Once Upon A Time in Hollywood
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Once Upon A Time in Hollywood

Once Upon a Time in Hollywood
Once Upon a Time in Hollywood poster.png
Theatrical release poster
Directed byQuentin Tarantino
Produced by
Written byQuentin Tarantino
Starring
CinematographyRobert Richardson
Edited byFred Raskin
Production
companies
Distributed bySony Pictures Releasing
Release date
  • May 21, 2019 (2019-05-21) (Cannes)
  • July 26, 2019 (2019-07-26) (United States)
  • August 14, 2019 (2019-08-14) (United Kingdom)
Running time
161 minutes[1]
Country
  • United States
  • United Kingdom
  • China[2]
LanguageEnglish
Budget$90-96 million[3]
Box office$374.3 million[4]

Once Upon a Time in Hollywood[a] is a 2019 comedy-drama film written and directed by Quentin Tarantino. Produced by Columbia Pictures, Bona Film Group, Heyday Films, and Visiona Romantica and distributed by Sony Pictures Releasing, it is a co-production between the United States, United Kingdom, and China. It features a large ensemble cast led by Leonardo DiCaprio, Brad Pitt, and Margot Robbie. Set in 1969 Los Angeles, the film follows a fading character actor and his stunt double as they navigate the rapidly changing film industry, with the looming threat of the Tate-LaBianca Murders hanging overhead. It features "multiple storylines in a modern fairy tale tribute to the final moments of Hollywood's golden age."[5][6][7]

Announced in July 2017, it is the first Tarantino film not to involve Bob and Harvey Weinstein, as Tarantino ended his partnership with the brothers following the sexual abuse allegations against the latter. After a bidding war, the film was distributed by Sony Pictures, which met Tarantino's demands including final cut privilege. Pitt, DiCaprio, Robbie, Zoë Bell, Kurt Russell, and others joined the cast between January and June 2018. Principal photography lasted from June through November around Los Angeles. This was the final film to feature Luke Perry, who died on March 4, 2019. The film is dedicated to him.

Once Upon a Time in Hollywood premiered at the Cannes Film Festival on May 21, 2019, and was theatrically released in the United States on July 26, 2019 and in the United Kingdom on August 14. The film has grossed $374 million worldwide and received praise from critics for Tarantino's direction and screenplay, the performances (particularly from DiCaprio and Pitt), cinematography, sound design, costume design, and production values. Among its various accolades, the film was chosen by the American Film Institute and the National Board of Review as one of the top ten films of the year. It received 10 nominations at the 92nd Academy Awards, including Best Picture, and won Best Supporting Actor (Pitt) and Best Production Design. It also won Best Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy and Best Supporting Actor (Pitt) at the 77th Golden Globe Awards.

A television series titled Bounty Law, based on a TV program depicted in the film, is currently being developed by Tarantino.[8][9]

Plot

In February 1969, Hollywood actor Rick Dalton, star of 1950s Western television series Bounty Law, fears his career is fading. Casting director Marvin Schwarz recommends he make Spaghetti Westerns in Italy, which Dalton feels are beneath him. Dalton's best friend and stunt double, Cliff Booth--a war veteran skilled in hand-to-hand combat[10] who lives in a trailer with his pit bull, Brandy--drives Dalton around Los Angeles because Dalton's driver's license has been suspended due to his DUI arrests. Booth struggles to find stunt work because of rumors he murdered his wife. Actress Sharon Tate and her husband, director Roman Polanski, have moved next door to Dalton, who dreams of befriending them to revive his acting career. That night, Tate and Polanski attend a celebrity-filled party at the Playboy Mansion.

The next day, Booth reminisces about a sparring contest he had with Bruce Lee on the set of The Green Hornet which resulted in Booth being fired. Meanwhile, Charlie stops by the Polanski residence looking for Terry Melcher, who used to live there, but is turned away by Jay Sebring. Tate goes for errands and stops at a movie theater to watch herself in the film The Wrecking Crew.

Dalton is cast to play the villain in the pilot of Western television series Lancer and strikes up a conversation with his eight-year-old co-star, Trudi Fraser. During filming, Dalton struggles to remember his lines and suffers a violent breakdown later in his trailer as a result. He subsequently delivers a strong performance that impresses Fraser and the director, Sam Wanamaker, bolstering his confidence.

Booth picks up a female hitchhiker named "Pussycat" and takes her to Spahn Ranch, where Booth once worked on the set of Bounty Law. He takes notice of the many "hippies" living there (the Manson Family). Suspecting they may be taking advantage of the ranch's owner, George Spahn, Booth insists on checking on him despite "Squeaky"'s objections. Booth finally speaks with Spahn, who dismisses his concerns. Upon leaving, Booth discovers that "Clem" has punctured a tire on Dalton's car. Booth beats him and forces him to change the tire. "Tex" is summoned to deal with the situation, but he arrives as Booth is driving away.

After watching Dalton's guest performance on an episode of The F.B.I., Schwarz books him as the lead in Sergio Corbucci's next Spaghetti Western, Nebraska Jim. Dalton takes Booth with him for a six-month stint in Italy, during which time he films two additional Westerns and a Eurospy comedy, and marries Italian starlet Francesca Capucci. Dalton informs Booth he can no longer afford his services.

On the evening of August 8, 1969, their first day back in Los Angeles, Dalton and Booth go out for drinks to commemorate their time working together and then return to Dalton's house. Tate and Sebring go out for dinner with friends and then return to Tate's house. Booth smokes an LSD-laced cigarette purchased earlier from a hippy girl and takes Brandy for a walk while Dalton prepares drinks. Manson Family members "Tex", "Sadie", "Katie", and "Flowerchild" arrive outside in preparation to murder everyone in Tate's house, but Dalton hears their noisy muffler and orders them off his street. Recognizing Dalton, the Family members change their plans and decide to kill him instead, after "Sadie" reasons that Hollywood has "taught them to murder". "Flowerchild" deserts the group, speeding off with their car. Breaking into Dalton's house, they confront Capucci and Booth inside. Booth recognizes "Tex" from his visit to Spahn Ranch and orders Brandy to attack. Together they kill "Tex" and injure "Sadie", though Booth is stabbed in the right thigh and passes out after killing "Katie". "Sadie" stumbles outside, alarming Dalton, who was in his pool listening to music on headphones, oblivious to the melee inside. Dalton retrieves a flamethrower previously used in a movie and incinerates "Sadie". After Booth is taken away in an ambulance to receive treatment for his injuries, Sebring engages Dalton in conversation outside and Dalton receives an invitation for a drink with Tate and her friends at her house, which he accepts.

