Pedimental Sculptures in the United States
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Pedimental Sculptures in the United States
Women's Building Pediment (1893, destroyed), World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, Illinois, by Alice Rideout

Pedimental sculptures in the United States are sculptures within the frame of a pediment on the exterior of a building. Pedimental sculptures pose special challenges to sculptors: the triangular composition limits the choices for figures or ornament at the ends, and the sculpture must be designed to be viewed both from below and from a distance.

History

Pedimental sculptures in the United States were rare prior to the 1880s, most surviving examples in cities along the east coast. The earliest seems to be Whitehall (1765), outside Annapolis, Maryland, attributed to English architect Joseph Horatio Anderson and English-born carver William Buckland. Greek Revival architecture was dominant throughout the first half of the 19th century, but almost always with chaste, blank pediments. It was only post-Civil War, with the advent of the American Renaissance and the City Beautiful movement – especially the architectural vision of "The White City" presented at Chicago's World's Columbian Exposition of 1893 – that the use of sculpture in pediments increased dramatically. The advent of the Great Depression of the 1930s largely brought the use of pediment sculpture to a halt, with the exception of federal government buildings in Washington, D.C.

Compositionally, the restrictions imposed by both the physical triangular shape of a pediment, and the traditional themes that are usually employed for the subject matter, are, according to Professor Gardner of Oxford University, "as exactly regulated as that of a sonnet or a Spencerian stanza:the artist has liberty only in certain directions and must not violate the laws of rhythm."[1]

As with the ancient Greeks, and the Roman architects and sculptors who followed them, American artists had two different structural approaches creating pedimental sculpture. They are either freestanding statues that stand on the bed (the ledge or cornice that creates the bottom of the pediment), or they can be relief sculpture, attached to the back wall of the pediment.[2]

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Pedimental sculptures in Washington, D.C. (by building)

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
William Jefferson Clinton Federal Building
(formerly Ariel Rios Federal Building and Post Office Department Building)
12th Street & Pennsylvania Avenue
38°53?38.04?N 77°1?44.04?W / 38.8939000°N 77.0289000°W / 38.8939000; -77.0289000 (William Jefferson Clinton Federal Building)
Old Post Office and Clock Tower, view from the tower, 1 cropped.jpg 12th Street: The Spirit of Progress and Civilization[3] Adolph Alexander Weinman
John Donnelly (carver)
Delano & Aldrich 1935 limestone
Close view of the central pavilion in the curving east facade to show paired columns and pediment with sculpture by Adolph Alexander Weinman entitled "The Spirit of Progress and HABS DC-814-2.tif
Weinman's concave sculptured pediment may be unique in the United States.
Old&NewPostOffices(cropped) HABS029904pv.jpg(at upper right) Pennsylvania Avenue: The Bond of Postal Union[4] Walker Hancock
Adolph Alexander Weinman
1935 limestone Based on a sketch model by Weinman[5]
Woodrow Wilson Plaza - Federal Triangle.JPG(at upper right) 13th Street: Africa and Europe[6] George H. Snowden
Adolph Alexander Weinman
John Donnelly (carver)
1934 limestone
13th Street: America and Asia[7] Joseph E. Reiner
Adolph Alexander Weinman
John Donnelly (carver)
1934 limestone
Daughters of the American Revolution Constitution Hall 18th Street, between C & D Streets
38°53?35?N 77°2?30?W / 38.89306°N 77.04167°W / 38.89306; -77.04167 (DAR Constitution Hall)
DARConTop.JPG Eagle Pediment[8] Ulysses Ricci John Russell Pope 1929 Alabama limestone
DAR Constitution Hall.JPG
Dirksen Senate Office Building Constitution Avenue & 1st Street
38°53?35?N 77°0?19?W / 38.89306°N 77.00528°W / 38.89306; -77.00528 (Dirksen Senate Office Building)
Dirksen Building Detail (28005663870).jpg Eagle Pediment[9] Ulysses Ricci
Rochette & Parzini (carvers)
Eggers Group Architects 1956 marble
DirksenSenateOfficeBuilding.jpg
Historical Society of Washington, D.C. (formerly the central District of Columbia Public Library) Eighth & K Streets Northwest
Carnegie Library of Washington D.C. in 2012.jpg two identical pediments, each with a head of Minerva surrounded by curled flora Philip Martiny Ross & Ackerman[10] 1903 white Vermont marble
Eisenhower Executive Office Building
(formerly Old Executive Office Building and State, War, and Navy Building)
1700 Pennsylvania Avenue
38°53?51.24?N 77°2?20.93?W / 38.8975667°N 77.0391472°W / 38.8975667; -77.0391472 (Eisenhower Executive Office Building)
War Old Executive Office Building.jpg North pediment: War[11] designed by
Richard von Ezdorf
Alfred B. Mullett 1884 painted iron
OEOB Penn Avenue.jpg
Herbert C. Hoover Building
United States Department of Commerce
1401 Constitution Avenue NW
38°53?39.48?N 77°1?58.08?W / 38.8943000°N 77.0328000°W / 38.8943000; -77.0328000 (Herbert C. Hoover Building)
Fisheries pediment, Dept, of Commerce Building WDC.jpg Fisheries Pediment[12] Joseph Kiselewski
James Earle Fraser
John Donnelly (carver)
Louis Ayres 1934 limestone
Commerce Building view from Mall 2.jpg
The building's 4 sculptured pediments are on the 15th Street facade, facing The Ellipse.
Mining pediment, Dept of Commerce bldg.jpg Mining Pediment[13] Frederick Roth
James Earle Fraser
John Donnelly (carver)
1934 limestone
Close view of one of the pedimented pavilions on Fifteenth Street; the sculpture by James E. Fraser entitled "Mining" is set into the pediment - United States Department of Commerce, HABS DC-872-2.tif
Patent quote - United States Department of Commerce - DSC05103.JPG Foreign and Domestic Commerce Pediment[14] Ulysses Ricci
James Earle Fraser
John Donnelly (carver)
1934 limestone
Aeronautics Pediment[15] Haig Patigian
James Earle Fraser
John Donnelly (carver)
1934 limestone
Jefferson Memorial Tidal Basin
38°52?53?N 77°2?13?W / 38.88139°N 77.03694°W / 38.88139; -77.03694 (Jefferson Memorial)
Jefferson Memorial pediment.jpg Drafting the Declaration of Independence[16] Adolph Alexander Weinman John Russell Pope 1943 marble
Thomas Jefferson Memorial - National Park Service (7554555326).jpg
Closed Jefferson Memorial; Washington, DC; 2013-10-06.JPG
Robert F. Kennedy Department of Justice Building[17] 950 Pennsylvania Avenue NW
|38°53?35.52?N 77°1?30?W / 38.8932000°N 77.02500°W / 38.8932000; -77.02500 (Robt. F. Kennedy Dept. of Justice Bldg)
Washington DC pediment by C. Paul Jennewein.jpg Eastern pediment: Ars Aequi (The Rights of Man) C. Paul Jennewein
Henry Kreis
John Donnelly (carver)
Milton Bennett Medary
Zantzinger, Borie & Medary
1935 limestone
U.S. Department of Justice headquarters, August 12, 2006.jpg
The two sculptured pediments are on the Pennsylvania Avenue facade. The building's other pediments are blank.
Washington DC pediment Ars Boni by C. Paul Jennewein.jpg Western pediment: Ars Boni (The Good of the State) C. Paul Jennewein
Henry Kreis
John Donnelly (carver)
1935 limestone
Library of Congress
Thomas Jefferson Building
Capitol Hill
38°53?19?N 77°00?17?W / 38.8887°N 77.0046°W / 38.8887; -77.0046 (Library of Congress)
America Fostering the Arts and Industries and Atlantes by William Boyd - Thomas Jefferson Building - Washington, D.C. - Stierch.jpg America Fostering the Arts and Industries and Atlantes[18] William Boyd Edward Pearce Casey
Smithmeyer & Pelz
1897 granite
LibraryCongressFront3.jpg
The two rounded pediments flank the central pavilion of the Jefferson Building's west front.
Andrew W. Mellon Auditorium /
United States Department of Labor Building
1301 Constitution Avenue NW
38°53?33.4?N 77°1?46.91?W / 38.892611°N 77.0296972°W / 38.892611; -77.0296972 (Andrew W. Mellon Auditorium)
Columbia by Edgar Walter - Andrew W. Mellon Auditorium, Washington, DC - DSC08485.JPG Columbia Pediment[19] Edgar Walter
Edward Ardolino (carver)
Arthur Brown, Jr. 1935 limestone
Aerial view of National Museum of American History.jpg
The Mellon Auditorium is middle-ground center; the U.S. Customs Building is left; the U.S. Interstate Commerce Commission is right:
National Academy of Sciences Building 2101 Constitution Avenue NW
38°53?34.8?N 77°2?51.72?W / 38.893000°N 77.0477000°W / 38.893000; -77.0477000 (National Academy of Sciences Building)
Pediment, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C LCCN2011631950.tif Constitution Avenue entrance Lee Lawrie Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue 1924
National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C LCCN2011633817.tif
National Archives Building[20] 700 Pennsylvania Avenue
38°53?34?N 77°01?23?W / 38.89278°N 77.02306°W / 38.89278; -77.02306 (National Archives Building)
Portico of the National Archives.JPG North pediment: The Recorder of the Archives[21] James Earle Fraser
Edward H. Ratti (carver)
John Russell Pope 1935 Limestone
JRPNational-Archives.jpg
Destiny - pediment.JPG South pediment: Destiny[22] Adolph Alexander Weinman
Edward Ardolino[23] (carver)
1935 Indiana limestone
Milford pink granite
US National Archives Building.jpg
Notre Dame Chapel Trinity Washington University,
125 Michigan Avenue, NE
Notre Dame Chapel (Trinity Washington University) 02.JPG Madonna and Child Enthroned Attended by Angels D. H. McBride
McBride Studios
Maginnis & Walsh 1924 white Carrara marble
Rayburn House Office Building Independence Avenue, between South Capitol & 1st Streets AOC employees work on Rayburn roof work. (8492489638).jpg Eagle Pediment[24][25] Carl Paul Jennewein Harbeson, Hough, Livingston & Larson 1964 Vermont marble
RayburnOfficefromDome.jpg
Renwick Gallery 1661 Pennsylvania Avenue
38°53?55.92?N 77°2?22.01?W / 38.8988667°N 77.0394472°W / 38.8988667; -77.0394472 (Renwick Gallery)
Renwick Gallery-8.jpg Relief portrait bust of William Wilson Corcoran[26] Moses Jacob Ezekiel James Renwick Jr. 1878 bronze
Renwick Gallery - Pennsylvania Avenue.JPG
Original home of the Corcoran Gallery of Art:
Riggs National Bank 1503-05 Pennsylvania Avenue
38°53?55.52?N 77°2?2.84?W / 38.8987556°N 77.0341222°W / 38.8987556; -77.0341222 (Riggs National Bank)
Riggs National Bank.JPG Eagle pediment York and Sawyer 1902
Riggs National Bank in 1915.jpg
In a 1915 photograph:
United States Capitol Capitol Hill
38°53?23.29?N 77°00?32.81?W / 38.8898028°N 77.0091139°W / 38.8898028; -77.0091139 (U.S. Capitol)
The U.S. Capitol Building, Washington, D.C.jpg Central portico, east front: The Genius of America[27][28] Luigi Persico[28] Thomas Ustick Walter 1828 sandstone (1828)
marble (1960)
US Capitol east center pediment.jpg
By 1959 the original sandstone sculpture group was badly deteriorated. Under the supervision of Paul Manship, sculptor Carl Schmitz repaired the statues, G. Giannetti made a plaster model from them, and Bruno Mankowski carved new statues. These were unveiled in 1960.[28]
Crawford's pediment at US Capitol.jpg Senate wing, east front: The Progress of Civilization[29][30] Thomas Crawford
Carvers:
T. Gagliardi, Vinchenzo Casoni, G. Butti, Louis Galli, G. Caprero, and Domenico Giampaoli[30]
1863 marble
Flickr - USCapitol - Apotheosis of Democracy - House Pediment.jpg
Capitol pediment Washington DC 2007.jpg House of Representatives wing, east front: Apotheosis of Democracy[31] Paul Wayland Bartlett
Piccirilli Brothers (carvers)
1916 marble
Capitol House of Rep Washington.jpg
The art treasures of Washington - an account of the Corcoran Gallery of Art and of the National Gallery and Museum, with descriptions and criticisms of their contents; including, also, an account of (14784450212).jpg
United States Customs Building /
United States Department of Labor
14th Street & Constitution Avenue NW
38°53?33?N 77°01?51?W / 38.892513°N 77.030930°W / 38.892513; -77.030930 (U.S. Customs Bldg / U.S. Dept. of Labor)
Albert Stewart pediment Wash.DC.jpg Eastern pediment: Labor and Industry[32] Albert Stewart
John Donnelly (carver)
Arthur Brown, Jr. 1935 limestone
Sherry Fry pediment Wash. DC.jpg Western pediment: Abundance and Industry[33] Sherry Fry
John Donnelly (carver)
1936 limestone
United States Department of Agriculture Building Jefferson Drive between 12th & 14th Streets
38°53?16.85?N 77°1?48.12?W / 38.8880139°N 77.0300333°W / 38.8880139; -77.0300333 (U.S. Dept. of Agriculture Building)
Fruit[34] Adolph Alexander Weinman Rankin, Kellogg & Crane 1908 Vermont marble
USDA1web.jpg
The West and East Buildings (left & right) were completed in 1908. The Administration Building (center), connecting them, was completed in 1930.
Flowers[35] Adolph Alexander Weinman 1908 Vermont marble
Cereals[36] Adolph Alexander Weinman 1908 Vermont marble
West wing, new agricultural Building 4a23929v.jpg
West Building:
Forestry[37] Adolph Alexander Weinman 1908 Vermont marble
United States Interstate Commerce Commission Building
(now United States Environmental Protection Agency Building)
1201 Constitution Avenue
38°53?38?N 77°01?44?W / 38.893881°N 77.028891°W / 38.893881; -77.028891 (U.S. Interstate Commerce Commission Building)
AlbertStewartDeptOfLabor.jpg Eastern pediment: Interstate Transportation[38] Edward McCartan
John Donnelly (carver)
Arthur Brown, Jr. 1935 Indiana limestone
Epaheadquarters.jpg
Commerce & Communications.jpg Western pediment: Commerce and Communications[39] Wheeler Williams
John Donnelly (carver)
1935 Indiana limestone
Close of the pedimented pavilion - Interstate Commerce Commission, Constitution Avenue between Twelfth and Fourteenth streets, Washington, District of Columbia, DC HABS DC-871-3.tif
United States Supreme Court Building Capitol Hill
38°53?25.8?N 77°0?16.2?W / 38.890500°N 77.004500°W / 38.890500; -77.004500 (U.S. Supreme Court Building)
Liberty Enthroned by Robert Aitken, US Supreme Court.jpg West pediment: Equal Justice Under Law[40][41]
(Liberty Enthroned)
Robert Ingersoll Aitken Cass Gilbert 1935 Vermont marble
U.S. Supreme Court Building.JPG
Supreme court east facade.jpg East pediment: Justice, the Guardian of Liberty[42][43] Hermon Atkins MacNeil 1935 Vermont marble

