independent Gavan Reynolds 37 0.1 N/A
Majority 1,208 3.1 -22.5
Turnout 39,268 61.0 +5.0
Registered electors 64,334
Independent hold Swing
General election 2015: North Down[3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Sylvia Hermon 17,689 49.2 -14.1
DUP Alex Easton 8,487 23.6 N/A
Alliance Andrew Muir 3,086 8.6 +3.0
Green (NI) Steven Agnew 1,958 5.4 +2.3
NI Conservatives Mark Brotherston 1,593 4.4 N/A
UKIP Jonny Lavery 1,482 4.1 N/A
TUV William Cudworth 686 1.9 -3.0
SDLP Tom Woolley 355 1.0 -1.0
CISTA Glenn Donnelly 338 0.9 N/A
Sinn Féin Therese McCartney 273 0.8 +0.1
Majority 9,202 25.6 -17.3
Turnout 35,947 56.0 +0.8
Registered electors 64,207
Independent hold Swing
General election 2010: North Down[5][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Sylvia Hermon 21,181 63.3 N/A
UCU-NF Ian Parsley 6,817 20.4 -30.0
Alliance Stephen Farry 1,876 5.6 -2.0
TUV Kaye Kilpatrick 1,634 4.9 N/A
Green (NI) Steven Agnew 1,043 3.1 N/A
SDLP Liam Logan 680 2.0 -1.1
Sinn Féin Vincent Parker 250 0.7 +0.1
Majority 14,364 42.9 N/A
Turnout 33.481 55.2 -1.1
Registered electors 60,698
Independent gain from UUP Swing

Sylvia Hermon resigned the UUP whip in 2010, in protest against that party's electoral pact with the NI Conservatives to form UCU-NF.

Elections in the 2000s

General election 2005: North Down[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Sylvia Hermon 16,268 50.4 -5.6
DUP Peter Weir 11,324 35.1 N/A
Alliance David Alderdice 2,451 7.6 N/A
SDLP Liam Logan 1,009 3.1 -0.3
NI Conservatives Julian Robertson 822 2.5 +0.3
Independent Chris Carter 211 0.7 -0.5
Sinn Féin Janet McCrory 205 0.6 -0.2
Majority 4,944 15.3 -4.4
Turnout 32,290 54.0 -4.8
Registered electors 59,358
UUP hold Swing -20.3
General election 2001: North Down[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Sylvia Hermon 20,833 56.0 +24.9
UK Unionist Bob McCartney 13,509 36.3 +1.3
SDLP Marietta Farrell 1,275 3.4 -1.0
NI Conservatives Julian Robertson 815 2.2 -2.8
Independent Chris Carter 444 1.2 N/A
Sinn Féin Eamonn McConvey 313 0.8 N/A
Majority 7,324 19.7 N/A
Turnout 37,189 58.8 +0.8
Registered electors 63,212
UUP gain from UK Unionist Swing +9.9

Elections in the 1990s

General election 1997: North Down [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UK Unionist Bob McCartney 12,817 35.1 N/A
UUP Alan McFarland 11,368 31.1 N/A
Alliance Oliver Napier 7,554 20.7 +6.0
NI Conservatives Leonard Fee 1,810 5.0 -27.0
SDLP Marietta Farrell 1,602 4.4 N/A
NI Women's Coalition Jane Morrice 1,240 3.4 N/A
Natural Law Tom Mullins 108 0.3 -0.3
Northern Ireland Party Robert Mooney 57 0.2 N/A
Majority 1,449 4.0 N/A
Turnout 36,556 57.9 -7.6
Registered electors 63,101
UK Unionist gain from UPUP Swing

As is standard the figures and result are compared to the 1992 general election, not the 1995 by-election.

