Portal:East Germany
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Portal:East Germany
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East Germany Portal
Portal:East Germany
People's Theatre, BerlinBerlin WallTrabant40th anniversary in 1989
"Gruß" and welcome!
The East Germany portal offers an overview of the most important and newest articles on the subject of East Germany, the former Communist state officially known as the German Democratic Republic or GDR The portal contains links to a cross-section of articles from the areas of history and politics, geography and economy, art and culture, and some of the important personalities from the region.

East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik ['dt demo'k?a:t ?epu'bli:k], DDR), was a state that existed from 1949 to 1990, when the eastern portion of Germany was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War. Commonly described as a communist state in English usage, it described itself as a socialist "workers' and peasants' state." It consisted of territory that was administered and occupied by Soviet forces at the end of World War II -- the Soviet occupation zone of the Potsdam Agreement, bounded on the east by the Oder-Neisse line. The Soviet zone surrounded West Berlin but did not include it; as a result, West Berlin remained outside the jurisdiction of the GDR.

The German Democratic Republic was established in the Soviet zone, while the Federal Republic was established in the three western zones. East Germany was a satellite state of the Soviet Union. Soviet occupation authorities began transferring administrative responsibility to German communist leaders in 1948, and the GDR began to function as a state on 7 October 1949. However, Soviet forces remained in the country throughout the Cold War. Until 1989, the GDR was governed by the Socialist Unity Party (SED), though other parties nominally participated in its alliance organisation, the National Front of Democratic Germany. The SED made the teaching of Marxism-Leninism and the Russian language compulsory in schools.

Geography and nature
East German administrative divisions or Bezirke

The German Democratic Republic, which consisted geographically of what is now eastern Germany, had an area of 107,771 km2 (41,610 mi2), bordering Czechoslovakia in the south, West Germany in the south and west, the Baltic Sea to the north, and Poland in the east.

Much of the territory of the former East Germany lay on the North German Plain and was largely flat and agricultural apart from low morainic hills left by the ice age. However in the south the land rose to the Ore Mountains and Elbe Sandstone Mountains that formed the border with its Communist neighbour, Czechoslovakia.

Administration divisions (Bezirke): Berlin - Cottbus - Dresden - Erfurt - Frankfurt (Oder) - Gera - Halle - Karl-Marx-Stadt - Leipzig - Magdeburg - Neubrandenburg - Potsdam - Rostock - Schwerin - Suhl

Cities and towns: Altenburg - Apolda - Bautzen - Brandenburg/Havel - Cottbus - Dessau - Dresden - Eberswalde - Eisenach - Stalinstadt/Eisenhüttenstadt - Erfurt - Frankfurt (Oder) - Freiberg - Gera - Görlitz - Gotha - Greifswald - Halberstadt - Halle - Halle-Neustadt - Hoyerswerda - Jena - Chemnitz/Karl-Marx-Stadt - Leipzig - Magdeburg - Merseburg - Neubrandenburg - Plauen - Potsdam - Rostock - Schwedt - Schwerin - Stralsund - Suhl - Weimar - Wismar - Wittenberg - Zittau - Zwickau

Rivers and canals: Elbe - Gera - Havel - Neiße - Oder - Saale - Spree - Unstrut - White Elster - Black Elster - Mittelland Canal - Werra

Waterbodies: Müritz - Schweriner See - Plauer See - Kummerower See - Scharmützelsee - Werbellinsee - Großer Müggelsee - Bay of Greifswald - Oderhaff

Islands: Rügen - Poel - Usedom - Hiddensee - Greifswalder Oie

Mountain and hill ranges: Ore Mountains - Harz - Elbe Sandstone Mountains - Thuringian Forest - Thuringian Highland - Vogtland - Kyffhäuser - Rhön - Zittau Mountains

Regions: Dresden Elbe Valley - Lusatia - Spreewald - Mecklenburg Lake District - Barnim - Fläming - Magdeburg Börde - Altmark - Saxon Switzerland - Eichsfeld