Pedimental sculptures (by state, city & building)

Alabama

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
Calhoun County Courthouse 25 West 11th Street,
Anniston
Calhoun County, Alabama Courthouse.JPG Eagle pediment J. W. Golucke 1900
burned 1931
a flying eagle flanked by fasces and cornacopias

Arizona

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
Santa Cruz County Courthouse[44] Morley Avenue & Court Street,
Nogales
Santa Cruz Court House pediment.jpg Trost & Rust 1904
Santa Cruz County Courthouse.jpg
Now a museum.

California

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
Inyo County Courthouse Independence
36°48?13?N 118°11?56?W / 36.80361°N 118.19889°W / 36.80361; -118.19889 (Inyo County Courthouse)
Inyo County Courthouse.jpg William H. Weeks 1921-22 "Reposed women" hold a shield that is presumed to represent Justice.[45]:5
California State Capitol Sacramento California State Capitol pediment.jpg West portico: California[46] Pietro Mezzara M. Frank Butler
Reuben Clark
Gordon Cummings
1873 cast stone
Californiastatecapitol.jpg
California State Library 10th Street & Capitol Mall,
Sacramento
Architectural sculpture, CA State Lib.jpg Into the Highlands of the Mind Let Me Go[47] Edward Field Sanford, Jr. Weeks and Day 1928 painted terra cotta
California State Library Building.jpg
California State Office Building
(now Jesse M. Unruh State Office Building)
915 Capitol Mall,
Sacramento
Arch Sculpt - CA 09.jpg Bring Me Men to Match My Mountains[48] Edward Field Sanford, Jr. Weeks and Day 1928 painted terra cotta
Sacramento City Hall 915 I Street,
Sacramento
Eastern end pavilion of south elevation, pediment detail - Sacramento City Hall, 915 I Street, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA HABS CAL,34-SAC,48-4.tif Rounded pediments on end pavilions Rudolph A. Herold 1909 terra cotta
Sacramento City Hall.jpg
California State Chamber of Commerce Building
San Francisco Mining Exchange
350 Bush Street,
San Francisco
California State Chamber of Commerce 02.JPG Greek Pediment[49] Jo Mora Miller & Pflueger 1921 terra cotta
Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Building[50]
(now Ritz Carlton San Francisco)
Nob Hill, 600 Stockton Street,
San Francisco
Pflueger-MetLife-Patigian.jpg An Allegorical Group[51] Haig Patigian
Jo Mora
Miller & Pflueger 1920 glazed terra cotta Napoleon LeBrun & Sons designed the original building, 1909. The pediment was added as part of Miller & Pflueger's 1919-20 expansion.[52]
San Francisco City Hall 400 Van Ness Avenue,
San Francisco
San Francisco City Hall - San Francisco, CA - DSC01295.JPG Van Ness Avenue pediment[53] Henri Crenier Bakewell & Brown 1914 granite
SFCityHall.png
SF City Hall facade.JPG
Polk Street pediment[53]
San Francisco Savings Union Bank
(now Emporio Armani)
1 Grant Avenue,
San Francisco
Savings union bank san francisco large.jpg Liberty[54] Haig Patigian Bliss & Faville 1911 granite
1907 double eagle obv.jpg
Patigian's bas relief head of Liberty was based on the 1907 $20 gold coin.
Hearst Castle
San Simeon
San Simeon Neptune Pool (Hearst Castle) - DSC06495.JPG Neptune Pool Roman Temple: Neptune and Neraids[55] pediment is a collection of unrelated Roman & Greek works.[56] Julia Morgan 1936 white marble
DSC27412, Hearst Castle, San Simeon, California, USA (4881266812).jpg
The Roman Temple was assembled from ancient architectural fragments and modern reproductions.

