Ohio's 6th Congressional District
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Ohio's 6th Congressional District
Ohio's 6th congressional district
Ohio US Congressional District 6 (since 2013).tif
Ohio's 6th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
Distribution
  • 42.68[1]% urban
  • 57.32% rural
Population (2016)703,190[2]
Median income$47,067[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+16[4]

Ohio's 6th congressional district is represented by Representative Bill Johnson (R-OH). This district runs along the southeast side of the state, bordering Kentucky, West Virginia, and Pennsylvania. It stretches from rural Lucasville through Athens and several older Ohio River industrial towns all the way to the Youngstown city limits.[5]

History

When Robert McEwen was first elected in 1980, the Sixth District of Ohio consisted of Adams, Brown, Clinton, Fayette, Highland, Pickaway, Pike, Scioto, and Ross Counties plus Clermont County outside the city of Loveland, Harrison Township in Vinton County and the Warren County townships of Clearcreek, Deerfield, Hamilton, Harlan, Massie, Salem, and Wayne.[6] At that time, The Washington Post described the Sixth as "a fail-safe Republican district."[7]

The Ohio General Assembly redrew the Sixth District following the results of the 1980 Census. The boundaries from 1983 to 1987 included all of Adams, Clinton, Fayette, Highland, Hocking, Jackson, Pike, Ross, Scioto, Vinton and Warren Counties, plus Waterloo and York Townships in Athens County; Wayne Township in Clermont County; Concord, Jasper, Marion, Perry, Union, and Wayne Townships in Fayette County; and Washington Township and the Cities of Miamisburg and West Carrollton in Montgomery County.[8]

Beginning with the 100th Congress in 1987, adjustments were made by the legislature to the boundaries; reapportionment between censuses is unusual in American politics. A small part of the Montgomery County territory was detached, as were parts of Fayette County in Washington Court House in Union Township and the townships of Jasper and Marion. Part of Brown County was added, Jackson and Eagle Townships. These were the boundaries for the rest of McEwen's service in Congress.[9]

The district was largely rural and agricultural with no large cities. One of the major industries was the United States Department of Energy's Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant at Piketon, which manufactured uranium for nuclear weapons. The district was 97 per cent white with a median household income of $21,761.[10]

In 1992, the district was altered significantly to accommodate Ohio's loss of two House seats in redistricting. The state legislature anticipated that Clarence Miller of the neighboring Tenth District would retire, and thus combined the southern end of his district (which included Athens, Gallipolis, and Ironton) with most of the area previously represented by McEwen. Although the district did not include Miller's hometown of Lancaster, Miller decided not to retire and instead challenged McEwen in the Sixth District primary in 1992. The campaign was bitter, and McEwen eked out only a narrow victory. In November, McEwen was upset by Democrat Ted Strickland, a prison psychologist. Strickland himself was defeated in 1994 by Republican Frank Cremeans, but won the seat back in 1996.

For 2002 the district was shifted dramatically eastward to make the seat friendlier for Strickland. At the same time, it effectively ended the career of James Traficant in the neighboring 17th District by placing his hometown of Poland into the 6th. Traficant opted to run in his old district and lost. The district currently includes all of Belmont, Carroll, Columbiana, Gallia, Guernsey, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Meigs, Monroe, Noble and Washington counties, and portions of Athens, Mahoning, Muskingum, Scioto and Tuscarawas counties.

In 2010, Republican Bill Johnson defeated incumbent Democrat Charles Wilson, returning the seat Republican for the first time since 1997. Following the 2010 United States Census, the bounds of the sixth district were changed again as Ohio lost two seats in Congress.[11]

In recent years and like much of coal country, the district has swung decidedly toward the Republican Party at local, state and national levels. Going from what was once a dead heat in presidential elections, such as in 2000 or 2004, to a 42-point win for Donald Trump over Hillary Clinton in 2016.

