|o Tamil||? ?|
Petaling Jaya Square
PJ, Bandar Raya Inai Merah
Mesra, Cepat, dan Tepat
(English: Friendly, Fast and Precise)
Location of Petaling Jaya in Selangor
|Granted municipality status||1 January 1977|
|Granted city status||20 June 2006|
|o Mayor||Mohd Azizi Mohd Zain|
|o Deputy Mayor||Johary Anuar|
|o Total||97.2 km2 (37.5 sq mi)|
|o Density||6,600/km2 (17,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (MST)|
|o Summer (DST)||Not observed|
46xxx, 473xx, 474xx, 478xx, 52xxx
|Area codes||+603-56, +603-61, +603-62, +603-7|
Petaling Jaya (commonly called "PJ" by locals) is a city in Petaling District, Selangor, Malaysia. It has an approximate area of 97.2 square kilometres (37.5 sq mi). Petaling Jaya was granted city status on 20 June 2006. It was originally developed as a satellite township for Kuala Lumpur.
Petaling Jaya is surrounded by the Malaysian capital, Kuala Lumpur to the east, Sungai Buloh to the north, Shah Alam , the capital of Selangor and Subang Jaya to the west and Bandar Kinrara (Puchong) to the south.
The city was developed during post-war British Malaya on a piece of 1,200 acres (486 ha) rubber estate, the Effingham Estate, around Old Klang Road to address the overpopulation of the capital Kuala Lumpur in the 1950s. Since 1952, PJ witnessed a dramatic growth in terms of population size and geographical importance. The development of Petaling Jaya commenced in 1952 with the construction of 800 houses centred on the area known as "Old Town" today.
Lieutenant-General Sir Gerald Templer (then the British High Commissioner of Malaya and Petaling District council chairman) planned for Petaling Jaya to be a satellite town to prevent people from assisting the communists; the earlier housing areas were fenced off from the surrounding area. The first two main roads built in Petaling Jaya were simply called "Jalan 1" or Road 1 and "Jalan 2" or Road 2. Road 1 was later named Jalan Templer while Road 2 was named Jalan Othman after Othman Mohamad, former Menteri Besar (Chief Minister) of Selangor.
Until the end of 1953, the town was administered by the Kuala Lumpur district officer. The Petaling Jaya Town Authority headed by N.A.J. Kennedy commenced administrating Petaling Jaya in 1954. On 24 August 1959, Encik Abdul Aziz bin Haji Mohd Ali became the first Malayan to head the PJ Authority. Administratively and historically, it was considered part of Kuala Lumpur. However, Petaling Jaya ceased to be part of Kuala Lumpur when the latter became a Federal Territory on 1 February 1974. It then became a township in its own right within the state of Selangor.
Southern Petaling Jaya, from Section 8 to PJ Old Town, had the first settlements that were established around 1953. As development progressed, Northern Petaling Jaya, on the other side of the Federal Highway was developed. The first shopping complex in Petaling Jaya was Jaya Shopping Centre (better known as Jaya Supermarket), located in Section 14, which was built in 1974.
On 1 January 1977, following the passing of the Local Government Act the previous year, the Petaling Jaya Town Authority was reorganised to become Petaling Jaya Municipal Council or Majlis Perbandaran Petaling Jaya (MPPJ). Petaling Jaya progressed rapidly due to the massive rural-urban migration. As more people from rural areas immigrated, Sungai Way and Subang districts along with areas such as Subang Jaya, Seksyen 52 (New Town or colloquially known as "State", the name of the first, former cinema in the area) developed in areas under the jurisdiction of the municipality.
Following a boundary realignment exercise in January 1997, parts of Petaling Jaya including Subang Jaya, USJ, Putra Heights, and Bandar Sunway were ceded to the newly-formed Subang Jaya Municipal Council or MPSJ. MPPJ meanwhile annexed Bandar Utama, Sungai Buloh and Kota Damansara from the Petaling District Council (Majlis Daerah Petaling, MDP), which disestablished itself after the cession.
Due to the proximity of the city to the capital of Malaysia, Petaling Jaya had and have been the headquarters of many federal government departments such as Jabatan Pendaftaran Negara (National Registration Department, 1958-2004), Jabatan Arkib Negara Malaysia (Malaysian National Archive Department, 1961-1982) and Jabatan Kimia Malaysia (Malaysian Chemistry Department, 1957-).
