Orchard, Iowa, 2008
Location of Orchard, Iowa
|o Total||0.09 sq mi (0.23 km2)|
|o Land||0.09 sq mi (0.23 km2)|
|o Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,102 ft (336 m)|
| o Estimate |
|o Density||789/sq mi (304.6/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0459886|
The ghost town of Lithograph City, about 2 miles southwest of Orchard, was founded in the early 1900s adjacent to quarries that produced lithographic limestone. Production in these quarries peaked during World War I when access to German lithographic limestone was cut off. In 1915, Lithograph City had 15 houses, a hotel, a dance hall and a museum. After the war, use of stone blocks in lithography declined, the city was renamed Devonia, and by 1938, no trace of the town remained.
Orchard is located at (43.226995, -92.774567).
As of the census of 2010, there were 71 people, 30 households, and 18 families residing in the city. The population density was 788.9 inhabitants per square mile (304.6/km2). There were 33 housing units at an average density of 366.7 per square mile (141.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.8% White, 1.4% African American, and 2.8% Native American.
There were 30 households of which 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.0% were non-families. 23.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.94.
The median age in the city was 42.2 years. 21.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.9% were from 25 to 44; 29.6% were from 45 to 64; and 15.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.7% male and 49.3% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 88 people, 33 households, and 23 families residing in the city. The population density was 994.7 people per square mile (377.5/km²). There were 35 housing units at an average density of 395.6 per square mile (150.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 100.00% White.
There were 33 households out of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.6% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.3% were non-families. 21.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the city, the population was spread out with 29.5% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 15.9% from 45 to 64, and 19.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $19,583, and the median income for a family was $21,250. Males had a median income of $32,500 versus $22,083 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,148. There were 22.2% of families and 25.3% of the population living below the poverty line, including 25.0% of under eighteens and 38.1% of those over 64.