Germany (German: Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north and the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.
Germany includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,578 square kilometres (138,062 sq mi) and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With 83 million inhabitants, it is the second most populous state of Europe after Russia, the most populous state lying entirely in Europe, as well as the most populous member state of the European Union. Germany is a very decentralised country. Its capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while Frankfurt serves as its financial capital and has the country's busiest airport.
In 1871, Germany became a nation state when most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire. After World War I and the revolution of 1918-19, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic. The Nazi seizure of power in 1933 led to World War II, and the Holocaust. After the end of World War II in Europe and a period of Allied occupation, two new German states were founded: West Germany, formed from the American, British, and French occupation zones, and East Germany, formed from the western part of the Soviet occupation zone, reduced by the newly established Oder-Neisse line. Following the Revolutions of 1989 that ended communist rule in Central and Eastern Europe, the country was reunified on 3 October 1990.
Today, Germany is a federal parliamentary republic led by a chancellor. It is a great power with a strong economy. The Federal Republic of Germany was a founding member of the European Economic Community in 1957 and the European Union in 1993. Read more...
Fußball-Club Bayern München e. V. (German pronunciation: ['fu:sbal?kl?p 'ban 'm?nçn?]), commonly known as FC Bayern München (German pronunciation: [f tse: 'ban 'm?nçn?]), FCB, Bayern Munich, or FC Bayern, is a German professional sports club based in Munich, Bavaria. It is best known for its professional football team, which plays in the Bundesliga, the top tier of the German football league system. Bayern is the most successful club in German football history, having won a record 30 national titles, including eight consecutively since 2013, and 20 national cups, along with numerous European honours.
FC Bayern Munich was founded in 1900 by 11 football players, led by Franz John. Although Bayern won its first national championship in 1932, the club was not selected for the Bundesliga at its inception in 1963. The club had its period of greatest success in the mid-1970s when, under the captaincy of Franz Beckenbauer, it won the European Cup three consecutive times (1974-1976). Overall, Bayern has reached eleven European Cup/UEFA Champions League finals, winning their sixth title in the 2020 final as part of a continental treble, after which it became only the second European club to achieve the continental treble twice. Bayern has also won one UEFA Cup, one European Cup Winners' Cup, two UEFA Super Cups, two FIFA Club World Cups and two Intercontinental Cups, making it one of the most successful European clubs internationally and the only German club to have won both international titles. By winning the 2020 FIFA Club World Cup, Bayern Munich became only the second club to win the sextuple. The club has traditional local rivalries with 1860 Munich and 1. FC Nürnberg, as well as with Borussia Dortmund since the mid-1990s. (Full article...)
Anniversaries for April 21
Did you know...
Did you know ...
- ... that in the 1930s, the Baroque parterre of the Schlosspark (aerial view pictured) in Brühl, part of a World Heritage Site, was restored according to the original 1728 plans?
- ... that the Bach-Chor Bonn, a choir founded to sing Bach's works, such as the St John Passion in 1950, grew to a concert choir with a broad repertoire and a long tradition of tours in Europe?
- ... that Aga Mikolaj, a soprano who studied with Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, appeared as Mozart's Donna Elvira from San Francisco to Tokyo, and sang the Four Last Songs with "a degree of abandon and rapture"?
- ... that Anja Petersen performed the role of the leading woman in the world premiere of Arnulf Herrmann's Der Mieter at the Oper Frankfurt?
- ... that Jesu, meine Freude (Jesus, my joy), a motet by Bach, has a complex symmetrical structure in which six hymn stanzas alternate with five Bible verses?
- ... that Anka Nathanová gave birth to Eva Clarke (both pictured) at the Mauthausen concentration camp shortly before its liberation in 1945?
- ... that a German theologian wrote "Vertraut den neuen Wegen" to be sung at a wedding in Eisenach shortly before the fall of the Wall?
- ... that Erich Honecker demanded that West Germany violate its own constitution by recognising East German citizenship?
Selected fare or cuisine
Flammekueche (Alsatian), or tarte flambée (French) is a speciality of the historic region of Alsace. It is composed of bread dough rolled out very thinly in the shape of a rectangle or oval, which is covered with fromage blanc or crème fraîche, thin-sliced onions and lardons. It is one of the most famous specialties of the region.
The name of the dishes varies in local dialects; it is called Flàmmeküeche, or Flàmmaküacha in Alsatian, or Flammkuche in Lorraine Franconian. All these names translate as "pie baked in the flames." Contrary to what the direct translation would suggest, tarte flambée is not flambéed but is cooked in a wood-fire oven. A simple picture recipe may be seen here: (Full article...)