Paul Yu Pin
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Paul Yu Pin

Paul Yü Pin
Cardinal,
Archbishop of Nanking
Paul Yu Pin 1947.jpg
ProvinceNanking
SeeNanking
Other postsCardinal-Priest of Gesù Divin Lavoratore
Orders
Ordination22 December 1928
by Giuseppe Palica
Consecration20 September 1936
by Mario Zanin
Created cardinal28 April 1969
by Pope Paul VI
RankCardinal-Priest
Personal details
Born(1901-04-13)April 13, 1901
DiedAugust 16, 1978(1978-08-16) (aged 77)
Rome, Italy
NationalityChinese
DenominationRoman Catholic
Previous post
  • Vicar Apostolic of Nanking (1936-1946)
  • Titular Bishop of Sozusa in Palaestina (1936-1946)
MottoRestaurare omnia in Christo
(English: To Restore all things in Christ)
Coat of armsPaul Yü Pin's coat of arms
Ordination history of
Paul Yü Pin
History
Priestly ordination
Giuseppe Palica
Date22 December 1928
Episcopal consecration
Principal consecratorMario Zanin
Simon Zhu Kaimin
Paul Léon Cornelius Montaigne
Date20 September 1936
PlaceChurch of the Saviour (Beitang), Beijing
Cardinalate
Pope Paul VI
Date28 April 1969
Episcopal succession
Bishops consecrated by Paul Yü Pin as principal consecrator
Philip Silvester Wang Tao-nan20 September 1942
Giuseppe Ferruccio Maurizio Rosà22 September 1946
Matthew Kia Yen-wen16 July 1970
Source(s):[1]
Styles of
Paul Yü Pin
Coat of arms of Paul Yü Pin.svg
Reference styleHis Eminence
Spoken styleYour Eminence
Informal styleCardinal
SeeNanking

Cardinal Paul Yü Pin (Chinese: ; pinyin: Yú B?n; 13 April 1901 - 16 August 1978) was a Chinese Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Nanking from 1946 until his death, having previously served as its Apostolic Vicar, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1969.

Biography

Paul Yü Pin (Yu Bin) was born in Hailun, North East China, to Yu Shuiyuan () and Xiao Aimei. Orphaned at age 7, he was baptized in 1914 after encountering the missionary priests near Lansi, where he lived with his grandfather.[2] Yu attended the provincial normal school in Heilongjiang, the Jesuit Aurora University in Shanghai, and the seminary in Kirin before going to Rome, where he studied at the Pontifical Urbaniana University (earning his doctorate in theology) and Pontifical Roman Athenaem S. Apollinare. He also studied at the Royal University in Perugia, from where he obtained a doctoral degree in politics.

Yu was ordained to the priesthood on 22 December 1928 by Archbishop Giuseppe Palica, and then taught at the Urbaniana University until 1933, when he returned to China. Upon his return, he was named National Director of Catholic Action, secretary of the Chinese nunciature, and Inspector General of Catholic schools in China.

On 17 July 1936, Yu was appointed Apostolic Vicar of Nanking and Titular Bishop of Sozusa in Palaestina by Pope Pius XI. He received his episcopal consecration on the following September 20 from Archbishop Mario Zanin, with Bishops Simon Tchu, SJ, and Paul Montaigne, CM, serving as co-consecrators, in Beijing. In 1937, the Imperial Japanese Army took Nanking and a reward of $100,000 was placed for the capture of Yu, who spent World War II in the United States.[2] There he planned in 1943 to establish employment bureaus, available to American teachers, doctors, and technicians, in China.[3] Also that year, the Chinese cleric supported two bills before the House Immigration Committee that allowed Chinese to enter and become citizens of the United States under the quota system.[4] Yu, following his return to China, was promoted to the rank of a Metropolitan Archbishop when his vicariate was elevated as such by Pope Pius XII on 11 April 1946.

