|Philadelphia Police Department|
Flag of Philadelphia
|Motto||Honor, Integrity, Service|
|Operations jurisdiction||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States|
|Headquarters||"The Roundhouse" nickname|
750 Race Street Philadelphia, PA 19106
|Police Officers||6,575 (2019)|
|multiple small boats||4|
The Philadelphia Police Department (PPD or Philly PD) is the police agency responsible for law enforcement and investigations within the City of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The PPD is one of the oldest municipal police agencies, fourth largest police force and sixth largest non-federal law enforcement agency in the United States. Since records were first kept in 1828, at least 289 PPD officers have died in the line of duty.
The PPD employs over 6,400 sworn officers and over 800 civilian personnel, and patrols an area of 369.4 km² (142.6 mi²) with a population of almost 1.5 million. The department is subdivided into 21 patrol districts, and like many other large municipal police forces, it incorporates many special units such as a K-9 squad, SWAT, bomb squad, community relations unit, and marine unit. The highest-ranking officer is Commissioner Christine Coulter.
The head of the PPD is the commissioner, who is appointed by the mayor. The current commissioner is Christine Coulter (2019 - Present). Under the commissioner are two three-star deputy commissioners. The First Deputy Commissioner heads Field Operations. The Deputy Commissioner and Chief Administrative Officer heads Organizational Services, Strategy, and Innovation.
The Office of Field Operations is headed by the three-star First Deputy Commissioner of Field Operations, currently Myron Patterson (2016 - Present). The force comprises two commands, Patrol Operations and, Specialized Operations and Homeland Security; each command is headed by a two-star Deputy Commissioner. The Specialized Operations and Homeland Security command is headed by a two-star Deputy Commissioner, currently Dennis Wilson, and divided into two bureaus, Specialized Investigations and Homeland Security Bureau; each is headed by a chief inspector and further subdivided into several units.
The Office of Organizational Services, Strategy, and Innovation is headed by the three-star Deputy Commissioner and Chief Administrative Officer, currently Dennis Wilson is fulfilling these duties in addition to his normal duties.
Patrol Operations is headed by a two-star Deputy Commissioner of Patrol Operations, currently Joseph Sullivan, who oversees both the patrol and detective units. Patrol Operations is divided into two regional commands, Regional Operations Command (North) and Regional Operations Command (South). Each regional command is headed by a chief inspector, and is subdivided into three divisions (ROC-North: East, Northwest, Northeast; ROC-South: Central, Southwest, South). Each division is headed by an inspector. A division comprises three or four districts; there are 21 patrol districts in all, and each district is headed by a captain. Each district is subdivided into three or four police service areas (PSA's), each headed by a lieutenant, for a total of 64 PSA's citywide.
In January 2013, Commissioner Ramsey announced changes to the command structure of the department lowering the number of deputy commissioners from 9 to 6. Ramsey only replaced one of the deputies who was promoted from staff inspector of the Internal Affairs Bureau to deputy commissioner of the Office of Professional Responsibility.
The beginnings of the mounted unit can be traced to the Fairmount Park Mounted Guard created in 1867. In 1889 the Philadelphia Police Mounted Patrol Unit was established. The Philadelphia Police unit survived until 1952, however, the Fairmount Park unit would be used for parades and crowd control measures. The Fairmount Park Mounted Guard became the Fairmount Park Police in 1966, but maintained the same responsibilities. In 1972, Mayor Frank Rizzo found it unnecessary for taxpayers to fund two separate police departments, and merged the Fairmount Park Police into the Philadelphia Police, creating the Park Division. The mounted unit was once again used to patrol the streets of Philadelphia. The mounted unit survived to celebrate 100 years in 1989, but was disbanded in 2004 due to budgetary cuts by Mayor John F. Street's administration. On July 18, 2008, Philadelphia Police Commissioner Charles H. Ramsey confirmed that plans are in the works to recreate the mounted unit. The Philadelphia Inquirer again reported on June 2, 2009, that Ramsey hoped to revive the unit once the city was in a better financial standing. The continued recreation of the Mounted Unit took an additional step forward on October 31, 2011, when the city announced plans to build a new facility for the unit in Fairmount Park.
|Title||Insignia||Uniform Shirt Color||Type of Rank|
|Police Commissioner||Appointed by the city's managing director with the approval of the mayor|
|First Deputy Police Commissioner||Appointed by the city's managing director with the approval of the mayor|
|Deputy Police Commissioner||Appointed by the city's managing director with the approval of the mayor|
|Chief Inspector||Civil service rank|
|Inspector||Civil service rank|
|Staff Inspector||Civil service rank|
|Captain||Civil service rank|
|Lieutenant||Civil service rank|
|Sergeant||Civil service rank|
|Corporal||Civil service rank|
|Police Officer||Civil service rank|
|Police Officer Recruit|
To be promoted in the Philadelphia Police Department, a police officer must finish his first year in the department. Then, when the next corporal or detective test is announced, they are eligible to take the test. Philadelphia PD Test for corporal and detectives is a written multiple choice test, lasting two to three hours. Also part of an officer's score is based on seniority.
The ranks of corporal and detective have the same pay grade, but have different functions. Corporals are "operations room supervisors" and are responsible for overseeing a patrol district's operations room, or a special unit's operations; i.e., ensure that reports are submitted accurately and in a timely manner, etc. Only rarely do corporals work the street. A corporal must have a minimum of a year's experience as a police officer.
Sergeants command a squad of officers, making assignments to beats, assigning traffic details, helping to supervise the radio room, commanding Marine Unit patrol boats and performing other similar tasks. When assigned to the detective bureau, a sergeant interviews suspects and witnesses, assigns detectives to cases and investigates clues, among other duties. Sergeants must have a minimum of two years experience as a police officer, or a year's experience as a corporal or detective.
