The Austria Portal
Topographical map of Austria
(, ; German
: Österreich ['ø:staç]
), officially the Republic of Austria
(German: Republik Österreich
, listen), is a landlocked East Alpine
country in the southern part of Central Europe
. It is composed of nine federated states
r), one of which is Vienna
, Austria's capital and its largest city. It is bordered by Germany
to the northwest, Czech Republic
to the north, Slovakia
to the northeast, Hungary
to the east, Slovenia
to the south, and Switzerland
to the west. Austria occupies an area of 83,879 km2
(32,386 sq mi) and has a population of nearly 9 million people
. While German
is the country's official language
, many Austrians communicate informally in a variety of Bavarian dialects
Austria initially emerged as a margraviate around 976 and developed into a duchy and archduchy. In the 16th century, Austria started serving as the heart of the Habsburg Monarchy and the junior branch of the House of Habsburg - one of the most influential royal dynasties in history. As an archduchy, it was a major component and administrative centre of the Holy Roman Empire. Early in the 19th century, Austria established its own empire, which became a great power and the leading force of the German Confederation but pursued its own course independently of the other German states. Following the Austro-Prussian War and the compromise with Hungary, the Dual Monarchy was established.
Austria was involved in World War I under Emperor Franz Joseph following the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand, the presumptive successor to the Austro-Hungarian throne. After the defeat and the dissolution of the Monarchy, the Republic of German-Austria was proclaimed with the intent of the union with Germany, which eventually failed because of the Allied Powers and the state remained unrecognized. In 1919 the First Austrian Republic became the legal successor of Austria. In 1938, the Austrian-born Adolf Hitler, who became the Chancellor of the German Reich, achieved the annexation of Austria by the Anschluss. Following the defeat of Nazi Germany in 1945 and an extended period of Allied occupation, Austria was re-established as a sovereign and self-governing democratic nation known as the Second Republic.
Austria is a parliamentary representative democracy with a directly elected Federal President as head of state and a Chancellor as head of the federal government. Major urban areas of Austria include Graz, Linz, Salzburg and Innsbruck. Austria is consistently ranked in the top 20 richest countries in the world by GDP per capita terms. The country has achieved a high standard of living and in 2018 was ranked 20th in the world for its Human Development Index. Vienna consistently ranks in the top internationally on quality-of-life indicators.
The Second Republic declared
its perpetual neutrality
in foreign political affairs in 1955. Austria has been a member of the United Nations since 1955 and joined the European Union
in 1995. It plays host to the OSCE
and is a founding member of the OECD
. Austria also signed the Schengen Agreement
in 1995, and adopted the euro
currency in 1999.
Selected article -
Almsee in the Salzkammergut
The Salzkammergut is a resort area located in Austria. It stretches from City of Salzburg to the Dachstein mountain range, spanning the federal states of Upper Austria (80%), Salzburg (7%), and Styria (13%). The main river of the region is the Traun, a tributary of the Danube. The name Salzkammergut means "Estate of the Salt Chamber" and derives from the Imperial Salt Chamber, the authority charged with running the precious salt mines in the Habsburg empire.
Large parts of the region were listed as a World Heritage Site in 1997, with the description: "Human activity in the magnificent natural landscape of the Salzkammergut began in prehistoric times, with the salt deposits being exploited as early as the 2nd millennium B.C. This resource formed the basis of the area's prosperity up to the middle of the 20th century, a prosperity that is reflected in the fine architecture of the town of Hallstatt."
Selected picture -
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Selected biography -
Johann Strauss, Jr. (October 25, 1825 – June 3, 1899; also known as Johann Strauss the Younger) was a composer of light music, particularly dance music and operettas. He composed over 500 waltzes, polkas, quadrilles, and other types of dance music, as well as several operettas and a ballet. In his lifetime, he was known as "The Waltz King", and was largely responsible for the popularity of the waltz in Vienna during the 19th century.
Some of Johann Strauss's most famous works include the waltzes The Blue Danube, Kaiser-Walzer, Tales from the Vienna Woods, the Tritsch-Tratsch-Polka, and the Pizzicato Polka. Among his operettas, Die Fledermaus and Der Zigeunerbaron are the most well-known.
The following are images from various Austria-related articles on Wikipedia.
Linz, part of main square
View of one of the main stairs (Hauptstiege) in the University of Vienna
An overflow crowd watches the simultaneous outdoor broadcast of a performance in National Concert Hall by the Vienna Philharmonic conducted by Simon Rattle.
Golden Hall, from which the Vienna New Year's concert is broadcast
Wiener Sängerknaben (Vienna Boys' Chorus) during a concert at the Wiener Musikverein
Austria3 - from left: Georg Danzer, Rainhard Fendrich, Wolfgang Ambros.
Bilingual German-Hungarian sign in Oberwart, Burgenland.
Seasonal migration to pasture
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