1995 North Down by-election[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UK Unionist Bob McCartney 10,124 37.0 N/A
UUP Alan McFarland 7,232 26.4 N/A
Alliance Oliver Napier 6,970 25.4 +10.7
Independent Unionist Alan Chambers 2,170 7.9 N/A
NI Conservatives Stuart Sexton 583 2.1 -29.9
Free Para Lee Clegg Now Michael Brooks 108 0.4 N/A
Independent Voice Christopher Carter 101 0.4 N/A
Natural Law James Anderson 100 0.4 -0.2
Majority 2,892 10.6 N/A
Turnout 27,388 38.6 -26.9
Registered electors 70,872
UK Unionist gain from UPUP Swing
General election 1992: North Down[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UPUP James Kilfedder 19,305 42.9 -2.2
NI Conservatives Laurence Kennedy 14,371 32.0 N/A
Alliance Addie Morrow 6,611 14.7 -4.7
DUP Denny Vitty 4,414 9.8 N/A
Natural Law Andrew Wilmot 255 0.6 N/A
Majority 4,934 10.9 +1.2
Turnout 44,956 65.5 +2.7
Registered electors 68,662
UPUP hold Swing

Elections in the 1980s

General election 1987: North Down[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UPUP James Kilfedder 18,420 45.1 -11.0
Real Unionist Bob McCartney 14,467 35.4 N/A
Alliance John Cushnahan 7,932 19.4 -2.6
Majority 3,953 9.7 -24.3
Turnout 40,819 62.8 -3.4
Registered electors 65,018
UPUP hold Swing
1986 North Down by-election[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UPUP James Kilfedder 30,793 79.2 +23.1
Alliance John Cushnahan 8,066 20.8 -1.3
Majority 22,727 58.4 +24.4
Turnout 38,859 62.8 -3.4
Registered electors 64,276
UPUP hold Swing
General election 1983: North Down[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UPUP James Kilfedder 22,861 56.1 - 3.5
Alliance John Cushnahan 9,015 22.1 + 0.5
UUP Bob McCartney 8,261 20.3 + 1.4
SDLP Cathal O'Baioll 645 1.6 N/A
Majority 13,846 34.0 -4.1
Turnout 40,782 66.2 +4.0
Registered electors 61,519
UPUP hold Swing 61,519

In 1980 Kilfedder formed the small Ulster Popular Unionist Party and contested all subsequent elections under this label.

Elections in the 1970s

General election 1979: North Down
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Unionist James Kilfedder 36,989 59.6 N/A
Alliance Keith Jones 13,364 21.6 +3.1
UUP Clifford Smyth 11,728 18.9 -53.1
Majority 23,625 38.1 N/A
Turnout 62,081 62.2 +1.3
Registered electors 99,861
Independent Unionist gain from UUP Swing

Kilfedder left the Ulster Unionists in 1977, in opposition to Enoch Powell's proposals for integration instead of devolution for Northern Ireland, and defended his seat as an Independent Ulster Unionist. The new Ulster Unionist candidate was Clifford Smyth, who had previously been a Democratic Unionist Party assembly member in North Antrim.

General election October 1974: North Down
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP James Kilfedder 40,996 72.0 + 11.9
Alliance Keith Jones 9,973 17.5 N/A
Unionist Party NI William Brownlow 6,037 10.6 N/A
Majority 31,023 54.4 +28.4
Turnout 57,006 60.9 -5.5
Registered electors 93,604
UUP hold Swing
General election February 1974: North Down
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP James Kilfedder 38,169 61.1 -7.9
Pro-Assembly Unionist Roy Bradford 21,943 35.1 N/A
SDLP Dermot Curran 2,376 3.8 N/A
Majority 16,226 26.0 -25.3
Turnout 62,488 66.4 -0.4
Registered electors 94,069
UUP hold Swing
General election 1970: North Down
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP James Kilfedder 55,679 69.0 -9.5
NI Labour Kenneth Young 14,246 17.7 N/A
Independent Unionist Robert Samuel Nixon 6,408 7.9 N/A
Independent Ritchie McGladdery 3,321 4.1 N/A
Ulster Liberal Hamilton Simmons-Gooding 1,076 1.3 -20.2
Majority 41,433 51.3 -5.8
Turnout 80,730 66.8 +11.9
Registered electors 121,196
UUP hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s

General election 1966: North Down
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP George Currie 38,706 78.5 + 5.0
Ulster Liberal Sheelagh Murnaghan 10,582 21.5 + 15.3
Majority 28,124 57.1 + 2.4
Turnout 49,288 48.9 - 14.2
Registered electors 100,775
UUP hold Swing
General election 1964: North Down
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP George Currie 45,091 73.5 -24.5
NI Labour Edward Bell 11,571 18.9 N/A
Ulster Liberal Albert McElroy 3,797 6.2 N/A
Independent Republican Paddy McGrattan 855 1.4 N/A
Majority 33,520 54.7 -41.4
Turnout 61,314 63.1 +4.2
Registered electors 97,151
UUP hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s

