North Friesland Railway
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North Friesland Railway
North Friesland Railway
Km
40 Harlingen Haven
39 Harlingen
38 Koetille
36 Midlum-Herbaijum
35 Wijnaldum
32 Sexbierum-Pietersbierum
30 Oosterbierum
34 Franeker
31 Dongjum
27 Tzummarum
26 Firdgum
24 Minnertsga
28 Berlikum
Mooie Paal
21 St. Jacobiparochie
19 Koudeweg
16 Langhuisterweg
17 St. Annaparochie
14 Vrouwenparochie
13 Vrouwbuurtstermolen
47 Anjum
45 Morra-Lioessens
42 Metslawier
40 Wetsens
37 Dokkum-Aalsum
32 Hantum
30 Ternaard
26 Holwerd
22 Blije
20 Ferwerd
18 Hallum-Westernijkerk
15 Hallum
13 Hijum
11 Finkum
9 Stiens
8 Britsum
7 Cornjum
5 Jelsum
3 Leeuwarden Rijksweg
0 Leeuwarden

The North Friesland Railway was a railway serving the sparsely populated north of the Dutch province of Friesland. It was operated by the North Friesland Local Railway Company (Dutch: Noord-Friesche Locaalspoorweg-Maatschappij (NFLS)). It was what would be known in the UK as a light railway. The line was built to standard gauge and was about 91 kilometres (57 mi) in length.

History

The NFLS had a network of lines in north Friesland. The lines opened in eight stages:

Leeuwarden - Ferwerd 22 April 1901
Ferwerd - Metslawier 2 October 1901
Stiens - Tzummarum 2 December 1902
Tzummarum - Franeker Halte 1 October 1903
Tzummarum - Midlum-Herbaijum 1 October 1903
Midlum-Herbaijum - Harlingen 2 May 1904
St. Jacobiparochie - Berlikum (freight only) before 1910
Metslawier - Anjum 24 August 1913

Wetsens station closed in May 1902, less than eight months after opening.[1] On 1 December 1905, the NFLS was taken over by the Hollandsche IJzeren Spoorweg-Maatschappij (HSM), which itself was nationalised on 1 December 1938, becoming part of Nederlandse Spoorwegen (NS).

Locomotives

The NFLS had a fleet of 10 2-4-2T locomotives, numbered 1-10. They became HSM 1051-60 and NS 7101-10. The locos cost f23,300 each and were built by Maschinenfabrik Hohenzollern.[2][3]

Carriages

The NFLS had the following passenger stock, all built by Nederlandsche Fabriek van Werktuigen & Spoorwegmaterieel, Amsterdam:[2]

Qty Type Class NFLS Nº HSM Nº NS Nº
10 four-wheel carriage 2nd class B1-10 B1060-69 B1071-80
25 four-wheel carriage 3rd class C1-25 C1072-96 C1146-70
2 four-wheel brake carriage 2nd class BDL1-2 BDP1070-71 1001-02
3 four-wheel brake carriage post and baggage LD1-3 DP3003-05 PD1026-28

Freight wagons

The NFLS had the following freight stock:[2]

Qty Type NFLS Nº HSM Nº NS Nº
2 van DE1-2 DP3001-02 D2261-62
9 van with brakesman's cab CHG1-9 11950-58 CHC3236-44
2 van with steam heating CHFF51-52 11959-60 CHC3561-62
4 open wagon with brakesman's cab CL201-04 29960-73 GL43661-64
16 open wagon CL301-16 29974-89 GL41816-31
2 van with brakesman's shelter FO601-02 5490-91 FB70774-75
8 van FO651-58 5492-99 FB70571-78
3 water tank
1 × 5,200 litres (1,100 imp gal)
2 × 6,500 litres (1,400 imp gal)
WW1-3 4197-99 to 1911
4142-44 after 1911
158059
158056-57
1 ballast wagon 1 13646 --

The stock was all built by Nederlandsche Fabriek van Werktuigen & Spoorwegmaterieel, Amsterdam except for the two 6,500 litre water tanks, which were built by Nivelles in 1896, and thus acquired second hand.[2]

Closures

The lines were closed in stages, with some short term reopenings taking place during the Second World War:

