|Order of the Rue Crown|
Hausorden der Rautenkrone
Cross of the order, obverse and reverse
|Type||State Order (formerly)|
House Order (currently)
|Country||Kingdom of Saxony|
|Royal house||House of Wettin|
|Awarded for||civil merit and service to the Royal House|
|Grand Master||Alexander, Margrave of Meissen|
|Next (lower)||Military Order of St. Henry|
Ribbon of the Order
The Order of the Rue Crown (German: Hausorden der Rautenkrone) or Order of the Crown of Saxony is a dynastic order of knighthood of the Kingdom of Saxony. The order takes its name from the green floral crown of rue (crancelin) found in the coat of arms of Saxony. It occupies the highest rank of the former Saxonian honour system.
The order was created to be the civil counterpart to the Military Order of St. Henry, the only order previously at the disposal of the new king. It was established in 1807 by Frederick Augustus I, the first King of Saxony. The order was originally limited to 24 knights, but exceptions were made for members of ruling houses and those whose membership in the order would add to its prestige.
The Order of the Rue Crown was presented in a single grade, Knight. Twice, the order was granted in a special grade with diamonds, to Portuguese Prime Minister Dom Nuno José de Moura Barreto, Duke of Loulé in 1859 and Chancellor Otto von Bismarck in 1885. From its founding to the fall of the Kingdom of Saxony in 1918, the order was presented 332 times.
The badge of the order is a gold Maltese cross, enameled in green with a white border. The white center medallion features the crowned monogram of Frederick Augustus I of Saxony, encircled by a green crown of rue. Between the arms of the cross is a golden crown of rue.
The star of the order is made of silver, and has eight points. The center of the star bears a gold medallion with the motto of the order, PROVIDENTIÆ MEMOR, inside a ring of green rue leaves.
The badge of the order is borne on a ribband of grass green, worn over the right shoulder.
The Order of the Rue Crown is the highest Order of the Kingdom of Saxony. It was founded on 20th July 1807 by Friedrich Augustus, the first king of Saxony at the Treaty of Tilsit. There is only one class, with the King or Head of the Royal House as Grand Master. The Order is only granted to the highest dignitaries with the royal princes automatically being admitted to the order at birth.