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The Florida Portal

Florida (, Spanish pronunciation: [flo'?iða]) is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. With a population of over 21million, Florida is the third-most populous and the 22nd-most extensive of the 50 United States. The state is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the northwest by Alabama, to the north by Georgia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the south by the Straits of Florida. The state's capital is Tallahassee and its most populous municipality is Jacksonville. The Miami metropolitan area, with a population of almost 6.2million, is the most populous urban area in Florida and the seventh-most populous in the United States. Other urban areas in the state with a population of more than one million are Tampa Bay, Orlando, and Jacksonville. Florida's $1.0trillion economy is the fourth-largest of any U.S. state, and if it were a country, Florida would be the 16th-largest economy in the world.

The first European contact was made in 1513 by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León, who called it la Florida ([la flo'?iða] "the land of flowers") upon landing there. At various points in its colonial history, Florida was administered by Spain and Great Britain. Florida was admitted as the 27th state on March 3, 1845. Florida was the principal location of the Seminole Wars (1816 - 1858), the longest and most extensive of Indian Wars in United States history. Florida declared its secession from the Union on January 10, 1861, and was one of the seven original Confederate States. After the Civil War, Florida was restored to the Union on June 25, 1868.

Today, Florida is distinctive for its large Cuban expatriate community and high population growth, as well as for its increasing environmental issues. The state's economy relies mainly on tourism, agriculture, and transportation, which developed in the late 19th century. Florida is also renowned for amusement parks, orange crops, winter vegetables, the Kennedy Space Center, and as a popular destination for retirees. It is the flattest state in the United States, and Lake Okeechobee is its largest freshwater lake.

The state's close proximity to the ocean influences many aspects of Florida culture and daily life. Florida is a reflection of influences and multiple inheritance; African, European, indigenous, Latino, and Asian heritages can be found in the architecture and cuisine. Florida has attracted many writers such as Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, Ernest Hemingway and Tennessee Williams, and continues to attract celebrities and athletes. It is internationally known for golf, tennis, auto racing, and water sports. Several beaches in Florida have turquoise and emerald-colored coastal waters. (Full article...)

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Hurricane Michael making landfall on the Florida Panhandle in October 2018. Michael became the first Category 5 hurricane to strike the state since Hurricane Andrew.
The List of Florida hurricanes encompasses approximately 500 tropical or subtropical cyclones that affected the state of Florida. More storms hit Florida than any other U.S. state, and since 1851 only eighteen hurricane seasons passed without a known storm impacting the state. Collectively, cyclones that hit the region have resulted in over 10,000 deaths, most of which occurring prior to the start of hurricane hunter flights in 1943. Additionally, the cumulative impact from the storms totaled over US$216.1 billion in damage (2018 dollars), primarily from Hurricane Andrew, Hurricane Irma and Hurricane Michael in the 1992, 2017, and 2018 seasons respectively. (Full article...)

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Everyone has a gripping stranger in their lives, Andy, a stranger who unwittingly possesses a bizarre hold over you. Maybe it's the kid in cut-offs who mows your lawn or the woman wearing white shoulders who stamps your book at the library - a stranger who, if you were to come home and find a message from them on your answering machine saying, "Drop everything. I love you. Come away with me now to Florida," you'd follow them


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James Robert Cade (September 26, 1927 - November 27, 2007) was an American physician, university professor, research scientist and inventor. Cade, a native of Texas, earned his bachelor and medical degrees at the University of Texas, and became a professor of medicine and nephrology at the University of Florida. Although Cade engaged in many areas of medical research, he is most widely remembered as the leader of the research team that created the sports drink Gatorade. Gatorade would have significant medical applications for treating dehydration in patients, and has generated over $150 million in royalties for the university.

In his later years, Cade became a prominent philanthropist, donating significant sums to charities affiliated with the Lutheran Church, creating scholarships and donating freely to the University of Florida and other colleges and universities, and endowing his own charitable foundations. (Full article...)

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Current events

November 20, 2020 - COVID-19 pandemic
The Walt Disney World theme park in Orlando announces that they will bring back their Park Hopper ticket on January 1, 2021, with restrictions. (CNN)
U.S. Senator Rick Scott of Florida tests positive for COVID-19. He is expected to continue working from his house in Naples. (CBS News)
November 13, 2020 - COVID-19 pandemic
Illinois registers 15,415 new cases in the last 24 hours, a new single-day record, breaking a national record that was previously set by Florida on July 12, when that state reported 15,299 cases. (WBBM-TV)
November 12, 2020 - 2020 Atlantic hurricane season
Hurricane Eta makes landfall as a tropical storm near Cedar Key, Florida. (ABC News)
November 11, 2020 - 2020 Atlantic hurricane season
Hurricane Eta restrengthens into a category 1 hurricane as it reaches the Gulf Coast of Florida. (CNN)
November 7, 2020 - 2020 Atlantic hurricane season
Former Hurricane Eta, now a tropical depression, moves toward Cuba after regaining strength. The government of the Bahamas issues a tropical storm watch while a state of emergency is declared in Miami-Dade County, Florida, as the state also prepares for the impact of the storm. The storm left at least 100 people dead in Central America. (CNN)


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The following are images from various Florida-related articles on Wikipedia.

