Patriotic Movement For National Rebirth
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Patriotic Movement For National Rebirth

Patriotyczny Ruch Odrodzenia Narodowego (PRON, English: Patriotic Movement for National Rebirth or National Renaissance Patriotic Movement) was a Polish popular front that ruled the Polish People's Republic. It was created in the aftermath of the martial law in Poland (1982). Gathering various pro-communist and pro-government organizations, it was supposed to show unity and support for the government and Polish United Workers' Party (PZPR). PRON was created in July 1982 and dissolved in November 1989.

Members

The Patriotic Movement for National Rebirth included the following member parties:

Party Polish name Emblem Foundation Dissolution Ideology
Polish United Workers' Party Polska Zjednoczona Partia Robotnicza POL PZPR logo.svg 21 December 1948 30 January 1990 Communism
United People's Party
Zjednoczone Stronnictwo Ludowe ZSL clover.svg 27 November 1949 29 November 1989 Agrarian socialism
Alliance of Democrats Stronnictwo Demokratyczne SD political logo.png 18 September 37 Still active Centrism

It also included the following organizations when founded:

It was later joined by many other organizations, such as All-Poland Alliance of Trade Unions, Zwi?zek Harcerstwa Polskiego and Towarzystwo Przyjació? Dzieci. Few members of those organizations were aware of their membership in PRON, as PRON members included organizations, not individuals. PRON membership was required by communist propaganda, and necessary for any organization that wanted to exist on political scene with support of the government.

PRON was mentioned in the amended Polish communist constitution, where it replaced the Front of National Unity. Like its predecessor, it was dominated by the PZPR; the minor parties had to accept the PZPR's "leading role" as a condition of their continued existence.

PRON's chairman was the writer Jan Dobraczy?ski. The foundation committee included in addition to Dobraczy?ski: Marian Orzechowski, Janusz Reykowski, Andrzej Przypkowski, Edmund M?clewski, Jan Majewski, Andrzej Elbanowski, Józef Chlebowczyk, W?adys?aw Ogrodzi?ski, Walenty Milenuszkin, Wies?aw Nowicki, Jerzy Stencel, El?bieta Ciborowska, Jerzy Kejna, Piotr Perkowski, Józef Kie?b, Jerzy Ozdowski, Stanis?aw Rostworowski, Gizela Paw?owska, Zbigniew Gertych, Klemens Krzy?agórski, Anatola Klajna and Zbigniew Siatkowski.

It was the sole organisation to put forward candidates in the 1985 election, which proved to be the last elections in which no opposition candidates were permitted to run. As such, it won every seat in the Sejm.

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Patriotic_Movement_for_National_Rebirth
 



 



 
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