Oricon
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Oricon

Oricon Inc.
Holding company, owner of Oricon Entertainment Inc.[1]
Traded asJASDAQ4800
IndustryBroadcast of music entertainment
FoundedNovember 1967 (as Original Confidence)[1]
October 1, 1999 (as Oricon Direct Digital)[2]
June 2001 (as Oricon Global Entertainment)
July 2002[2]
HeadquartersRoppongi, Minato, Tokyo, Japan
Key people
Ko Koike: CEO
Ownersee List of Oricon's shareholders
Number of employees
198 (full-time workers, as of September 30, 2016)[3]
ParentOricon Entertainment Inc. (October 1999 - June 2001)
SubsidiariesOricon Entertainment Inc. (June 2001 - present)
WebsiteOfficial Site of Oricon Inc.
Official Site of Oricon Charts

Oricon Inc. (, Kabushiki-gaisha Orikon), established in 1999, is the holding company at the head of a Japanese corporate group that supplies statistics and information on music and the music industry in Japan. It started as Original Confidence Inc. (?, Kabushiki-gaisha Orijinaru Konfidensu), which was founded by S?k? Koike in November 1967 and became known for its music charts.[1] Oricon Inc. was originally set up as a subsidiary of Original Confidence and took over the latter's Oricon record charts in April 2002.

The charts are compiled from data drawn from some 39,700 retail outlets (as of April 2011) and provide sales rankings of music CDs, DVDs, electronic games, and other entertainment products based on weekly tabulations.[4] Results are announced every Tuesday and published in Oricon Style by subsidiary Oricon Entertainment Inc. The group also lists panel survey-based popularity ratings for television commercials on its official website.[5]

History

Original Confidence Inc., the original Oricon company, was founded by the former Snow Brand Milk Products promoter S?k? Koike in 1967. That November, the company began publishing a singles chart on an experimental:basis. Entitled S?g? Gein? Shij? Ch?sa () (it means "surveys of total entertainment markets"), this went official on January 4, 1968.

Like the preceding Japanese music charts provided by Tokushin Music Report which was started in 1962,[6] early Original Confidence was an exclusive information magazine only for the people who worked in the music industry. However, in the 1970s, Koike willingly advertised his company's charts to make its existence prevail among the Japanese public. Thanks to his intensive promotional efforts on the multiple media including television programs, the hit parade became known by its abbreviation "Oricon" by the late 1970s.

The company shortened its name to Oricon in 1992 and was split into a holding company and several subsidiaries in 1999. Since S?k? Koike's death, Oricon has been managed by the founder's relatives. In 2004, Hirakawachi 1-chome made Oricon history by reaching the 7th spot, making their debut, Enpitsu de tsukuru uta, the youngest J-pop male artists' album charted in the top 10.

Policy

Oricon monitors and reports on sales of CDs, DVDs, video games, and entertainment content in several other formats; manga and book sales were also formerly covered. Charts are published every Tuesday in Oricon Style and on Oricon's official website. Every Monday, Oricon receives data from outlets, but data on merchandise sold through certain channels does not make it into the charts. For example, the debut single of NEWS, a pop group, was released only through 7-Eleven stores, which are not covered by Oricon, and its sales were not reflected in the Oricon charts. Oricon's rankings of record sales are therefore not completely accurate. Before data was collected electronically, the charts were compiled on the basis of faxes that were sent from record shops.

Controversy

In 2006, Oricon sued journalist Hiro Ugaya when he was quoted in a Saizo (or Cyso) magazine article as suggesting that Oricon was manipulating its statistics to benefit certain management companies and labels, specifically Johnny and Associates. Ugaya condemned the lawsuit as an example of a strategic lawsuit against public participation (SLAPP) in Japan.[7]

The lawsuit, filed by Oricon on November 17, 2006, accused Ugaya of "mendacious comments" and demanded 50 million yen (318,000 euros) in damages. In the interview, Ugaya questioned the validity of Oricon's hit chart on the grounds that its statistical methods were not transparent.

Many NGOs, including Reporters Without Borders, denounced the lawsuit as a violation of free expression. A Tokyo District Court initially ordered Ugaya to pay 1 million yen (7,400 euros) in damages, but Ugaya appealed to the Tokyo high court. Oricon later dropped the charges, after a 33-month battle that laid waste to the reporter's life.[] No charge was laid against the journalist.

