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Upper Square in P?erov
Upper Square in P?erov
Flag of P?erov
Coat of arms of P?erov
Coat of arms
P?erov is located in Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°27?20?N 17°27?4?E / 49.45556°N 17.45111°E / 49.45556; 17.45111Coordinates: 49°27?20?N 17°27?4?E / 49.45556°N 17.45111°E / 49.45556; 17.45111
Country Czech Republic
First mentioned1141
 o MayorPetr Mínský (ANO)
 o Total58.50 km2 (22.59 sq mi)
210 m (690 ft)
 o Total42,871
 o Density730/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
750 02

P?erov (Czech pronunciation: ['prrof]; German: Prerau) is a city on the Be?va River in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 43,000 inhabitants. P?erov is about 22 kilometres (14 miles) south east of Olomouc. In the past it was a major crossroad in the heart of Moravia in the Czech Republic. The centre of the town (Upper Town) is historically significant and is protected by law as urban monument zone.

Administrative parts

Villages ?ekyn?, Dluhonice, Hen?lov, Kozlovice, Lovice, Lýsky, Pen?ice, Popovice, P?edmostí, Újezdec, Vinary and ?eravice are administrative parts of P?erov.


Settlement in the locality dates back to prehistoric times. There is a world—renowned prehistoric site from the stone age on the mound called Hradisko in P?erov P?edmostí. The oldest written reference to P?erov dates to 1141 when bishop Jind?ich Zdík mentioned P?erov's church of St. George as one of the most important ones in Moravia. King Ottokar II of Bohemia gave P?erov the privilege of being a royal town in 1256. The mansion of P?erov, built in place of the former castle, was a residence of an influential house, the house of Pern?tejn and ?erotín, from which Charles the Elder of ?erotín significantly influenced the town.[] P?erov also plays an important role in history of the Czech protestant church known as Unity of the Brethren.

The town grew the most in 19th century after a railway line was built through it first from Vienna to Olomouc, later extended to Prague.

In June 1945, during the expulsion of Germans from Czechoslovakia, 71 men, 120 women and 74 children were killed in an illegal massacre of the German population.[2]

German terror in Bohemia and Moravia peaked in Spring 1945 sparking a Czech uprising, which started in P?erov on May 1 and then spread throughout the whole country after the murder of 78,154 Czech Jews and 340,000 Czech citizens during the German occupation.[3]


Today the main commercial heart of the city lies around the T.G. Masaryk Square, which is of limited architectural interest. Of greater interest is the cobbled Upper Square enclosed by historic buildings, where the Comenius Museum can be found. Currently, P?erov is the social, administrative and cultural centre of the district with developing economics.


The city is a major railway junction with mainlines to Prague via Olomouc, Warsaw via Ostrava, and Vienna via B?eclav, and a regional line to Brno. The helicopter air force is based in P?erov.


In P?erov there is a College of logistics, an affiliate of Tomas Bata University in Zlín.


Notable people

Twin towns - sister cities

P?erov is twinned with:[6]


  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities - 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 2020-04-30.
  2. ^ Prausser, Steffen; Rees, Arfon (December 2004). "The Expulsion of the 'German' Communities at the End of the Second World War, page 18" (PDF). Department of History and Civilization. European University Institute, Florence. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-10-01. Retrieved .
  3. ^ Ba?ant, Jan; Ba?antová, Nina; Starn, Frances (2010-12-13). The Czech Reader: History, Culture, Politics. Duke University Press. ISBN 0822347946.
  4. ^ "Zubr Cup 2014 - P?erov" (in Czech). 21 June 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-11-09. Retrieved 2014.
  5. ^ [1] (in Czech)
  6. ^ "Partnerská m?sta - m?sto P?erov" (in Czech). M?sto P?erov. Retrieved .

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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