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Rila Lakes, Rila, Bulgaria


Location of Bulgaria (dark green)
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Coat of arms of Bulgaria (lesser version).svg

Bulgaria (; Bulgarian: , romanizedB?lgariya), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Bulgarian: , romanized: Republika B?lgariya, IPA: [r?'publik? b'?arij?]), is a country in Southeast Europe. It is bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia and North Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, and the Black Sea to the east. The capital and largest city is Sofia; other major cities are Plovdiv, Varna and Burgas. With a territory of 110,994 square kilometres (42,855 sq mi), Bulgaria is Europe's sixteenth-largest country.

Bulgaria is a member of the European Union, NATO, and the Council of Europe; it is a founding state of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and has taken a seat on the United Nations Security Council three times. Its market economy is part of the European Single Market and mostly relies on services, followed by industry--especially machine building and mining--and agriculture. Bulgaria is a developing country with an upper-middle-income economy, very high Human Development Index; although it has the lowest GDP per capita and joint-lowest Human Development Index in the European Union. Widespread corruption is a major socioeconomic issue; Bulgaria ranked as the most corrupt country in the European Union in 2018. The country also faces a demographic crisis, with its population shrinking annually since the late 1980s; it currently numbers roughly seven million, down from a peak of nearly nine million in 1988. (Full article...)

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Girdap's former central headquarters in Ruse
Girdap or Ghirdap (Bulgarian: ) was the first privately owned Bulgarian bank. Established in Ruse in 1881, until its closure in 1925 it was one of the two large Bulgarian banks which relied on capital that was both private and local, along with the Bulgarian Commercial Bank. Prior to the Balkan Wars and World War I, Girdap was among the six largest banks in Bulgaria, and during the wars its financial group was the most influential in the country. (Full article...)

Did You Know?

  • ... that the early 17th-century church in the village of Dobarsko features frescoes of Jesus taking off in a rocket?

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Ivan Vazov National Theatre.
Credit: MrPanyGoff

The Ivan Vazov National Theatre (Bulgarian: ? ,,? ") is Bulgaria's national theatre, as well as the oldest and most authoritative theatre in the country and one of the important landmarks of Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria. It is named after the Bulgarian writer and poet Ivan Vazov.

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Nuvola apps kate.svg Requested articlesBirth rate in Bulgaria (bg) • Census of Bulgaria, 1992 (bg) • Census of Bulgaria, 2001 (bg) • Census of Bulgaria, 2011 (bg) • Bulgarian architecture (bg) • Bulgarian gardenersTotyu Mladenov (bg) • Alexander Tsvetkov (bg) • Nona Karadzhova (bg) • Stefan Konstantinov (bg) • Minko Gerdzhikov (bg) • Nikolay Liliev (bg) • Teodor Trayanov (bg) • Bulgarian dressPliska-Preslav culture (bg) • Evgeni Tanchev (bg) • Plamen Paskov (bg) • BulMag (bg) • Zamunda.net (bg)

Nuvola kdict glass.svg ExpandDulo clanYantra RiverNestinarstvoVrana PalacePliskaGate of TrajanGeorgi IvanovGeorgi BenkovskiEkaterina DafovskaName days in BulgariaEvlogi GeorgievSlivenShumenShishman dynasty

Nuvola apps kappfinder.png Requested imagesKlokotnitsaNaftex StadiumPalitsiVrana PalaceDimitar Petkov

Nuvola apps filetypes.svg Further informationWikiProject BulgariaBulgarian Collaboration ProjectTranslation into English/Bulgarian


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