List of members representing the district

Member Party Year(s) Cong
ress
Electoral history
District created March 4, 1813
Vacant March 4, 1813 -
April 20, 1813
13th Member-elect John Stark Edwards died before commencement of term.
Reasin Beall - Ashland County.jpg
Reasin Beall
Democratic-Republican April 20, 1813 -
June 7, 1814
Elected to finish Edwards's term.
Resigned.
David Clendenin Democratic-Republican October 11, 1814 -
March 3, 1817
13th
14th
Elected to finish Beall's term.
Also elected the same day in 1814 to the next term.
Lost re-election.
Justice Peter Hitchcock (OH).png
Peter Hitchcock
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 -
March 3, 1819
15th Elected in 1816.
Lost re-election.
Colonel John Sloane.jpg
John Sloane
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1819 -
March 3, 1823
16th
17th
Elected in 1816.
Re-elected in 1818.
Re-elected in 1820.
Redistricted to the 12th district.
Duncan McArthur 002.png
Duncan McArthur
Adams-Clay Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 -
March 3, 1825
18th Elected in 1822.
Lost re-election.
John Thomson Jacksonian March 4, 1825 -
March 3, 1827
19th Elected in 1824.
Lost re-election.
William Creighton Jr.png
William Creighton Jr.
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1827 -
?, 1828
20th Elected in 1826.
Resigned to when appointed U.S. District Court for the District of Ohio.
Francis Swaine Muhlenberg Anti-Jacksonian December 19, 1828 -
March 3, 1829
Elected to finish Creighton's termm.
Was not elected to the next term.
William Creighton Jr.png
William Creighton Jr.
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1829 -
March 3, 1833
21st
22nd
Elected in 1828.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Samuel Finley Vinton 001.png
Samuel Finley Vinton
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1833 -
March 3, 1835
23rd
24th
Redistricted from the 7th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Whig March 4, 1835 -
March 3, 1837
Calvary Morris Whig March 4, 1837 -
March 3, 1843
25th
26th
27th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Henry St. John Democratic March 4, 1843 -
March 3, 1847
28th
29th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Rodolphus Dickinson.jpg
Rodolphus Dickinson
Democratic March 4, 1847 -
March 20, 1849
30th
31st
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Amos E. Wood Democratic December 3, 1849 -
November 19, 1850
31st [Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
John Bell Whig January 7, 1851 -
March 3, 1851
31st [Data unknown/missing.]
Frederick W. Green Democratic March 4, 1851 -
March 3, 1853
32nd [Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 9th district.
Andrew Ellison Democratic March 4, 1853 -
March 3, 1855
33rd [Data unknown/missing.]
Jonas R. Emrie.jpg
Jonas R. Emrie
Opposition March 4, 1855 -
March 3, 1857
34th [Data unknown/missing.]
Joseph Randolph Cockerill.jpg
Joseph R. Cockerill
Democratic March 4, 1857 -
March 3, 1859
35th [Data unknown/missing.]
William Howard Democratic March 4, 1859 -
March 3, 1861
36th [Data unknown/missing.]
1896McCluresCAWhite.png
Chilton A. White
Democratic March 4, 1861 -
March 3, 1865
37th
38th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Reader W. Clarke cropped.jpg
Reader W. Clarke
Republican March 4, 1865 -
March 3, 1869
39th
40th
[Data unknown/missing.]
John Armstrong Smith Republican March 4, 1869 -
March 3, 1873
41st
42nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
Isaac R. Sherwood 1910.jpg
Isaac R. Sherwood
Republican March 4, 1873 -
March 3, 1875
43rd [Data unknown/missing.]
Frank H. Hurd.jpg
Frank H. Hurd
Democratic March 4, 1875 -
March 3, 1877
44th [Data unknown/missing.]
Gen. Jacob D. Cox - NARA - 527443.jpg
Jacob Dolson Cox
Republican March 4, 1877 -
March 3, 1879
45th [Data unknown/missing.]
William D. Hill 1897.jpg
William D. Hill
Democratic March 4, 1879 -
March 3, 1881
46th [Data unknown/missing.]
James M. Ritchie Republican March 3, 1881 -
March 3, 1883
47th [Data unknown/missing.]
William D. Hill 003.png
William D. Hill
Democratic March 4, 1883 -
March 3, 1887
48th
49th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Melvin M Boothman.jpg
Melvin M. Boothman
Republican March 4, 1887 -
March 3, 1891
50th
51st
[Data unknown/missing.]
Dennis D. Donovan.jpg
Dennis D. Donovan
Democratic March 4, 1891 -
March 3, 1893
52nd [Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 5th district.
George W. Hulick 1896.jpg
George W. Hulick
Republican March 4, 1893 -
March 3, 1897
53rd
54th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Seth W. Brown 1899.jpg
Seth W. Brown
Republican March 4, 1897 -
March 3, 1901
55th
56th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Charles Q. Hildebrant 1918.jpg
Charles Q. Hildebrant
Republican March 4, 1901 -
March 3, 1905
57th
58th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Thomas E. Scroggy.png
Thomas E. Scroggy
Republican March 4, 1905 -
March 3, 1907
59th [Data unknown/missing.]
Matthew Denver 1915.jpg
Matthew Denver
Democratic March 4, 1907 -
March 3, 1913
60th
61st
62nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
Simeon D. Fess 1918 crop of head.jpg
Simeon D. Fess
Republican March 4, 1913 -
March 3, 1915
63rd [Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 7th district.
Charles Cyrus Kearns head crop.jpg
Charles Cyrus Kearns
Republican March 4, 1915 -
March 3, 1931
64th
65th
66th
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
[Data unknown/missing.]
James G. Polk 84th Congress 1955.jpg
James G. Polk
Democratic March 3, 1931 -
January 3, 1941
72nd
73rd
74th
75th
76th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Jacob E. Davis Democratic January 3, 1941 -
January 3, 1943
77th [Data unknown/missing.]
Edward Oscar McCowen.jpg
Edward Oscar McCowen
Republican January 3, 1943 -
January 3, 1949
78th
79th
80th
[Data unknown/missing.]
James G. Polk crop.jpg
James G. Polk
Democratic January 3, 1949 -
April 28, 1959
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Ward Miller Republican November 8, 1960 -
January 3, 1961
86th Elected to finish Polk's term.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Bill Harsha 93rd Congress 1973.jpg
Bill Harsha
Republican January 3, 1961 -
January 3, 1981
87th
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
Elected in 1860.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Bob McEwen 97th Congress 1981.jpg
Bob McEwen
Republican January 3, 1981 -
January 3, 1993
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
Ted Strickland.jpg
Ted Strickland
Democratic January 3, 1993 -
January 3, 1995
103rd [Data unknown/missing.]
Frank Cremeans.jpg
Frank Cremeans
Republican January 3, 1995 -
January 3, 1997
104th [Data unknown/missing.]
Ted Strickland.jpg
Ted Strickland
Democratic January 3, 1997 -
January 3, 2007
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired to become Governor of Ohio.
Charlie Wilson 111th Congress 2009.jpg
Charlie Wilson
Democratic January 3, 2007 -
January 3, 2011
110th
111th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Bill Johnson 113th Congress.jpg
Bill Johnson
Republican January 3, 2011 -
Present
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
[Data unknown/missing.]