Colorado

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
Colorado State Capitol 200 East Colfax Avenue,
Denver
Colorado Capitol pediment.jpg West pediment: Elijah E. Myers 1894
Denver Capitol.jpg
Pueblo County Courthouse 10th & Main Streets,
Pueblo
Architectural detail of the ornate Pueblo County Courthouse in Pueblo, Colorado LCCN2015632367.tif Eagle and wreath Albert Randolph Ross 1912 white sandstone
Corrected Pueblo County, CO, Courthouse IMG 5089.JPG

Connecticut

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
New Haven County Courthouse[57] 121 Elm Street,
New Haven
New Haven County Courthouse, October 17, 2008.jpg The pediment figures are Justice, Victory, Precedence, Accuracy, Common Law, Statutory Law, Progress and Commerce.[58] John Massey Rhind Allen & Williams 1917 marble
Basilica of the Immaculate Conception 74 West Main Street,
Waterbury
West Main Street, Waterbury CT.jpg Virgin Mary flanked by angels Maginnis & Walsh 1928

Georgia

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
Georgia State Capitol Capitol Square,
Atlanta
PEDIMENT DETAIL - Georgia State Capitol, Capitol Square, Atlanta, Fulton County, GA HABS GA,61-ATLA,3-101 (CT).tif West pediment: Seal of Georgia, flanked by Commerce, Industry, Justice, and Prosperity[59] George Crouch[60] Edbrooke & Burnham 1889 Oolitic limestone
Georgia State Capitol, Atlanta, Northwest view 20160716 1.jpg
The building's other pediments are blank.
Chatham Academy Bull Street & East Oglethorpe Avenue,
Savannah
GA Savannah HD Chatham Acad01.jpg pediment on western facade: a scene of several young women studying, with a background of the Coliseum and the Parthenon unknown Henry Urban 1908 stone

Idaho

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
Boise High School 1010 West Washington Street,
Boise
Boise High School May 2007.jpg Boise High School Portico[61] Joseph Conradi Tourtellotte & Hummel 1922 A relief head of Plato is at center.

Illinois

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
Civic Opera Building 20 North Wacker Drive,
Chicago
HenryHeringChicago2.jpgNorth entrance Pediments over north and south entrances Henry Hering Graham, Anderson, Probst & White 1929
South entrance
Home of the Lyric Opera of Chicago
Kankakee County Courthouse 450 East Court Street,
Kankakee
41°7?9?N 87°51?37?W / 41.11917°N 87.86028°W / 41.11917; -87.86028 (Kankakee County Courthouse)
Kankakee County Courthouse.jpg Zachary Taylor Davis 1912 Similar pediments above "KANKAKEE COUNTY COURTHOUSE" on north and south sides of courthouse include an escutcheon (coat of arms) representing the county.[62]

Indiana

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
Allen County Courthouse 715 South Calhoun Street,
Fort Wayne
41°4?47?N 85°8?21?W / 41.07972°N 85.13917°W / 41.07972; -85.13917 (Allen County Courthouse)
Allen Co.jpgSpirit of the Law Calhoun Street pediment: Spirit of Civilization
Main Street pediment: Spirit of Government
Berry Street pediment: Spirit of the Law
Court Street pediment: Spirit of the Arts
Barth & Staak? Brentwood S. Tolan 1902 Bedford limestone
Fort-wayne-indiana-courthouse.jpg
Circle Theater[63] 45 Monument Circle,
Indianapolis
Circle Theater.jpg Alexander Sangernebo Rubush & Hunter 1916 terra cotta
Indiana State House 200 West Washington Street,
Indianapolis
StateCapitolIndiana 09.JPG East pediment: Edwin May
Adolph Scherrer
1888
StateCapitolIndiana.jpg
Tippecanoe County Courthouse Public Square,
Lafayette
Tecumseh in Lafayette IN.jpg North and south pediments: William Henry Harrison - Marquis de Lafayette - Tecumseh[64] J. L. Mott Iron Works Elias Max and/or
James F. Alexander
1884 painted zinc
Tippecanoe courthouse 7-2004.jpg
Identical sculpture groups on the north and south pediments, and on the east and west pediments.
Corte del Condado de Tippecanoe, Lafayette, Indiana, Estados Unidos, 2012-10-15, DD 01.jpg East and west pediments: Justice - Industry - Agriculture
Boone County Courthouse Courthouse Square,
Lebanon
Boone County Courthouse in Lebanon from south.jpg North & south pediments[65] Joseph T. Hutton 1911 limestone The building has identical sculptured pediments on the north and south facades.
Muncie Public Library 301 East Jackson Street,
Muncie
Muncie Public Library.jpg Marshall S. Mahurin 1903 Indiana limestone
Vigo County Courthouse 33 So. 3rd St.,
Terre Haute, Indiana
39°27?57?N 87°24?52?W / 39.46583°N 87.41444°W / 39.46583; -87.41444 (Vigo County Courthouse)
Vigo County Courthouse, Terre Haute, IN, US (02).jpg Samuel Hannaford

Iowa

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
Iowa State Capitol Des Moines Des Moines Iowa 20090110 State Capitol Statue.JPGEast facade East pediment:
West pediment:
John C. Cochrane
Alfred H. Piquenard
1886 sandstone
Iowa State House; Des Moines, Iowa; June 30, 2013.JPG
West facade:
Dubuque County Courthouse 720 Central Avenue,
Dubuque
DETAIL OF ARCH AND PEDIMENT OF WEST FACADE - Dubuque County Courthouse, 720 Central Avenue, Dubuque, Dubuque County, IA HABS IOWA,31-DUBU,5-6.tif West facade: Eagle pediment Fridolin Heer & Son 1891
Dubuque County Courthouse.jpg
Painted zinc sculptures adorn the roof:
Macbride Hall University of Iowa,
17 North Clinton Street,
Iowa City
Iowa Hall.JPG A buffalo stands flanked by two elk Sinclair Shearer[66] Proudfoot & Bird 1908
Greene County Courthouse 114 North Chestnut Street,
Jefferson
GreeneCountyCourthouse.jpg Proudfoot, Bird & Rawson 1918
First Newton National Bank 100 N 2nd Avenue West,
Newton
a central figure of agricultural plenty is surrounded by four other figures and farm scenes in low relief[67] E. Jackson Case Company of Chicago[68] 1920

Kentucky

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
Kenton County Library 1028 Scott Street,
Covington
KentonCoLibrary.jpg pediment with four figures surrounding an angel J.C. Meyerberg[69] Boll & Taylor[70] 1904 sandstone Built as a Carnegie library and auditorium
The building is now The Carnegie, a community arts center.[5][permanent dead link]
Mother of God Roman Catholic Church 119 West Sixth Street,
Covington
Mother of God Church (Covington, Kentucky) - exterior, relief, the Annunciation.jpg The Annunciation unknown architect James Keys Wilson of Walter & Stuart[71] 1871 unknown
Kentucky State Capitol Frankfort Tympanum, Kentucky State Capitol - DSC09131.JPG North pediment[72] Charles Henry Niehaus
Peter A. Rossack (carver)
Frank Mills Andrews 1906 Oolitic limestone
Kentucky State Capitol Front.jpg
The building's east, west and south pediments are blank.
Louisville City Hall 601 West Jefferson Street,
Louisville
City Hall Louisville Kentucky.jpg Progress[73] unknown John Andrew Artha 1873 Indiana limestone The pedimental sculpture depicts a steam locomotive moving toward southern flora.

Louisiana

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
The Cabildo 701 Chartres Street,
New Orleans
Cabildo9Jul07SousaphoneFront.jpg Pietro Cardelli Gilberto Guillemard 1822 The 1795-99 building's pediment originally featured the Royal Arms of Spain, by sculptor Cristobal Le Prévost.[74][75] This was replaced in 1822 by an American eagle flanked by cannons, by Cardelli.[76]
Gallier Hall
(New Orleans City Hall)
545 St. Charles Avenue,
New Orleans
CBD11Oct07GallierHallFront.jpg figures of Liberty, Justice, and Commerce[77] R.E. Launitz James Gallier 1851 white marble
CBD11Oct07GallierHallLibertyCapScales.jpg