General election 1959: North Down
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP George Currie 51,773 98.0 +1.1
Sinn Féin Joseph Campbell 1,039 2.0 -1.2
Majority 50,734 96.1 +2.4
Turnout 52,812 58.9 -2.2
Registered electors 89,886
UUP hold Swing
General election 1955: North Down
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP George Currie 50,315 96.9 + 15.5
Sinn Féin Joseph Campbell 1,637 3.2 N/A
Majority 48,678 93.7 + 31.0
Turnout 51,952 61.1 - 4.6
Registered electors 84,968
UUP hold Swing
1953 North Down by-election[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Patricia Ford Unopposed
Registered electors
UUP hold
General election 1951: North Down
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Walter Smiles 43,285 81.4 +2.0
NI Labour Albert McElroy 9,914 18.6 -2.0
Majority 33,371 62.7 +3.9
Turnout 53,199 65.7 -2.4
Registered electors 80,921
UUP hold Swing
General election 1950: North Down
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Walter Smiles 41,810 79.4 N/A
NI Labour Albert McElroy 10,836 20.6 N/A
Majority 30,974 58.8 N/A
Turnout 52,646 68.1 N/A
Registered electors 77,316
UUP win (new seat)

Elections in the 1920s

Elections in the 1910s

General Election 1918: North Down[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist Thomas Watters Brown 9,200 81.0 N/A
Independent Unionist John Alexander Davidson 2,153 19.0 N/A
Majority 7,047 62.0 N/A
Turnout 11,353 61.7 N/A
Registered electors 18,399
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1900s

General election 1906: North Down[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist Thomas Lorimer Corbett 4,878 58.2 +7.0
Russellite Unionist Alexander Annan Adams 2,603 34.8 N/A
Majority 2,275 30.4 +14.0
Turnout 7,481 78.1 -0.6
Registered electors 9,652
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
General election 1900: North Down[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist Thomas Lorimer Corbett 4,493 58.2 N/A
Irish Unionist Robert Sharman-Crawford 3,230 41.8 N/A
Majority 1,263 16.4 N/A
Turnout 7,723 78.1 N/A
Registered electors 9,886
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1890s

1898 North Down by-election[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist John Blakiston-Houston 3,381 52.1 N/A
Irish Unionist Thomas Corbett 3,107 47.9 N/A
Majority 274 4.2 N/A
Turnout 6,488 66.9 N/A
Registered electors 9,702
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
General election 1895: North Down[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist Thomas Waring Unopposed
Registered electors
Irish Unionist hold
General election 1892: North Down[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist Thomas Waring Unopposed
Registered electors
Irish Unionist hold

Elections in the 1880s

General election 1886: North Down[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist Thomas Waring 4,959 83.7 +23.4
Irish Parliamentary Richard McNabb 964 16.3 N/A
Majority 3,995 67.4 +46.8
Turnout 5,923 63.8 -13.3
Registered electors 9,277
Irish Unionist hold Swing
General election 1885: North Down[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Conservative Thomas Waring 4,315 60.3 N/A
Liberal John Shaw Brown 2,841 39.7 N/A
Majority 1,474 20.6 N/A
Turnout 7,156 77.1 N/A
Registered electors 9,277
Irish Conservative win (new seat)

See also


  1. ^ "North Down Parliamentary constituency". BBC News Online. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ "Election of a Member of Parliament for the NORTH DOWN Constituency - Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll". Electoral Office of Northern Ireland. 11 May 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  3. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  4. ^ "The Electoral Office of Northern Ireland - EONI".
  5. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 2015.
  6. ^ "Statement of Persons Nominated" (PDF).
  7. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 2015.
  8. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 2015.
  9. ^ "'Down North', May 1997 -". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 2016.
  10. ^ Boothroyd, David. "Results of Byelections in the 1992-97 Parliament". United Kingdom Election Results. Retrieved 2015.
  11. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 2015.
  12. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 2015.
  13. ^ Results of Byelections in the 1983-87 Parliament in the United Kingdom Election Results website maintained by David Boothroyd
  14. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 2015.
  15. ^ "1953 By Election Results". Archived from the original on 10 October 2012. Retrieved 2015.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Walker, B.M., ed. (1978). Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801-1922. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0901714127.


External links

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