The Battle of Radzymin
, a key part of what later became known as the Battle of Warsaw
, took place during the Polish-Soviet War
(1919-21). The battle occurred near the town of Radzymin
, some 20 kilometres (12 mi) north-east of Warsaw
, between August 13 and 16, 1920. The first phase began with a frontal assault by the Red Army
on the Praga
bridgehead. The Soviet forces captured Radzymin on August 14 and breached the lines of the 1st Polish Army
, which was defending Warsaw from the east. Radzymin changed hands several times in heavy fighting. The Russians wanted to break through the Polish defences to Warsaw, while the Polish aim was to defend the area long enough for a two-pronged counteroffensive to outflank the attacking forces. After three days of intense fighting, the corps
-sized 1st Polish Army under General Franciszek Latinik
managed to repel a direct assault by six Red Army rifle divisions
at Radzymin and Ossów. The struggle for control of Radzymin forced General Józef Haller
, commander of the Polish Northern Front
, to start the 5th Army's counterattack earlier than planned. Radzymin was recaptured on August 15, and this victory proved to be one of the turning points of the Battle of Warsaw.
Siegmund "Zishe" Breitbart (1893–1925), shown here pulling a heavy weight using only his teeth, was a Polish strongman and circus performer who was known as the "Strongest Man in the World" during the 1920s. He was widely popular in both Europe and the U.S., but died at the age of 32 after an accident during a performance.