Cast

Quentin Tarantino portrays the director of Dalton's Red Apples cigarettes commercial.[12]

Character background

Fictional characters

Leonardo DiCaprio, who stars as main protagonist Rick Dalton.

Rick Dalton is an actor who starred in the fictitious television western series Bounty Law, based on the real-life series Wanted Dead or Alive, starring Steve McQueen.[13] Dalton's relationship with Cliff Booth is based on Burt Reynolds' with his longtime stunt double Hal Needham.[14] Dalton was inspired by actors whose careers began in Classical Hollywood but faltered in the 1960s, such as Ty Hardin, who went from starring in a successful TV western to making spaghetti westerns, as well as by Ralph Meeker.[15][16][17][18] Though not mentioned in the film, Dalton suffers from undiagnosed bipolar disorder, inspired by Pete Duel.[19]

Cliff Booth, Dalton's stunt double and best friend, is a World War II veteran, Green Beret and "one of deadliest guys alive."[20][21]Quentin Tarantino and Brad Pitt modeled Booth after Tom Laughlin's portrayal of Billy Jack.[22] Booth is inspired by Gary Kent, a stuntman for a film made at the Spahn Ranch while the Manson Family lived there,[23] and Gene LeBell, who worked on The Green Hornet after complaints by other stuntmen that Bruce Lee was "kicking the shit out of the stuntmen."[24]

Trudi Fraser, the precocious child actor working on Lancer, is inspired by an actual character from that series.[25] In the film, Marvin Schwarz is Dalton's agent, a role that Tarantino wrote specifically for Al Pacino.[26] Francesca Capucci, a starlet who marries Dalton, is influenced by 1960s Italian actresses Sophia Loren and Claudia Cardinale.[16][27] Billie Booth is Cliff's wife, whose death echoes Natalie Wood's.[16] Some characters, such as Zoë Bell's stunt coordinator, Janet Miller, and Heba Thorisdottir's makeup artist, Sonya, were portrayed by individuals who performed those same jobs for the film.[28][29]

Historical characters

Sharon Tate, portrayed in the film by Margot Robbie and featured in clips from The Wrecking Crew (1968)
  • Sharon Tate was an actress married to film director Roman Polanski, and is Dalton's neighbor in the film. Margot Robbie read Polanski's autobiography Roman by Polanski in preparation for the role.[30][31] Polanski's credits include Rosemary's Baby and The Fearless Vampire Killers, where he first met Tate.[32] Tate's last film, The Thirteen Chairs was filmed in Italy in 1969, at the same time Dalton makes films there in the movie.[33]
  • Jay Sebring was Tate's friend and ex-boyfriend, and friend of Bruce Lee (whom he had helped get started in Hollywood) and Steve McQueen.[16][34] Sebring and Tate attended a party at Mama Cass' house at which Charles Manson was also in attendance.[35]
  • Abigail Folger, heir to the Folgers coffee fortune, and her boyfriend Wojciech Frykowski were Tate's friends.
  • James Stacy and Wayne Maunder were actors who starred on Lancer.[36] Stacy is last shown in the film leaving the show's set on a motorcycle; Stacy was in a motorcycle accident that resulted in the death of his passenger and the loss of his arm and leg. His ex-wife, actress Connie Stevens, also portrayed in the film, organized a fundraiser for his recovery.[37][16] Maunder died during the filming of the movie and Luke Perry, who portrays him in his last screen appearance, died shortly afterward.[38] Luke's son, Jack Perry, appears with him in the film.[39]Sam Wanamaker directed the real pilot of Lancer, in which the Land Pirates were actual characters.[40] The Land Pirates also appear in the pilot within the film.
  • Bruce Lee was an actor and martial artist who starred as Kato on The Green Hornet. He taught Tate martial arts for The Wrecking Crew, and also trained Sebring, Polanski and McQueen.[34]
  • "Mama Cass" Elliot and Michelle Phillips were members of the Mamas and the Papas. The sheet music for their song "Straight Shooter" was found on the piano at the murder scene inside the Tate/Polanski residence, and it is also used in the film's trailer.[41] Polanski had an affair with Phillips while he was married to Sharon Tate.[42]
  • Harvey "Humble Harve" Miller was a Los Angeles radio DJ who was convicted of killing his wife.[43]
  • Tim Roth and Danny Strong shot scenes that were cut. Strong portrayed Dean Martin and Paul Barabuta, and Roth portrayed Amos Russell, Sebring's English butler.[44][45][46][47][48]

The Manson Family

  • George Spahn was an 80-year-old nearly blind man who rented his ranch out for westerns. The Manson Family lived on the ranch. Burt Reynolds was cast, but died before filming.[49][50] Reynolds did a rehearsal and script reading, his last performance. After reading the script and learning that Pitt would be portraying Booth, Reynolds told Tarantino, "You gotta have somebody say, 'You're pretty for a stunt guy.'" The line appears in the film, spoken to Booth by Bruce Lee.[51]
  • "Charlie" (Charles Manson) was a convicted felon and cult leader of The Family (later dubbed "The Manson Family" by the media), a hippie commune based in California. Members of The Family committed nine murders in the summer of 1969.[52]Damon Herriman, who portrays Manson, also portrays him in David Fincher's Netflix series Mindhunter.
  • "Pussycat" is a composite character, with her nickname based on Kathryn Lutesinger's "Kitty Kat" yet modeled after Ruth Ann Moorehouse. Manson frequently sent Moorehouse into the city to lure men with money back to Spahn Ranch.[53] Lutesinger met Manson through her boyfriend, Bobby Beausoleil.[54] There was a Manson Family member named Pussycat, who is mentioned by Ed Sanders in his book The Family: The Story of Charles Manson's Dune Buggy Attack Battalion. According to those interviewed, Pussycat underwent an exorcism with Manson present. The real identity of Pussycat is never revealed.[55]
  • "Squeaky" was Lynette Fromme's nickname, given to her by Spahn because of the sound she made when he touched her.[56] She was Spahn's main caretaker, tending to his needs, sexual or otherwise.[53]
  • "Straight Satan David", portrayed in the film by David Steen is a member of the Straight Satans Motorcycle Club, associates of the Family, who acted as their security.[52]
  • Bill "Sweet William Tumbleweed" Fritsch, portrayed in the film by Tom Hartig was a member of the Hells Angels and Diggers, and Manson Family associate.[57]
  • Connie is a horseback-riding customer at Spahn Ranch. As one way of earning their keep, the Family gave horseback riding tours to people visiting the ranch.[53]
  • "Tex" was Charles Watson's nickname. Spahn gave it to him because of his Texas accent.[58]
  • "Sadie" was Susan Atkins' nickname. Manson gave everyone fake IDs, and the name on Atkins' was "Sadie Mae Glutz". Atkins was called "Sexy Sadie" after a track on the Beatles' self-titled album that some of the Family members may have believed was about her.[52]
  • "Katie" was Patricia Krenwinkel's nickname because of the name on her ID.[56]Madisen Beaty, who portrays Krenwinkel, previously portrayed her on Aquarius.[59]
  • "Flowerchild" was not the nickname of any member. However, the character in the film is Linda Kasabian, as she was the fourth member to go to Tate's house.[53]
  • "Snake" was Dianne Lake's nickname, given to her by Manson because she rolled around in grass pretending to be a snake.[60]
  • "Blue" was Sandra Good's nickname. Manson told her, "Woman, you're earth. I'm naming you Blue. Fix the air and the water. It's your job."[56]
  • "Gypsy" was Catherine Share's nickname, which she gave herself after meeting a man named Gypsy with whom she shared a birthday and whom she thought was her cosmic twin.[56]
  • Catherine Gillies was nicknamed "Capistrano" by Spahn, but called "Cappy" for short.[52] In the film, her name is "Happy Cappy" and she is portrayed by Josephine Valentina Clark.
  • "Lulu" was one of Leslie Van Houten's nicknames, and "Clem" one of Steve Grogan's.[53]
  • "Tophat", portrayed in the film by Ronnie Zappa was an alias of Bobby Beausoleil. In his 2001 book Turn Off Your Mind, Gary Lachman mentions that, "Beausoleil had a style; a top hat that set him apart from the usual hippie fare."[61] Beausoleil wrote, "I spied a felt top hat in the window of a... shop... I couldn't afford (it)... but it felt like it had been made for me... I couldn't resist the temptation to buy it." Beausoleil claimed that as soon as he put on the hat, ideas floating in his head came together.[62]
  • The character of "Sundance" was named by Cassidy Hice, the actress who portrays her. She wrote, "I was asked to name my character by Quentin himself."[63]

