Pericentriolar Material
Get Pericentriolar Material essential facts below. View Videos or join the Pericentriolar Material discussion. Add Pericentriolar Material to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Pericentriolar Material

Pericentriolar material (PCM, sometimes also called pericentriolar matrix) is an amorphous mass of protein which makes up the part of the animal centrosome that surrounds the two centrioles. The PCM contains proteins responsible for microtubule nucleation and anchoring[1] including ?-tubulin, pericentrin and ninein.

Although the PCM appears amorphous by electron microscopy, Super-resolution microscopy finds that it is organized. The PCM have 9 fold symmetry that mimics the symmetry of the centriole.[] Some PCM Proteins are organized such that one end of the protein is found near the centriole and the other end is farther away from the centriole. The PCM size is dynamic during the cell cycle. After the cell division the PCM size is reduced in a process named Centrosome Reduction.[2] During the G2 phase of the cell cycle the PCM size grow in a process named centrosome maturation.

According to the Gene Ontology, the following human proteins are associated with the PCM [1]:

  • BBS4, Bardet-Biedl syndrome 4 protein
  • Lck, Proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase LCK
  • PCM1, Pericentriolar material 1 protein
  • TNKS, Tankyrase-1
  • TNKS2, Tankyrase-2
  • TUBE1, Tubulin epsilon chain

References

  1. ^ Eddé, B.; Rossier; Le Caer; Desbruyères; Gros; Denoulet (1990). "Posttranslational glutamylation of alpha-tubulin". Science. 247 (4938): 83-85. Bibcode:1990Sci...247...83E. doi:10.1126/science.1967194. PMID 1967194.
  2. ^ Atypical centrioles during sexual reproduction Tomer Avidor-Reiss*, Atul Khire, Emily L. Fishman and Kyoung H. Jo Curr Biol. 2015 Nov 16;25(22):2956-63. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2015.09.045. Epub 2015 Oct 17. http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fcell.2015.00021/full



  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Pericentriolar_material
 



 



 
Music Scenes