Maryland

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
Maryland State House Annex Maryland
State Circle,
Annapolis
Maryland State House Porch (21601300955).jpg Seal of Maryland Baldwin & Pennington 1905
Maryland State House from College Ave.JPG
The west portico and pediment were part of a 1902-05 expansion of the 1722 building.
Whitehall Maryland
1915 Whitehall Road, Annapolis
Whitehall, front (21413233360).jpg Seal of Province of Maryland[78] William Buckland Joseph Horatio Anderson 1765 painted wood
Baltimore City Recreational Pier Maryland
Fells Point,
1715 Thames Street,
Baltimore
City Recreation Pier (21603728955).jpg Recreation Pier Relief[79] Theodore Wells Pietsch 1914 limestone
First Unitarian Church Maryland
Charles & Franklin Streets,
Baltimore
Angeloftruth035.JPG Pediment with the Angel of Truth emerging from a sunburst[80] Antonio Cappellano
Henry Berge (1960 copy)
Maximilian Godefroy 1818
1960
polychrome terra cotta The pedimental sculpture was replaced by a copy, 1960.[81]
Baltimore Museum of Art Maryland
Art Museum Drive,
Baltimore
39°19?34?N 76°37?9?W / 39.32611°N 76.61917°W / 39.32611; -76.61917 (Baltimore Museum of Art)
BaltimoreMuseumofArt.JPG To the Fine Arts[82] Adolph Alexander Weinman John Russell Pope 1930 limestone
St. Mary's Seminary and University Maryland
Belvedere and Roland Avenues,
Baltimore
St Mary's Seminary , Roland Park, MD.jpg unknown Maginnis & Walsh 1929
Colonial Theatre Maryland
12-14 South Potomac Street,
Hagerstown
Colonial Theater Hagerstown MD1.jpg two figures, with lute and lyre, face each other, with two angelic putti[83] Henri Plasschaert of the Boston Terra Cotta Company Harry E. Yessler 1914 polychrome terra cotta

Massachusetts

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
Dunster House Massachusetts
Harvard University,
945 Memorial Drive,
Cambridge
Dunster House.jpg Central pediment: Harvard College Coat of Arms Hugh Shepley of Coolidge, Shepley, Bulfinch & Abbott 1930
Dunster House roofline - Harvard University - DSC03005.JPG
Named for Henry Dunster, Harvard's first president.
One end pavilion pediment features the coat of arms of the Dunster family, and the other the coat of arms of Dunster's alma mater, Magdalene College, Cambridge.
New Bedford City Hall Massachusetts
William Street,
New Bedford
City Hall, New Bedford MA.jpg New Bedford Industries and City Seal[84] Timothy J. McAuliffe Samuel C. Hunt 1908 brownstone
New Bedford Institution for Savings Massachusetts
174 Union Street,
New Bedford
NewBedford21June07NewBedfordInstitutionForSavings.jpg Worker and mother flank an angel, who is both winged and modestly dressed[85] Hugh Cairns Charles Brigham 1897
Saint Joseph Memorial Chapel Massachusetts
College of the Holy Cross,
1 College Street,
Worcester
St Joseph Chapel CollegeOfTheHolyCross.jpg Maginnis & Walsh 1924[86] Memorial to Holy Cross students and alumni killed in World War I.

Michigan

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
Wayne County Courthouse Michigan
600 Randolph Street,
Detroit
EWagnerAWayne1.jpg General Anthony Wayne and Indians Conducting a Treaty[87] Edward Wagner John Scott 1901 stone
WayneCountyBldg2.jpg
Michigan State Capitol Michigan
Lansing
Michigan Capitol pediment.jpg The Rise and Progress of Michigan[88] Carl H. Wehner
Lewis T. Ives
Richard Rutter (carver)
Richard Glaister (carver)
Elijah E. Myers 1876 sandstone
Michigan state capitol.jpg

Minnesota

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
Basilica of Saint Mary Minnesota
1600 Hennepin Avenue,
Minneapolis
1209ND70S 4155.jpg Virgin Mary with attendants and putti Emmanuel Louis Masqueray 1914
2008-0705-BasilicaStMary.jpg

Mississippi

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
Mississippi State Capitol[89] Mississippi
Mississippi Street,
Jackson
32°18?14?N 90°10?56?W / 32.30389°N 90.18222°W / 32.30389; -90.18222 (Mississippi State Capitol)
Mississippi State Capitol, Jackson, Mississippi (3931963863).jpg Robert Bringhurst Theodore C. Link 1900
Heavenly witnesses (3476376552).jpg
"Sculpted in 1900, with an enthroned personification of the state at the center, surrounded by figures representing Poetry, Industry, and Science, huntsmen, farmers, white people, black people, and Native American, they are Mississippi's version of the pediment of the Parthenon in Athens, Greece."[90]
Illinois State Memorial Mississippi
Vicksburg National Military Park,
Vicksburg
Illinois Monument.jpg Pediment[91] Charles J. Mulligan William Le Baron Jenny 1906 Georgia white marble

Missouri

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
Missouri State Capitol Missouri
201 West Capitol Avenue,
Jefferson City
Missouri State Capitol Building, AA Weinman, sculptor.jpg Missouri State Capitol Pediment[92] Adolph Alexander Weinman Tracy & Swartout 1926 Burlington limestone
MissouriCapitol.jpg
New Masonic Temple Missouri
3681 Lindell Boulevard,
St. Louis
NewMasonicSrLouis.JPG two pediments, front and rear, decorate the attic temple of a neo-Classical concrete Masonic lodge[93] Victor Berlendis[94] Eames & Young with Albert B. Groves 1926 front: two lamassu standing in profile face a radiant central structure (perhaps a Masonic altar). rear: low-relief garlands and floral carving

Nebraska

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
Omaha Central High School Nebraska
124 N 20th Street,
Omaha
Omaha Central HS from E 1.JPG Omaha Central High School pediment[95] Jacob Maag John Latenser Sr. 1912
Pawnee County Courthouse Nebraska
625 6th St.,
Pawnee City
40°6?29?N 96°9?12?W / 40.10806°N 96.15333°W / 40.10806; -96.15333 (Pawnee County Courthouse)
Pawnee County, Nebraska courthouse N pediment.JPG William F. Gernandt 1911 terra cotta Classical Revival county courthouse with sculpture of two men and two women appearing to "symbolize agriculture and the fertility of the county."[96]
Washington County Courthouse Nebraska

16th St. between Colfax and South Sts.,
Blair
41°32?24?N 96°08?06?W / 41.54000°N 96.13500°W / 41.54000; -96.13500 (Washington County Courthouse (Blair, Nebraska))

Washington County, Nebraska courthouse N pediment.JPG
Washington County, Nebraska courthouse W pediment.JPG
O.H. Placey 1889 painted metal Two pediments, north and west, contain symbols of the county, appearing to be set loosely in place. Items symbolize "farming in the county, the immigrant experience, and county government."[97]

New Hampshire

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
Latchis Theatre New Hampshire
55 Pleasant Street,
Claremont
Claremont NH 15.JPG Pediment[98] Mason & Haynes 1928 concrete
New Hampshire State House New Hampshire
107 North Main Street,
Concord
New Hampshire State House dome 5.JPG Seal of New Hampshire Stuart Park 1819 granite
NHSHc1875.jpg
New Hampshire State House c. 1875:
Dover City Hall New Hampshire
228 Central Avenue,
Dover
Dover City Hall 5.JPG Dover City Seal[99] Edward J. Richardson 1935[100] concrete
Saint Joseph Church New Hampshire
150 Central Avenue,
Dover
St. Joseph Church Dover 5.JPG St. Joseph with Infant Child[101] Lualdi & Sons James J. O'Shaughnessy 1948 Indiana limestone

New Jersey

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
Jersey City City Hall New Jersey
280 Grove Street,
Jersey City
two pediment sculptures Lewis Broome[102] 1896 metal three of five original pediments destroyed in 1955 fire[103]
William L. Dickinson High School New Jersey
2 Palisade Avenue,
Jersey City
Dickenson High JC jeh.jpg John T. Rowland 1906
American Insurance Company Building New Jersey
15 Washington Street,
Newark
American Insurance Company Bldg-Washington Park-Newark.jpg central eagle in deep relief, trailing garlands John H. & Wilson C. Ely 1930 limestone Formerly housed S. I. Newhouse Center for Law and Justice (Rutgers School of Law - Newark)
Old Passaic County Courthouse New Jersey
71 Hamilton Street,
Paterson, New Jersey
Passiac County Courthouse, Paterson, NJ, 1906.jpg multiple robed figures, the middle two of whom flank a seal or escutcheon, in deep relief Samuel Burrage Reed 1903 marble[104]

