Phocis
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Phocis
Phocis

?
?
Municipalities of Phocis
Municipalities of Phocis
Phocis within Greece
Phocis within Greece
Coordinates: 38°30?N 22°15?E / 38.500°N 22.250°E / 38.500; 22.250Coordinates: 38°30?N 22°15?E / 38.500°N 22.250°E / 38.500; 22.250
CountryGreece
RegionCentral Greece
CapitalAmfissa
Area
 o Total2,120 km2 (820 sq mi)
Population
(2011)
 o Total40,343
 o Density19/km2 (49/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2
 o Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal codes
33x xx
Area codes226x0, 26340
ISO 3166 codeGR-07
Car plates
Websitewww.fokida.gr

Phocis (Greek: , pronounced [fo'ciða], Ancient Greek: [p:kís]) is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the administrative region of Central Greece. It stretches from the western mountainsides of Parnassus on the east to the mountain range of Vardousia on the west, upon the Gulf of Corinth. It is named after the ancient region of Phocis, but the modern regional unit also includes parts of ancient Locris and Doris.

Geography

Modern Phocis has an area of 2120 km² (819 mi²), of which 560 km² (216 mi²) are forested, 36 km² (14 mi²) are plains, and the remainder is mountainous.[1] The massive ridge of Parnassus (2,459 m/8,068 ft), which traverses the heart of the country, divides it into two distinct portions. The neighbouring prefectures are Aetolia-Acarnania to the west, Phthiotis to the north and Boeotia to the east. It also shares a tiny border with Evrytania. Much of the south and east are deforested and rocky and mountainous while the valley runs from Itea up to Amfissa. Forests and green spaces are to the west, the central part and the north.

Its reservoir is the Mornos Dam on the Mornos river. It covers nearly 1 km to 3 km². It was completed in the 1960s, and GR-48 was extended to pass through the dam.

The roads of Phocis are:

Administration

Prefecture

The prefecture of Phocis was formed in 1947 from the previous Phthiotis and Phocis Prefecture. As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, a new regional unit Phocis was formed from the 1947 prefecture Phocis (Greek: ?) without a change of territory.

Municipalities

In 2011 the regional unit Phocis was subdivided into 2 municipalities according to the table below.[2]

New municipality Old municipalities Seat
Delphi (Delfoi)
Map number 1
Delphi Amfissa
Amfissa
Desfina
Galaxidi
Gravia
Itea
Kallieis
Parnassos
Dorida
Map number 2
Efpalio Lidoriki
Lidoriki
Tolofon
Vardousia

Former provinces

The pre-2011 municipalities had been organized into two provinces:

  • Province of Dorida - Lidoriki
  • Province of Parnassida - Amfissa

These were abolished. Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece.

People

Modern Phocis was inhabited by several Greek tribes since antiquity, mainly by Phocians, Locrians and Dorians, which were intermingled and formed the present-day Phocian population, with a unique linguistic and cultural heritage, frequently mentioned as Roumeliotes.

Population statistics

With a population of 40,343 (2001), it is one of Greece's least populous regional units, and has a population density of 19 persons per km² (49/mi²).[3] In the summer months, the population nearly doubles due to the influx of tourists.[1]

Most of the villages are in the south, the southeast and the east, especially in the areas between Amfissa and Itea. The north and the west are the least populated.

Notable people

Sporting teams

Here are the most popular sporting teams in the prefecture. All of the teams are under the Phocis Football Clubs Association in which it existed since 1985 after the separation and dissolution of the Phocis-Phtiotis Football Guild Union.

History

See also

Attribution

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Phocis". Encyclopædia Britannica. 21 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

References

  1. ^ a b "History". Prefecture of Fokida. 2001-2002. Archived from the original on 2007-04-04. Retrieved .
  2. ^ "Kallikratis reform law text" (PDF).
  3. ^ Detailed census results 2011 (in Greek)

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Phocis
 



 



 
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