Production

Writing and development

Director Quentin Tarantino developed the idea over the course of several years, looking to tell a "fairy tale" set in 1960s Hollywood.

The work that would become the screenplay for Once Upon a Time in Hollywood was developed slowly over several years by Tarantino. While he knew he wanted the work to be titled Once Upon a Time in Hollywood, evoking the idea of a fairy tale set in 1960s Hollywood, he publicly referred to the project as Magnum Opus.[64] The life of the work for the first five years was as a novel,[64] which Tarantino considered to be an exploratory approach to the story he wanted to tell, not yet having decided if it would be a screenplay. Tarantino tried other writing approaches: the early scene between DiCaprio's Dalton and Pacino's Marvin Schwarz was originally written as a one-act play as part of this exploratory work.[65]

Tarantino discovered the centerpiece for the work about 10 years ago while filming a movie with an actor that had been working alongside the same stunt double for several years. Even though there was nothing but a small bit for the stuntman to do, Tarantino was asked to use him, and he agreed. The relationship fascinated Tarantino and inspired him to make a film about Hollywood.[17] Tarantino said that while the stuntman may have been a perfect double for the actor years earlier, at the time he had come to meet them, "this was maybe the last or second-to-last thing they'd be doing together".[65]

Tarantino first created Stuntman Cliff Booth, giving him a massive backstory. Next, he created the character, actor Rick Dalton for Booth to be the stunt double of. Tarantino decided to have them be Sharon Tate's next-door neighbors in 1969. The first plot point he developed was the ending, then moved backwards from there, this being the first time Tarantino had worked this way. He thought of doing an Elmore Leonard-type story, but realized he was confident enough in his characters to let them drive the film and let it be a day in the life of Booth, Dalton, and Tate. He would use sequences from Dalton's films for the action, inspired by Richard Rush's The Stunt Man, which used the scenes from the WWI movie they were making within the film as the action.[66] Further, to get his mind into the Dalton character, Tarantino wrote out five hypothetical episodes of the fictional television show Bounty Law, in which Dalton had starred, having become fascinated with the amount of story crammed into half-hour episodes of 1950s western shows.[45]

Pre-production

On July 11, 2017, it was announced that Quentin Tarantino's next film would be about the Manson murders. Harvey and Bob Weinstein would be involved, but it was not known whether The Weinstein Company would distribute the film, as Tarantino sought to cast before sending out a package to studios. Tarantino approached Brad Pitt and Jennifer Lawrence to star in the film. It was reported that Margot Robbie was being considered for Sharon Tate.[67]Samuel L. Jackson was in talks for a major role, and Pitt was in talks for the detective investigating the murders.[68]

After the Harvey Weinstein sexual abuse allegations, Tarantino cut ties with Weinstein and sought a new distributor, after having worked with Weinstein for his entire career. At this point, Leonardo DiCaprio was revealed to be among a short list of actors Tarantino was considering for the film.[69] A short time later, reports circulated that studios were bidding for the film set in Los Angeles in the late 1960s, that Tom Cruise was in talks for one of the leads, and that David Heyman had joined as a producer, along with Tarantino and Shannon McIntosh.[70] Tarantino later revealed the role Cruise was considered for to be that of Cliff Booth.[71]

On November 11, 2017, Sony Pictures announced they would distribute the film, beating Warner Bros., Universal Pictures, Paramount Pictures, Annapurna Pictures and Lionsgate.[72] Tarantino's demands included a $95 million budget, final cut privilege, "extraordinary creative controls", 25% of first-dollar gross,[73] and the stipulation that the rights revert to him after 10 to 20 years.[73]

Casting

The main stars of the film, Brad Pitt, Margot Robbie, and Leonardo DiCaprio

In January 2018, DiCaprio signed on, taking a pay cut to collaborate with Tarantino again.[74][75]Al Pacino was being considered for a role.[76] On February 28, 2018, the film was titled Once Upon a Time in Hollywood, with Pitt cast in the role Cruise was also up for.[77] DiCaprio and Pitt were each paid $10 million.[78] In March 2018, Robbie, who had expressed interest in working with Tarantino,[79] signed to co-star as Sharon Tate, while Zoë Bell confirmed she would appear.[80][81][82] In April 2018, Jessica Lange was in talks to play Mary Alice Schwarzs, but dropped out and Brenda Vaccaro replaced her. In May 2018, Burt Reynolds, Tim Roth, Kurt Russell, and Michael Madsen joined the cast.[83]Timothy Olyphant was also cast.[84] In June 2018, Damian Lewis, Luke Perry, Emile Hirsch, Dakota Fanning, Clifton Collins Jr., Keith Jefferson, Nicholas Hammond, Pacino, and Scoot McNairy joined the cast.[85][86][87]Spencer Garrett, James Remar, Brenda Vaccaro, and Mike Moh were announced in July.[88] In August 2018, Damon Herriman as Charles Manson, and Lena Dunham, Austin Butler, Danny Strong, Rafa? Zawierucha, Rumer Willis, Dreama Walker, and Margaret Qualley were cast.[89][90][91][92]