New York

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
Buffalo History Museum
(built as the New York State Pavilion for the 1901 Pan-American Exposition)
New York
Delaware Park,
Buffalo
BuffaloHistory Museum pediment composite Amateis 1930.jpg Pediment[105] Edmond Amateis George Cary 1930 Vermont white marble
Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society.jpg
The building's pediment was blank for the 1901 Pan-American Exposition.[106] Amateis created the pedimental sculptures and 9 relief panels, 1929-30.[107]
Greene County Courthouse[108] New York
Catskill
GreeneCountyCourtHouse.jpg A. P. Lombard Company William J. Beardsley 1909 Ohio sandstone
Hall of Christ New York
Chautauqua Institution,
Wythe & South Streets,
Chautauqua
Aula Christie pediment[109] Paul J. Pelz 1908[110] concrete The sculptured pediment features an open Bible emitting rays of knowledge.
Elmira City Hall New York
Lake & West Church Streets,
Elmira
Elmira, New York (1548315882).jpgArts & Sciences South pediment: The Arts and Sciences[111]
East pediment: Liberty?
New York Architectural Terra Cotta Company Pierce & Bickford 1895 terra cotta
Bronx Zoo New York
Bronx Park,
2300 Southern Boulevard,
Bronx, New York City
Bronx Zoo 002.jpg Primate House: Orangutan Pediment[112] A. Phimister Proctor Heins & La Farge 1901 stone
Annual report - New York Zoological Society (1906) (18431282595).jpg
Proctor also modeled the baboon figure atop the pediment and the monkey frieze along the building's cornice.
Annual report - New York Zoological Society (1903) (18432918771).jpg Lion House: Lion Pediment[113] Eli Harvey 1903 stone Harvey also modeled the seated lion sentinels and the lion heads in the building's cornice.
Brooklyn Museum New York
200 Eastern Parkway,
Brooklyn, New York City
Brooklyn Museum June 2008 sunset jeh.JPG Science and Art[114] Daniel Chester French
Adolph Alexander Weinman
Piccirilli Brothers (carvers)
McKim, Mead & White 1913 Indiana limestone
Dime Savings Bank of Brooklyn New York
9 Dekalb Avenue, Brooklyn, New York City
Dime Savings Bank - Brooklyn, NY - DSC07877.JPG Morning and Evening of Life[115] Lee Lawrie Robert Helmer
Halsey, McCormack & Helmer
1932 stone
Dime Savings Bank Brooklyn.jpg
The original 1908 building, by architects Mowbray & Uffinger, had no pediment.[6]
The portico and pediment were added by Helmer, 1931-32.
People's Trust Company New York
183 Montague Street,
Brooklyn, New York City
Detail of bank building,181 Montague St., Brooklyn Heights 01 (9420475289).jpg a male and female figure recline on either side of an emblem Mowbray and Uffinger[116] 1903 marble
People's Trust Company Building 183 Montague Street Brooklyn.jpg
Appellate Division Courthouse of New York State New York
35 East 25th Street,
Manhattan, New York City
2010 Appellate courthouse pediment center.jpg The Triumph of Law[117] Charles Henry Niehaus James Brown Lord 1900 white marble
2010 Appellate courthouse pediment full.jpg
Daniel Chester French's acroterion sculpture Justice, atop the pediment.
Baudouine Building New York
1181-1183 Broadway,
Manhattan, New York City
Baudouine Building 1181 Broadway crop.jpg one fully carved pediment on an attic Greek temple, facing east; another two pediments on top floor contain floral designs[118][119] Alfred Zucker 1896 difficult to see from street level
Bowery Savings Bank New York
130 Bowery,
Manhattan, New York City
Bowery Savings Bank 130 Bowery from north.jpg130 Bowery pediment 2 identical sculpture groups[120] Frederick MacMonnies
Piccirilli Brothers (carvers)
Stanford White
McKim, Mead & White
1895 limestone The L-shaped building has sculptured pediments on the Bowery and Grand Street facades.
Bowery Savings Bank 228 Grand Street at Elizabeth Street.jpg

228 Grand Street pediment:
Federal Hall (demolished) New York
Wall Street,
Manhattan, New York City
Federal hall02.jpg Eagle Pediment unknown Pierre Charles L'Enfant 1788 wood? George Washington's first presidential inauguration took place on the balcony in 1789.

Demolished 1812
Henry Clay Frick House
Frick Collection
New York
1 East 70th Street,
Manhattan, New York City
Frick Collection.jpg Garden pavilion, south pediment:[121] Philip Martiny
Ardolino Brothers (carvers)
Thomas Hastings 1914 Bedford blue limestone
Henry C Frick House panoramic.jpg
Two of the rounded pediments adorn the garden pavilion, at left.
Piccirilli Attilio Frick pediment.jpg Garden pavilion, north pediment: Music[122] Attilio Piccirilli
Ardolino Brothers (carvers)
1914 Bedford blue limestone
70th Street pediment: Sherry Fry[123] 1914
Henry C Frick House 010.JPG
Originally over the porte cochere. Now over the public entrance. Modeled by Audrey Munson.
71st Street pediment: Charles Keck 1914 Originally over the porte cochere. Now beside the Frick Art Reference Library entrance.
Hudson River Railway Company Freight Terminal (demolished)
(New York Central Railroad)
New York
Hudson Street at St. John's Park,
Manhattan, New York City
Bas relief over old NYC HRRR (Hudson River Railroad) terminal at St. Jones Park, from Robert N. Dennis collection of stereoscopic views.jpg Cornelius Vanderbilt pediment Ernst Plassmann George Fischer & Brother, founder 1868 Statue: bronze
Relief: bronze
Cornelius GCT jeh.JPG
The statue was relocated in 1929 to Grand Central Terminal:[124]
The freight terminal site is now an approach to the Holland Tunnel.
Madison Square Presbyterian Church (demolished) New York
Madison Square,
24th Street & Madison Avenue,
Manhattan, New York City
Madison Square Presbyterian Church (1906) crop.jpg The Adoration of the Shrine of Truth
– pedimental relief sculpture of the Ark of the Covenant, flanked by angels, cherubs, a knight and a shepherd – figures in white & gold set against a blue background
Adolph Alexander Weinman Stanford White
McKim, Mead & White
Atlantic Terra Cotta Works
1910 terra cotta
MMA Library exterior, 1920.
The 44-foot-long pediment was removed prior to the church's demolition in 1919, and installed on the exterior of the Metropolitan Museum of Art Library.[125]
It was destroyed during a museum expansion in 1960.
Museum of the City of New York New York
1220-27 Fifth Avenue,
Manhattan, New York City
Museum of the City of New York, May 2008.jpg Seal of New York City Leo Friedlander Joseph H. Freedlander 1930 white marble
New York City Police Headquarters New York
240 Center Street,
Manhattan, New York City
Police Building dome pediment and columns.jpg four pediments, with the main (western) facade featuring two figures on either side of a crest, trailing garlands, another version of the NYC municipal seal[126] Hoppin & Koen 1909
Broomestnypd.JPG
New York County Courthouse
(now New York State Supreme Court Building)
New York
60 Centre Street,
Manhattan, New York City
NYC - New York County Supreme Courthouse.jpg The True Administration of Justice is the Finest Pillar of Good Government[127] Frederick Warren Allen Guy Lowell 1927 granite
New York County National Bank Building New York
Eight Avenue and West 14th Street,
Manhattan, New York City
New York County National Bank Building.jpg a lone eagle, wings spread, centered in the pediment[128] unknown designer Rudolph Daus for DeLemos & Cordes, architects 1907 stone
New York Public Library Main Branch New York
Fifth Avenue & 42nd Street,
Manhattan, New York City
Northern pediment: The Arts[129] George Grey Barnard
John Donnelly (carver)
Ulysses Ricci
carver
Carrère and Hastings 1917 marble
New York Public Library - Panorama 21112004.jpg
The sculptured pediments are atop the end pavilions of the Fifth Avenue façade.
Southern pediment: History[130] George Grey Barnard
John Donnelly (carver)
Ulysses Ricci
carver
1917 marble
New York Stock Exchange New York
11 Wall Street,
Manhattan, New York City
New York Stock Exchange LC-USZ62-124933.jpg Integrity Protecting the Works of Man[131] John Quincy Adams Ward
with Paul Wayland Bartlett
Gentulio Piccirilli (carver)
George Browne Post 1904 white marble (1904)
painted copper (1936)
USA-NYC-New York Stock Exchange.JPG
Ward's marble figures were replaced with painted copper replicas in 1936.
St. Andrew's Roman Catholic Church New York
20 Cardinal Hayes Place,
Manhattan, New York City
StAndrewNewYork.JPG two male winged angels flank a cartouche[132][133] Maginnis & Walsh with Robert J. Reiley 1939
St. Paul's Chapel New York
209 Broadway,
Manhattan, New York City
St Paul's Chapel sunny jeh.JPG Statue of St. Paul unknown Thomas McBean 1790 wood (tulip poplar)
New York St. Paul's Chapel 1799.JPG
In a 1799 painting by Archibald Robertson:

The statue was replaced by a resin replica in 2016.[134] The original has been restored,[135] and is now housed inside the chapel.
Kykuit
John D. Rockefeller Estate
New York
200 Lake Road,
Pocantico Hills
Kykuit 3.JPG Francois Tonetti, possibly assisted by his spouse Mary Lawrence Tonetti Delano & Aldrich 1913
Kykuit, Tarrytown, NY - front facade.JPG
Rush Rhees Library New York
University of Rochester,
Rochester
Rush rhees front.JPG Ulysses Ricci
Edward Ardolino (carver)
Charles A. Platt
Gordon & Kaelber
1930
URRushRhees.jpg
Hall of Springs New York
Saratoga Spa State Park,
Saratoga
Saratoga State Park Hall of Springs 01Aug2008.jpg 3 pediments: Man and Nature Join Together in the Waters of the Springs[136]
Athena Introduces Asklepios to the Saratoga Springs[137]
The Infidelity of Asklepios[138]
George H. Snowden Joseph Freedlander 1934 stone

Ohio

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
Stark County Courthouse Ohio
Tuscarawas Street,
Canton
Stark County Courthouse and Annex 1.jpg Commerce - Justice - Agriculture - Industry[139] unknown George F. Hammond 1895
Stark County Courthouse (Canton, OH) edit.JPG
The 1870 Second Empire style courthouse was dramatically altered to a Beaux Arts style by Hammond, 1893-95.[140]
Cleveland Trust Company Building Ohio
9th Street & Euclid Avenue,
Cleveland
Cleveland Trust pediment.jpg
The Blessings of Land and Water[141] Karl Bitter George Browne Post & Sons 1907 granite
Cleveland Trust rotunda.jpg
Severance Hall Ohio
11001 Euclid Avenue,
Cleveland
HHSeverenceHall.jpg Severance Hall Pediment[142] Henry Hering Frank Ginn
Walker and Weeks
1931 Indiana limestone
WWSeverance-Hall-1.jpg
Stambaugh Auditorium Ohio
1000 Fifth Avenue,
Youngstown
Stambaugh Auditorium front.jpg Pediment Group[143] Gaetano Cecere Harvey Wiley Corbett 1926 Indiana limestone

