|North Friesland Railway|
The North Friesland Railway was a railway serving the sparsely populated north of the Dutch province of Friesland. It was operated by the North Friesland Local Railway Company (Dutch: Noord-Friesche Locaalspoorweg-Maatschappij (NFLS)). It was what would be known in the UK as a light railway. The line was built to standard gauge and was about 91 kilometres (57 mi) in length.
The NFLS had a network of lines in north Friesland. The lines opened in eight stages:
|Leeuwarden - Ferwerd||22 April 1901|
|Ferwerd - Metslawier||2 October 1901|
|Stiens - Tzummarum||2 December 1902|
|Tzummarum - Franeker Halte||1 October 1903|
|Tzummarum - Midlum-Herbaijum||1 October 1903|
|Midlum-Herbaijum - Harlingen||2 May 1904|
|St. Jacobiparochie - Berlikum (freight only)||before 1910|
|Metslawier - Anjum||24 August 1913|
Wetsens station closed in May 1902, less than eight months after opening. On 1 December 1905, the NFLS was taken over by the Hollandsche IJzeren Spoorweg-Maatschappij (HSM), which itself was nationalised on 1 December 1938, becoming part of Nederlandse Spoorwegen (NS).
|Qty||Type||Class||NFLS Nº||HSM Nº||NS Nº|
|10||four-wheel carriage||2nd class||B1-10||B1060-69||B1071-80|
|25||four-wheel carriage||3rd class||C1-25||C1072-96||C1146-70|
|2||four-wheel brake carriage||2nd class||BDL1-2||BDP1070-71||1001-02|
|3||four-wheel brake carriage||post and baggage||LD1-3||DP3003-05||PD1026-28|
The NFLS had the following freight stock:
|Qty||Type||NFLS Nº||HSM Nº||NS Nº|
|9||van with brakesman's cab||CHG1-9||11950-58||CHC3236-44|
|2||van with steam heating||CHFF51-52||11959-60||CHC3561-62|
|4||open wagon with brakesman's cab||CL201-04||29960-73||GL43661-64|
|2||van with brakesman's shelter||FO601-02||5490-91||FB70774-75|
|WW1-3||4197-99 to 1911
4142-44 after 1911
The stock was all built by Nederlandsche Fabriek van Werktuigen & Spoorwegmaterieel, Amsterdam except for the two 6,500 litre water tanks, which were built by Nivelles in 1896, and thus acquired second hand.
The lines were closed in stages, with some short term reopenings taking place during the Second World War:
|Tzummarum - Franeker Halte||8 October 1933||closed, track lifted|
|Tzummarum - Harlingen||15 May 1935||closed to passengers|
|Dokkum-Aalsum - Anjum||15 May 1935||closed to passengers|
|Stiens - Tzummarum||15 May 1936||closed to passengers|
|Leeuwarden - Dokkum-Aalsum||1 July 1936||closed to passengers|
|Midlum-Herbaijum - Harlingen||11 January 1938||closed, track lifted|
|Leeuwarden - Dokkum-Aalsum||28 May 1940||reopened to passengers|
|Stiens - Tzummarum||28 May 1940||reopened to passengers|
|Leeuwarden - Dokkum-Aalsum||1 December 1940||closed to passenger|
|Dokkum-Aalsum - Anjum||27 July 1942||closed|
|Stiens - Tzummarum||30 October 1942||closed to passengers|
|Tzummarum - Midlum-Herbaijum||7 December 1961||closed, track lifted|
|Minnertsga - Tzummarum||4 May 1966||closed, track lifted|
|Mooie Paal - Berlikum||27 September 1971||closed, track lifted|
|Stiens - Minnertsga||1973||closed|
|Holwerd - Dokkum Aalsum||1975||closed|
|Stiens - Holwerd||1978||closed|
|Stiens - Dokkum-Aalsum||1980||track lifted|
|Stiens - Minnertsga||1980||track lifted|
|Leeuwarden - Stiens||1997||closed|
|Leeuwarden station||2006||track lifted|
All distances are from Leeuwarden station.
Leeuwarden Rijksweg (or Halte) station was demolished in 1970
Jelsum station was demolished in 1944.
Finkum station was demolished by 1970
Hallum station was demolished in 1970
Ferwerd station was demolished in 1974
Hantum station was demolished by 1960.
Dokkum-Aalsum station was demolished in 1974.
Wetsens station closed in May 1902.
Oosterbierum station was demolished by 1980.
Information contained in the above articles has been used in compiling this article.