When casting the leads, Tarantino invited Pitt, DiCaprio, and Robbie to his house to read the only copy of the full script, to prevent leaks. When Butler first auditioned for the film, he was not aware of which character he was being considered for. Tarantino told him it was for a villain or a hero on Lancer, when in fact it was for "Tex" Watson. To prepare for her audition, Maya Hawke practiced with her father, Ethan Hawke. She stated, "He (Tarantino) actually organized a really amazing callback process that was unlike anything I've ever been through... except maybe auditioning for drama school." Willis auditioned for two roles, neither of which she got, but was later offered the part of Joanna Pettet. Sydney Sweeney said everyone she auditioned with did so for the same character, then were told they could do extra credit. Some did artwork, and she wrote a letter in character. Julia Butters says her sitcom American Housewife was on while Tarantino was writing her character, Trudi Fraser. He looked up and said, "Maybe she can try this."[93]Charlie Day was the producers' first choice to play Manson. Day did not show up to interview for the part because he did not want to see himself as Manson.[94]Macaulay Culkin auditioned for an undisclosed role. It was his first audition in eight years.[95]

Filming and design

With the death of Burt Reynolds (left), the role of George Spahn was recast with Bruce Dern.

Principal photography began on June 18, 2018, in Los Angeles, California, and wrapped on November 1, 2018.[96][97] Reynolds died in September 2018 before filming any of his scenes; Bruce Dern was cast as George Spahn in his place.[50]

Tarantino's directive was to turn Los Angeles of 2018 into Los Angeles of 1969 without CGI.[98] For this, Tarantino tapped into previous collaborators for production: editor Fred Raskin, cinematographer Robert Richardson, sound editor Wylie Stateman and makeup artist Heba Thorisdottir. He also brought first-time collaborators, production designer Barbara Ling, based on her work in recreating historical settings in The Doors, and costume designer Arianne Phillips, who had a strong client list to her name including Tom Ford, James Mangold and Madonna.[99] Despite the director's intent, the production wound up using more than 75 digital visual effects shots by Luma Pictures and Lola VFX, mainly to cover up modern billboards and erasing non-1960s buildings from driving shots.[100]

To film at the Pussycat Theater, production designer Barbara Ling and her team covered the building's LED signage and reattached the theater's iconic logo, rebuilding the letters and neon. Ling said the lettering on every marquee in the film is historically accurate. To restore Larry Edmund's Bookshop, she reproduced the original storefront sign and tracked down period-appropriate merchandise, even recreating book covers. For the Bruin and Fox Village theaters Ling's team restored the theaters, their marquees, and the storefronts around them. Stan's Donuts, across the street from the Bruin, got a complete makeover.[98]

There was a lengthy negotiation period to secure permission to film at the Playboy Mansion.

The Playboy Mansion scene was shot at the actual mansion.[101][102][103] Tarantino was adamant about filming at that location, but it took a long time to obtain permission since by the time of pre-production the mansion had been sold to a private owner following Hugh Hefner's death. Tarantino and Ling met with the new owner to discuss the parts of the property which they wanted to use, but he was reluctant since the property was in the middle of a renovation. After long negotiations he agreed, and Ling was able to dress the vacant mansion, front courtyard, and backyard for the party scene, evoking as much of the 1960s appearance of the mansion as possible.[101]

The scenes involving the Tate-Polanski house were not filmed at Cielo Drive, the winding street where the 3,200 square-foot house once stood. The original house was razed in 1994 and replaced with a mansion nearly six-times the size. Scenes involving the Tate-Polanski house were filmed at three different locations around Los Angeles: one for the interior scenes, one for the scenes showing the exterior of the old house, and a Universal City location for the many scenes depicting the iconic cul-de-sac driveway.[104]

For Bounty Law, Ling went for a dusty, dirty, early Deadwood look. Movie poster artist Steven Chorney created the poster for the film, as a reference to The Mod Squad.[102] He also created the posters for Nebraska Jim, Operation Dyn-O-Mite, Uccidimi Subito Ringo Disse il Gringo, Hell-Fire Texas, and Comanche Uprising, which was reprinted for Dalton's home parking spot.[102]Mad magazine caricaturist Tom Richmond created the covers of Mad and TV Guide featuring Dalton's Jake Cahill.[103] Spahn Ranch was recreated in detail over about a three-month period.[101]

Tarantino told cinematographer Robert Richardson, "I want [it] to feel retro but I want [it] to be contemporary." Richardson shot in Kodak 35mm with Panavision cameras and lenses, in order to weave time periods. For Bounty Law they shot in black and white, and brief sequences in Super 8 and 16mm Ektachrome. In the film, Lancer was shot on a retrofitted Western Street backlot at Universal Studios, designed by Ling. Richardson crossed Lancer with Alias Smith and Jones for the retro-future look Tarantino wanted. The way they filmed Lancer was not possible in 1969, but Tarantino wanted his personal touch on it. Richardson said that filming the movie touched him personally, "The film speaks to all of us... We are all fragile beings with a limited time to achieve whatever it is we desire... that at any moment that place will shift... So take stock in life and have the courage to believe in yourself."[101][105] To improve the use of practical effects, actor Leonardo DiCaprio was allowed to light actual stunt coordinators on fire while shooting scenes with a flamethrower.[106]

The exterior of the Van Nuys Drive-in Theater scene was filmed at the Paramount Drive-in Theater since the Van Nuys Drive-in Theater no longer exists.[107] As the camera rises up over the theater, the shot transitions to a miniature set with toy cars.[108] For some of the driving scenes, Los Angeles freeways were shut down for hours in order to fill them with vintage cars.[109]

Music

Soundtrack

Once Upon a Time in Hollywood (soundtrack)
Soundtrack album by
Various Artists
Released2019
GenreRock and roll
Length1:07:19
LabelColumbia Records
Quentin Tarantino film soundtrack chronology
The Hateful Eight
(2015)
Once Upon a Time in Hollywood (soundtrack)
(2019)
Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
Allmusic4/5 stars[110]
Pitchfork7.7/10[111]

