Paul Anthony Cartledge (born 24 March 1947) is a British  ancient historian and academic. From 2008 to 2014 he was the A. G. Leventis Professor of Greek Culture at the University of Cambridge.  He had previously held a  personal chair in Greek History at Cambridge.
Cartledge was educated at
St Paul's School and  New College, Oxford, where, with his contemporaries Robin Lane Fox and Terence Irwin, he was a student of G. E. M. de Ste. Croix. He graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree, later promoted to MA (Oxon) by seniority, in 1969. He remained at the University of Oxford to undertake postgraduate studies, completing a Doctor of Philosophy (DPhil) under the supervision of Professor Sir John Boardman. His thesis focused on Spartan archaeology.
Cartledge lectured at the
New University of Ulster in 1972-73, at Trinity College, Dublin, from 1973 to 1978, and at the University of Warwick in 1978-79. In October 1979 he moved to Cambridge University  where he is a  fellow of Clare College. 
In 2008 Cartledge was elected to the newly established
A. G. Leventis Professorship of Greek Culture at Cambridge University, a position from which he retired at the end of September 2014.  
Cartledge holds a visiting Global Distinguished Professorship at
New York University, funded by the Greek Parliament, and sits on the European Advisory Board of  Princeton University Press. 
Cartledge is also a holder of the Gold Cross of the
Order of Honour of Greece and an Honorary Citizen of (modern) Sparta. 
Field of study
Cartledge's field of study is
Athens and Sparta in the Classical Age; he has been described as a Laconophile.
He was chief historical consultant for the
BBC TV series The Greeks and the Channel 4 series The Spartans, presented by Bettany Hughes.
Cartledge is married to Judith Portrait, a solicitor who acts as trustee of part of the
Sainsbury family shareholding in Sainsbury's in blind trust. 
In August 2014, Cartledge was one of 200 public figures who were signatories to a letter to
opposing The Guardian Scottish independence in the run-up to September's referendum on that issue. 
(1989), Duckworth. Aristophanes and His Theatre of the Absurd ISBN 1-85399-114-7
(1991), Cambridge University Press. Nomos : Essays in Athenian Law, Politics and Society ISBN 0-521-37022-1
Spartan Reflections, a collection of essays new and revised (Duckworth, 2001), ISBN 0-7156-2966-2
Sparta and Lakonia (2nd edn. 2002).
(rev. edns 2002), (with A. Spawforth). Hellenistic and Roman Sparta
The Greeks: A Portrait of Self and Others (2nd edn, 2002), the product of research into Greek self-definition.
Kosmos: essays in Order, Conflict and Community in Classical Athens (coauthor Paul Millett; (2002), Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-52593-4
The Spartans: An Epic History (2nd edn, 2003).
(2004). Alexander the Great: The Hunt for a New Past
(2004), Center for Hellenic Studies. Helots and Their Masters in Laconia and Messenia: Histories, Ideologies, Structures ISBN 0-674-01223-2
(2006), The Overlook Press. Thermopylae: The Battle That Changed the World ISBN 1-58567-566-0
Ancient Greek Political Thought in Practice (2009), Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-45455-1
Ancient Greece: A History in Eleven Cities, (2009), Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-191-57157-2 Democracy: A Life (2016), Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-199-83745-8