History, politics and religion
Border installations at Marienborn

History: 1953 Uprising - Dacha - Four Power Agreement on Berlin - Basic Treaty, 1972 - Permanent representative - Palace of the Republic - Begrüßungsgeld

GDR border: Treaty of Zgorzelec - Berlin Wall - Inner German border - Border crossings - Berlin Friedrichstraße station - Checkpoint Charlie - Marienborn border crossing - Spring-gun - Republikflucht - Mindestumtausch

Die Wende: Monday demonstrations - Social Democratic Party - 1990 General Election - Treuhand - Two Plus Four Agreement - Reunification (Einigungsvertrag) - Stasi Records Agency - Ostalgie

Logo of the Socialist Unity Party (SED)

Politics: State flag - National Emblem - National hymn - Constitution - Volkskammer (People's Chamber) - State Council - Council of Ministers - National Front - Socialist Unity Party - Bloc party - Christian Democratic Union - Liberal Democratic Party - Democratic Farmers' Party - National Democratic Party - Administrative divisions (Bezirke)

"Mass organisations": Free German Youth - Free German Trade Union Federation - Cultural Association of the GDR - Democratic Women's League of Germany - People's Solidarity - Society for German-Soviet Friendship - Ernst Thälmann Pioneer Organisation

Armed bodies: National People's Army - Border Troops - Schießbefehl - Stasi - Hauptverwaltung Aufklärung (Main Directorate for Reconnaissance) - Volkspolizei - Combat Groups - Volksmarine - Armeegeneral - Marshal - Warsaw Pact - Construction soldier

Other orders: Orders, decorations, and medals of East Germany - Banner of Labour - Order of Karl Marx - National Prize of the German Democratic Republic - Scharnhorst Order - Star of People's Friendship - Blücher Order

Dresden's Roman Catholic Cathedral (the Hofkirche) at night

Religion: Evangelical Church in Berlin, Brandenburg and Silesian Upper Lusatia - Evangelical Lutheran Church of Mecklenburg - Pomeranian Evangelical Church - Evangelical Church of the Church Province of Saxony- Evangelical Lutheran Church in Thuringia - Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Berlin - Roman Catholic Diocese of Dresden-Meissen - Roman Catholic Diocese of Erfurt - Roman Catholic Diocese of Görlitz - Roman Catholic Diocese of Magdeburg


Education, culture and sport
DD-Schloss-gp.jpg

Education and science: Education in East Germany - Academy of Sciences of the German Democratic Republic- Charité - Humboldt University of Berlin - Erweiterte Oberschule - Polytechnic Secondary School - Tierpark Berlin - Muttiheft

Language: German - Berlinerisch - Sorbian

Culture: Culture of East Germany - Classical Weimar

Art: Theater am Schiffbauerdamm - Semperoper

Architecture: Bauhaus World Heritage Site - Fernsehturm Berlin - Krämerbrücke - Plattenbau - Prora

Music: List of classical composers - Ostrock

Film: DEFA - DEFA Film Library - Kino International - List of films set in Berlin

Places of interest: Dresden Castle - Sanssouci - Dessau-Wörlitz Garden Realm

Cathedrals and churches: Berlin Cathedral - Erfurt Cathedral - Naumburg Cathedral

Gdr homekit.gif

Museums and collections: DDR Museum - German Hygiene Museum - Memorial and Education Centre Andreasstrasse - Museum Island - Old Synagogue (Erfurt) - Pergamon Museum - Stasi Museum - Tränenpalast

Sport: List of football clubs - GDR Football Association - DDR-Oberliga - FDGB-Pokal - 1. FC Union Berlin - Berliner FC Dynamo - Dynamo Dresden - FC Carl Zeiss Jena - Red Bull Arena


