Upper Square in P?erov
|o Mayor||Petr Mínský (ANO)|
|o Total||58.50 km2 (22.59 sq mi)|
|Elevation||210 m (690 ft)|
|o Density||730/km2 (1,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
P?erov (Czech pronunciation: ['prrof]; German: Prerau) is a city on the Be?va River in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 43,000 inhabitants. P?erov is about 22 kilometres (14 miles) south east of Olomouc. In the past it was a major crossroad in the heart of Moravia in the Czech Republic. The centre of the town (Upper Town) is historically significant and is protected by law as urban monument zone.
Villages ?ekyn?, Dluhonice, Hen?lov, Kozlovice, Lovice, Lýsky, Pen?ice, Popovice, P?edmostí, Újezdec, Vinary and ?eravice are administrative parts of P?erov.
Settlement in the locality dates back to prehistoric times. There is a world—renowned prehistoric site from the stone age on the mound called Hradisko in P?erov P?edmostí. The oldest written reference to P?erov dates to 1141 when bishop Jind?ich Zdík mentioned P?erov's church of St. George as one of the most important ones in Moravia. King Ottokar II of Bohemia gave P?erov the privilege of being a royal town in 1256. The mansion of P?erov, built in place of the former castle, was a residence of an influential house, the house of Pern?tejn and ?erotín, from which Charles the Elder of ?erotín significantly influenced the town. P?erov also plays an important role in history of the Czech protestant church known as Unity of the Brethren.
The town grew the most in 19th century after a railway line was built through it first from Vienna to Olomouc, later extended to Prague.
German terror in Bohemia and Moravia peaked in Spring 1945 sparking a Czech uprising, which started in P?erov on May 1 and then spread throughout the whole country after the murder of 78,154 Czech Jews and 340,000 Czech citizens during the German occupation.
Today the main commercial heart of the city lies around the T.G. Masaryk Square, which is of limited architectural interest. Of greater interest is the cobbled Upper Square enclosed by historic buildings, where the Comenius Museum can be found. Currently, P?erov is the social, administrative and cultural centre of the district with developing economics.
In P?erov there is a College of logistics, an affiliate of Tomas Bata University in Zlín.