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Northeastern Coastal Estonian
The Northeastern coastal dialect (Estonian: kirderannikumurre) is a dialect (or dialect group) of the Estonian language. The coastal dialects of the Estonian language were spoken on the coastal strip of Estonia from Tallinn to river Narva. It has very few speakers left nowadays.
The negative verb inflects for person and number: en, et, ei, emma, etta, evad. Cf. Standard Estonian 'ei' for all persons sg/pl), versus Finnishen, et, ei, emme, ette, eivät.
The plural is marked with -i-, in contrast to -de- being usual in North Estonian dialects: puhti käsiga, cf. Standard Estonian puhaste kätega, 'with clean hands'
The preterite is marked with -i- as well, in contrast to -si- being usual in North Estonian.
Unlike all other Estonian dialects, the coastal dialects have an inflected -nudparticiple, as in Finnish: (juobune piaga, cf. Standard Estonian joobnud peaga, literally 'with drunk head', [saab] surne sõnumi, Standard Estonian [saab] surnu sõnumi '[gets] the dead man's message').
In contrast to , where -de-plural and -si-preterite are usual, the coastal dialects have -i- plural and -i- preterite.
According to some authors, the 'Finnish-like' features of the coastal Estonian dialects are archaisms, rather than Finnish or Ingrian influence.
The Northeastern coastal dialect of Estonian is nowadays alternatively split into two dialects: Coastal dialect and Alutaguse dialect, the former being more closely related with Southern Finnish dialects (note the non-presence of õ [?], also absent in Finnish), Izhor and Votic languages, whereas the latter has also been influenced by the central dialect of the Northern Estonian dialects.
^Such a division is used in Eesti nõukogude entsüklopeedia, 2. kd, as well as by Mari MustOn Eastern Viru languages(in Estonian). Other sources may group the coastal dialects as subdivision of Northern Estonian dialects or just as one of the dialect groups of the Estonian language, without notions Northern/Southern Estonian (, )
Laakso, Johanna (2001), "The Finnic languages", in Dahl, Ö.; Koptjevskaja-Tamm, M. (eds.), The Circum-Baltic languages. Typology and Contact. Volume I: Past and Present, Amsterdam: John Benjamins, p. 207
Must, Mari. 1987. Kirderannikumurre: häälikuline ja grammatiline ülevaade 406 pages Tallinn: "Valgus"
Soderman, Tiina. 1996. Lexical characteristics of the Estonian North Eastern coastal dialect. Uppsala : Uppsala Univ. -- 184 p.
Viitso, Tiit-Rein (1998), "Fennic", in Abondolo, Daniel (ed.), Uralic languages, Routledge