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Paul Horn Musician
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Paul Horn Musician
Paul Horn
Born (1930-03-17)March 17, 1930
New York City, New York
United States
Died June 29, 2014(2014-06-29) (aged 84)
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Genres Jazz, new-age, ambient
Instruments Flute, clarinet, saxophone
R. Carlos Nakai

Paul Horn (March 17, 1930 – June 29, 2014) was an American jazz flautist and saxophonist, and an early pioneer of new-age music.[1]


Horn began playing the piano at the age of four, the clarinet at ten, and the saxophone at twelve. He studied the clarinet and flute at the Oberlin Conservatory of Music in Ohio, earning a bachelor's degree. He gained a master's degree from the Manhattan School of Music.[1]

Moving to Los Angeles he played with Chico Hamilton's quintet from 1956 to 1958 and became an established West Coast session player. He played on the Duke Ellington Orchestra's Suite Thursday and worked with Nat King Cole, Tony Bennett and others. He scored the 1959 animated television series Clutch Cargo.

In 1960 Horn recorded for Fantasy Records with Latin Jazz vibraphonist Cal Tjader (with drummers Willie Bobo and Mongo Santamaria) for the album Latino! (originally released in 1962 and later re-released with the same title in 1992.)

Horn's Quintet produced jazz albums for Columbia and RCA Victor up until 1966. During this period, he was the subject of a David Wolper television documentary, Portrait of a Jazz Musician.

Horn became a practitioner of Transcendental Meditation.[2] He attended training at the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi's ashram along with The Beatles on their 1968 trip to India. Following his experiences in India Horn's recordings moved from jazz to world and new-age music.

In 1970, he moved with his two sons Marlen and Robin from his first marriage to Lilian Yvonne Jourdan, and second wife Tryntje Baum to Victoria, British Columbia, on Vancouver Island. He formed his own quintet and recorded film scores for the National Film Board of Canada.[3]

He was known for his innovations on both metal and traditional wooden flutes. Best known of his albums are his "Inside" recordings, which feature airy, echoing sounds created in places of spiritual importance. The series began with Horn sneaking a tape recorder into the Taj Mahal during a trip to India in 1968, (released as Inside)[] He was also with the Beatles at Rishikesh in the same year and continued later with recordings "Inside II" (1972), "Inside The Great Pyramid of Giza" (1976), and a return to the Taj Mahal in 1989. Horn later made similar recordings in a cathedral, in the canyons of the Southwestern United States with Native American flutist R. Carlos Nakai, and with orcas[].

In 1998 he was able to record within the walls of the Potala Palace in Lhasa, Tibet. Horn was the first westerner to be granted permission to perform inside this massive structure, considered the spiritual nexus of Tibetan Buddhism. Horn returned to Tibet in 2003 to film on the holy Mount Kailash, where he scattered the ashes of his former travelling companion, Buddhist monk Lama Tenzin.[]

While well practiced as a jazz musician, many of his works defy such categorization. As well as the Inside series, he recorded other albums of jazz with musicians from a range of cultures and backgrounds including China and Africa.[4]

He lived in British Columbia and Arizona. He was most recently married to the Canadian singer and songwriter Ann Mortifee.[5] Horn died at the age of 84 on June 29, 2014.[2]


As leader

  • House of Horn (Dot, 1957)
  • Plenty of Horn (Dot, 1958)
  • Impressions! (World Pacific, 1959)
  • Something Blue (HiFi Jazz, 1960)
  • The Sound of Paul Horn (Columbia, 1961)
  • Profile of a Jazz Musician (Columbia, 1962)
  • Impressions of Cleopatra (Columbia, 1963)
  • Jazz Suite on the Mass Texts (RCA Victor, 1964) written, arranged and conducted by Lalo Schifrin
  • Cycle (RCA Victor, 1965)
  • Here's That Rainy Day (RCA Victor, 1966)
  • Monday, Monday (RCA Victor, 1966) arranged and conducted by Oliver Nelson
  • Paul Horn In India (1967, World Pacific), composed and adapted by Paul Horn, Ravi Shankar and Allaudin Kahn
  • Paul Horn In Kashmir (1967, World Pacific)
  • Inside (1969, Epic) (also known later as Inside the Taj Mahal)
  • Paul Horn and the Concert Ensemble (1970, Ovation Records)
  • Inside II, (1972, Epic)
  • Visions (1974, Epic)
  • Altura Do Sol (High Sun)/The Altitude of the Sun (1975, Epic), composed and accompanied by Egberto Gismonti
  • Special Edition (1975, Mushroom Records)
  • Nexus (1975, Epic)
  • Inside the Great Pyramid (1976)
  • Dream Machine (1978, Mushroom Records), composed, arranged and conducted by Lalo Schifrin
  • Riviera Concert (1980)
  • China (1981, Golden Flute Records), with David M.Y. Liang, cheng, sheng and erh-hu
  • Inside the Cathedral (1983)
  • Jupiter 8 (1983, Golden Flute Records), with Ralph Dyck, synthesizer
  • Paul Horn in Concert (1984, Golden Flute Music), with David Friesen, Oregon bass, and Ralph Hooper, organ
  • Connections (1984, Gramavision), with Steven Halpern
  • Traveler (1985)
  • Sketches: A Collection, selections from the Golden Flute series (1986) (Lost Lake Arts/Windham Hill)
  • The Peace Album (1988) - music for Christmas
  • Brazilian Images (1989)
  • Inside the Taj Mahal, Volume 2 (1989)
  • Nomad (1990)
  • Africa (1994)
  • Music (1997)
  • Inside Canyon de Chelly (1997) - with R. Carlos Nakai
  • Inside Monument Valley (1999) - with Nakai
  • Tibet: Journey to the Roof of the World (2000)
  • Imprompture (2001)
  • Journey Inside Tibet (2001)

As sideman

With Cal Tjader

With Lorez Alexandria

With Nat King Cole

With Buddy Collette

With Duke Ellington

With Chico Hamilton

With Fred Katz

With Shelly Manne

With Ken Nordine

With Shorty Rogers

With Pete Rugolo

With Lalo Schifrin

With The Beach Boys



  1. ^ a b "Early Years". Paul Horn Music. Retrieved 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Obituary in Times Colonist
  3. ^ "California Cool Jazz". Paul Horn Music. Retrieved 2013. 
  4. ^ "India and Beyond". Paul Horn Music. Retrieved 2013. 
  5. ^ "Inside Paul Horn". Paul Horn Music. Retrieved 2013. 

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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