Politburo of the Communist Party of China
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Politburo of the Communist Party of China
Political Bureau of the Chinese Communist Party Central Committee

?
Coat of arms or logo
Leadership
Status
Leader of
the Party
1st-ranked
member
Elected by
the Central Committee
the Central Committee
Seats25
Meeting place
1st National People's Congress 1.jpg
Huairen Hall, Zhongnanhai
Beijing, China[1]
Politburo of the Communist Party of China
Simplified Chinese?
Traditional Chinese?
Literal meaningChina Communist Party Central Political Bureau
Politburo
Chinese
Literal meaningPolitical Bureau
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China (2).svg

politics and government of
China

The Central Politburo of the Communist Party of China, formally known as the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and known as Central Bureau before 1927, is a group of 25 people who oversee the Communist Party of China. Unlike politburos (political bureaus) of other Communist parties, power within the politburo is centralized in the Politburo Standing Committee, a smaller group of Politburo members.

The Politburo is nominally elected by the Central Committee. In practice, however, analysts believe that the Politburo is a self-perpetuating body, with new members of both the Politburo and its Standing Committee chosen through a series of deliberations by current Politburo members and retired Politburo Standing Committee members. The current and former Politburo members conduct a series of informal straw polls to determine the group's level of support for each new candidate's membership in the Politburo. The process for selecting the new Politburo begins with a closed door meeting by the incumbent Politburo Standing Committee in Beidaihe in the summer before the Party Congress convenes.[2][3]

The power of the Politburo resides largely in the fact that its members generally simultaneously hold positions within the People's Republic of China state positions and with the control over personnel appointments that the Politburo and Secretariat have. In addition, some Politburo members hold powerful regional positions. How the Politburo works internally is unclear, but it appears that the full Politburo meets once a month and the standing committee meets weekly. This is believed to be much more infrequent than the former Soviet Politburo had met. The agenda for the meetings appears to be controlled by the General Secretary and decisions are made by consensus rather than by majority vote.[4]

The Politburo was eclipsed by the Secretariat of the Communist Party of China Central Committee in the early 1980s under Hu Yaobang,[5] but has re-emerged as a dominant force after Hu's ousting in 1987.

Current Politburo

The 19th Politburo was elected at the first plenary session of the 19th Central Committee in October 2017.

Hanzi Name Year of birth K Office(s)
Xi Jinping
1953
--
General Secretary of the Communist Party of China
President of the People's Republic of China
Chairman of the Central Military Commission
Li Keqiang
1955
--
Premier of the State Council
Li Zhanshu
1950
--
Chairman of the National People's Congress Standing Committee
Wang Yang
1955
--
Chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
Wang Huning
1955
--
Secretary of the Central Secretariat (first-ranked)
Zhao Leji
1957
--
Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection
Han Zheng
1954
--
Vice Premier of the State Council (first-ranked)
Ding Xuexiang
1962
--
Director of the General Office
Wang Chen
1950
--
Vice Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
Liu He
1952
--
Vice Premier of the State Council
Xu Qiliang
1950
§ Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission
Sun Chunlan
1950
? Vice Premier of the State Council
Li Xi
1956
--
Party Secretary of Guangdong
Li Qiang
1959
--
Party Secretary of Shanghai
Li Hongzhong
1956
--
Party Secretary of Tianjin
Hu Chunhua
1963
--
Vice Premier of the State Council
Yang Jiechi
1950
--
Director of the Office of Foreign Affairs
Yang Xiaodu
1953
--
Director of the National Supervisory Commission
Zhang Youxia
1950
§ Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission
Chen Xi
1953
--
Head of the Organization Department
Chen Quanguo
1955
--
Party Secretary of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region
Chen Min'er
1960
--
Party Secretary of Chongqing
Guo Shengkun
1954
--
Secretary of the Political and Legal Affairs Commission
Huang Kunming
1956
--
Head of the Propaganda Department
Cai Qi
1955
--
Party Secretary of Beijing
Keys
Abbreviations
IDUCC Institutions Directly Under the Central Committee
K Keys
CIM Central institution membership, which in this instance means membership in the PSC, PB, ST and CMC
PSC Standing Committee of the Political Bureau
PB Political Bureau
ST Secretariat
CMC Central Military Commission
SC-CCDI Standing Committee of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection
CCDI Central Commission for Discipline Inspection
CPPCC Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
NL National Leader
DNL Deputy National Leader
PM Provincial-Ministerial
SPM Sub-provincial (vice-ministerial)
DE Department-prefecture level
Adm. Admiral
V-Adm. Vice-Admiral
Gen. General
Lt. Gen. Lieutenant General
Maj. Gen. Major General
Keys
? Indicates that the individual is female.
? Indicates that the individual was elevated from alternate to full member
? Indicates that the individual was expelled from the Communist Party after CCDI investigation.
? Indicates that the individual is currently under investigation by the CCDI.
? Indicates that the individual is retired from active political positions[note 1]
§ Indicates that the individual is military personnel.
Indicates that the individual is military personnel and has retired from active military service.
Note If two keys are used in the same column it indicates that the individual is both of something. For instance,
"?§" indicates that the individual is female (?) and military personnel (§).

Notes

  1. ^ "Active" political positions refer to the offices of Governor and provincial-level Party Secretary; often, an individual is considered retired when they relinquish either of those offices due to age, and are assigned some kind of committee membership in the National People's Congress.

References

  1. ^ Wang, Jun (15 June 2013). "". qikan.com. Retrieved 2017.
  2. ^ Li, Cheng (2016). Chinese Politics in the Xi Jinping Era: Reassessing Collective Leadership. Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 9780815726937. Retrieved 2017.
  3. ^ Kang Lim, Benjamin (20 November 2017). "Exclusive: China's backroom powerbrokers block reform candidates - sources". Reuters. Retrieved 2017.
  4. ^ Miller, H. "Hu Jintao and the Party Politburo" (PDF). China Leadership Monitor. Hoover Institution. p. 5. Retrieved 2011.
  5. ^ Li, Cheng et al. (2008). China's Changing Political Landscape, Washington: Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 978-0-8157-5209-7.

External links

See also


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Politburo_of_the_Communist_Party_of_China
 



 



 
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