The rank of lieutenant is the first executive supervisory rank. Lieutenants command an assigned area in a police district or a specialized unit, such as a traffic unit. If assigned as a detective, a lieutenant supervises an investigation. Lieutenants must have a minimum of one year's experience as a sergeant.
Captains either command police districts or direct the activities of a specialized unit. When assigned as a detective, a captain organizes and directs surveillance activities and police raids, prepares cases, interviews and interrogates suspects and testifies in court. Captains must have a minimum of one year's experience as a lieutenant.
Staff inspectors are usually departmental administrative officers, serving on the police Command Staff under a commissioner or deputy commissioner. They are generally assigned to inspect police divisions, districts and units, evaluate police practices, equipment and personnel, and make recommendations for improvement where necessary; however, they may also command units and divisions. Staff Inspectors must have a minimum of one year's service as a captain.
Inspectors are senior executive officers who typically command divisions and supervise officers under their command during any major police action, disaster or emergency. Inspectors must have a minimum of one year's service as a staff inspector or captain.
Chief inspectors are senior departmental administrative officers who either command bureaus within the department or who inspect police divisions, districts and units, evaluate police practices, equipment and personnel, and make recommendations for improvement where necessary. Chief inspectors must have a minimum of one year's service as a staff inspector or inspector.
Deputy commissioners and above are appointed by the city managing director with mayoral approval, not by the city civil service. Deputy commissioners are usually in charge of a regional command.
The two first deputy commissioners head the Office of Field Operations and the Office of Organizational Accountability.
The commissioner is appointed by the city managing director with mayoral approval, and is in charge of the entire department.
Detectives are part of the Detective Bureau, and may be assigned to Divisional Detective Units, or specialized units like Homicide, Organized Crime/Intelligence, Special Victims Unit, Gun Permits Unit and Background Investigation. The commanding officer of a detective division reports to the Inspector of Detective Bureau Headquarters. The ranking supervisor at Detective Bureau Headquarters is the Chief Inspector of the Detective Bureau. Detectives are not considered supervisory personnel, they are a civil service rank of their own and take orders from a sergeant. There are also police officers who serve in an investigative capacity, such as in the Juvenile Aid and Special Victims Units. Police officers who are assigned to the Detective Bureau are paid in the same pay scale as a police officer assigned to patrol.
Unlike most law enforcement agencies, the Philadelphia Police Department Detective Bureau does not maintain the ranks such as detective sergeant or detective lieutenant, etc. The supervisors (Sergeant, Lieutenant & Captain) in the Detective Bureau can be transferred back to patrol, and are required to maintain a uniform. Also, unlike other departments such as NYPD and LAPD, Philadelphia Police Detectives do not have a uniform that can be worn during details or funerals. The prescribed attire of a Philadelphia Police detective is proper business attire. In the Philadelphia Police Department, the rank of detective can only be made by a civil service exam and there are no grade differentiations. This is in contrast to NYPD that has the ability to make field promotions to the rank of detective for an outstanding performance or circumstance.
The following is a list of districts that the Philadelphia Police serve:
Center City District
The PPD's officers are and have been of many ethnicities. A large number of Irish Americans have been PPD officers since the 1850s.
The George Fencl Award, named in honor of Philadelphia Police Officer George Fencl, is given by the Daily News to a Philadelphia Police Officer who exemplifies compassion, fairness, and civic commitment. The award was first given in 1986.
|1986||Captain||David Morrell||26th District, Commanding Officer|
|1987||Officer||Wiley L. Redding||35th District, Community Relations|
|1988||Officer||Joe Donato||19th District|
|1989||Captain||Al Lewis||22nd District, Commanding Officer|
|1990||Lieutenant||Jose Manuel Melendez||East Division, Community Interaction Task Force|
|1991||Captain||George Fenzil||Traffic Unit, Commanding Officer|
|1992||Lieutenant||Stephen Johnson||Police Conflict-Prevention and Resolution Unit, Commanding Officer|
|1993||Officer||Edwin "Bo" Diaz||26th District, Community Relations|
|1994||Captain||Arthur Durrant||26th District, Commanding Officer|
|1995||Officer||James Perkins||2nd District|
|1996||Officer||Joseph Dembeck||14th District|
|1997||Officer||Brenda Robinson-Stowe||16th District, Mounted Officer|
|1998||Captain||William Colarulo||25th District, Commanding Officer|
|1999||Officer||Bernard Turner||22nd District|
|2000||Chief Inspector||Dexter Green||Special Operations Unit, Commanding Officer|
|2001||Deputy Commissioner||Sylvester Johnson||Patrol, Narcotics, Detectives, and Special Operations, Commanding Officer|
|2002||Captain||William Fisher||Civil Affairs Unit, Commanding Officer|
|2003||Officer||Ruth McNatte||16th District, Community Relations|
|2004||Chief Inspector||James Tiano||Community Affairs Bureau, Commanding Officer|
|2005||Officer||Darlene Chapman-Cummings||Anti-Drug Program: DARE|
|2006||Officer||AnnaMae Law||26th District|
|2007||Sergeant||Kimberly Byrd||Chief of Staff|
|2008||Captain||Kevin Bethel||17th District, Commanding Officer|
|2009||Officer||Adrian Hospedale||12th District|
|2010||Officer||Richard "Butch" Riddick||12th District|
|2011||Officer||Joseph Young||12th District, Community Relations|
Over 260 Philadelphia Police Department officers have died on duty.