Recent election results

The following chart shows historic election results.

Year Democratic Republican Other
1920 Cleona Searles: 30,903 ? Charles C. Kearns (Incumbent): 38,044 --
1922 William N. Gableman: 28,939 ? Charles C. Kearns (Incumbent): 32,416 --
1924 Edward N. Kennedy:[12] 29,283 ? Charles C. Kearns (Incumbent): 33,064 --
1926 Edward H. Kennedy:[12] 24,730 ? Charles C. Kearns (Incumbent): 27,688 --
1928 George D. Nye: 33,020 ? Charles C. Kearns (Incumbent): 43,519 --
1930 ? James G. Polk: 37,158 Charles C. Kearns (Incumbent): 33,300 --
1932 ? James G. Polk (Incumbent): 50,913 Mack Sauer: 39,668 --
1934 ? James G. Polk (Incumbent): 42,340 Albert L. Daniels: 38,538 Mark A. Crawford: 312
1936 ? James G. Polk (Incumbent): 54,904 Emory F. Smith: 45,733 --
1938 ? James G. Polk (Incumbent): 43,646 Emory F. Smith: 42,847 --
1940 ? Jacob E. Davis: 52,769 Chester P. Fitch: 48,257 --
1942 Jacob E. Davis (Incumbent): 31,793 ? Edward O. McCowen: 33,171 --
1944 John W. Bush: 42,167 ? Edward O. McCowen (Incumbent): 45,284 --
1946 Franklin E. Smith: 33,013 ? Edward O. McCowen (Incumbent): 39,992 --
1948 ? James G. Polk: 46,944 Edward O. McCowen (Incumbent): 41,402 --
1950 ? James G. Polk (Incumbent): 40,335 Edward O. McCowen: 38,996 --
1952 ? James G. Polk (Incumbent): 67,220 Leo Blackburn: 66,896 --
1954 ? James G. Polk (Incumbent): 54,044 Leo Blackburn: 49,531 --
1956 ? James G. Polk (Incumbent): 72,229 Albert L. Daniels: 60,300 --
1958 ? James G. Polk (Incumbent): 76,566 Elmer S. Barrett: 46,924 --
1960 Franklin E. Smith: 65,045 ? Bill Harsha: 80,124 --
1960 s[a] Gladys E. Davis: 61,713 ? Ward Miller: 76,520 --
1962 Jerry C. Rasor: 47,737 ? Bill Harsha (Incumbent): 72,743 --
1964 Franklin E. Smith: 57,223 ? Bill Harsha (Incumbent): 86,015 --
1966 Ottie W. Reno: 35,345 ? Bill Harsha (Incumbent): 74,847 --
1968 Kenneth L. Kirby: 40,964 ? Bill Harsha (Incumbent): 107,289 --
1970 Raymond H. Stevens: 39,265 ? Bill Harsha (Incumbent): 82,772 --
1972 -- ? Bill Harsha (Incumbent): 128,394 --
1974 Lloyd Allan Wood: 42,316 ? Bill Harsha (Incumbent): 93,400 --
1976 Ted Strickland: 67,067 ? Bill Harsha (Incumbent): 107,064 --
1978 Ted Strickland: 46,313 ? Bill Harsha (Incumbent): 85,592 --
1980 Ted Strickland: 84,235 ? Bob McEwen: 101,288 --
1982 Lynn Alan Grimshaw: 63,435 ? Bob McEwen (Incumbent): 92,135 --
1984 Bob Smith: 52,727 ? Bob McEwen (Incumbent): 150,101 --
1986 Gordon R. Roberts: 42,155 ? Bob McEwen (Incumbent): 106,354 Amos Seeley: 2,829
1988 Gordon R. Roberts: 52,635 ? Bob McEwen (Incumbent): 152,235 --
1990 Ray Mitchell: 47,415 ? Bob McEwen (Incumbent): 117,220 --
1992 ? Ted Strickland: 122,720 Bob McEwen (Incumbent):[b] 119,252 --
1994 Ted Strickland (Incumbent): 87,861 ? Frank Cremeans: 91,263 --
1996 ? Ted Strickland: 118,003 Frank Cremeans (Incumbent): 111,907 --
1998 ? Ted Strickland (Incumbent): 102,852 Nancy P. Hollister: 77,711 --
2000 ? Ted Strickland (Incumbent): 138,849 Mike Azinger: 96,966 Kenneth R. MacCutcheon (L): 4,759
2002 ? Ted Strickland (Incumbent): 113,972 Mike Halleck: 77,643 --
2004 ? Ted Strickland (Incumbent): 223,884 None John Stephen Luchansky (Write-in): 145
2006 ? Charles A. Wilson Jr.: 131,322 Chuck Blasdel: 80,705 --
2008 ? Charles A. Wilson Jr. (Incumbent): 176,330 Richard Stobbs: 92,968 Dennis Spisak (G): 13,812
2010 Charles A. Wilson Jr. (Incumbent): 91,039 ? Bill Johnson: 101,580 Richard Cadle (C): 4,963
Martin Elass (L): 4,424
2012[13] Charles A. Wilson Jr.: 144,444 ? Bill Johnson (Incumbent): 164,536
2014 Jennifer Garrison: 73,561 ? Bill Johnson (Incumbent): 111,026 Dennis Lambert (G): 6,065
2016 Michael L. Lorentz: 88,780 ? Bill Johnson (Incumbent): 213,975
2018 Shawna Roberts : 76,716 ? Bill Johnson (Incumbent): 172,774 --

