Also known as Ministers of the Crown
for the premiers in any given year.
For the executive councils (cabinet) of each province, see Executive Council (Canada).
Unlike the Governor General or a Lieutenant-Governor, who are representatives of the Queen of Canada, Commissioners are not vice-regal representatives. They are appointed by the federal government as a delegate of cabinet. Under the federal statutes governing the territories, the Commissioners act in accordance with written instructions from the cabinet or the minister responsible (currently the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development).
In Canada, incorporated municipalities are creations of the provincial and territorial governments. They have no independent existence under the Constitution.