Once Upon a Time in Hollywood is also the name of the soundtrack. Pitchfork said the music was "a highlight" and an "oft-disquieting mixtape of golden-age rock n' roll, radio DJ patter, and period-specific commercials."[111][112]

Track listing

No.TitleArtist(s)Length
1."Treat Her Right"Roy Head and the Traits2:04
2."Ramblin' Gamblin' Man"Bob Seger System2:22
3."Hush"Deep Purple4:08
4."Mug Root Beer advertisement"János Kardos-Horváth0:08
5."Hector"The Village Callers2:31
6."Son of a Lovin' Man"Buchanan Brothers2:56
7."Paxton Quigley's Had the Course"Chad & Jeremy3:17
8."Tanya Tanning Butter Advertisement"Bristol-Myers1:06
9."Good Thing"Paul Revere & the Raiders3:02
10."Hungry"Paul Revere & the Raiders2:53
11."Choo Choo Train"The Box Tops2:50
12."Jenny Take a Ride"Mitch Ryder & the Detroit Wheels3:36
13."Kentucky Woman"Deep Purple4:44
14."The Circle Game"Buffy Sainte-Marie3:00
15."Mrs. Robinson"Simon & Garfunkel3:36
16."Numero Uno Colgne Advertisement"Profumi di Capri0:49
17."Bring a Little Lovin'"Los Bravos2:17
18."Suddenly/Heaven Sent Advertisement"Harold E. Weed/Dana Classic Fragrances0:59
19."Vagabond High School Reunion"János Kardos-Horváth0:20
20."KHJ Los Angeles Weather Report"János Kardos-Horváth0:10
21."The Illustrated Man Advertisement/Ready For Action"Syd Dale0:29
22."Hey Little Girl"Dee Clark2:15
23."Summer Blonde Advertisement"Coty Inc.1:15
24."Brother Love's Traveling Salvation Show"Neil Diamond3.27
25."Don't Chase Me Around"Robert Corff1:45
26."Mr. Sun, Mr. Moon"(feat. Mark Lindsay) Paul Revere & the Raiders2:45
27."California Dreamin'"José Feliciano4:09
28."Dinamite Jim (English version)"I Cantori Moderni di Alessandroni2:27
29."You Keep Me Hangin' On"Vanilla Fudge5:00
30."Miss Lily Langtry"Maurice Jarre3:13
31."KHJ Batman Promotion"Adam West and Burt Ward1:06

Charts

Chart (2019) Peak
position
Australian Albums (ARIA)[113] 14
Austrian Albums (Ö3 Austria)[114] 18
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Flanders)[115] 17
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Wallonia)[116] 98
Czech Albums (?NS IFPI)[117] 35
Dutch Albums (Album Top 100)[118] 68
French Albums (SNEP)[119] 49
German Albums (Offizielle Top 100)[120] 18
Hungarian Albums (MAHASZ)[121] 35
Polish Albums (ZPAV)[122] 13
Spanish Albums (PROMUSICAE)[123] 15
Swiss Albums (Schweizer Hitparade)[124] 16

Additional music

Other songs in the film include "The Letter" by Joe Cocker, "Summertime" by Billy Stewart, "Victorville Blues" by The Harley Hatcher Combo, "Ready for Action" by Syd Dale, "Funky Fanfare" by Keith Mansfield, "The House That Jack Built" by Aretha Franklin, "Time for Livin'" by The Association, "I Can't Turn You Loose" by Otis Redding, "Soul Serenade" by Willie Mitchell, "Out of Time" by the Rolling Stones, "Twelve Thirty (Young Girls Are Coming to the Canyon)" by the Mamas and the Papas, "Snoopy vs. the Red Baron" by The Royal Guardsmen, "Straight Shooter" by the Mamas and the Papas, also performed by Samantha Robinson as Abigail Folger, and "The Green Door" performed by Leonardo DiCaprio as Rick Dalton.[125][126]

Music by Bernard Herrmann created for Torn Curtain is used in the Spahn Ranch scene.[127] Herrman's music from that film included in Once Upon a Time in Hollywood is "The Killing", and "The Radiogram". Other music of his used is "The Rocks", and "The Return" (from Have Gun Will Travel). Also used are the themes from Hell River by Vojislav Borisavljevic, Against a Crooked Sky by Alexis de Azevedo, Apocalypse Joe by Bruno Nicolai, and Mannix by Lalo Schifrin. Also, "Paxton Quigley's Had the Course" (from Three in the Attic), "The Bed" by Ennio Morricone (from Danger: Diabolik), "Ecce Homo" (from Sartana Does Not Forgive) and "Mexican Western" (from Any Gun Can Play) by Francesco De Masi, "Cooler" by Elmer Bernstein (from The Great Escape), "Freya Bangs", "Freya", "Karate Dance", and "TV Screen" (from The Wrecking Crew), "Theme from It's Happening" by Paul Revere & the Raiders, "Dalton Gang Ride Entrance" performed by Tom Slocum, John Bird, and the Cattle Annie Band (from Cattle Annie and Little Britches), the "Batman Theme" (from Batman), the "FBI Theme and Score Cues" (from The F.B.I.), and "Miss Lilly Langtry" and "Judge Roy Bean's Theme" by Maurice Jarre (from The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean).[126]

Release

Tarantino and Robbie at the 2019 Cannes Film Festival for the premiere of the film.

Once Upon a Time in Hollywood premiered at the Cannes Film Festival on May 21, 2019.[128][129] It was released theatrically in the United States on July 26, 2019 by Sony Pictures Releasing under its Columbia Pictures label.[130] The film was originally scheduled for release on August 9 to coincide with the 50th anniversary of the Tate-LaBianca murders.[131]

A teaser trailer was released on March 20, 2019, featuring 1960s music by the Mamas and the Papas ("Straight Shooter") and by Los Bravos ("Bring a Little Lovin'").[132] The official trailer was released on May 21, 2019 featuring the songs "Good Thing" by Paul Revere & the Raiders, and "Brother Love's Travelling Salvation Show" by Neil Diamond.[133] The studio spent around $110 million marketing the film.[3]

An extended cut of the film featuring four additional scenes was released in theaters on October 25, 2019.[134] The new cut included an appearance by James Marsden as Burt Reynolds and a voice over by Walton Goggins.[135][136]

Home media

The film was released through digital retailers on November 22, 2019, and on Blu-ray, 4K Ultra HD, and DVD on December 10. The 4K version is available as a regular version and collector's edition.[137] In April 2020 Media Play News magazine announced Once Upon a Time in Hollywood earned Title of the Year and Best Theatrical Home release in the 10th annual Home Media Awards.[138] Both the DVD and Blu-ray contain a deleted scene, in which Charles Manson confronts Paul Barabuta, portrayed by Danny Strong, the homeowner and caretaker of the Tate-Polanski residence. Barabuta is based on the home's owner, Rudolph Altobelli and caretaker, William Garretson.[48][139]

