Olivera Despina
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Olivera Despina
Mileva Olivera Lazarevi?
Princess of Serbia
Tsar Lazar and his family.jpg
Bornc. 1372
Kru?evac, Moravian Serbia
Diedc. 1445 (aged 72–73)
SpouseBayezid I
FatherLazar Hrebeljanovi? of Serbia
MotherMilica Nemanji?

Mileva Olivera Lazarevi?, Despina Hatun (Serbian Cyrillic: ? ? ; 1372 - after 1444) was a Serbian princess. She was the youngest daughter of Lazar of Serbia and Princess Milica and the wife of Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I, whom she married just after the Battle of Kosovo in 1389, as a pledge of peace between the Lazarevi? and Ottoman dynasties. After the marriage, she became Despina Hatun (Turkish for "Lady Despina").


Olivera Despina Hatun was born around 1372, the youngest daughter of Prince Lazar and Princess Milica of Serbia. Her mother was a descendant of Grand Prince (Veliki ?upan) Stefan Nemanja, the founder of the Nemanji? dynasty and the fourth cousin once removed of Emperor Du?an of Serbia. Olivera had four older sisters, Mara (mother of Serbian despot ?ura? Brankovi?), Dragana, Teodora, and Jelena (mother of Bal?a III, the last ruler of Zeta) and two brothers, Serbian despot Stefan Lazarevi? and Vuk.

After the Battle of Kosovo in 1389, Olivera was sent to the harem of Sultan Bayezid I, where she remained for the next 12 years and became one of the sultan's four wives (in addition to his concubines). Despite her marriage, she apparently never converted to Islam. She had a great influence on the sultan, which helped her people, country, and family survive the turbulent times.

In the Battle of Ankara on 20 July 1402, Olivera and Bayezid were captured by Timur. Olivera was widowed in 1403.

After her release, she spent the rest of her life in the court of her brother Stefan in Belgrade or in the court of her sister Jelena in Herceg Novi. There she became a patron of Art and Literature.

Olivera died sometime after 1444.

See also


  • ?irkovi?, Sima (2004). The Serbs. Malden: Blackwell Publishing.
  • Princess Olivera, a forgotten Serbian Heroine, Princess Olivera Foundation, Belgrade 2009 (ISBN 978-86-912875-2-8)

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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