Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers For World Universities
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Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers For World Universities

The Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers for World Universities or NTU Ranking is a ranking system of world universities by scientific paper volume, impact, and performance output. The ranking was originally published from 2007-2011 by the Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan (HEEACT)[1] and has been published since 2012 by the National Taiwan University. It uses bibliometric methods to analyze and rank the scientific paper performance. In addition to the overall ranking, it includes a list of the top universities in six fields and fourteen subjects.[2][3]

The rankings were introduced in 2007. The original ranking methodology favored toward universities with medical schools. In 2008, HEEACT began publishing a "Field Based Ranking" including six fields: agriculture and environmental sciences (AGE), clinical medicine (MED), engineering, computing, and technology (ENG), life sciences (LIFE), natural sciences (SCI), and social sciences (SOC).[4]

In 2010, HEEACT began publishing subject rankings in fields of various field of science and technology. Science fields are divided into physics, chemistry, mathematics, and geosciences. Technology fields are split up into electrical engineering, computer science, mechanical engineering, chemical engineering (including energy and fuels), materials science, and civil engineering (including environmental engineering).

HEEACT ended the Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers for World Universities Project in 2012. Due to disagreement about ranking results, the Taiwanese education authorities announced that the government would no longer support the Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan to do this ranking.[5]

The Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers for World Universities has been published by the National Taiwan University since 2012, and the ranking is also known as the NTU Ranking.[6]

Methodology

The HEEACT rankings used the following criteria:

  • Research productivity (weighed 20%)--The number of published articles of the last 11 years (10%) and the number of articles of the current year (10%).
  • Research impact (weighed 30%)--Number of citations of the last 11 years (10%), the number of citations of the last two years (10%), and the average number of citations of the last 11 years (10%).
  • Research excellence (weighed 40%)--The h-index of the last two years (20%), the number of highly cited papers (15%), and the number of articles of the current year in high-impact journals (15%).

Quantitative data were drawn from Science Citation Index (SCI) and Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI). The data were normalized by faculty number to account for different institution sizes. The indicators used in this methodology highly emphasized research quality (80% of the performance score) and short-term research performance (55% of the score).

HEEACT World University Rankings (Top 50)

2010 2009 2008 2007 Institution Country
1 1 1 1 Harvard University United States
2 3 3 4 Stanford University United States
3 2 2 2 Johns Hopkins University United States
4 4 4 3 University of Washington United States
5 5 5 5 University of California, Los Angeles United States
6 8 6 7 University of California, Berkeley United States
7 7 7 10 Massachusetts Institute of Technology United States
8 6 7 6 University of Michigan United States
9 11 14 12 University of Toronto Canada
10 17 19 19 University of Oxford United Kingdom
11 9 11 11 University of Pennsylvania United States
12 13 10 8 University of California, San Diego United States
13 10 13 9 Columbia University United States
14 14 12 13 University of Tokyo Japan
15 12 9 15 University of California, San Francisco United States
16 15 16 17 University of Cambridge United Kingdom
17 20 20 24 University College London United Kingdom
18 16 15 14 Yale University United States
19 18 17 16 Duke University United States
20 25 21 20 University of Wisconsin-Madison United States
21 22 27 28 Imperial College London United Kingdom
22 19 18 18 Cornell University United States
23 24 22 21 University of Pittsburgh United States
24 21 23 22 University of Minnesota United States
25 23 26 25 Washington University in St. Louis United States
26 27 25 23 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill United States
27 26 30 29 Northwestern University United States
28 28 28 27 Kyoto University Japan
29 32 32 35 University of California, Davis United States
30 29 24 26 University of Chicago United States
31 30 31 32 California Institute of Technology United States
32 31 33 39 University of British Columbia Canada
33 33 35 30 Ohio State University United States
34 34 36 50 Karolinska Institutet Sweden
35 36 34 36 McGill University Canada
36 46 44 41 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign United States
37 43 45 54 Emory University United States
38 35 38 40 Osaka University Japan
39 38 42 48 Princeton University United States
40 47 43 44 University of Florida United States
41 44 52 33 University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center United States
42 40 29 31 Pennsylvania State University United States
43 51 58 64 University of Melbourne Australia
44 42 47 46 Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich Germany
45 45 41 43 New York University United States
46 48 63 37 Mayo Clinic College of Medicine United States
47 48 50 52 University of Helsinki Finland
48 57 46 45 Vanderbilt University United States
49 56 53 56 Utrecht University Netherlands
49 40 37 38 University of Arizona United States

HEEACT World University Rankings (Top 20 by field)

Agriculture & Environment Sciences

Clinical Medicine

Engineering, Computing & Technology

Life Sciences

Physical, Chemical

Social Sciences

HEEACT World University Rankings (Top 20 by subject)

Physics (includes Astronomy and Space Science)

Chemistry

Mathematics

Geosciences

Electrical Engineering

Computer Science

Civil Engineering (including Environmental Engineering)

Mechanical Engineering

Chemical Engineering (including Energy & Fuels)

Materials Science

Commentary

The Australian higher education indicated that the 2007 performance ranking of scientific papers for world universities produced by HEEACT is a useful addition to the present world university ranks because of its rigorous method and robust results, which are made possible by its more modest scope.[7] There are more comments on the HEEACT rankings. The senior research fellow of Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China, Wu Yi-shan, claimed that the HEEACT ranking is the best ranking system he has ever seen. Wu indicated that the HEEACT ranking considers both long-term and short-term performance of a university. The idea of combining long-term and short-term ranking indicators is a pioneering thought.[8] Richard Holmes posted on University Ranking Watch and noted: "Although the Shanghai rankings show a high correlation with other rankings (based on a tiny sample of US universities) the HEEACT rankings from Taiwan do somewhat better." [9] Vice-President Research for the University of Toronto, Professor Paul Young, remarked that "the HEEACT rankings are relatively new, they are an important and methodologically robust measure of the quantity and quality of research performed by universities around the world." [10] The dean of academic affairs at National Taiwan University, Chiang Been-Huang, stated that "2009 Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers for World Universities by HEEACT are conducted based on objective figures." [11]

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ http://www.heeact.edu.tw/mp.asp?mp=2
  2. ^ http://ranking.heeact.edu.tw/en-us/2010%20by%20Subject/Page/Background[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "Introduction". NTU Ranking. National Taiwan University. Retrieved 2018.
  4. ^ http://ranking.heeact.edu.tw/en-us/2010%20by%20field/page/methodology[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ Taiwan refuse to continue supporting the HEEACT ranking Archived 2011-11-13 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ http://nturanking.lis.ntu.edu.tw/
  7. ^ Moodie, G. (2008), Taiwan addition sums up science rank.(Retrieved Aug 6, 2009)
  8. ^ http://www.sciencenet.cn/m/user_content.aspx?id=219367
  9. ^ Holmes, R. (2009),Is There a q Factor in University Ranking?(Retrieved Aug 5, 2009)
  10. ^ Stephens, L. (2009),UofT first in Canada in international rankings for research.(Retrieved Aug 5, 2009)
  11. ^ Kao, Y.L. (2009),NTU ranks 26th in Webometrics Ranking of World Universities(Retrieved Aug 5, 2009)

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