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|Origin||Ann Arbor, Michigan|
|late 1950s and early 1960s|
The ONCE Group was a collection of musicians, visual artists, architects, and film-makers who wished to create an environment in which artists could explore and share techniques and ideas in the late 1950s and early 1960s. The group was responsible for hosting the ONCE Festival of New Music in Ann Arbor, Michigan, between 1961 and 1966. It was founded by Ann Arborites Robert Ashley, George Cacioppo, Gordon Mumma, Roger Reynolds and Donald Scavarda.
|ONCE Festival of New Music|
|Genre||Electronic music, experimental music, etc.|
|Location(s)||Ann Arbor, Michigan|
|Years active||1961 - 1966|
|Founded by||Robert Ashley, George Cacioppo, Gordon Mumma, Roger Reynolds and Donald Scavarda|
During the years the festival was active, a number of avant-garde composers' works were performed along with performances in dance, jazz (Eric Dolphy and rock and roll. Composers represented include: Robert Ashley, Pauline Oliveros, David Behrman, George Cacioppo, George Crevoshay, Donald Scavarda, Roger Reynolds, Gordon Mumma, Meredith Monk, Bruce Wise, Robert Sheff (a.k.a. 'Blue' Gene Tyranny), and Philip Krumm. The musical compositions and works in dance and avant-garde performance art pushed the limits of then current artistic endeavour and inclusiveness well beyond their limits. The festival served as a laboratory for the development of new approaches in both acoustic and electronic music as well as dance, film and multi-media performance.