Petaling Jaya is one of the wettest cities in Malaysia. It is warm with an average maximum of 30 degrees Celsius and receives heavy rainfall all year round, roughly more than 3,300 mm (130 in) of average rainfall annually. The city has no particular true dry season, but June and July are the driest months. Mostly each month average rainfall receives more than 200 mm (7.9 in). Thunderstorms and extreme rainstorms are common, and it is one of the highest lightning strike areas in the world. But due to normal global temperature variations, Petaling Jaya is experiencing severe drought with frequent water rationing among neighbourhoods.
|Climate data for Petaling Jaya|
|Average high °C (°F)||32.5
|Average low °C (°F)||23.1
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||189.8
|Average rainy days||11||12||16||16||14||9||10||11||13||17||18||15||162|
|Source: World Meteorological Organisation|
On 20 June 2006, Petaling Jaya was granted a city status and Dato' Ahmad Termizi Puteh, a former Yang di-Pertua MPPJ, automatically became the first mayor (Datuk Bandar) of Petaling Jaya. Petaling Jaya's local council changed its name to Majlis Bandaraya Petaling Jaya (MBPJ) or Petaling Jaya City Council following the granting of city status. On 15 August, Dato' Ahmad Termizi Puteh retired from the post of mayor. He was later replaced by Dato' Hj. Mohamad Roslan Sakiman.
The residents of Petaling Jaya are served by four Members of Parliament from Pakatan Harapan, which is DAP's Tony Pua in Damansara, PKR's Maria Chin Abdullah in Petaling Jaya, PKR's Sivarasa Rasiah in Sungai Buloh and PKR's Wong Chen in Subang.
Petaling Jaya is divided into several sections. Some are subdivided into smaller neighbourhoods (kejiranan), for example SS5D. Some sections have their own names (SS1 as Kampung Tunku), while other sections are grouped together (SS3, SS4, SS5, SS6 and SS7 as part of Kelana Jaya). Besides that, Petaling Jaya also comprises the affluent township of Damansara. Note that SS is not the same as Seksyen but as the short acronym for Subang-Sungai Way instead.
As of 2014, Petaling Jaya claimed 613,977 residents living in the area of 51.4 square kilometres (19.8 square miles). The actual population by 2015 would have been a little over 550,000 residents without taking into account the total population of the Kuala Lumpur-Petaling Jaya conurbation which would have resulted in a total population of 1.5 million.
A prominent landmark in PJ is the Kota Darul Ehsan arch which symbolically marks the boundary between Kuala Lumpur and Petaling Jaya. This arch straddled the Federal Highway (Lebuhraya Persekutuan) which was originally the only highway link between Petaling Jaya and Kuala Lumpur. However, many links now exist as alternatives to the congested Federal Highway.
Close to the Kelana Jaya Line's Taman Jaya station are the Petaling Jaya Museum, as well as the Thai Wat Chetawan temple. This ornate building is very popular amongst the Buddhist community. A short drive ahead is PJ State, the nickname for the Central Business District of Petaling Jaya with the landmark Menara MBPJ as a focal point. PJ State is more formally referred to as PJ New Town.
Damansara is the main shopping hub of Petaling Jaya with many of the city's shopping malls being located there. Some of the notable shopping malls in the city include The Curve, Ikea, IPC Shopping Centre, One Utama, Tropicana City Mall, Empire Damansara, Sunway Pyramid and Paradigm Mall.
The 1980s saw the establishment of shopping malls like The Atria in Damansara Jaya and Subang Parade in the nearby suburb or satellite town of Subang Jaya. The Atria provided the opportunity for residents to patronise either the Japanese Kimisawa or the French Printemps department stores, as well as a Burger King restaurant.
In 1995, 1 Utama commenced operations at Bandar Utama. Jaya Jusco, a Japanese department store which had operated since 1984 at Taman Tun Dr Ismail later relocated as one of the anchor tenants of 1 Utama.
Tesco supermarket commenced operations in Mutiara Damansara in 2003. This was quickly followed by the Ikano Power Centre in 2004 and The Curve in 2005. The Ikano Power Centre (now renamed as IPC Shopping Centre since 2011) houses Southeast Asia's largest IKEA Swedish furniture store. At about the same time, the 1 Utama new wing had commenced operations, which then became the largest shopping mall in Malaysia (or currently number 11 largest shopping mall in the world).