Reception

Box office

Once Upon a Time in Hollywood grossed $142.5 million in the United States and Canada, and $231.8 million in other territories, for a worldwide total of $374.3 million.[4] By some estimates, the film needed to gross around $250 million worldwide in order to break-even,[140] with others estimating it would need to make $400 million in order to turn a profit.[141]

In the United States and Canada, the film was projected to gross $30-40 million from 3,659 theaters in its opening weekend, with some projections having it as high as $50 million or as low as $25 million.[142][143] The week of its release, Fandango reported the film was the highest pre-seller of any Tarantino film.[144] The film made $16.9 million on its first day, including $5.8 million from Thursday night previews (the highest total of Tarantino's career). It went on to debut to $41.1 million, finishing second behind holdover The Lion King and marking Tarantino's largest opening. Comscore reported that 47% of audience members went to see the film because of who the director was (compared to the typical 7%) and 37% went because of the cast (compared to normally 18%).[3] The film grossed $20 million in its second weekend, representing a "nice" drop of just 51% and finishing third, and then made $11.6 million and $7.6 million the subsequent weekends.[145][146][147] In its fifth weekend the film made $5 million, bringing its running domestic total to $123.1 million, becoming the second-highest of Tarantino's career behind Django Unchained.[148] In its ninth weekend, its global total earnings reached $329.4 million, surpassing Inglourious Basterds to become Tarantino's second-highest global grosser behind Django Unchained.[149]

Critical response

Brad Pitt's performance received critical praise, winning him the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor.

On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 85% based on 559 reviews, with an average rating of 7.80/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Thrillingly unrestrained yet solidly crafted, Once Upon a Time in Hollywood tempers Tarantino's provocative impulses with the clarity of a mature filmmaker's vision."[150]Metacritic assigned the film a weighted average score of 83 out of 100, based on 62 critics, indicating "universal acclaim."[151] Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave it an average grade of "B" on an A+ to F scale, while those at PostTrak gave it an average of 4 out of 5 stars and a 58% "definite recommend."[3]

The Hollywood Reporter said critics had "an overall positive view," with some calling it "Tarantino's love letter to '60s L.A.," praising its cast and setting, while others were "divided on its ending."[152] ReelViews' James Berardinelli awarded the film 3.5 stars out of 4, saying it was "made by a movie-lover for movie-lovers. And even those who don't qualify may still enjoy the hell out of it."[153]RogerEbert.com's Brian Tallerico gave it four out of four stars, calling it "layered and ambitious, the product of a confident filmmaker working with collaborators completely in tune with his vision".[154] The Chicago Sun-Times, Richard Roeper described it as "a brilliant and sometimes outrageously fantastic mash-up of real-life events and characters with pure fiction," giving it full marks.[155] Writing for Variety, Owen Gleiberman called it a "heady engrossing collage of a film--but not, in the end, a masterpiece."[156]

Peter Bradshaw of The Guardian gave it five out of five stars, praising Pitt and DiCaprio's performances and calling it "Tarantino's dazzling LA redemption song."[157] Steve Pond of TheWrap said: "Big, brash, ridiculous, too long, and in the end invigorating, the film is a grand playground for its director to fetishize old pop culture and bring his gleeful perversity to the craft of moviemaking."[158]Peter Travers of Rolling Stone awarded the film 4.5 out of 5 stars, remarking that "All the actors, in roles large and small, bring their A games to the film. Two hours and 40 minutes can feel long for some. I wouldn't change a frame."[159]

Katie Rife of The A.V. Club gave it a B+, calling it Tarantino's "wistful midlife crisis movie."[160]Richard Brody of The New Yorker called it an "obscenely regressive vision of the sixties" that "celebrates white-male stardom (and behind-the-scenes command) at the expense of everyone else."[161] In Little White Lies, Christopher Hooton described it as "occasionally tedious" but "constantly awe-inspiring," noting it did not seem to be a "love letter to Hollywood" but an "obituary for a moment in culture that looks unlikely to ever be resurrected."[162]

The film also garnered moral and theological praise. A Los Angeles Catholic bishop, Robert Barron, praised the character of Cliff Booth as embodying the four cardinal virtues,[163] while the theologian David Bentley Hart wrote that the film "exhibit[s] a genuine ethical pathos, one that actually brought tears to my eyes" for its portrayal of "cosmic justice." Specifically, Hart praised the revisionism when "Tarantino's version of the story unexpectedly veered away into some other, dreamlike, better world, where the monsters inadvertently passed through the wrong door and met the end they deserved" that "gave glorious expression to a perfectly righteous rage" in "some other order of reality, if only an imaginary one, where ethereal sweetness had survived and horror had perished."[164]

Accolades

The film premiered at the 2019 Cannes Film Festival where it won the Palm Dog Award and was nominated for the Palme d'Or.[165][166] The film received 10 nominations at the 92nd Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Actor, Best Supporting Actor, and Best Director.[167] It received five nominations at the 77th Golden Globe Awards, winning for Best Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy, Best Screenplay for Quentin Tarantino, and Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture for Brad Pitt.[168][169] It received twelve nominations at the 25th Critics' Choice Awards, including Best Picture, Best Director for Tarantino, Best Actor for Leonardo DiCaprio, and Best Supporting Actor for Pitt.[170] DiCaprio and Pitt also received nominations at the 26th Screen Actors Guild Awards where it was also nominated for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture and Outstanding Performance by a Stunt Ensemble in a Motion Picture.[171] The National Board of Review included the film as one of the top 10 films of the year and awarded Tarantino Best Director and Pitt Best Supporting Actor.[172] The American Film Institute included it as one of the top 10 films of 2019.[173]

Future

On August 5, 2019, it was reported that a 4-hour cut of the film may be coming to Netflix.[174] On January 3, 2020, Collider confirmed the statement in an interview with Quentin Tarantino, revealing the extended-cut of Once Upon a Time in Hollywood would probably be available in approximately one year.[175]

Tarantino has expressed interest in creating a Bounty Law television series based on five half-hour scripts he wrote in preparation for the film. If so, he plans on writing three more episodes,[45] hoping to cast Leonardo DiCaprio as Jake Cahill, the lead.[176] The series would be shot in black and white and follow the half-hour format of Western television shows from the 1950s.[177] Scenes from the episodes already written appear in Once Upon a Time in Hollywood. Tarantino plans on directing all episodes of the series.[178]

