Portal:Criminal Justice
Get Portal:Criminal Justice essential facts below. View Videos or join the Portal:Criminal Justice discussion. Add Portal:Criminal Justice to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Portal:Criminal Justice

The Crime Portal

In ordinary language, a crime is an unlawful act punishable by a state or other authority. The term "crime" does not, in modern criminal law, have any simple and universally accepted definition, though statutory definitions have been provided for certain purposes. The most popular view is that crime is a category created by law; in other words, something is a crime if declared as such by the relevant and applicable law. One proposed definition is that a crime or offence (or criminal offence) is an act harmful not only to some individual but also to a community, society or the state ("a public wrong"). Such acts are forbidden and punishable by law.

The notion that acts such as murder, rape and theft are to be prohibited exists worldwide. What precisely is a criminal offence is defined by criminal law of each country. While many have a catalogue of crimes called the criminal code, in some common law countries no such comprehensive statute exists.

The state (government) has the power to severely restrict one's liberty for committing a crime. In modern societies, there are procedures to which investigations and trials must adhere. If found guilty, an offender may be sentenced to a form of reparation such as a community sentence, or, depending on the nature of their offence, to undergo imprisonment, life imprisonment or, in some jurisdictions, execution.

Selected article - show another

Plaque on exterior wall of École Polytechnique commemorating victims of massacre
The École Polytechnique massacre (French: tuerie de l'École polytechnique), also known as the Montreal massacre, was a mass shooting in Montreal at an engineering school affiliated with the Université de Montréal. Fourteen women were murdered and a further fourteen people were injured: ten women and four men.

On December 6, 1989, Marc Lépine entered a mechanical engineering class at the École Polytechnique and ordered the women and men to opposite sides of the classroom. He separated nine women, instructing the men to leave. He stated that he was "fighting feminism" and opened fire. He shot at all nine women in the room, killing six. Read more...

Selected image - show another

Alcatraz Island
Credit: David Corby

A stitched panorama of Alcatraz Island, in San Francisco Bay, California, as seen facing east. Alcatraz is most famous for its prison, which closed in 1963, but whose legacy lived on in films such as Escape from Alcatraz and The Rock. Today it is a National Recreation Area

Selected quote

Denis Diderot
Anyone who takes it on himself, on his own authority, to break a bad law, thereby authorizes everyone else to break the good ones.

News

2 September 2019 - Corruption in Spain
Close to 40 people, including former presidents of Community of Madrid and senior politicians Esperanza Aguirre, Ignacio González and Cristina Cifuentes, are charged by the Audiencia Nacional with alleged crimes during the instruction of the Púnica corruption case. (El Mundo)
1 September 2019 - Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen, Iran-Saudi Arabia proxy conflict
More than 100 people are killed in a Saudi airstrike on a detention centre in Dhamar, Yemen, according to the International Committee of the Red Cross. Saudi Arabia says it hit a Houthi military facility used to store drones and missiles, "in accordance with international humanitarian law". Iran labels the airstrike as a "war crime". (BBC) (The New York Times) (Iran Press)
31 August 2019 - 2016 Interstate 10 tour bus crash
A truck driver involved in the accident, which killed thirteen when two vehicles collided in California, pleads guilty to 42 crimes including vehicular manslaughter. The sleep-deprived driver fell asleep during a temporary halt to traffic; when traffic moved off again he remained stationary and the bus ran into the rear of his vehicle. (ABC News)
29 August 2019 - Capital punishment in Thailand
The Supreme Court of Thailand upholds death sentences against two migrant workers convicted of murdering two UK tourists and raping one. Rights groups say that the men are scapegoats and tortured into false confessions by police under pressure to solve the crimes, which attracted international attention. (The Guardian)
29 August 2019 - Rotherham child sexual exploitation scandal
Six Pakistani men are found guilty of abusing and raping teenage girls between 1998 and 2002 in Rotherham, England. The National Crime Agency believes as many as 1,510 teenagers were sexually exploited in the town during the same period. (BBC)
28 August 2019 - Crime in South Africa
Pretoria, the administrative capital of South Africa, experiences widespread looting and violent attacks by rioters focused on foreigners. Police are currently outnumbered and many businesses have been set on fire. The riots follow the death of a taxi driver reportedly shot by Nigerian drug dealers after they realized he had seen them complete a drug deal and had also seen their supplier. Bus services are suspended and authorities say the capital is currently unsafe. (Radio 702) (ZimEye)


Selected biography - show another

Miguel Osvaldo Etchecolatz (b. 1929) was a senior Argentine police officer, who worked in the Buenos Aires Provincial Police during the first years of the military dictatorship known as the National Reorganization Process. He was convicted and sentenced to life imprisonment in 2006, on charges of homicide, illegal deprivation of freedom (kidnapping), and torture. The tribunal, besides passing the sentence, stated that Etchecolatz's crimes were "crimes against humanity in the context of the genocide that took place in Argentina". The term "genocide" was thus employed for the first time in the official treatment of "Dirty War" crimes, as requested by the accusers. The "Dirty War" was a series of the atrocities committed under the military dictatorship of Argentina during 1976 to 1983. The dictatorship began with a coup d'état against President Isabel Peron followed by the accession of a military junta led by General Jorge Rafael Videla. During military rule, thousands of political dissidents were either killed or went into "forced disappearance".

Did you know... - show different entries

Franklin County Courthouse

Subcategories

WikiProjects

Main topics

Criminology

Crime

Main topics

Criminal justice system

Law enforcement (Police)

Courts

Corrections (Penology)

Featured content

Featured article star.png

Featured articles

Featured lists

Good articles


Things you can do

Things you can do

Related portals

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:

Study Guides
Books

Commons
Media

Wikinews 
News

Wikiquote 
Quotations

Wikisource 
Texts

Wikiversity
Learning resources

Wiktionary 
Definitions

Wikidata 
Database


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Portal:Criminal_justice
 



 



 
Music Scenes