October is the tenth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars and the sixth of seven months to have a length of 31 days. The eighth month in the old calendar of Romulus c. 750 BC, October retained its name (from the Latin and Greek ôct? meaning "eight") after January and February were inserted into the calendar that had originally been created by the Romans. In Ancient Rome, one of three Mundus patet would take place on October 5, Meditrinalia October 11, Augustalia on October 12, October Horse on October 15, and Armilustrium on October 19. These dates do not correspond to the modern Gregorian calendar. Among the Anglo-Saxons, it was known as ?interfylleþ, because at this full moon (fylleþ) winter was supposed to begin.
October is commonly associated with the season of autumn in the Northern hemisphere and with spring in the Southern hemisphere.
This list does not necessarily imply either official status or general observance.
Non-Gregorian observances: 2019 dates
(All Baha'i, Islamic, and Jewish observances begin at the sundown prior to the date listed, and end at sundown of the date in question unless otherwise noted.)
The last two to three weeks in October (and, occasionally, the first week of November) are the only time of the year during which all of the "Big Four" major professional sports leagues in the U.S. and Canada schedule games; the National Basketball Association begins its preseason and about two weeks later starts the regular season, the National Hockey League is about one month into its regular season, the National Football League is about halfway through its regular season, and Major League Baseball is in its postseason with the League Championship Series and World Series. There have been 19 occasions in which all four leagues have played games on the same day (an occurrence popularly termed a "sports equinox"), with the most recent of these taking place on October 27, 2019. Additionally, the Canadian Football League is typically nearing the end of its regular season during this period, while Major League Soccer is beginning the MLS Cup Playoffs.
United States, Culinary
Movable observances, 2019 dates
First Tuesday: October 1
First Wednesday: October 2
First Thursday: October 3
First Friday: October 4
First Full Week: October 6-12
Week of October 9: October 6-12
Week of October 10: October 6-12
First Sunday: October 6
First Monday: October 7
Second Tuesday: October 8
Second Wednesday: October 9
Second Thursday: October 10
Second Friday: October 11
Second Saturday: October 12
Second Sunday: October 13
Second Monday: October 14
Wednesday of second full week in October: October 16
Third Thursday: October 17
Third Saturday: October 19
Week of Fourth Wednesday: October 20-26
Third Sunday: October 20
Third Monday: October 21
Fourth Wednesday: October 23
Last Friday: October 25
Fourth Saturday: October 26
Last Sunday: October 27
Fourth Monday: October 28
Last Monday: October 28
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