In 1949, the new Communist regime expelled him from his see, and he was yet again forced to leave the country, resuming his exile in the United States. During this time, the Archbishop dedicated himself to helping Chinese Americans and raising funds for refugees from Communist China in Taiwan, where he was made rector magnifico of Fu Jen Catholic University in 1961. He was one of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek's closest advisors, and on the brink of McCarthyism, Archbishop Yü Pin made claims against Americans he thought were pro-Communist that turned out not to be true. [5]

Yu attended the Second Vatican Council from 1962 to 1965.[6] During the Council then Bishop Yü Pin asked the Holy Father to address the issue of communism, however the Council did not address communism or socialism.

Communism is a militant atheism and a crude materialism. In a word, it is a compilation of all heresies, and it must be treated as such, if the truth is to be defended. [The Council] must dispel the confusion created by the doctrine of peaceful co-existence, by the policy of the outstretched hand, and by Catholic communism, as it is called, all of which are stratagems calculated to assist communism and to create obscurity, doubt, or at least hesitation in the minds of Christians. In this matter the utmost clarity is now required.[7]

He was created Cardinal Priest of Gesù Divin Lavoratore by Pope Paul VI in the consistory of 28 April 1969. Upon his resignation as Fu Jen's rector on 5 August 1978, the Cardinal was named its Grand Chancellor. In 1976 he had become the first director of Dharma Realm Buddhist University's Institute for World Religions (now attached to Berkeley Buddhist Monastery).[8]

He died from a heart attack at age 77 in Rome, where he had gone to participate in the conclave following Pope Paul VI's death in August 1978.[9] Yu is interred in a mausoleum on the campus of Fu Jen Catholic University in Xinzhuang, Taipei County, in Taiwan.

Trivia

Further reading

In European languages

  • Paul Yu-Pin, Un Problème psychique international: appel aux hommes de bonne foi aux hommes de bonne volonté. Bruxelles: Éd. de la Cité chrétienne, 1937.
  • The Voice of the Church in China, 1931-1932, 1937-1938, by Archbishop Marius Zanin, Bishop Auguste Haouisée and Bishop Paul Yu-Pin; with a preface by Dom Pierre-Célestin Lou Tseng-Tsiang. London and New York: Longmans, Green and co., 1938.
  • Eyes East: Selected Pronouncements of the Most Reverend Paul Yu-Pin. Paterson, N.J.: St. Anthony Guild Press, 1945.
  • Raymond De Jaegher, Vie de Mgr. Paul Yu Pin. Vietnam: Ed. du Pacifique libre, 1959.

References

  1. ^ "Episcopal ordination of Bishop Paul Yu Pin". Société des Auxiliaires des Missions (SAM) China Photograph Collection. Whitworth University Library. 15 January 2017. Archived from the original on 31 January 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ a b TIME Magazine. A Mission for the Archbishop September 12, 1960
  3. ^ TIME Magazine. Employment Available June 7, 1943
  4. ^ TIME Magazine. 105 Chinese June 14, 1943
  5. ^ Congress, United States (1952). Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the ... Congress, Volume 98, Part 5. p. 6775.
  6. ^ "Paul Cardinal Yü Pin [Catholic-Hierarchy]". www.catholic-hierarchy.org. Retrieved .
  7. ^ "Chapter 3". 2007-07-04. Archived from the original on 2007-07-04. Retrieved .
  8. ^ Dharma Realm Buddhist University Archived 2007-07-31 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ a b TIME Magazine. Milestones August 28, 1978
  10. ^ Free Church for China. Cardinal Yu-Pin
  11. ^ TIME Magazine. The President's Week February 21, 1944
  12. ^ TIME Magazine. Chungking Meeting June 14, 1943
  13. ^ TIME Magazine. In Rome, a Week off Suspense August 28, 1978

External links

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Auguste Haouissée
Vicar Apostolic of Nanking
1936-1946
Elevated to diocese
New diocese Archbishop of Nanking Succeeded by
Francis Xavier Lu Xinping
(de facto only; not recognized by the Holy See)
New creation Cardinal-Priest of Gesù Divin Lavoratore
1969-1978
Succeeded by
Joseph Bernardin
Preceded by
Pierre Cheng
-- TITULAR --
Bishop of Sozusa in Palaestina
1936-1946
Succeeded by
Antônio de Mendonça Monteiro
Academic offices
Preceded by
Chen Yuan (historian)
President of Fu Jen Catholic University
1960-1978
Succeeded by
Stanislaus Lo Kuang

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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