Order of Carol I
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Order of Carol I
Order of Carol I
Ordinul Carol I
Order of Carol I grand cross badge (Romania 1920-1930) - Tallinn Museum of Orders.jpg
Badge and sash of the order
Awarded by the King of Romania
TypeDynastic Order
Royal houseHouse of Romania
Religious affiliationRomanian Orthodox
RibbonPale blue with gold edges bearing a narrow red stripe
MottoPRIN STATORNICIE LA IZBÂND?
("To Victory Through Steadiness")
Awarded forConspicuous and special merit
StatusCurrently constituted
GradesCollar, Grand Cross, Grand Officer, Commander
Precedence
Next (higher)None (highest)
Next (lower)Order of the Crown
OrderofCarolI.ribbon.gif
Ribbon of the order

The Order of Carol I (Romanian: Ordinul Carol I) was the highest ranking of the Romanian honours of the Kingdom of Romania until the abolition of the monarchy in 1947. It was instituted on 10 May 1906[1] by King Carol I to celebrate the Ruby Jubilee of 40 years of his reign.

During its time as a national order, it was widely used to reward members of the Romanian royal family, Romanian Prime Ministers, Romanian politicians, foreign monarchs and heads of state, selected consorts and heirs, and other people thought to be worthy of receiving the order by the King of Romania.

It is currently a dynastic order of the former Romanian royal family. It is the highest-ranking award among all the decorations of the Romanian Royal House and is administered by its head. There are currently no foreign knights or dames of the order, except for members of the Romanian royal family.

Classes

The order has only the superior classes, each of them with limited numbers:[2]

  • Collar (limited to 10)
  • Grand Cross (limited to 20)
  • Grand Officer (limited to 30)
  • Commander (limited to 40)

Insignia

Collar

The Collar is in Gold and consists of 8 links of the emblems of the Danubian Principalities of The: Principality of Wallachia, Principality of Moldavia, Principality of Oltenia and Principality of Dobruja, 4 emblems on either side of the collar with 2 of the emblems of the House of Hohenzollern between each two Principalities; between each emblem is the monogram of King Carol I. At the back of the collar is the lock which is an Eagle with open wings which suspends in half to wear. At the front of the collar is the Steel Crown of Romania which the badge of the order suspends from.

Badge

  • The Badge is the Romanian Eagle on top of a square Gold sunray on top of a Red Maltese cross. The Eagle wears the Crown of Romania, holds the Orthodox cross in its beak, holds the Sword of King Carol I in its left claw, holds the Royal Mantle in its right claw and supports the ribbon inscribed "PRIN STATORNICIE LA IZBÂND?" by both its claws whilst on its chest is a small Gold effigy of King Carol I.[3]

On the obverse is the Red Maltese cross on top of the Gold sunray, in the middle of the Maltese Cross is a small Gold monogram of King Carol I.

  • The Badge is featured on: The Collar, The Sash, The Medal and The Necklet.

Stars

There are two types of stars of the order: 1st which is for the Grand Cross with Collar/Grand Cross and the 2nd which is for the Grand Officer; both are to worn on the left stomach.

  • The 1st Star is in Gold which is 8-pointed, set in sunray's and is similar in shape of the Swedish Royal Order of the Seraphim; the Eagle which is on the Badge is on top of the star and set in Silver.
  • The 2nd Star is also in Gold and also in sunray's, it is set in a Rhombus shape and is similar in shape of the Dutch Order of the Crown; the Eagle which is on the Badge is on top of the star and set in Gold.

Sash

The Sash is pale Blue with Gold edges bearing a narrow Red stripe; at the bottom of the sash is a bow which joins both sides together and where the badge hangs from; It is worn from the right shoulder.[4]

Recipients

Grand Cross with Collar

Romanian royal family
Romania
Foreign

Grand Cross

Romanian Royal Family
Romania
Foreign

Grand Officer

Romanian Royal Family
Romania

See also

References

  1. ^ "ODM of Romania: Order of Carol I". medals.org.uk. Retrieved .
  2. ^ "Cancelaria Ordinelor". canord.presidency.ro. Retrieved .
  3. ^ "Image: Order_of_Carol_I.jpg". commons.m.wikimedia.org. Retrieved .
  4. ^ "Image: Order-of-Carol-I-2.jpg, (402 × 455 px)". paulfrasercollectibles.com. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved .
  5. ^ "Carol, the first King of Romania". robinsonlibrary.com. Retrieved .
  6. ^ Familia Regala
  7. ^ "Regina Maria catre printul Carol si capetele incoronate au slabiciuni | Romania Libera". romanialibera.ro. Retrieved .
  8. ^ "National Portrait Gallery - Large Image - NPG x121560; Prince Nicholas of Romania". npg.org.uk. Retrieved .
  9. ^ a b c d e f , Current Recipients of the order
  10. ^ "Demnitari în cortegiul funerar | Fototeca Ortodoxiei Române?ti". fototecaortodoxiei.ro. Archived from the original on 2015-09-10. Retrieved .
  11. ^ "Antique Photos - Antique Photos". antique-photos.com. Retrieved .
  12. ^ "Passenger List, White Star Line, Republic, 14 August 1907". gjenvick.com. Retrieved .
  13. ^ "The Royal House of Norway - The Decorations of King Haakon". royalcourt.no. Retrieved .
  14. ^ "Banca Na?ional? a României - Theodor Rosetti". bnr.ro. Retrieved .
  15. ^ "Duke Georg Alexander | House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz". mecklenburg-strelitz.org. Retrieved .
  16. ^ "Umberto II : Who, What, Where, When". servinghistory.com. Retrieved .
  17. ^ "https://www.ww2incolor.com/d/409882-4/1_002". ww2incolor.com. Retrieved . External link in |title= (help)
  18. ^ Acovi?, Dragomir (2012). Slava i ?ast: Odlikovanja me?u Srbima, Srbi me?u odlikovanjima. Belgrade: Slu?beni Glasnik. p. 153.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  19. ^ "A patra zi a Jubileului 90 | Familia Regal? a României / Royal Family of Romania". romaniaregala.ro. Retrieved .

External links


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