|English: Oh, Bright Dawn of May|
|Oj, svijetla majska zoro|
National anthem of Montenegro
|Lyrics||Unknown (edited by Sekula Drljevi?), 19th century|
|Music||Unknown (arranged by ?arko Mirkovi?), 19th century|
"Oj, svijetla majska zoro" (instrumental)
"Oj, svijetla majska zoro" (Montenegrin Cyrillic: ,,, ?", lit. "Oh, bright dawn of May") is the national anthem of Montenegro adopted in 2004. Before its adoption, it was a popular folk song with many variations of its text. The oldest one is dated to the 2nd half of the 19th century, known as "Oh, Bright Dawn of Heroism, oh!", a popular Montenegrin folk song.
Although those are the official lyrics, a lot of verses are repeated in order to follow the rhythmic composition. To sing it properly, one must follow the text like this:
The following is the oldest known version of the anthem, known as: "Oh, Bright Dawn of Heroism, oh!" ("Oj, Juna?tva Svjetla Zoro, oj!"). It was played in public for the first time in 1863 in the national theater in Belgrade. It was a component song of the "Battle of Grahovo or blood feud in Montenegro" ( ? ? ?) heroic play in three parts. The play and the Montenegrin folk song was also played/sung in the National Theater again in 1870 and 1876. Its first record in Montenegro itself dates to 1887, when it was included into the regular school program of Montenegrin national songs for pupils in the 3rd grade. It was reconfirmed in the teacher's plan for Montenegrin schools of 1888, which speculates that it must have been an established folk song for decades by then.
|Serbian language (Cyrillic)||Serbian language (Latin)||English|
, ? ?,
Oj, juna?tva svjetla zoro,
O, bright dawn of heroism,
Sekule Drljevi?, party strongman of a minor political party which was active in the Yugoslavian Kingdom in Montenegro known as the Montenegrin Federalist Party, rewrote the text and published it in 1937 in the book of Savi? Markovi? "?tedimlija" (a Croatian writer of Montenegrin origin) known as Crvena Hrvatska (Red Croatia), which confounded the thesis not of a Serb ethnic origin of the Montenegrins, which was the dominant one back then, but rather from the Croats. Its name was Eternal Ours... (Vje?na na?a). When Nikola Hercigonja wrote Oh, Bright Dawn of May shortly after World War II ended after 1945, he erroneously concluded that Drljevi? was the original wholesale author of this song, which led to its decline in popularity as a Montenegrin folk song for decades.
Vje?na na?a Crna Goro,
Eternal Our Montenegro,
The song survived until today under various names as a popular Montenegrin folk song under the name "Oh, Bright Dawn of May" (Oj svijetla majska zoro). This version of the song has been one of the several versions proposed in 1993 during the first discussion on the official state anthem, however, on which there was no consensus because of the disputed melodic value.
|Montenegrin (Cyrillic)||Montenegrin (Latin)||English|
Oj svijetla majska zoro,