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1910 Cuba hurricane o 1928 Okeechobee hurricane o 2012 Budweiser Shootout o American white ibis o Andrew Sledd o Biscayne National Park o Derek Jeter o Draining and development of the Everglades o Ernest Hemingway o Everglades National Park o Falcon's Fury o Florida Atlantic University o Geography and ecology of the Everglades o Gregor MacGregor o Guy Bradley o Hogwarts Express (Universal Orlando Resort) o Hurricane Andrew o Indigenous people of the Everglades region o John F. Bolt o Marjory Stoneman Douglas o Restoration of the Everglades o Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Miami o Rosewood massacre o Sci-Fi Dine-In Theater Restaurant o SheiKra o St. Johns River o Stephen Crane o Turning Point (2008 wrestling) o USS Massachusetts (BB-2) o Walt Disney World Railroad o William Cooley

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List of Florida hurricanes o List of Tampa Bay Rays seasons o List of University of Central Florida alumni o List of birds of Florida o List of counties in Florida o List of governors of Florida o List of invasive species in the Everglades o List of mammals of Florida o List of municipalities in Florida o List of sister cities in Florida o Snow in Florida

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1898 Georgia hurricane o 1928 Florida Gators football team o 1976 Tampa Bay Buccaneers season o 1979 Tampa Bay Buccaneers season o 1986 Tampa Bay Buccaneers season o 1987 Gulf Coast tropical storm o 1987 Tampa Bay Buccaneers season o 1989 Florida's 18th congressional district special election o 1998 Pepsi 400 o 2003 Budweiser Shootout o 2005 TNA Super X Cup Tournament o 2006 Daytona 500 o 2006 Ford 400 o 2008 TNA World X Cup Tournament o 2009 Budweiser Shootout o 2009 Ford 400 o 2010 Cafés do Brasil Indy 300 o 2010 Daytona 500 o 2010 Ford 400 o 2011 Budweiser Shootout o 2011 Daytona 500 o 2011 Gatorade Duels o 2012 Daytona 500 o 2012 Gatorade Duels o 2018 24 Hours of Daytona o Against All Odds (2005) o Albert A. Murphree o Andy Hansen o Apalachee massacre o Apollo 1 o Ashlyn Harris o Battle of Flint River o Bob Turley o Bomis o Bound for Glory (2005) o Burger King o Burger King franchises o Burger King legal issues o Burger King products o Carlos (Calusa) o Caroline Street (Key West) o Casey Donovan (actor) o Catie Ball o Chad Mottola o Chicago Options Associates o Chuck Baldwin 2008 presidential campaign o Climate of Florida o Climate of the Tampa Bay area o Cobra's Curse o Colonial Plaza

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Scorpion (roller coaster) (2020-11-01) o Constance Weldon (2020-10-12) o Bernard Fils-Aimé (2020-10-08) o WZHR (2020-09-30) o Python (Busch Gardens Tampa Bay) (2020-09-22) o Calvin Royal III (2020-09-20) o Charlotte County Sheriff's Office (2020-08-13) o WNDO (2020-07-01) o Frank Varga (2020-06-15) o WEBY (2020-06-03) o WDWR (2020-06-01) o WNMA (2020-05-13) o Luria's (2020-05-08) o Disappearance of Don Lewis (2020-05-01) o Carole Baskin (2020-04-29) o John Tiedtke (2020-04-20) o Port Charlotte Town Center (2020-04-19) o Amitermes floridensis (2020-03-22) o Mary Helen Johnston (2020-03-11) o WIRK-TV (2020-02-29) o WETV (Florida) (2020-02-08) o 2016 24 Hours of Daytona (2020-01-29) o WZKO (2020-01-25) o 2018 24 Hours of Daytona (2020-01-21) o Cypress Creek High School (Wesley Chapel, Florida) (2020-01-14) o WFAB (Miami) (2020-01-11) o WHSR (2020-01-09) o WGAG-FM (2019-09-29) o Maggy Hurchalla (2019-09-22) o History of West Palm Beach, Florida (2019-08-24) o Stony coral tissue loss disease (2019-07-27) o Mike Gioulakis (2019-04-20) o Florida shuffle (2019-04-09) o Marjorie Paxson (2019-04-05) o Wayne Messam (2019-03-15) o 2003 Budweiser Shootout (2019-03-05) o Gaspar Jiménez (2019-02-24) o Emilio Milián (2019-02-24) o Steve Swindal (2019-02-15) o 2018 Florida Amendment 4 (2019-02-09) o Steinbrenner family (2019-02-02) o Reticulated siren (2018-12-24) o Agnes Ballard (2018-12-15) o Debbie Mucarsel-Powell (2018-12-12) o 2018 Tallahassee shooting (2018-12-09) o Mako (roller coaster) (2018-10-04) o Colonial Plaza (2018-10-03) o Ybor Stadium (2018-09-06) o Loxahatchee Groves, Florida (2018-08-02) o Bradenton Riverwalk (2018-05-10)

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A panoramic view of the Downtown Miami skyline
Credit: Averette

Downtown Miami is the central business district of South Florida, Miami-Dade County and Miami, Florida. Brickell Avenue/Biscayne Boulevard is the main north-south road in downtown, and Flagler Street is the main east-west road in the Central Business District.


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  1. ^ "Cuba's most famous food isn't even from Cuba -- or Miami". Matador Network.
  2. ^ "Viva La Cuban Sandwich!". Farmers' Almanac. March 20, 2015.

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