Oklahoma

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
Carnegie Library (Guthrie, Oklahoma) Oklahoma
402 East Oklahoma Avenue,
Guthrie
Carnegie Library (Guthrie, Oklahoma).jpgSouth pediment 2 identical pediments on south and west facades J. H. Bennett 1903 terra cotta?
Carnegie Library, 402 East Oklahoma Avenue, Guthrie (Logan County, Oklahoma).jpg

Oregon

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
First National Bank Building Oregon
401 SW 5th Avenue,
Portland
First National Bank (Portland), frieze and cornice detail.jpg Seal of Oregon Territory flanked by allegorical figures Coolidge & Shattuck 1916
First National Bank - Portland Oregon.jpg

Pennsylvania

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
Kirby Hall, Lafayette College Pennsylvania
730 High Street,
Easton
Lafayette College Easton PA 18 building.jpg two female figures with props (fasces, scales, crown, owl, a pile of books) flank a rectangular panel reading "Hall of Civil Rights", with eagle perched above[144] Edward McCartan Warren and Wetmore 1930
Lynnewood Hall Pennsylvania
920 Spring Avenue,
Elkins Park
Lynnewood Hall, 920 Spring Avenue, Elkins Park, Montgomery County, PA HABS PA,46-ELKPA,3-4.tif Pedimental sculpture[145] Henri-Léon Gréber Horace Trumbauer 1914 Caen stone
LynnewoodHall front.jpg
Trumbauer altered the 1897 mansion's original pediment to accommodate Gréber's sculpture group.[146]
Westmoreland County Courthouse Pennsylvania
2 North Main Street,
Greensburg
Greensburg-pennsylvania-courthouse.jpg William S. Kaufman 1906
Broad Street Station (demolished) Pennsylvania
Broad & Market Streets,
Philadelphia
Schevill Karl Bitter pediment Pennsylvania Railroad station Philadelphia.jpg Fire and Water Tamed and Harnessed to the Service of Man Karl Bitter Frank Furness 1894 red terra cotta
Sweet's 1906 p.271.jpg
Installed above the entrance to the 15th Street tunnel.

Demolished 1953
First Bank of the United States Pennsylvania
120 South 3rd Street,
Philadelphia
First Bank of the United States 7.tiff Eagle Pediment[147] Clodius F. Legrand & Sons Samuel Blodgett (attributed),
possibly with James Hoban[148]
1797 painted mahogany
FirstBankofUS00 crop.jpg
Free Library of Philadelphia
Parkway Central Library
Pennsylvania
1901 Vine Street,
Philadelphia
Printing Eastern pediment: History of Printing[149] John Donnelly & Company[150] Horace Trumbauer 1927 limestone
Free Library of Philadelphia Front 3008px.jpg
Vine Street façade:
Pediment Of The Central Library (Philadelphia, PA).jpg
Putti with books and screw printing press:
Philadelphia Free Library.jpg Western pediment: Writing John Donnelly & Company[151] 1927 limestone
Detail of the Pediment Of The Central Library (Philadelphia, PA).jpg
Putti with paper and typewriter:
Germantown High School Pennsylvania
40 High Street,
Philadelphia
a central winged female figure is flanked by 11 other figures, with children holding scrolls, skulls, a locomotive, other allegorical props Louis Milione[152] 1914[153]
Girard Trust Corn Exchange Bank
(now Ritz-Carlton Philadelphia)
Pennsylvania
34-35 South Broad Street,
Philadelphia
EAST (FRONT) ELEVATION - Girard Trust Corn Exchange Bank, 34-36 South Broad Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA HABS PA,51-PHILA,319-1.tif Relief portrait bust of Stephen Girard flanked by sailing ships Frank Furness (preliminary design)
Allen Evans (plan)
McKim, Mead & White (detailing)[154]
1908 white marble
Girard-trust-building.jpg
Ritz-Carlton Philadelphia:
Philadelphia County Family Court Building Pennsylvania
1801 Vine Street,
Philadelphia
Family Court Building Philadelphia.jpg Eastern pediment: Family Unity Giuseppe Donato John T. Windrim
Morton Keast
1940 limestone
Logan Square.JPG
The building is a near twin to the Parkway Central Library (left).
Western pediment: Family Protection[155] Louis Milione 1940 limestone
Philadelphia Museum of Art Pennsylvania
Benjamin Franklin Parkway,
Philadelphia
Pediment, Philly Art Museum (2).jpg Western Civilization[156] C. Paul Jennewein Horace Trumbauer
Zantzinger & Borie
1932 polychrome terra cotta The museum's exterior features 8 pediments. Only this sculpture group has been completed.
The one-third-size plaster models for sculptor John Gregory's never-completed Pursuit of Wisdom Pediment (1926) are in PMA's collection.[157]
Rodin Museum Pennsylvania
Benjamin Franklin Parkway & 21st Street,
Philadelphia
Rodin Museum Entry Philadelphia.jpg replica of the Meudon Monument (Rodin's grave) Benedict Stone Corp. Paul Philippe Cret 1929 limestone
sculpture: cast stone
Meudon Monument
The Meudon Monument features the ruins of an 18th-century façade from the Château d'Issy (burned 1871). Rodin's grave is marked by a copy of his most famous sculpture, The Thinker.[158]
University of Pennsylvania Law School (now Silverman Hall)[159] Pennsylvania
34th & Chestnut Streets,
Philadelphia
University of Pennsylvania Law School.JPG pediment with two unicorns flanking cartouche, eagle above Edward Maene Cope and Stewardson 1902 limestone The building was modeled after Christopher Wren's 1689-1702 addition to Hampton Court Palace, which shows a similar heraldic image but with no pediment.

South Carolina

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
Charleston City Hall
(formerly Charleston Branch, Bank of the United States)
South Carolina
80 Broad Street,
Charleston
Charleston, SC, City Hall IMG 4582.JPG Charleston City Seal[160] James E. Walker & Brothers Gabriel Manigault (attributed), 1804[161]

Charles Reichardt, 1839
1839 stone
PEDIMENT CARTOUCHE AND 2ND FLOOR CORNICE (SOUTH SIDE) - Bank of the United States, 80 Broad Street, Charleston, Charleston County, SC HABS SC,10-CHAR,108-6.tif
Manigault designed the building as the Charleston Branch, Bank of the United States, 1804. Reichardt altered it into the City Hall, 1839. The seal's Latin motto translates, '"The Body Politic, She Guards Her Buildings, Customs and Laws." The building is the "second-oldest city hall in continuous use in America."[162]
South Carolina National Bank of Charleston South Carolina
16 Broad Street,
Charleston
South Carolina National Bank.jpg carved, gilded eagle[163] unknown unknown 1817 gilded oak
PEDIMENT EAGLE (see also SC-562-1) - Second Bank of the United States, 16 Broad Street, Charleston, Charleston County, SC HABS SC,10-CHAR,233-3.tif

Tennessee

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
Shelby County Courthouse Tennessee
160 Adams Street,
Memphis
Shelby County Court Adams Ave at Second St Memphis TN 05.jpg Four pediment groups: Canon Law, Roman Law, Statutory Law, Civil Law and Criminal Law. J. Massey Rhind H. D. Hale and James Gamble Rogers[164] Building constructed in 1909[164]
Parthenon Tennessee
Centennial Park,
Nashville
Nashville Parthenon 004.JPG East pediment: The Birth of Athena[165] George Julian Zolnay (1897)
Belle Kinney (1931)
Leopold Scholz (1931)
Capt. W.C. Smith, (1897)
Russell E. Hart, (1931)
1931 painted concrete Nashville's nickname is "The Athens of the South," and a replica of the Parthenon was built to be the main attraction at the 1897 Tennessee Centennial Exposition. Constructed of artificial stone over wood, it was expected to be temporary building.
A permanent replica, constructed of concrete over a steel armature, was begun in the 1920s and completed in 1931.[166]
Centennial Park, Parthenon back.JPG West pediment: The Battle between Athena and Poseidon[167]
Schermerhorn Symphony Center Tennessee
1 Symphony Place,
Nashville
Schermerhorn.jpg Raymond Kaskey David M. Schwarz
Earl Swensson Associates
2006 marble Home of the Nashville Symphony

Utah

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
Noyes Building Utah
Snow College,
150 East College Avenue,
Ephraim
Snow College, Noyes Building.jpg The Three Muses[168] Richard C. Watkins 1903 painted tin over carved wood or plaster

Virginia

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
George Washington Masonic National Memorial Virginia
101 Callahan Drive,
Alexandria
GWMNM1.jpg George Washington Medallion[169] Gail Sherman Corbett Harvey Wiley Corbett 1932 granite
George Washington Masonic National Memorial from King Street Washington Metro station.JPG
Cabell Hall Virginia
University of Virginia,
Charlottesville
Old Cabell Hall UVa pediment with Homer statue b&w.jpg Ye Shall Know the Truth, and the Truth Shall Make You Free[170] George Julian Zolnay Stanford White
McKim, Mead & White
1898 painted concrete
Old Cabell Hall and Homer University of Virginia.jpg

West Virginia

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
Marion County Courthouse West Virginia
Adams & Jefferson Streets,
Fairmont
Marion County Courthouse Fairmont.jpg Entrance Pediment[171] W. D. Priest of Whyte & Priest Yost & Packard 1900 stone
Tyler County Courthouse and Jail West Virginia
Main & Dodd Streets,
Middlebourne
Tyler County Courthouse WV.jpg seated Justice flanked by male and female supplicants[172] unknown Holmboe and Pogue 1922 The portico and pediment date from the 1922 redesign of an 1854 building.