In November 2020, Tarantino signed a two-book deal with HarperCollins. The first book he will write is a novelization of Once Upon a Time in Hollywood. It is scheduled for release in summer 2021.[179]

Pop culture references

The title is a reference to director Sergio Leone's second western/American trilogy, Once Upon a Time in the West, Once Upon a Time... the Revolution (which producers insisted on retitling Duck, You Sucker! ), and Once Upon a Time in America.[180]

Archive footage from many films is included in Once Upon a Time in Hollywood, including C.C. and Company, Lady in Cement, Three in the Attic, and The Wrecking Crew, in which Sharon Tate appears as Freya Carlson. Three scenes were digitally altered, replacing the original actors with Rick Dalton. One from an episode of The F.B.I., entitled "All the Streets Are Silent," in which Dalton appears as a character originally portrayed by Burt Reynolds. Another from Death on the Run, with Dalton's face imposed over Ty Hardin's. The third is from The Great Escape, with Dalton appearing as Virgil Hilts, the role made famous by Steve McQueen.[180][181][182] For The 14 Fists of McCluskey, a WWII film within the film starring Dalton, footage and music from Hell River is used.[183]

The 1959 Ford Galaxie driven by the Manson Family is a detailed replica of the car used in the Tate-LaBianca murders. Car coordinator Steven Butcher found the actual car, but after a meeting with Tarantino, they decided using it would be "too creepy."[184]

Mark Lindsay, lead singer of Paul Revere & the Raiders, whose music is featured in the film, once lived at 10050 Cielo Drive, the address of the Tate murders. On the poster of Dalton's film Red Blood Red Skin, inspired by Land Raiders, he appears with Telly Savalas. The posters for the two films are the same, except with Dalton replacing George Maharis. The movie Voytek Frykowski is watching is Teenage Monster, presented by horror host Seymour.[181][185]

Connections to other Tarantino films

Cliff Booth is a reference to Brad Pitt's character in Inglourious Basterds, Aldo Raine, who takes the cover of a stuntman.[180] When Dalton and Booth get back from Italy they walk by the blue mosaic wall in LAX, the same wall that the title character in Tarantino's Jackie Brown (Pam Grier) moves past in the opening credits of that film.[186]

In the film, Bruce Lee engages in a fight with Cliff Booth on the set of The Green Hornet.[186][187] The Green Hornet theme song is featured in Tarantino's Kill Bill: Volume 1.[186] The masks worn by the Crazy 88 gang in that film are the same as Lee's mask as Kato in The Green Hornet.[188] The car Booth drives is a 1964 blue Volkswagen Karmann Ghia convertible. It is the same year, color, make and model of the car that Beatrix "the Bride" Kiddo (Uma Thurman) drives in Kill Bill: Volume 2.[189] Similarly, Rick Dalton's 1966 Cadillac de Ville is the same exact car driven by Mr. Blonde (Michael Madsen) in Reservoir Dogs. It is owned by Madsen.[184]

Real life director Antonio Margheriti is mentioned in the film. His name was also used as an alias for Eli Roth's character in Tarantino's Inglourious Basterds. The final scene features Rick Dalton in a commercial for fictional Red Apple cigarettes, which appear in many Tarantino films.[190][180][182][189]

Historical accuracy

In a scene, Sharon Tate goes into Larry Edmunds Bookshop and purchases a copy of Tess of the d'Urbervilles. In real life, Tate gave a copy to Roman Polanski shortly before her death. Years later, Polanski directed the film adaptation, Tess, dedicating it to Tate. Dalton mentions he owns his house on advice from "Eddie O'Brien." Tate and Polanski's Yorkie Terrier in the film is named "Dr. Sapirstein," as was Tate's Yorkie in real life, named after the doctor portrayed by Ralph Bellamy in Rosemary's Baby. The carrier she puts the dog in is the one that Tate actually owned. The outfit Margot Robbie wears in the Bruin Theater scene is the one Tate wore in Eye of the Devil.[189]

The Fox Bruin Theater, which appears in one of the film's key scenes, inspired by a real life experience of the film's director Quentin Tarantino.

In the film, Tate goes to see The Wrecking Crew at the Bruin Theater. She convinces the theater's employees that she stars in the movie after they fail to recognize her. Tarantino stated the idea came to him from an experience he had. When True Romance was released, he saw it at the same theater, where he eventually convinced its employees that he wrote the script.[109]

On the set of Batman, for a crossover episode with The Green Hornet, a fight was scripted with Kato (Bruce Lee) losing to Robin (Burt Ward). When Lee received the script, he refused to do it, so it was changed to a draw. When the cameras rolled, Lee stalked Ward until Ward backed away. Lee laughed and told him he was "lucky it is a TV show."[191] In the film, Cliff Booth fights Lee on the set of The Green Hornet; the fight ends in a draw. Booth refers to Lee as "Kato."[187]

According to Rudolph Altobelli, who rented the house to Polanski and Tate, in March 1969, Charles Manson showed up looking for Terry Melcher. Polanski's friend Shahrokh Hatami also said he saw Manson enter the grounds. Hatami approached Manson, asking him what he wanted. He told Hatami he was looking for Melcher. Hatami responded the house was the Polanski residence and perhaps Melcher lived in the guest house. Altobelli told Manson that Melcher no longer lived there.[192] This happens in the film, with Sebring in place of Altobelli and Hatami.[193]

On the night of August 8, 1969, Patricia Krenwinkel, Charles Watson, and Susan Atkins broke into Polanski's and Tate's house, leading to the murders of Tate (eight-and-a-half months pregnant), Sebring, Wojciech Frykowski, and Abigail Folger. In the film, they go to Tate's house to commit the murders but instead end up breaking into Dalton's house after he interrupts them.[52] Linda Kasabian went along that night as she was the only Family member with a valid driver's license, though she did not murder anyone and stayed outside the whole time. In the film, she also goes along but does not participate.[52] Watson told his victims, "I'm the Devil, and I came to do the Devil's business." In the film, he says it to Cliff Booth.[194] In the film, Atkins convinces the others to seek revenge by killing Rick Dalton, star of a TV western. Since TV taught them to kill, it is fitting they kill the guy from TV, and "My idea is to kill the people who taught us to kill!"[195][196] In real life, Manson Family member Nancy Pitman said: "We are what you have made us. We were brought up on your TV. We were brought up watching Gunsmoke and Have Gun - Will Travel."[197]Sandra Good said: "You want to talk about devils and demonic and immorals and evil, go to Hollywood. We don't touch the evil of that world. We don't even skim it."[198]

