Politics of Beijing
Get Politics of Beijing essential facts below. View Videos or join the Politics of Beijing discussion. Add Politics of Beijing to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Politics of Beijing

The politics of Beijing is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in the mainland of the People's Republic of China.

The Mayor of Beijing is the highest-ranking official in the People's Government of Beijing. Since Beijing is a centrally administered municipality, the mayor occupies the same level in the order of precedence as provincial governors. However, in the city's dual party-government governing system, the mayor is subordinate to the Beijing Municipal Committee Secretary of the Communist Party of China.

The office of Beijing Party Secretary (Chinese: ) has always historically been a high-profile post. Since the founding of the People's Republic, the Party Secretary of Beijing has almost always held a seat on the Politburo of the Communist Party of China, the country's top ruling organ. Because of Beijing's position as the national capital, the Secretary is also involved in major decision making of national events. Peng Zhen, the first Beijing party secretary, was an important political figure nationally, and was purged by Mao in the opening act of the Cultural Revolution. Xie Fuzhi, whose term lasted from 1967 to 1972, was concurrently China's top security official, and held significant influence nationally. Chen Xitong's (term 1992-95) political influence was considered a threat to the Shanghai clique that he was removed from the position and tried on corruption charges. When the People's Republic celebrated its 50th Anniversary, it was Beijing Party Secretary Jia Qinglin (term 1997-2002) who presided over the festivities. Liu Qi (term 2002-2012) was the chair of the Beijing Organizing Committee for the Olympic Games (BOCOG), and spoke at both the opening and closing ceremonies of the games.

List of CPC Secretaries

Number Image Name Term Start Term End Notes
1 Peng Zhen2.jpg Peng Zhen ()
(1902-1997)
13 December 1948 May 1966 Purged during Cultural Revolution, later rehabilitated
2 Li Xuefeng ()
(1907-2003)
May 1966 April 1967 Purged during Cultural Revolution, later rehabilitated
3 Xie Fuzhi ()
(1909-1972)
1971 26 March 1972 Minister of Public Security during Cultural Revolution
4 Wu De ()
(1913-1995)
1972 1978
5 Lin Hujia ()
(1916-2018)
1978 1981
6 Duan Junyi ()
(1910-2004)
January 1981 May 1984
7 Li Ximing ()
(1926-2008)
1984 October 1992 Party chief during Tiananmen Square protests of 1989
8 Chen Xitong ()
(1930-2013)
October 1992 September 1995 Sacked, found guilty of corruption, jailed
9 Wei Jianxing ()
(1931-2015)
1995 August 1997 Politburo Standing Committee (1997-2002)
10 Jia Qinglin.jpg Jia Qinglin ()
(born 1940)
August 1997 October 2002 Politburo Standing Committee (2002-2012)
11 Liu Qi ()
(born 1942)
October 2002 July 2012 Party chief during 2008 Beijing Olympics
12 Guo Jinlong ()
(born 1947)
July 2012 May 2017
13 Cai Qi ()
(born 1955)
May 2017 Incumbent

List of Mayors

Republic of China

Number Image Name Term Start Term End
1 Ding Naiyang ()

(1866-?)

1 January 1912 24 December 1912
2 Zhang Guangjian.jpg Zhang Guangjian ()

(1864-1938)

24 December 1912 19 September 1913
3 Wang Zhixin ()

(1868-1914)

16 October 1913 23 March 1914
4 Shen Jinjian ()

(1875-1924)

23 March 1914 September 1915
5 Wang Da ()

(1881-1946)

26 September 1915 3 August 1920
6 Wang Hu.jpg Wang Hu ()

(1865-1933)

3 August 1920 18 September 1920
7 Sun Zhenjia ()

(1858-?)

18 September 1920 19 May 1922
8 Liu Menggeng.jpg Liu Menggeng ()

(1881-?)

19 May 1922 5 November 1924
9 Wang Zhixiang.jpg Wang Zhixiang ()

(1858-1930)

5 November 1924 31 December 1924
10 Xue Dubi2.jpg Xue Dubi ()

(1892-1973)

31 December 1924 9 October 1925
11 Liu Ji Minguo.jpg Liu Ji ()

(1887-1967)

20 October 1925 May 1926
12 Li Yuan.jpg Li Yuan ()

(1879-?)

4 September 1926 24 September 1927
13 Zhang Jixin ()

(1874-1952)

24 September 1927 3 June 1928
14 Li Shengpei ()

(?-?)

Acting Mayor

4 June 1928 25 June 1928
15 He Chengjun.jpg He Chengjun ()

(1882-1961)

Acting Mayor

25 June 1928 13 July 1928
16 He Qigong2.jpg He Qigong ()

(1899-1955)

13 July 1928 12 June 1929
17 Zhang Yinwu.jpg Zhang Yinwu ()

(1891-1949)

12 June 1929 27 February 1931
18 Wang Tao ()

(1866-1937)

Acting Mayor

October 1930 March 1931
19 Zhou Dawen.jpg Zhou Dawen ()

(1895-1971)

27 February 1931 16 June 1933
20 Hu Ruoyu.jpg Hu Ruoyu ()

(1895-1962)

Acting Mayor

April 1931 June 1931
21 Yuan Liang.jpg Yuan Liang ()

(1883-1953)

16 June 1933 1 November 1935
22 1.jpg Song Zheyuan ()

(1885-1940)

1 November 1935 8 November 1935
23 Qin Dechun.PNG Qin Dechun ()

(1893-1963)

8 November 1935 28 July 1937
24 Tzu-Chung Chang.jpg Zhang Zizhong ()

(1891-1940)

28 July 1937 6 August 1937
25 Jiang Chaozong2.jpg Jiang Chaozong ()

(1861-1943)

Appointed by the Japanese

6 August 1937 7 January 1938
26 Yu Jinhe.jpg Yu Jinhe ()

(1887-?)