In 2004, Giant Hypermarket commenced operations in Kelana Jaya. This complex houses the Giant Hypermarket and some shops to create a more shopping centre style. It is easily accessed off the Damansara-Puchong Expressway. Nearby is the SStwo Mall, which was opened at the end of December 2010, and Paradigm Mall, which opened in mid-2012.
Active property developers in Petaling Jaya are PKNS, (which are the main pioneer of development for PJ), Sunway Bhd, Tropicana Bhd, AmCorp, Mah Sing Group and Guocoland as well as many others. Due to the size of Petaling Jaya township, properties development in the area also includes small to medium-sized developers such as Sri Aman Development and Nusmetro.
Before the rapid development and commercialisation of Petaling Jaya, there were only a handful of residential developments which comprises mostly low to medium-cost apartments as well as terrace houses. By 2005, luxurious condominiums, semi detached houses and bungalows are a common sight within the area. These high end properties are mostly located at Bukit Gasing, Section 16 & 17, SS7 Kelana Jaya, and more recent ones such as Tropicana, and Ara Damansara.
Transportation facilities and infrastructure are well developed in Petaling Jaya. Bus services were initially provided by Sri Jaya between the early 1950s until the early 1990s. Some SEA Park residents may recall the old Sri Jaya Leyland Albion buses on the No. 241 service struggling to climb the relatively steep Jalan 21/1.
The introduction of the IntraKota bus system by DRB-Hicom saw the replacement of Sri Jaya and the mini-buses by the early 1990s. At the same time, some of the Petaling Jaya-Kuala Lumpur bus routes were serviced by Metrobus. The PJ City Bus operated by Petaling Jaya City Council has the same concept with CAT Penang (and Selangor Smart Bus in other region), which now provide 6 routes around Bandar Utama, Damansara Damai and PJ Old Town.
The introduction of the PUTRA LRT service in 1998 saw the addition of the Putraline feeder bus services. The combination of Putraline and Putra LRT brought a relief to many Petaling Jaya residents especially those who had to rely on public transportation.
In 2006, RapidKL took over the operations of IntraKota, STAR and PUTRA LRT. Today, public transportation is provided by RapidKL in the form of buses as well as the KL Light Rapid Transit System - Kelana Jaya Line. The line has seven (previously five) stations within Petaling Jaya.
More recently, since 2017, the newly-constructed MRT Sungai Buloh-Kajang Line, part of the KVMRT project, runs through the northern part of Petaling Jaya's municipal area, including Mutiara Damansara, Kota Damansara and Bandar Utama.
Petaling Jaya has three access points to the national highway system: North-South Expressway via Kota Damansara, Damansara, and Subang. Internally, highways such as the Damansara-Puchong Expressway, Sprint Expressway and the Federal Highway exist.
Petaling Jaya is also served by the Subang Airport which is located immediately to the west of Petaling Jaya.
There are more than 25 colleges and universities in Petaling Jaya including International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM/UIAM) centre for foundation studies campus in Section 17, SAITO University College in PJ New Town, MARA University of Technology (UiTM) campus branch on Jalan Othman in Section 1, Tun Abdul Razak University (UNITAR) main campus in SS6 Kelana Jaya, Stamford College on Jalan Timur and Jalan 223 (moved out, no longer there), Food Institute of Malaysia (FIM) in SS6 Kelana Jaya, Lincoln University College, Malaysia University of Science & Technology (MUST) main campus in SS7, KDU University College (KDU) in Damansara Jaya, Kolej Bandar Utama (KBU) in Bandar Utama, IACT College at Damansara Utama, Brickfields Asia College at Section 14, SEGi University at Kota Damansara, and International University College Of Technology Twintech a private college at Bandar Sri Damansara. TCA College (Malaysia) (TCAM) is an interdenominational Charismatic Bible College.
The UiTM facility in Section 1 commenced life as the Dewan Latehan RIDA in November 1956. It was later renamed the Dewan Latihan MARA. This was a training centre under the auspices of RIDA or the Rural and Industrial Development Authority. Essentially it was also the inspiration of Dato' Onn Jaafar, the founder and former president of UMNO or the United Malays National Organisation. This UiTM facility can be regarded as Petaling Jaya's oldest college.