Oricon's decision to drop the action is extremely unusual in Japan. According to Japanese supreme court figures, only 0.1 per cent of the cases closed in 2007 were terminated as a result of the plaintiff's decision to abandon the claim.[8]

Shareholders

(as of March 31, 2012)

  • LitruPond LLC - 29.34%
  • Yoshiaki Yoshida (DHC Corp. president) - 8.94%
  • Hikari Tsushin, Inc. - 4.94%
  • Ko Koike (CEO) - 2.75%
  • Lawson, Inc. - 1.98%
  • Hidek? Koike - 1.89%
  • Naoko Koike - 1.87%
  • DHC Corp. - 1.59%
  • Yumi Koike - 1.55%

Charts

Current charts

  • Singles Chart (1967-11-02 - present)
  • Albums Chart (1987-10-05 - present)
  • Karaoke Chart (1987-12-26 - present)
  • Tracks Chart (2004-06-06 - present)
  • DVD Chart (1999-04-05 - present)
  • Long Hit Album Catalogue Chart (2001-04-02 - present)

Past charts

  • LP Chart (1970-01-05 - 1989-11-27)
  • CT Chart (1974-12-02 - 1989-11-27)
  • MD Chart (Unknown)
  • LD Chart (Unknown - 2000-02-07)
  • VHD Chart (Unknown - 1989-11-27)
  • Cartridges Chart (1974-12-02 - 1978-04-24)
  • Sell-Video Chart (1974-02-06 - 2005-05-30)
  • All-Genre Formats Ranking (1984-05-24 - 2001-04-02)
  • Game Soft Chart (1995-02-20 - 2005-11-28)
  • Comics Chart (1995-02-06 - 2001-03-26)
  • New Media Chart (January 2004 - 2005)

Artists' total sales revenue by year

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "?". Japan Association of Professional Recording Studios. Archived from the original on April 1, 2005.
  2. ^ a b "Overview of Oricon.Inc". Oricon Inc. Retrieved 2007.
  3. ^ "?". Oricon Inc. Retrieved 2017.
  4. ^ "Policy of the Oricon Weekly Charts". oricon.co.jp. Retrieved 2008.
  5. ^ "Official Site of Oricon Charts". oricon.co.jp.
  6. ^ "? - tokushin music report". Tokushin Music Report. Archived from the original on January 24, 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  7. ^ Prideaux, Eric (February 8, 2007). "Libel suit attacks free speech: defendant" – via Japan Times Online.
  8. ^ "Abandonment of the claim against a Japanese journalist - Reporters without borders". RSF.
  9. ^ a b 2010 V2. Oricon. 14 January 2011 4:00.
  10. ^ 1977. 31p.
  11. ^ 1978. 28p.
  12. ^ 1979. 30p.
  13. ^ 1980. 30p.
  14. ^ 1981. 31p.
  15. ^ 1982. 30p.
  16. ^ 1983. 27p.
  17. ^ 1984. 28p.
  18. ^ 1985. 28p.
  19. ^ 1986. 345p.
  20. ^ 1987. 379p.
  21. ^ 1988. Capital 17p.
  22. ^ 1989? ?'88. 28p.
  23. ^ 1997? ?'96. 29p.
  24. ^ 1998? ?'97. 23p.
  25. ^ a b ?35. Narinari.com. December 29, 2002.
  26. ^ 1999? ?'98. 23p.
  27. ^ 2000? ?'99. 25p.
  28. ^ a b 35? Archived February 10, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.. Musicman. December 12, 2002.
  29. ^ 2001? ?2000. 26p.
  30. ^ a b CD?2. SANSPO.COM. December 14, 2001.
  31. ^ 2002 ?. 25p.
  32. ^ 2003 ?. 62p.
  33. ^ 2004 ?. 60p.
  34. ^ 2 . . December 15, 2003.
  35. ^ 2005 ?. 76p.
  36. ^ 127?!. Oricon. 2006-12-21,14:00.
  37. ^ 2006. 77p.
  38. ^ 2005? ?. Oricon. December 19, 2005.
  39. ^ 2007. 76p.
  40. ^ 2006? ?!. Oricon. December 21, 2006.
  41. ^ 2008. 76p.
  42. ^ 2007? ?!. Oricon. December 18, 2007.
  43. ^ 2009. 100p.
  44. ^ 2008? ?!. Oricon. December 11, 2008.
  45. ^ 2009? ?. Oricon. December 18, 2009.
  46. ^ 2010? . Oricon. December 20, 2010.
  47. ^ 2011? . Oricon. December 19, 2011.
  48. ^ 2012? . Oricon. December 20, 2012.
  49. ^ 2013? ?. Oricon. December 15, 2013.
  50. ^ 2014? ?&. Oricon. December 20, 2014.
  51. ^ 2015? !.Oricon. December 23, 2015.
  52. ^ 2016? ?&? !. Oricon. December 24, 2016.
  53. ^ "50? 2017?5AKB48?V8!". Oricon. December 23, 2017. Retrieved 2018.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Oricon
 



 



 
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