Wisconsin

Building Location Image Sculpture Sculptor Architect Installed Medium Notes
Wisconsin State Capitol Wisconsin
2 East Main Street,
Madison
WiscCap2.jpg East pediment: Liberty Supported by the Law[173] Karl Bitter
John Grignola (carver)
George Browne Post & Sons 1910 Bethel Vermont granite[174]
Wis-capitol.jpg
Wisconsin State Capitol pediment (west) - Madison, WI - DSC02770.JPG West pediment: Wisconsin State Resources[175] Karl Bitter 1917 Bethel Vermont granite
Schevill Karl Bitter Wisconsin State Capitol east wing pediment.jpg
Bitter's plaster model for the west pediment.
WiscCap5AP.jpg North pediment: The Learning of the World[176] Attilio Piccirilli
Furio Piccirilli (carver)
1915 Bethel white granite
WiscCap3AAW.jpg South pediment: Wisdom, Thought, and Reflection[177] Adolph Alexander Weinman 1917 Bethel Vermont granite
Germania Building Wisconsin
135 W. Wells Street,
Milwaukee
Germania Building, Milwaukee, WI, USA, pediment.jpg two pediments: lower on entry portico has two putti flanking cartouche, upper with two seated figures flanking cartouche reading "1896"[178] Carl Kuehns of the Milwaukee Ornamental Carving Company[179] Schnetsky & Liebert 1896 stone Germania Building.jpg