There are 58 primary and 28 secondary schools in Petaling Jaya under the purview of Malaysian Ministry of Education including Sekolah Kebangsaan Kampung Tunku, Sekolah Kebangsaan Kelana Jaya, Sekolah Kebangsaan Sri Damai, Sekolah Kebangsaan Kelana Jaya, Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Taman SEA, SMK Damansara Utama, Bukit Bintang Boys School, SMK Assunta, Sri Aman Girls School, Catholic High School, La Salle PJ, SMK Damansara Jaya, SMK Bandar Utama Damansara 3, SMK Sultan Abdul Samad, SMK Taman Medan, SMK (P) Taman Petaling and SMK Kelana Jaya. The oldest school in Petaling Jaya is likely the Road 10 Primary School in Old Town. The foundation stone of the school was placed by Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah in 1952.
Petaling Jaya has a fully equipped, multi-purpose stadium known as Petaling Jaya Stadium. Petaling Jaya Stadium is the home of Petaling Jaya City F.C. in Malaysia Super League and has a capacity of 25,000.
The Football Association of Malaysia is also located in Petaling Jaya.
The Muslim community can pray at mosques such as those at Jalan Templer, Section 17, Section 14, Section SS1 and Damansara Utama. Masjid Kelana Jaya Putera, which was built in the late-2000s, is located in Kelana Jaya. Masjid Jamek Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah at Jalan Templer is likely the oldest mosque in Petaling Jaya. This mosque was declared open by the Sultan of Selangor on 23 October 1964. Later in 2008, the mosque was modernised and rebuilt.
The Roman Catholic Christian community can attend mass at churches such as St Francis Xavier's, located on Jalan Gasing, which was established in 1961. Two other Catholic churches are the Church of the Assumption on Jalan Templer as well as St. Ignatius in Taman Mayang. The Assumption church is the oldest: it dates from 1959. The Trinity Methodist church dates from 2 August 1959 and is at Jalan 5/37. An Anglican as well as a Lutheran church is located at Jalan Utara. Glad Tidings Assembly of God church is at Jalan Bersatu 13/4. Several shophouse-based churches exist across Petaling Jaya. In 2005, the former Ruby Cinema in SEA Park temporarily became the Damansara Utama Methodist Church. Harvest Community Church (an Assembly of God church) is located at D-1-36, 8 Avenue Business Centre, Jalan Sungai Jernih 8/1, 46050, Petaling Jaya. Small "shoplot" churches can be found all around the city; some of these transform into larger churches, like Grace Assembly PJ (an assembly of god church). These attract a larger following and can be found in many places around the city.
The Thai Buddhist Temple, Wat Chetawan along Jalan Gasing was built in 1957 and officiated by the late King Bhumibol Adulyadej, the King of Thailand at the time. Chempaka Buddhist Lodge () is established since 1985, is managed by lay Buddhist community and located at Taman SEA. Chinese Buddhist temples such as Poh Lum Fatt Yuen (?)along Jalan Gasing and Kwan Inn Teng Temple () are also catered for the local Chinese Buddhist community. Hung Shing Temple (?) and Yuen Leong Sing Fatt Temple () fulfil the needs of the Taoist community. Other Chinese temples like Yuan Lin Xiao Zhot Buddhist Temple (?) and Sau Seng Lum Buddhist Temple () can also be found in PJ Old Town and in Section 11.
The Sri Sithi Vinayagar Temple (Sanskrit )at Section 4 along Jalan Selangor serves as the main religious facility for Petaling Jaya's Hindu community. The main God worshiped here is Ganesh, (Sanskrit). Vinayaga is a common name for Ganesh. There is a Mariamman Temple in Jalan 17/47, and the Geeta Ashram is a north-Indian style Hindu Temple dedicated to Krishna. The Geeta Ashram can be found in Lorong Utara B in Section 52.
The city made international headlines on 13 February 2017 when Christian pastor, Raymond Koh was ambushed on SS4B/10 by around fifteen men in SUVs and subsequently "disappeared". Koh led the Hope Community in Kuala Lumpur which helps the city's poor, single mothers, and drug addicts. In 2019, the Human Rights Commission of Malaysia accused the Malaysian Special Branch of the abduction, carried out because Koh was suspected of attempting to convert Sunni Muslims to Christianity.
Petaling Jaya currently has four sister cities: