|Directed by||Mark Robson|
|Produced by||Jerry Wald|
|Screenplay by||John Michael Hayes|
|Based on||Peyton Place|
by Grace Metalious
|Music by||Franz Waxman|
|Cinematography||William C. Mellor|
|Edited by||David Bretherton|
Jerry Wald Productions
|Distributed by||20th Century Fox|
|Budget||$2.2 million or $1.8 million|
|Box office||$25.6 million|
Peyton Place is a 1957 American drama film from 20th Century Fox, in color by De Luxe and CinemaScope, that was produced by Jerry Wald and directed by Mark Robson. The film stars Lana Turner and Hope Lange and co-stars Lee Philips, Lloyd Nolan, Diane Varsi, Arthur Kennedy, Russ Tamblyn, and Terry Moore. The film is based on the bestselling 1956 novel of the same name by Grace Metalious.
The film's storyline follows the residents of a small fictional New England mill town in the years surrounding World War II, where scandal, homicide, suicide, incest, and moral hypocrisy belie its tranquil façade.
In the New England town of Peyton Place, drunkard Lucas Cross (Arthur Kennedy) stumbles out of his house, just as his step-son Paul (William Lundmark), fed up with his alcoholism, leaves town. Lucas's downtrodden wife, Nellie (Betty Field), works as housekeeper for Constance "Connie" MacKenzie (Lana Turner). The daughters of both families, Allison MacKenzie (Diane Varsi) and Selena Cross (Hope Lange), are best friends and will soon graduate high school.
A stranger, Michael Rossi (Lee Philips), is hired to be the new high school principal by school board president Leslie Harrington (Leon Ames); the students' choice for the position is long-time teacher Elsie Thornton (Mildred Dunnock). Rossi wins over Ms. Thornton by offering to work with her.
Connie encourages her daughter to uninvite Betty Anderson (Terry Moore) to a party, due to Betty's overt sexuality; Constance finally reconsiders, allowing Allison to invite anyone she wishes. Betty arrives with her boyfriend, Leslie Harrington's son Rodney (Barry Coe), who turns it into a make-out party, kissing Allison; the party ends when Connie makes a scene, embarrassing Allison. The next day, Allison witnesses Lucas beating Selena.
Later, Rossi announces that Allison has been named valedictorian, and he asks Connie to chaperone Allison's graduation dance; the two slowly develop a romance. Meanwhile, Harrington informs his Rodney that he does not approve of Betty, so Rodney is forced to uninvite her. He instead goes with Allison, though she is in love with shy Norman Page (Russ Tamblyn). At the dance, Rodney tries to make out with Betty, but she is still angry at him for dumping her.
Principal Rossi asks Ms. Thornton to give a short speech and lead the song "Auld Lang Syne"; she graciously accepts. This annoys Marion Partridge (Peg Hillias), a member of the school board and malicious gossip.
After the dance, Selena is raped by Lucas and becomes pregnant. When she sees Dr. Matthew Swain (Lloyd Nolan), the town's leading physician (and a school board member) for an abortion, he refuses; she confides in him that Lucas raped her. Furious, Dr. Swain confronts him, and Lucas is forced to promise to leave town after signing a confession, all of which Nellie secretly witnesses. Now out for revenge, Lucas chases Selena when she returns home, and although she escapes, she falls, injuring herself. After treating her, Dr. Swain records that she had an "appendectomy", when in fact she has had a miscarriage. Dr. Swain buys the silence of his assisting nurse by threatening to reveal her affair with a chemist, should she reveal the truth.
At the Labor Day parade/picnic, Rodney and Betty reunite and go skinny dipping; nearby, Allison and Norman go swimming in proper suits. Marion Partridge and her husband Charles (Staats Cotsworth) see a naked couple and make an assumption, telling Connie it was Allison and Norman.
Connie and Allison have a fight. In a fit of anger, Connie admits that Allison's father was married to another woman when she became pregnant. Allison runs upstairs, upset, and discovers that Nellie has committed suicide. Allison goes into a state of shock and is confined to bed. Sometime after, Rodney and Betty elope, infuriating Rodney's father. After recovering from the shock of Nellie's suicide, Allison leaves for New York City.
World War II erupts in 1941, and Peyton Place's men go off to war. When Rodney is killed in action, his father offers to take care of Betty and she is finally welcomed into the family.
During Christmas of 1942, Connie visits Rossi to apologize for being dismissive to him. After confessing that she was a married man's mistress, Rossi decides to stay in Peyton Place, saying that his earlier marriage proposal to her is still open. A drunken Lucas returns from the Navy and tries to again rape Selena, but this time she bludgeons him to death in self-defense.
After Easter of 1943, Selena tearfully confesses the murder to Connie, and she is later arrested and tried by the District Attorney (Lorne Greene) for Lucas' murder.
Allison, still estranged from Connie, returns for the trial, as does Norman; the truth about Selena's self-defense, her step-father's abuse, her miscarriage, as well as Dr. Swain's false report, all come to light. Dr. Swain admonishes the town for their gossipy ways and failure to offer Selena help when she needed it most. Ultimately, Selena is acquitted, and she and Ted are free to marry.
Allison has a change of heart and approaches Connie with a hope of reconciliation, and Norman is welcomed into the house.
Less than a month after the novel's release in 1956, producer Jerry Wald bought the rights from author Grace Metalious for $250,000 and hired her as a story consultant on the film, although he had no intention of actually allowing her to contribute anything to the production. Her presence in Hollywood ensured the project additional publicity, but Metalious soon felt out of place in the film capital. Horrified by the sanitized adaptation of her book by screenwriter John Michael Hayes, who was forced to contend with the Hays Code, and his suggestion Pat Boone be cast as Norman Page, she returned to her home in Gilmanton, New Hampshire. She hated the film, but she eventually earned a total of $400,000 in exhibition profits from it.
The novel never mentioned the state explicitly, but it made several references strongly suggesting that Peyton Place was located within the state of New Hampshire, whereas the film makes no clear references to any particular New England state, though there is mention of Maine's largest city, Portland. The film was shot primarily in Maine, mostly in the town of Camden, Maine, with additional exteriors filmed in Belfast, Maine; Rockland, Maine; and Thomaston, Maine, as well as Lake Placid, New York.
Peyton Place ranked second among the high-grossing films of 1958, although in the first few months of its release it did not do well at the box office, until a real-life tragedy gave it an unexpected boost. On April 4, 1958, star Lana Turner's daughter Cheryl killed her mother's abusive lover, mobster Johnny Stompanato, and was placed in juvenile hall. The press coverage of the subsequent investigation boosted ticket sales by 32%, and the film eventually grossed $25,600,000 in the U.S. A coroner's inquest ruled the murder justifiable homicide, and the district attorney chose not to charge Cheryl with the crime, although he declared her a ward of the state and placed her in the custody of her grandmother. Turner feared the negative publicity would end her career, but it led producer Ross Hunter to cast her in the 1959 film Imitation of Life. According to Wald, Peyton Place earned $10.1 million in 4,185 theaters.
Peyton Place was also a popular prime time television series that aired from September 1964 until June 1969.
The film is recognized by the American Film Institute:
While Peyton Place was a commercial hit, most critics noted that the most salacious elements of the Metalious novel had been whitewashed or eliminated completely. In The New York Times, Bosley Crowther remarked "There is no sense of massive corruption here." However, he did generally like the film, praising Hope Lange for a "gentle and sensitive performance" and finding Lloyd Nolan "excellent."[Variety wrote that the film was "impressively acted by an excellent cast," but noted that "in leaning backwards not to offend, Wald and Hayes have gone acrobatic ... On the screen is not the unpleasant sex-secret little town against which Grace Metalious set her story. These aren't the gossiping, spiteful, immoral people she portrayed. There are hints of this in the film, but only hints." Richard L. Coe of The Washington Post wrote "While the four-letter words of the Grace Metalious novel have been adroitly erased, it's easy for one of the apparent few who didn't read the book to see why so many did. There are several strong stories and the characters are sharply drawn. Without these two characteristics the best written novels remain unread." Edwin Schallert of the Los Angeles Times declared the film "probably the most powerful small-town picture ever produced," and Harrison's Reports praised it as "an absorbing adult drama" that "grips one's attention the whole time it is on the screen, thanks to the sensitive direction and the effective acting of the capable cast."John McCarten of The New Yorker was negative, writing that the film "makes no attempt to exploit the sensational aspects of the tale it has to tell; on the contrary, it is woefully diffuse, and before it's over--roughly, three hours--boredom has set in like the grippe."The Monthly Film Bulletin wrote "Slick and passionless, the film is an expensive and heavily bowdlerised adaptation of Grace Metalious' best-seller," adding that "the film never quite makes up its mind whether to extol small-town America or castigate it."TV Guide wrote "This is the kind of hypertensive trash that gives melodrama a bad name, cynically tempering its naughty bits with smug moralizing. The fact that the film won an 'A' rating from the Catholic Legion of Decency, meaning it was deemed 'acceptable to all,' is a dead giveaway. (In actuality, it was given an "A-III" rating, meaning appropriate only for adults.)
On the film's 40th anniversary in 1998, celebrations were held in some of the Maine towns in which the film was shot, attended by Hope Lange.
The film received nine Oscar nominations (and no wins), including four honoring supporting performances, which tied a record set three years earlier by On the Waterfront. This record later was matched by Tom Jones, The Last Picture Show, and The Godfather Part II. The film's nine Oscar nominations without a win also tied a then-Academy Award's record for biggest shut-out (with The Little Foxes). This record was surpassed by The Turning Point in 1977 and The Color Purple in 1985, both of which received zero of 11 nominations.