Competitiveness

Election results from presidential races:

Historical district boundaries

2003 - 2013

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=39&cd=06
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=39&cd=06
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index - Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  5. ^ http://www.ohiofreepress.com/2010/ohio-congressional-districts-map/
  6. ^ Ohio. Secretary of State. Official Roster of Federal, State, and County Officers and Departmental Information for 1991-1992. Columbus, Ohio: The Secretary, 1991. 330-335.
  7. ^ "Election 80: New Faces in the House". The Washington Post. November 23, 1980. A15.
  8. ^ Ohio. Secretary of State. Official Roster of Federal, State, and County Officers and Departmental Information for 1991-1992. Columbus, Ohio: The Secretary, 1991. 330-335; United States. Congress. Joint Committee on Printing. 1987-1988 Official Congressional Directory, 100th Congress. Duncan Nystrom, editor. Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office, 1987.
  9. ^ Ohio. Secretary of State. Official Roster of Federal, State, and County Officers and Departmental Information for 1991-1992. Columbus, Ohio: The Secretary, 1991. 330-335; United States. Congress. Joint Committee on Printing. 1991-1992 Official Congressional Directory, 102d Congress. Duncan Nystrom, editor. S. Pub. 102-4. Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office, 1991.
  10. ^ Michael Barone and Grant Ujifusa. The Almanac of American Politics, 1994. Washington, D.C.: National Journal, 1993. ISBN 0-89234-058-4.
  11. ^ "APPORTIONMENT POPULATION AND NUMBER OF REPRESENTATIVES, BY STATE: 2010 CENSUS" (PDF). US Census. December 21, 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  12. ^ a b Probable error in records: Edward H. Kennedy, the Democratic nominee in 1926, and Edward N. Kennedy, the Democratic nominee in 1924, are most probably the same person. Which name is correct is unknown.
  13. ^ "2012 Election Results". Ohio Secretary of State.
  1. ^ A separate, special election was held to fill out Polk's unexpired term. Miller, the winner of this election, served the remainder of 1960, until Harsha's term began in 1961.
  2. ^ Redistricting following the 1990 census resulted in putting two Republican incumbents, Bob McEwen and Clarence E. Miller (incumbent in the 10th District), in the new Sixth District. McEwen defeated Miller in a bitterly fought Republican primary election in 1992.

Coordinates: 38°45?N 83°0?W / 38.750°N 83.000°W / 38.750; -83.000


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