7 January 1938 9 February 1943
27 Su Tiren2.jpg Su Tiren ()

(1888-1979)

Acting Mayor

1941 9 February 1943
28 Liu Yushu ()

(1884-?)

9 February 1943 20 February 1945
29 Xu Xiuzhi.jpg Xu Xiuzhi ()

(1881-1954)

20 February 1945 16 August 1945
30 Xiong Bin.jpg Xiong Bin ()

(1894-1964)

16 August 1945 15 July 1946
31 He Siyuan.jpg He Siyuan ()

(1896-1982)

15 July 1946 July 1948
32 Liu Yaozhang ()

(1897-1993)

July 1948 4 February 1949

People's Republic of China

Number Image Name Term Start Term End Notes
1 Ye Jianying.jpg Ye Jianying ()

(1897-1986)

8 December 1948 8 September 1949 One of the Ten Great Marshals of the People's Republic
2 Marshal Nie Rongzhen.jpg Nie Rongzhen ()

(1899-1992)

8 September 1949 26 February 1951 One of the Ten Great Marshals of the People's Republic
3 Peng Zhen2.jpg Peng Zhen ()

(1902-1997)

26 February 1951 May 1966
4 Wu De ()

(1913-1995)

May 1966 20 April 1967
5 Xie Fuzhi ()

(1909-1972)

20 April 1967 26 March 1972
4[note 1] Wu De ()

(1913-1995)

May 1972 9 October 1978
6 Lin Hujia ()

(1916-2018)

9 October 1978 25 January 1981 Concurrently served as party chief
7 Jiao Ruoyu ()

(1915-2020)

25 January 1981 24 March 1983
8 Chen Xitong.jpg Chen Xitong ()

(1930-2013)

24 March 1983 February 1993 Promoted to party chief
9 Li Qiyan ()

(1938-2020)

February 1993 October 1996 Demoted
10 Jia Qinglin.jpg Jia Qinglin ()

(born 1940)

October 1996 (acting)

February 1997

February 1999 Promoted to party chief
11 Liu Qi ()

(born 1942)

February 1999 January 2003 Promoted to party chief
12 Meng Xuenong ()

(born 1949)

19 January 2003 20 April 2003 Sacked for mishandling SARS outbreak
13 Wang Qishan (cropped).jpg Wang Qishan ()

(born 1948)

20 April 2003 (acting)

February 2004

30 November 2007 Politburo Standing Committee (2012–)
Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (2012–)
14 Guo Jinlong ()

(born 1947)

30 November 2007 (acting)

January 2008

25 July 2012 Promoted to party chief
15 Wang Anshun.jpg Wang Anshun ()

(born 1957)

25 July 2012 (acting)

28 January 2013

31 October 2016 Politically sidelined
16 Cai Qi ()

(born 1955)

31 October 2016 (acting)

20 January 2017

27 May 2017 Promoted to party chief
17

Chen Jining (cropped).jpg

Chen Jining ()

(born 1964)

27 May 2017 (acting)

30 January 2018

Incumbent

List of Chairmen of Beijing People's Congress

Number Name Term Start Term End
1 Jia Tingsan ()

(1912-1984)

1979 1983
2 Zhao Pengfei ()

(1920-2005)

1983 1993
3 Zhang Jianmin ()

(born 1931)

1993 2001
4 Yu Junbo ()

(born 1941)

2001 2007
5 Du Deyin ()

(born 1951)

2007 2017
6 Li Wei ()

(born 1958)

2017 Incumbent

List of Chairmen of CPPCC Beijing Committee

Number Name Term Start Term End
1 Liu Ren ()

(1909-1973)

1955 1967
2 Ding Guoyu ()

(1916-2015)

November 1977 December 1979
3 Zhao Pengfei ()

(1920-2005)

December 1979 March 1983
4 Liu Daosheng ()

(1913-2014)

March 1983 March 1985
5 Fan Jin ()

(1919-2009)

March 1985 May 1986
6 Bai Jiefu ()

(1921-2013)

May 1986 1993
7 Wang Daming ()

(born 1929)

1993 1998
8 Chen Guangwen ()

(born 1936)

1998 January 2003
9 Cheng Shi'e ()

(born 1940)

January 2003 January 2006
10 Yang Anjiang ()

(born 1945)

January 2006 January 2011
11 Wang Anshun ()

(born 1957)

January 2011 January 2013
12 Ji Lin ()

(born 1962)

January 2013 Incumbent

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Wu served as the Chairman of the Beijing Revolutionary Committee between 1972 and 1978

References

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Politics_of_Beijing
 



 



 
Music Scenes