East German people
Erich Mielke, Head of the Stasi

Politicians: Benjamin - Bergmann-Pohl - Böhme - Dertinger - Dieckmann - Fechner - Gerlach - Götting - G. Gysi - Hager - H. Hoffmann - Th. Hoffmann - E. Honecker - M. Honecker - Keßler - Krack - Krenz - de Maizière - Maleuda - Mielke - Mittag - Modrow - Neumann - Norden - Schabowski - Schalck-Golodkowski - Sindermann - Stoph - Tisch - Ulbricht - Verner - M. Wolf - Wollweber - Zaisser

Opposition and resistance: Bahro - Biermann - M. Birthler - Bohley - Brüsewitz - Eppelmann - Fuchs - Führer - Gauck - Havemann - Ullmann

Scientists: von Ardenne

Artists, playwrights, poets, writers: Andersen Nexø - Baierl - Brecht - Busch - Esche - Hacks - Heym - Kant - H. Müller - Noll - Plenzdorf - Anna Seghers - Strittmatter - Tübke - Weigel - Chr. Wolf - Womacka

Athletes: Cierpinski - Emmrich - Geyer - Hoppe - Langhammer - Laser - Recknagel - Sammer - Täve Schur - Siegl - Sparwasser - Streich - Weißflog - Witt


Economy and transport
An East German Deutsche Reichsbahn express locomotive, the Class 01.5

Finance: Mindestumtausch - Forum check - East German mark - Staatsbank

Cuisine: Broiler - Ketwurst - Soljanka

Media: Censorship in East Germany

Newspapers and magazines: Berliner Zeitung - Neues Deutschland - Junge Welt - Der Morgen - Sputnik - Mosaik - FRÖSI

Radio: Rundfunk der DDR - Berliner Rundfunk - Radio DDR 1 - Radio DDR 2 - Deutschlandsender - Radio Berlin International - DT64

Television: Fernsehen der DDR - Aktuelle Kamera - Sandmännchen - Der schwarze Kanal

Cinema and films: DEFA - Solo Sunny - Die Legende von Paul und Paula - Traces of Stones - Bear Ye One Another's Burden

Postal: Deutsche Post of the GDR

Justice: Brandenburg-Görden Prison

Transport: Alexanderplatz - Karl-Marx-Allee - Barkas - Interflug - Reichsbahn - Robur - Trabant - Wartburg

Economy: Genex - Industrieverband Fahrzeugbau (IFA) - Intershop - Combine - Leipzig Trade Fair - Landwirtschaftliche Produktionsgenossenschaft (LPG) - Minol - ORWO - Pentacon - Planned economy - Praktica - Comecon - VEB Robotron - Kombinat Mikroelektronik Erfurt - SDAG Wismut - Treuhand - Volkseigener Betrieb (VEB) - Public property



Quick start
Image of the month
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R0515-0006, Fußballmannschaft SG Dynamo Dresden.jpg
The championship-winning squad of Dynamo Dresden FC, 1976-77. more...


Article of the month
Kap Arkona2.jpg

Cape Arkona (German: Kap Arkona) is a 45-metre-high cape on the island of Rügen in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern in the former East Germany. It forms the tip of the Wittow peninsula, just a few kilometres north of the Jasmund National Park. The protected landscape of Cape Arkona, together with the fishing village of Vitt, is one of the most popular tourist destinations on Rügen.

On the cape there are two lighthouses, a navigation tower, two military bunker complexes, the Baltic temple fortress of Jaromarsburg and several tourist buildings (restaurants, pubs and souvenir shops).

Because of its geology and the weathering that occurs here, there are frequent coastal collapses, especially in winter. Cape Arkona is often wrongly referred to as "the northernmost point of Rügen"; nevertheless it offers an impressive view of the island, both from land or sea. more...

Did you know, that...?

... Ostalgie is a German term referring to nostalgia for aspects of the old life in East Germany? more...

New and expanded articles

The following are articles, related to East Germany, added in the last six months.

All articles on East Germany are here;
Articles on East German people are here.
Wanted articles

The following are wanted articles, related to East Germany, that exist on German Wikipedia, or are otherwise wanted.


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