Odie Payne (August 27, 1926 - March 1, 1989) was an American Chicago blues drummer. Over his long career he worked with a range of musicians, including Sonny Boy Williamson II, Muddy Waters, Jimmy Rogers, Eddie Taylor, Little Johnny Jones, Tampa Red, Otis Rush, Yank Rachell, Sleepy John Estes, Little Brother Montgomery, Memphis Minnie, Magic Sam, Chuck Berry, and Buddy Guy.
Born Odie Payne Jr. in Chicago, Illinois, he was interested in music from an early age and did not limit himself to a narrow musical genre. He studied music in high school. He was drafted into the U.S. Army, and after his discharge he graduated from the Roy C. Knapp School of Percussion. By 1949 Payne was playing with the pianist Little Johnny Jones, before meeting Tampa Red and joining his band. The association lasted for around three years. In 1952, Payne and Jones joined Elmore James's band, the Broomdusters.
Payne played with the Broomdusters for another three years, but his recording association with them lasted until 1959. In total he recorded thirty-one singles with them, including "The Sky Is Crying". By this time Payne had become a favored session musician, playing through that decade with Otis Rush, Magic Sam, and Buddy Guy for Cobra Records. He also played on various records released by Chess Records, including Chuck Berry's hit singles "Nadine", "You Never Can Tell", "Promised Land" and "No Particular Place to Go" (1964) All appeared on the Berry's 1982 compilation album, The Great Twenty-Eight.
Noted for his use of the cowbell, bass drum pedal, and extended cymbal and drum rolls, Payne's double-shuffle drumming technique was much copied and was used by Fred Below and Sam Lay. The technique called for Payne to use both hands to produce the shuffle effect.
Payne died in Chicago on March 1, 1989, at the age of 62.