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Pope Benedict IV
Pope Benedict IV ( Latin: Benedictus IV; died 30 July 903) was the bishop of Rome and ruler of the Papal States from 1 February 900 to his death. The tenth-century historian  Flodoard, who nicknamed him "the Great", commended his noble birth and public generosity.
Benedict was a native of
Rome, the son of one Mammalus, and was ordained priest by Pope Formosus. He succeeded Pope John IX. In 900, he excommunicated Count Baldwin II of Flanders for murdering Archbishop Fulk of Reims. In 901, Benedict crowned Louis the Blind as emperor. In 902, Berengar of Friuli defeated Louis III and forced him to leave Italy. Benedict died in  Rome during the summer of 903; it is possible that Berengar had some involvement. Benedict was buried in front of  St Peter's Basilica, by the gate of Guido. He was followed by Pope Leo V.
Mann, Horace. "Pope Benedict IV." The Catholic Encyclopedia Vol. 2. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1907. 21 September 2017
Platina, Bartolomeo (1479), , The Lives of the Popes From The Time Of Our Saviour Jesus Christ to the Accession of Gregory VII I, London: Griffith Farran & Co., pp. 241-242 , retrieved
^ Mann, Horace, K. The Lives of the Popes in the Early Middle Ages, Vol IV: The Popes in the Days of Feudal Anarchy, 891-999. 1925 p. 105
"The 117th Pope", Spirituality.org., Diocese of Bridgeport
Bertolini, Ottorino (1966). "Benedetto IV, papa". (in Italian). Rome: Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani, Volume 8: Bellucci-Beregan Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana. pp. 27-31. Ottorino Bertolini:
. In: Massimo Bray (ed.): Benedetto IV Enciclopedia dei Papi, Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, Vol. 2 (Niccolò I, santo, Sisto IV), Rome, 2000, OCLC 313581688, pp. 54-58 Rudolf Schieffer (1980). "Benedikt IV". (in German). Stuttgart and Weimar: J. B. Metzler. col. 1858. Lexikon des Mittelalters, I: Aachen bis Bettelordenskirchen ISBN . 3-7608-8901-8