Section Date Action
Tzummarum - Franeker Halte 8 October 1933 closed, track lifted
Tzummarum - Harlingen 15 May 1935 closed to passengers
Dokkum-Aalsum - Anjum 15 May 1935 closed to passengers
Stiens - Tzummarum 15 May 1936 closed to passengers
Leeuwarden - Dokkum-Aalsum 1 July 1936 closed to passengers
Midlum-Herbaijum - Harlingen 11 January 1938 closed, track lifted
Leeuwarden - Dokkum-Aalsum 28 May 1940 reopened to passengers
Stiens - Tzummarum 28 May 1940 reopened to passengers
Leeuwarden - Dokkum-Aalsum 1 December 1940 closed to passenger
Dokkum-Aalsum - Anjum 27 July 1942 closed[4]
Stiens - Tzummarum 30 October 1942 closed to passengers
Tzummarum - Midlum-Herbaijum 7 December 1961 closed, track lifted
Minnertsga - Tzummarum 4 May 1966 closed, track lifted
Mooie Paal - Berlikum 27 September 1971 closed, track lifted
Stiens - Minnertsga 1973 closed
Holwerd - Dokkum Aalsum 1975 closed
Stiens - Holwerd 1978 closed
Stiens - Dokkum-Aalsum 1980 track lifted
Stiens - Minnertsga 1980 track lifted
Leeuwarden - Stiens 1997 closed
Leeuwarden station 2006 track lifted

Stations

Leeuwarden - Anjum line

All distances are from Leeuwarden station.

  • Leeuwarden 0 km (0 mi)
  • Leeuwarden Rijksweg 3 km (1.9 mi)

Leeuwarden Rijksweg (or Halte) station was demolished in 1970[5]

  • Jelsum 5 km (3.1 mi)

Jelsum station was demolished in 1944.[5]

  • Cornjum 7 km (4.3 mi)
  • Britsum 8 km (5.0 mi)
Stiens.
  • Stiens 9 km (5.6 mi)
  • Finkum 11 km (6.8 mi)

Finkum station was demolished by 1970[5]

  • Hijum 13 km (8.1 mi)
  • Hallum 15 km (9.3 mi)

Hallum station was demolished in 1970[5]

Marrum-Westernijkerk.
  • Marrum-Westenijkerk 18 km (11 mi)
  • Ferwerd 20 km (12 mi)

Ferwerd station was demolished in 1974[5]

  • Blija 22 km (14 mi)
  • Holwerd 26 km (16 mi)
  • Ternaard 30 km (19 mi)
  • Hantum 32 km (20 mi)

Hantum station was demolished by 1960.[5]

  • Dokkum-Aalsum 37 km (23 mi)

Dokkum-Aalsum station was demolished in 1974.[5]

  • Wetsens 40 km (25 mi)

Wetsens station closed in May 1902.[1]

  • Metslawier 42 km (26 mi)
  • Morra-Lioessens 45 km (28 mi)
  • Anjum 47 km (29 mi)

Stiens - Harlingen line

  • Vrouwbuurtstermolen 13 km
  • Vrouwenparochie 14 km (Vrouwenparochie station was demolished in 2002).[5]
  • Langhuisterweg 16 km
  • St. Annaparochie 17 km
  • Koudeweg 19 km
  • St. Jacobiparochie 21 km (St. Jabobiparochie station was demolished by 1960).[5]
  • Minnertsga 24 km
  • Firdgum 26 km
  • Tzummarum 27 km
  • Oosterbierum 30 km

Oosterbierum station was demolished by 1980.[5]

  • Sexbierum-Pieterbierum 32 km
  • Wijnaldum 35 km
  • Midlum-Herbaijum 36 km
  • Koetille 38 km
  • Harlingen 39 km.

St. Jacobiparochie - Berlikum line

  • Berlikum

Tzummarum - Franeker line

  • Dongjum 31 km
  • Franeker Halte 34 km

Accidents

On 12 June 1927, NS locomotive 7124 derailed near Holwerd and ended up on its side in a dike. The locomotive was recovered on 23 June and returned to service after repairs were made.[6]

See also

Information contained in the above articles has been used in compiling this article.

References

  1. ^ a b Stationsweb.nl Archived 2011-07-16 at the Wayback Machine (in Dutch)
  2. ^ a b c d NFLS Materieel Overzicht[permanent dead link](in Dutch)
  3. ^ NFLS Aanschaf Materieel[permanent dead link](in Dutch)
  4. ^ Railromantiek (in Dutch)
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j NFLS stations article on Dutch popflock.com resource (in Dutch)[unreliable source?]
  6. ^ NS loc 7124[permanent dead link](in Dutch)

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

North_Friesland_Railway
 



 



 
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