References

  1. ^ Price, Matlack, "The Problem of the Pediment," The Architectural Forum, July 1925, Volume XLIII, Number 1, pp. 1.
  2. ^ Webb, Pamela A., Hellenistic Architectural Sculpture: Figural Motifs in Western Anatolia and the Aegean Islands, The University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, Wisconsin, 1996 pp.23-25
  3. ^ Spirit of Progress and Civilization Pediment, from SIRIS.
  4. ^ Bond of Postal Union, from SIRIS.
  5. ^ Louise Todd Ambler, et al., The Sculpture of Walker Hancock, exhibition catalogue, (Cape Ann Historical Association, 1989), pp. 23-27.
  6. ^ Africa and Europe Pediment, from SIRIS.
  7. ^ America and Asia Pediment, from SIRIS.
  8. ^ Eagle Pediment and Neoclassical Relief Panels, from SIRIS.
  9. ^ Eagle Pediment, from SIRIS.
  10. ^ "Central Public Library, District of Columbia" (PDF). NRHP Nomination Document. Retrieved 2016.
  11. ^ War, from SIRIS.
  12. ^ Fisheries Pediment, from SIRIS.
  13. ^ Mining Pediment, from SIRIS.
  14. ^ Foreign and Domestic Commerce Pediment, from SIRIS.
  15. ^ Aeronautics Pediment, from SIRIS.
  16. ^ Drafting the Declaration of Independence, from SIRIS.
  17. ^ Department of Justice Building, from SIRIS.
  18. ^ America Fostering the Arts and Industries and Atlantes, from SIRIS.
  19. ^ Columbia Pediment, from SIRIS.
  20. ^ Symbols of Significance: The Pediments of the National Archives Building, from National Archives.
  21. ^ Recorder of the Archives, from SIRIS.
  22. ^ Destiny Pediment, from SIRIS.
  23. ^ Gurney, George (1985). Sculpture and the Federal Triangle. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press. pp. 198, 223, 238. ISBN 0-87474-492-X.
  24. ^ Eagle Pediment, from SIRIS.
  25. ^ Eagle, from University of Virginia.
  26. ^ William Cororan on Renwick Building, from SIRIS.
  27. ^ The Genius of America, from SIRIS.
  28. ^ a b c Architect of the Capitol Under the Direction of the Joint Committee on the Library, Compilation of Works of Art and Other Objects in the United States Capitol, United States Government Printing Office, Washington 1965 p. 378
  29. ^ The Progress of Civilization, from SIRIS.
  30. ^ a b Architect of the Capitol Under the Direction of the Joint Committee on the Library, Compilation of Works of Art and Other Objects in the United States Capitol, United States Government Printing Office, Washington 1965 p. 380
  31. ^ Apotheosis of Democracy, from SIRIS.
  32. ^ Labor and Industry, from SIRIS.
  33. ^ Abundance and Industry, from SIRIS.
  34. ^ Fruit Pediment, from SIRIS.
  35. ^ Flowers Pediment. from SIRIS.
  36. ^ Cereals, from SIRIS.
  37. ^ Forestry, from SIRIS.
  38. ^ Interstate Transportation, from SIRIS.
  39. ^ Commerce and Communications, from SIRIS.
  40. ^ Equal Justice Under Law, from SIRIS.
  41. ^ "The West Pediment Information Sheet" (PDF). SupremeCourt.Gov. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-06-27. Retrieved .
  42. ^ Justice, the Guardian of Liberty, from SIRIS.
  43. ^ "The East Pediment Information Sheet" (PDF). SupremeCourt.Gov.
  44. ^ Santa Cruz County Courthouse, from SIRIS.
  45. ^ Judy Triem and Mitch Stone (July 7, 1997). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Inyo County Courthouse". National Park Service. and accompanying seven photos
  46. ^ California, from SIRIS.
  47. ^ Into the Highlands of the Mind Let Me Go, from SIRIS.
  48. ^ Bring Me Men to Match My Mountains, from SIRIS.
  49. ^ Greek Pediment, from SIRIS.
  50. ^ J. R. Miller & T. L. Pflueger, Architects, Exterior Rendering of the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Building, from San Francisco Museum of Modern Art.
  51. ^ An Allegorical Group, from SIRIS.
  52. ^ Therese Poletti & Tom Paiva, Art Deco San Francisco: The Architecture of Timothy Pflueger (Princeton Architectural Press, 2008)
  53. ^ a b City Hall Pediments, from SIRIS.
  54. ^ Pediment Bas-Relief, from SIRIS.
  55. ^ Neptune and Neraids, from SIRIS.
  56. ^ Kvaran & Lockley
  57. ^ New Haven County Courthouse, from SIRIS.
  58. ^ Mary E. O'Leary, New Haven Superior Courthouse once again a jewel on the Green, New Haven Register (April 6, 2015).
  59. ^ Capitol Building - Pediment, from SIRIS.
  60. ^ Timothy Crimmins & Anne H. Farrisee, Democracy Restored: A History of the Georgia State Capitol (University of Georgia Press, 2007), p. 9.[1]
  61. ^ Boise High School Portico, from SIRIS.
  62. ^ Mardene Hinton and Terri Hult (September 10, 2006). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Kankakee County Courthouse / Courthouse Square" (PDF). State of Illinois. p. 8. Retrieved 2016.
  63. ^ Circle Theater Reliefs, from SIRIS.
  64. ^ Tippecanoe County Courthouse, from SIRIS.
  65. ^ Boone County Courthouse, from SIRIS,
  66. ^ "Macbride Hall". University of Iowa. Retrieved 2016.
  67. ^ "First Newton National Bank celebrates 80th anniversary". Newton Daily News. Retrieved 2016.
  68. ^ "Newton Downtown Historic District" (PDF). National Register Historical Places application. Retrieved 2016.
  69. ^ "History". Carnegie Theater. Retrieved 2016.
  70. ^ Tenkotte, Paul A.; Claypool, James C. (13 January 2015). Encyclopedia of Northern Kentucky. University Press of Kentucky. p. 156. Retrieved 2016.
  71. ^ "NRHP Nomination Form". US Natl Park Svcs Dept of Interior. U.S. Government. Retrieved 2020.
  72. ^ The Pediment Frieze, from SIRIS.
  73. ^ Louisville City Hall, from SIRIS.
  74. ^ Samuel Wilson, Jr., "Pietro Cardelli, Sculptor of the Cabildo's Eagle," Louisiana History: Journal of the Louisiana Historical Association, vol. 21, no. 4 (Autumn 1980), pp. 399-405.
  75. ^ Architect Benjamin Latrobe's 1819 elevation of the Cabildo, from Historic New Orleans Collection.
  76. ^ Patricia Heintzelman (June 30, 1975) National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: The Cabildo, National Park Service and Accompanying 2 photos, exterior, from 1968.
  77. ^ "Gallier Hall". Encyclopedia of Louisiana. Retrieved 2016.
  78. ^ Seal of Province of Maryland, from SIRIS.
  79. ^ Recreation Pier Relief, from SIRIS.
  80. ^ W. Bruce Morton, III (August 1971). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: First Unitarian Church" (PDF). Maryland Historical Trust. Retrieved .
  81. ^ "First Unitarian Church". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2009-03-08. Retrieved .
  82. ^ To the Fine Arts, from SIRIS.
  83. ^ "A Historic Building". Bridge of Life Church (current owners). Retrieved 2016.
  84. ^ New Bedford Industries and City Seal, from SIRIS.
  85. ^ "New Bedford Institution for Savings". David J. Russo (on Charles Brigham). Retrieved 2016.
  86. ^ Anthony J. Kuzniewski, Thy Honored Name: A History of the College of the Holy Cross, 1843–1994 (CUA Press, 1999), p. 246.
  87. ^ General Anthony Wayne and Indians Conducting a Treaty, from SIRIS.
  88. ^ The Rise and Progress of Michigan, from SIRIS.
  89. ^ Mississippi State Capitol, from SIRIS.
  90. ^ The Pediment Sculptures, from Welty Biennial.
  91. ^ Illinois Memorial, from SIRIS.
  92. ^ Missouri State Capitol - Pediment for South Entrance, from SIRIS.
  93. ^ Bryant, Tim (12 Dec 2014). "Masonic Temple to go on sale". St. Louis Post Dispatch. Retrieved 2016.
  94. ^ "Victor Berlendis, 1867-1947, Architectural Sculptor" (PDF). Society of Architectural Historians Missouri Chapter. Retrieved 2016.
  95. ^ "A Monument in Stone" (PDF). Central High School Omaha. Retrieved 2016.
  96. ^ Barbara Beving Long (November 8, 1989). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Pawnee County Courthouse / PW06-54". National Park Service. Retrieved 2017. With three photos from 1988.
  97. ^ Barbara Beving Long (November 8, 1989). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Washington County Courthouse / WN02-1". National Park Service. Retrieved 2018. With accompanying four photos from 1989
  98. ^ Latchis Building Pediment, from SIRIS.
  99. ^ Dover City Seal, from SIRIS.
  100. ^ Cornelius Weygandt, ed., New Hampshire: A Guide to the Granite State (Federal Writers' Project, 1938), p. 145.
  101. ^ St. Joseph with Infant Child, from SIRIS.
  102. ^ "Jersey City Past and Present". NJCU.edu. Retrieved 2018.
  103. ^ "City Hall". Jersey City Landmarks. Retrieved 2018.
  104. ^ Cunningham, John T. (1 January 1994). This is New Jersey. Rutgers University Press. p. 66. Retrieved 2020.
  105. ^ Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society Pediment and Reliefs, from SIRIS.
  106. ^ "The outside pediment to the south is void of statuary, waiting for a donation ..." – George Cary, "The New Home of the Historical Society: The Building Described by Its Architect," Publications of the Buffalo Historical Society (Buffalo, New York: 1902), vol. 5, p. 408.
  107. ^ George Rollie Adams; Thomas E. Leary & Scott Eberle (January 13, 1986). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: The New York State Building, Pan American Exposition 1901 / the Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society Building" (pdf). National Park Service. Cite journal requires |journal= (help) and Accompanying photos, from 1985 (416 KB)
  108. ^ Greene County Courthouse, from SIRIS.
  109. ^ Hall of Christ, from SIRIS.
  110. ^ "First Service in the Aula Christi," The Chautauquan, vol. 52, no. 3 (November 1908), pp. 443-46.[2]
  111. ^ Liberty and Others, from SIRIS.
  112. ^ Primate House, from SIRIS.
  113. ^ Lion House, from SIRIS.
  114. ^ Science and Art, from SIRIS.
  115. ^ Morning and Evening of Life, from SIRIS.
  116. ^ "The People's Trust Company Building" (PDF). NYC Landmarks Preservation Commission. Retrieved 2016.
  117. ^ Triumph of Law, from SIRIS.
  118. ^ Dunlap, David W. "A Future for Madison Square's Past", The New York Times (July 15, 2001)
  119. ^ Postal, Mathew A.; Presa, Donald G.; et al. "NYCLPC Madison Square North Historic District Designation Report" Archived 2017-02-25 at the Wayback Machine New York Landmarks Preservation Commission (June 26, 2001)
  120. ^ Bowery Savings Bank Pediments, from SIRIS.
  121. ^ Pediment on H. C. Frick Residence, from SIRIS.
  122. ^ "American Stone Carving and Sculpture," Stone; An Illustrated Magazine, vol. 35, no. 12 (December 1914), pp. 641-43.[3]
  123. ^ Helen Weston Henderson, A Loiterer in New York: Discoveries Made by a Rambler through Obvious Yet Unsought Highways and Byways (Doran, 1917), p. 323.[4]
  124. ^ Commodore Vanderbilt, from SIRIS.
  125. ^ "Re-Erection of a Well-Known Pediment", Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, vol. 15, no. 12 (December 1920), p. 276.
  126. ^ "Police Building Apartments". New York Architecture. Retrieved 2016.
  127. ^ Pediment for the New York County Courthouse, from SIRIS.
  128. ^ Carter, Horsley. "The Bank Building, 300 West 14th Street". City Realty. Retrieved 2016.
  129. ^ The Arts, from SIRIS.
  130. ^ History, from SIRIS.
  131. ^ New York Stock Exchange Pediment, from SIRIS.
  132. ^ "St. Andrew's Church". New York Architecture. Retrieved 2016.
  133. ^ "Parish History". Our Lady of Victory and the Church of St. Andrew. Retrieved 2016.
  134. ^ Andy Mai & Denis Slattery, "St. Paul statue returns to old Manhattan chapel," The New York Daily News, October 5, 2016.
  135. ^ Carl Glassman,"After Descending to Earth, St. Paul (the statue) Is Given New Life," Tribeca Trib, February 26, 2016.
  136. ^ Man and Nature, from SIRIS
  137. ^ Athena Introduces Asklepios, from SIRIS.
  138. ^ [ The Infidelity of Asklepios], from SIRIS.
  139. ^ Stark County Courthouse Pediment, from SIRIS.
  140. ^ Ohio Historic Places Dictionary, Volume 2 (Somerset Publishers, 1999), p. 1301.
  141. ^ Pediment - Ameritrust Corporation, from SIRIS.
  142. ^ Severance Hall Pediment, from SIRIS
  143. ^ Pediment Group, from SIRIS.
  144. ^ "Kirby Hall of Civil Rights". Lafayette College. Retrieved 2016.
  145. ^ Pedimental Sculpture, from SIRIS.
  146. ^ Michael C. Kathrens, American Splendor: The Residential Architecture of Horace Trumbauer (Acanthus Press, 2009), p. 67-68.
  147. ^ Eagle, from SIRIS.
  148. ^ Baigell, Matthew (May 1969). "James Hoban and the First Bank of the United States". Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians. 28 (2): 135-136. JSTOR 988511.
  149. ^ History of Printing, from SIRIS.
  150. ^ Sculptor (John Donnelly?) working on the model, 1925, from Free Library of Philadelphia.
  151. ^ Model by John Donnelly, 1925, from Free Library of Philadelphia.
  152. ^ Levy, Florence Nightingale (1917). American Art Directory, Volume 14. R.R. Bowker. p. 556. Retrieved 2016.
  153. ^ Lattanzio, Vince. "Education Top Recommended Reuse for Closing Germantown High". NBC 10 Philadelphia. Retrieved 2016.
  154. ^ Girard Trust Corn Exchange Bank, from Philadelphia Architects and Buildings.
  155. ^ West Pediment, from SIRIS.
  156. ^ Philadelphia Museum of Art Pediment, from SIRIS.
  157. ^ Steven E. Bronson, "The Forgotten Pediment of the Philadelphia Museum of Art," National Sculpture Review (Spring 1976), pp. 16-17.
  158. ^ John Junius, "The Rodin Museum, Philadelphia," Architecture, vol. 64 (October 1931), pp. 189-95.
  159. ^ "William Draper Lewis Hall". University of Pennsylvania Archives. Retrieved 2016.
  160. ^ Charleston City Hall Seal, from SIRIS.
  161. ^ Charleston City Hall, from National Park Service.
  162. ^ Poston, Jonathan H., The Buildings of Charleston: A Guide to the City's Architecture, University of South Carolina Press, Columbia, South Carolina 1997 pp. 166-167.
  163. ^ "South Carolina Bank of Charleston". National Park Service. Retrieved 2016.
  164. ^ a b "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Adams Avenue Historic District" (PDF). With eight photos, including #6,7 showing pediments.
  165. ^ East Pediment of the Parthenon, from SIRIS
  166. ^ Wilbur F. Creighton, The Parthenon In Nashville: From a Personal Viewpoint (self-published, 1968) pp. 21-22.
  167. ^ West Pediemnt of the Parthenon, from SIRIS
  168. ^ The Three Muses, from SIRIS.
  169. ^ George Washington Medallion, from SIRIS.
  170. ^ Cabel Hall Pediment, from SIRIS.
  171. ^ Entrance Pediment, from SIRIS.
  172. ^ Rodney S. Collins (March 13, 1980). "National Register of Historic Places Nomination: Tyler County Courthouse and Jail" (pdf). National Park Service. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  173. ^ Liberty Supported by the Law, from SIRIS.
  174. ^ Rajer, Anton, Christine Style, Public Sculpture in Wisconsin: An Atlas of Outdoor Monuments, Memorials, and Masterpieces in the Badger State, SOS! Save Outdoor Sculpture, Wisconsin, The University of Wisconsin Press, Madison WI, 1999 p. 24
  175. ^ Wisconsin State Resources, from SIRIS.
  176. ^ Learning of the World, from SIRIS.
  177. ^ Wisdom, Thought, and Reflection, from SIRIS.
  178. ^ Jeramey Jannene. "Germania Building to Become Apartments", Urban Milwaukee, November 11, 2016.
  179. ^ "The Milwaukee Ornamental Carving Company". Old Milwaukee.net. Retrieved 2016.

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