Get Pierre Chouteau essential facts below. View Videos or join the Pierre Chouteau discussion. Add Pierre Chouteau to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Chouteau was the name of a highly successful, ethnically French fur-trading family based in Saint Louis, Missouri, which they helped to found. Its members established posts in the Midwest and Western United States, particularly along the Missouri River and in the Southwest. Various locations were named after this family.
The family sold the Chouteau posts along the upper Missouri River in 1865 after the American Civil War to Americans James B. Hubbell, Alpheus F. Hawley, James A. Smith, C. Francis Bates. Hubbell, based in Minnesota, already had some licenses from the federal government to trade with Native Americans in the West. He and his colleague Hawley formed a partnership with these men to set up a business. They formed the Northwestern Fur Company and operated it through posts along the upper Missouri River until 1870. They closed the business due to losses of equipment and furs during the Sioux uprising and warfare during the 1860s, which resulted in a volatile environment that made it too difficult to operate.
^ abBeckwith, Paul Edmond (1893). Creoles of St. Louis. St. Louis: Nixon-Jones. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |coauthors= (help)
^Benedict Richards, Marjorie. Minnesela: The City That Never Happened. Spearfish, SD: Northern Hills Printing, 1972. Print.