The next night, the same four, along with Leslie Van Houten, Manson, and Steve Grogan, drove to Leno and Rosemary LaBianca's house, murdering the couple. Afterwards, Manson directed Kasabian to drive to an apartment complex to commit more murders. Once there, Manson left in the car alone, leaving the others to hitchhike back to Spahn Ranch. In the film, it is Kasabian who drives off, deserting others.[199] Watson says they can hitchhike back.[52] Grogan was convicted of the murder of stuntman Donald "Shorty" Shea on Spahn Ranch, whom he repeatedly beat with a lead pipe. In the film, Grogan is instead beaten by stuntman Cliff Booth.[52]

Boeing 747s are used in several airliner scenes, but they were not in commercial use until 1970 even though the film is set a year earlier in 1969.[200]

The Manson Family in Hollywood

Charles Manson once approached Steve McQueen outside of his Solar Productions office in San Francisco with a script he wrote, in hopes of getting him to produce it. When McQueen turned him down, an altercation happened, in which McQueen broke Manson's nose.[201] On the night of the Tate murders, Jay Sebring invited McQueen over to Tate's house; however, his date wanted to stay in.[202] After the murders, it was reported that police found a Manson Family hit list with McQueen's name listed amongst others such as Tom Jones and Frank Sinatra.[203]

Bobby Beausoleil was a musician, actor, and porn star. He appeared in the documentary film Mondo Hollywood, also featuring Sebring. Catherine Share met Beausoleil on the set of the softcore porn film Ramrodder. Beausoleil introduced Share to Manson.[204]Susan Atkins met Manson in San Francisco, where she had worked as an actress, portraying a vampire on Anton LaVey's Witches Sabbath Club Show.[205] LaVey appeared with Beausoleil in Lucifer Rising,[206] and claimed to have been a consultant on, as well as appearing as the Devil in Polanski's Rosemary's Baby.[207][208]

Portrayals of real-life figures

Bruce Lee

Bruce Lee, portrayed in the film by Mike Moh. Moh's portrayal was criticized by some for being offensive and inaccurate.

The film's depiction of Bruce Lee drew criticism. Fans and contemporaries of Lee criticized the portrayal, with Lee's daughter Shannon describing the depiction as "an arrogant asshole who was full of hot air".[209][210]Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, with whom Lee trained and appeared in Game of Death, stated: "Of course, Tarantino has the artistic right to portray Bruce any way he wants. But to do so in such a sloppy and somewhat racist way is a failure both as an artist and as a human being."[211]

Mike Moh, who played Lee, said he was conflicted at first: "Bruce in my mind was literally a god. ... Bruce didn't always have the most affection for stuntmen; he didn't respect all of them."[212] He stated, "Tarantino loves Bruce Lee; he reveres him."[213] Brad Pitt objected to an extended version of the fight, stating, "It's Bruce Lee, man!" according to stunt coordinator Robert Alonzo.[214][215] According to Lee's friend and The Green Hornet stuntman Gene LeBell, Lee had a reputation for "kicking the shit out of the stuntmen. They couldn't convince him that he could go easy and it would still look great on film."[24] Lee biographer Matthew Polly stated, "Bruce was very famous for being very considerate of the people below him on film sets, particularly the stuntmen... So in this scene, Bruce Lee is essentially calling out a stuntman and getting him fired because he's the big star."[187]

Tarantino responded, saying Lee was "kind of an arrogant guy," and that Lee's widow Linda wrote in Bruce Lee: The Man Only I Knew that he could beat Muhammad Ali.[210] She wrote, "Even the most scathing critics admitted that Bruce's Gungfu was sensational. One critic wrote, 'Those who watched him would bet on Lee to render Cassius Clay (Ali) senseless if they were put in a room and told anything goes.'"[216][217] In 1972, Lee himself stated: "Everybody says I must fight Ali some day. ... Look at my hand. That's a little Chinese hand. He'd kill me."[218]

Sharon Tate

Tarantino gave an early script to a representative of Roman Polanski, Tate's husband, to assure him that "he didn't have anything to worry about". Tarantino stated: "When it comes to Polanski, we're talking about a tragedy that would be unfathomable for most human beings."[219]

Debra Tate, Sharon's sister, initially opposed the film, saying it was exploitative and perpetuated mistruths: "To celebrate the killers and the darkest portion of society as being sexy or acceptable in any way, shape or form is just perpetuating the worst of our society." After Tarantino contacted her and showed her the script, she withdrew opposition, saying: "This movie is not what people would expect it to be when you combine the Tarantino and Manson names." She felt that Tarantino was a "very stand-up guy"; after visiting the set, she was especially impressed with Margot Robbie, who played her sister, and lent her some of Sharon's jewelry and perfume to wear in the film.[220]

After the premiere, a journalist mentioned to Tarantino that Robbie had few lines. Tarantino responded, "I reject your hypothesis." Robbie elaborated, "I think the moments on screen show those wonderful sides of [Tate] could be adequately done without speaking."[221][222] Tarantino stated, "I thought it would both be touching and pleasurable and also sad and melancholy to just spend a little time with [Tate], just existing... I wanted you to see Sharon a lot."[45]

The Manson Family

Charles Manson was convicted of the murders of Tate and four others, despite not being present, due mostly to a theory presented by prosecutor Vincent Bugliosi that Manson was trying to instigate an apocalyptic race war, leaving only Black Muslims and the Family. According to the theory, the Black Muslims would eventually look to Manson and the Family to lead them. According to members of the Family, Manson referred to the race war as Helter Skelter, getting the name from the song of the same name.[52][223] Musician and filmmaker Boots Riley criticized Tarantino's film for not portraying Bugliosi's Helter Skelter narrative, or depicting the Family as white supremacists.[224]

According to numerous members of The Family, the Tate-Labianca murders were not perpetrated in order to start Helter Skelter, but as copycat murders mirroring that of Gary Hinman, in an attempt to convince police the killer was still at large. Bobby Beausoleil was in jail, charged with Hinman's murder. The Family attempted to get him released.[225] According to Jay Sebring's protege and business partner Jim Markham, the murders were instigated by a drug deal gone bad, not a race war. He believed Manson was at Tate's house the day before the murders to sell drugs to Sebring and Voytek Frykowski, which resulted in the two beating Manson up.[226] In his interview with Truman Capote, Beausoleil said, "They burned people on dope deals. Sharon Tate and that gang."[227]

Notes

  1. ^ Stylized onscreen as Once Upon a Time... in Hollywood and in promotional materials as Once Upon a Time in... Hollywood

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